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Volume 43 (2022): Issue 2 (July 2022)

Volume 43 (2022): Issue 1 (March 2022)

Volume 42 (2021): Issue 3 (December 2021)

Volume 42 (2021): Issue 2 (October 2021)

Volume 42 (2021): Issue 1 (April 2021)

Volume 41 (2020): Issue 3 (November 2020)

Volume 41 (2020): Issue 2 (September 2020)

Volume 41 (2020): Issue 1 (June 2020)

Volume 40 (2019): Issue 3 (December 2019)

Volume 40 (2019): Issue 2 (October 2019)

Volume 40 (2019): Issue 1 (May 2019)

Volume 39 (2018): Issue 2-3 (December 2018)

Volume 39 (2018): Issue 1 (July 2018)

Volume 38 (2017): Issue 3 (December 2017)

Volume 38 (2017): Issue 2 (September 2017)

Volume 38 (2017): Issue 1 (March 2017)

Volume 37 (2016): Issue 2-3 (November 2016)

Volume 37 (2016): Issue 1 (June 2016)

Volume 36 (2015): Issue 3 (December 2015)

Volume 36 (2015): Issue 2 (December 2015)

Volume 36 (2015): Issue 1 (May 2015)

Volume 35 (2014): Issue 3 (December 2014)

Volume 35 (2014): Issue 2 (October 2014)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
1857-8985
ISSN
1857-9345
First Published
08 Sep 2014
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English

Search

Volume 37 (2016): Issue 1 (June 2016)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
1857-8985
ISSN
1857-9345
First Published
08 Sep 2014
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English

Search

10 Articles
Open Access

Kidney diseases in children – early diagnosis and prevention

Published Online: 15 Jul 2016
Page range: 5 - 7

Abstract

Abstract

Pediatric kidney diseases were in the focus of the World Kidney Day 2016. Macedonian pediatric nephrologists gave their contribution with public appearance in kindergartens, primary and secondary schools, with interactive lectures and discussion with the youngest about the kidney function, healthy life style and simple measures to prevent kidney and urinary tract diseases. Besides promotive appearance in the media, series of lectures were presented in front of the health professionals. The aim was to attract the attention of the professionals for early diagnosis and prevention of kidney disease. The action starts in utero, followed by early postnatal imaging and assessment, conservative treatment and in selected cases surgical treatment. The emphasis is on the multidisciplinary and comprehensive approach to children and adolescents with kidney diseases.

Keywords

  • World Kidney Day
  • pediatric kidney diseases
  • prevention
Open Access

Chronic kidney disease – pediatric risk factors

Published Online: 15 Jul 2016
Page range: 9 - 13

Abstract

Abstract

The knowledge about the progression of chronic kidney disease is an important issue for every pediatric nephrologist and pediatrician in order to implement appropriate measures to prevent wasting of renal function and the final consequence – end stage renal disease with the need for the dialysis and transplantation. Therefore it is important to know, treat or ameliorate the standard risk factors such as hypertension, proteinuria, anemia, hyperparathyroidism etc. In this review devoted to the World Kidney Day 2016 we will pay attention to the low birth parameters, obesity, hyperuricemia and smoking which emerged as particularly important risk factors for children and adolescent with chronic kidney disease.

Keywords

  • chronic kidney disease
  • children
  • low birth parameters
  • smoking
  • obesity
  • hyperuricemia
Open Access

MUC1 immunotherapy against a metastatic mammary adenocarcinoma model: Importance of IFN-gamma

Published Online: 15 Jul 2016
Page range: 15 - 25

Abstract

Abstract

Immunotherapy using mucin 1 (MUC1) linked to oxidised mannan (MFP) was investigated in an aggressive MUC1+ metastatic tumour, DA3-MUC1 because, unlike many MUC1+ tumour models, DA3-MUC1 is not spontaneously rejected in mice making it an alternative model for immunotherapy studies. Further, DA3-MUC1 cells are resistant to lysis by anti-MUC1 cytotoxic T cells (CTLs). The inability of DA3-MUC1 tumours to be rejected in naïve mice as well as vaccination to MUC1 was attributed to a deficiency of expression of MHC class I molecules on the tumour cell surface. In vitro and in vivo analysis of subcutaneous tumours and lung metastases demonstrated that DA3-MUC1 tumour cells have a low expression (< 6%) of MHC class I which can be upregulated (> 90%) following culturing with IFN-γ. Results from flow cytometry analysis and immunoperoxidase staining indicated that the in vitro up-regulation of MHC class I could be maintained for up to seven days in vivo, without affecting the expression levels of MUC1 antigen. Interestingly, MUC1-specific CTL that lyse DA3-MUC1 targets in vitro were induced in MFP immunised mice but failed to protect mice from a DA3-MUC1 tumour challenge. These results highlight the importance of MHC class I molecules in the induction of anti-tumour immunity and the MFP immune response.

Keywords

  • MUC1. MHC class I
  • interferon-gamma
  • tumour
  • immunotherapy
Open Access

Biosimilar medical products – licensing, pharmacovigilance and interchangeability

Published Online: 15 Jul 2016
Page range: 27 - 36

Abstract

Abstract

The use of biological medicine has significantly increased in recent decades and has made substantial contributions to improving the effectiveness of therapies in many diseases. The expiration of patents of biological innovative medicines enables copies of those drugs called similar biological products (biosimilars) to be approved by regulatory authorities and to enter in clinical use. Biosimilars are comparable but not identical and are not a generic version of the innovator biological product. Although biosimilars undergo rigorous characterization as well as clinical studies to prove their safety and effectiveness, specific regulatory requirements for registration apply in the case of biosimilars. They are highly complex molecules and small changes in the production process can have major implications in its safety and effectiveness profile. The availability of biosimilars enhances competition, with the potential to improve patient access to biological medicines and to contribute to the financial sustainability of healthcare systems. In order to be certain that a biosimilar reaches its potential in clinical use, an intensive pharmacovigilance monitoring system must be established in order to prove the true similarity between the original biologic and its biosimilar. There is a need for further guidance and resolution of the ongoing discussions on biosimilar labelling, naming, pharmacovigilance and substitution in order to ensure effective and appropriate use of biosimilars in clinical practice.

Keywords

  • Regulatory
  • biosimilars
  • biologics
  • licensing
  • interchangeability
  • pharmacovigilance
  • EMA
Open Access

Analysis of independent components of cognitive event related potentials in a group of ADHD adults

Published Online: 15 Jul 2016
Page range: 37 - 49

Abstract

Abstract

In the last decade, many studies have tried to define the neural correlates of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The main aim of this study is the comparison of the ERPs independent components in the four QEEG subtypes in a group of ADHD adults as a basis for defining the corresponding endophenotypes among ADHD population.

Sixty-seven adults diagnosed as ADHD according to the DSM-IV criteria and 50 age-matched control subjects participated in the study. The brain activity of the subjects was recorded by 19 channel quantitative electroencephalography (QEEG) system in two neuropsychological tasks (visual and emotional continuous performance tests). The ICA method was applied for separation of the independent ERPs components. The components were associated with distinct psychological operations, such as engagement operations (P3bP component), comparison (vcomTL and vcom TR), motor inhibition (P3supF) and monitoring (P4monCC) operations.

The ERPs results point out that there is disturbance in executive functioning in investigated ADHD group obtained by the significantly lower amplitude and longer latency for the engagement (P3bP), motor inhibition (P3supF) and monitoring (P4monCC) components. Particularly, the QEEG subtype IV was with the most significant ERPs differences comparing to the other subtypes.

In particular, the most prominent difference in the ERPs independent components for the QEEG subtype IV in comparison to other three subtypes, rise many questions and becomes the subject for future research.

This study aims to advance and facilitate the use of neurophysiological procedures (QEEG and ERPs) in clinical practice as objective measures of ADHD for better assessment, subtyping and treatment of ADHD.

Keywords

  • ERP independent components
  • ADHD
  • adults
  • executive functions
Open Access

Doppler velocimetry of the uterine arteries: an early screening test for miscarriage

Published Online: 15 Jul 2016
Page range: 51 - 56

Abstract

Abstract

Introduction: According to the WHO, miscarriage is defined as “the loss of a pregnancy before the age of 20 weeks of gestation or fetal weight below 500 g”. Only 50–60% of all conceptions fail to survive 20 weeks of gestation. It is estimated that about 75% of all unsuccessful conceptions are due to failed implantation and are not reported as spontaneous abortions.

Material and Methods: We performed a prospective observational study at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of the Medical University Plovdiv between October 2014 and September 2015. We studied two groups of pregnant women: women with threatened abortion and those with normal pregnancy. All women underwent a transvaginal ultrasound evaluation of the uterine arterial blood flow. We measured peak systolic and end-diastolic velocity and calculated the average IR (resistance index) and S / D (systolic to diastolic ratio).

Results: There was no association between pregnancy outcome and the mean difference between uterine arterial IR and S / (P > 0.05).

Conclusion: In our study, Doppler ultrasound could not differentiate between women at risk for miscarriage and normal women. Further studies are necessary to answer this question.

Keywords

  • Doppler ultrasound
  • index of resistance
  • pregnancy
  • threatened abortion
Open Access

Goal directed behavior and dyslexia

Published Online: 15 Jul 2016
Page range: 57 - 63

Abstract

Abstract

Goal directed behavior is explained by two approaches: the first, which can be named as cybertetic (behavior is wieved as homeostatic and reflexive), and second, as cognitive approach, a learned response, (skills developed by whaching the behavior of another individual).

The aim of the paper is to present a noninvasive method described as an interaction of human beings with environment, recording the electrical activity of the brain from the human scalp.

Obtained results are in agreement of psychological theories that place at determined levels of age the acquisition of the capacities of abstract thinking and with the functional neuroanatomic studies according to which biological maturation is necessary for learning processes to develop. An acquired level of learning is in close relationship with the maturation level of the cerebral structures.

Keywords

  • directed behavior
  • dyslexia
  • oscilloscope
Open Access

Emotional health in children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis

Published Online: 15 Jul 2016
Page range: 65 - 74

Abstract

Abstract

Although modern therapeutic procedures have considerably improved the survival and the quality of life of children with cystic fibrosis, the relevant psychological aspects have been still insufficiently considered similarly to the other chronic diseases.

The aim of this research was to evaluate the emotional health: psychological characteristics and adjustment of CF children and their family coping.

The study comprises 25 CF children, mean age 13.13 ± 2.29 years (23 boys and only 2 girls), selected from total 60 actually treated children for CF. Children were examined in the period of improved health conditions (without superinfection, wheezing or gastrointestinal problems). Obtained results are compared with a control group of 25 healthy children of the same age, selected by random from primary schools.

The psychometric instruments used were: Kohs Design Test, Child Behavior Checklist, Eysenck Personality Questionnaire, General Anxiety Scale, Emotional Profile Index, MMPI-201 and Human Values Test, together with two projective tests of drawing (Machover and Corman).

The unexpected good psychological results obtained from psychometric instruments could be explained by the fact that CF children accept the real situation and express vivacity. However, their deep feelings of fear impose on them high level of self-control and resistance. The results obtained for CBCL presented CF children as immature, with accentuated aggressiveness in interpersonal relations. The most important problem is related to the delay of puberty changes, leading to low self-esteem.

Generally, family members cope relatively well with the disease in children, in spite to discrepancies in mother/child reports for child psychopathology. Divorces also occurred in some families.

Psychological support for both, children and family members are necessary. The need for a holistic approach in the assessment and treatment, including biofeedback techniques was pointed out.

Keywords

  • cystic fibrosis
  • chronic disease
  • psychology
  • holistic approach
Open Access

New technique of compression anastomosis in colorectal surgery – first results in 25 patients in Macedonia

Published Online: 15 Jul 2016
Page range: 75 - 83

Abstract

Abstract

Aim: Clinical evaluation of the safety and effectiveness of compression anastomosis with ColonRing™ for large-bowel end-to-end anastomosis for rectal cancer and explanation of the procedure and the device itself since this device is used for the first time in our clinic.

Material and methods: In November, 2012, a team of surgeons from our clinic attended the Clinical practice workshop in Belgrade, Serbia which was organized by the World Congress of Compression Anastomosis (WCCA) and held by its President Prof. Dr. Steven Wexner from Cleveland Clinic in USA. On this workshop, all aspects of technical point of view were obtained and surgeons were certified for the technique. A total of 25 patients have been scheduled for elective colorectal surgery with subsequent compression anastomosis using ColonRing. All patients were operated for high and mid rectal cancers excluding the low rectal cancers, since those patients are usually diverted with decompressive ileostomy. Patients, who are diverted, are at higher risk of retaining the ring, after its dislodgement, in the ampulla of the rectum since they do not have natural excretion of stool via the anus. All patients were followed for anastomotic leak, anastomotic bleeding, stricture formation, device (ColonRing) handling in general and time of expulsion of the ring via anus.

Results: We used this technique for the first time in 2013 and since then a total of 25 patients underwent anterior resection of the rectum with subsequent colorectal compression anastomosis using ColonRing. Of all patients, 9 were female while 16 were male with median age of 64 years. All patients were operated for rectal cancers. The mean length of hospital stay was 7.4 days (range 5 to 9 days). None of the patients developed anastomotic bleeding or dehiscence. To date none of the patients developed anastomotic stricture, although some patients were followed for almost two years. The average day of expulsion from the body could not be calculated since despite, and although all patients were given instruction on how to check for ring expulsion, 21 of them did not report this event. Only 2 patients brought the ring to us. In two cases after 2 week of the initial operation, the ring was find and palpated on digital rectal examination, free in the ampulla of the rectum and was easily removed via the anus during the examination. Misfiring was reported in 1 patient (first patient) and reanastomosis was employed using another ColonRing, No perioperative mortality was observed in this patient population.

Conclusion: End-to end colorectal anastomosis with the ColonRing is feasible and safe procedure with fast learning curve. To date, this type of anastomosis is possible in left sided colon lesions where anastomosis is contemplated below the promontory. We find the device easy to use with high level of confidence. Further prospective studies including comparison between the ColonRing device and the conventional staplers evaluating long-term anastomotic complications (i.e., leak or stricture) are needed to evaluate the benefits and limitations of this device.

Keywords

  • Anastomosis
  • Colon
  • Rectum
  • Leakage
  • Stenosis
Open Access

The british military hospitals in macedonia during the first world war

Published Online: 15 Jul 2016
Page range: 85 - 90

Abstract

Abstract

The paper focusses its attention to the medical work of the British Military hospitals stationed in Macedonia during the First World War, the surgical work carried out under very heavy conditions in improvised operating theatres as well as the treatment of the wounded and sick solders brought from the battlefields on the Macedonian Front.

Keywords

  • The First World War
  • The Macedonian Front
  • Skopje
  • Dr. McLaren
  • Lady Paget
  • Scottish Women’s Hospitals
  • Ostrovo
10 Articles
Open Access

Kidney diseases in children – early diagnosis and prevention

Published Online: 15 Jul 2016
Page range: 5 - 7

Abstract

Abstract

Pediatric kidney diseases were in the focus of the World Kidney Day 2016. Macedonian pediatric nephrologists gave their contribution with public appearance in kindergartens, primary and secondary schools, with interactive lectures and discussion with the youngest about the kidney function, healthy life style and simple measures to prevent kidney and urinary tract diseases. Besides promotive appearance in the media, series of lectures were presented in front of the health professionals. The aim was to attract the attention of the professionals for early diagnosis and prevention of kidney disease. The action starts in utero, followed by early postnatal imaging and assessment, conservative treatment and in selected cases surgical treatment. The emphasis is on the multidisciplinary and comprehensive approach to children and adolescents with kidney diseases.

Keywords

  • World Kidney Day
  • pediatric kidney diseases
  • prevention
Open Access

Chronic kidney disease – pediatric risk factors

Published Online: 15 Jul 2016
Page range: 9 - 13

Abstract

Abstract

The knowledge about the progression of chronic kidney disease is an important issue for every pediatric nephrologist and pediatrician in order to implement appropriate measures to prevent wasting of renal function and the final consequence – end stage renal disease with the need for the dialysis and transplantation. Therefore it is important to know, treat or ameliorate the standard risk factors such as hypertension, proteinuria, anemia, hyperparathyroidism etc. In this review devoted to the World Kidney Day 2016 we will pay attention to the low birth parameters, obesity, hyperuricemia and smoking which emerged as particularly important risk factors for children and adolescent with chronic kidney disease.

Keywords

  • chronic kidney disease
  • children
  • low birth parameters
  • smoking
  • obesity
  • hyperuricemia
Open Access

MUC1 immunotherapy against a metastatic mammary adenocarcinoma model: Importance of IFN-gamma

Published Online: 15 Jul 2016
Page range: 15 - 25

Abstract

Abstract

Immunotherapy using mucin 1 (MUC1) linked to oxidised mannan (MFP) was investigated in an aggressive MUC1+ metastatic tumour, DA3-MUC1 because, unlike many MUC1+ tumour models, DA3-MUC1 is not spontaneously rejected in mice making it an alternative model for immunotherapy studies. Further, DA3-MUC1 cells are resistant to lysis by anti-MUC1 cytotoxic T cells (CTLs). The inability of DA3-MUC1 tumours to be rejected in naïve mice as well as vaccination to MUC1 was attributed to a deficiency of expression of MHC class I molecules on the tumour cell surface. In vitro and in vivo analysis of subcutaneous tumours and lung metastases demonstrated that DA3-MUC1 tumour cells have a low expression (< 6%) of MHC class I which can be upregulated (> 90%) following culturing with IFN-γ. Results from flow cytometry analysis and immunoperoxidase staining indicated that the in vitro up-regulation of MHC class I could be maintained for up to seven days in vivo, without affecting the expression levels of MUC1 antigen. Interestingly, MUC1-specific CTL that lyse DA3-MUC1 targets in vitro were induced in MFP immunised mice but failed to protect mice from a DA3-MUC1 tumour challenge. These results highlight the importance of MHC class I molecules in the induction of anti-tumour immunity and the MFP immune response.

Keywords

  • MUC1. MHC class I
  • interferon-gamma
  • tumour
  • immunotherapy
Open Access

Biosimilar medical products – licensing, pharmacovigilance and interchangeability

Published Online: 15 Jul 2016
Page range: 27 - 36

Abstract

Abstract

The use of biological medicine has significantly increased in recent decades and has made substantial contributions to improving the effectiveness of therapies in many diseases. The expiration of patents of biological innovative medicines enables copies of those drugs called similar biological products (biosimilars) to be approved by regulatory authorities and to enter in clinical use. Biosimilars are comparable but not identical and are not a generic version of the innovator biological product. Although biosimilars undergo rigorous characterization as well as clinical studies to prove their safety and effectiveness, specific regulatory requirements for registration apply in the case of biosimilars. They are highly complex molecules and small changes in the production process can have major implications in its safety and effectiveness profile. The availability of biosimilars enhances competition, with the potential to improve patient access to biological medicines and to contribute to the financial sustainability of healthcare systems. In order to be certain that a biosimilar reaches its potential in clinical use, an intensive pharmacovigilance monitoring system must be established in order to prove the true similarity between the original biologic and its biosimilar. There is a need for further guidance and resolution of the ongoing discussions on biosimilar labelling, naming, pharmacovigilance and substitution in order to ensure effective and appropriate use of biosimilars in clinical practice.

Keywords

  • Regulatory
  • biosimilars
  • biologics
  • licensing
  • interchangeability
  • pharmacovigilance
  • EMA
Open Access

Analysis of independent components of cognitive event related potentials in a group of ADHD adults

Published Online: 15 Jul 2016
Page range: 37 - 49

Abstract

Abstract

In the last decade, many studies have tried to define the neural correlates of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The main aim of this study is the comparison of the ERPs independent components in the four QEEG subtypes in a group of ADHD adults as a basis for defining the corresponding endophenotypes among ADHD population.

Sixty-seven adults diagnosed as ADHD according to the DSM-IV criteria and 50 age-matched control subjects participated in the study. The brain activity of the subjects was recorded by 19 channel quantitative electroencephalography (QEEG) system in two neuropsychological tasks (visual and emotional continuous performance tests). The ICA method was applied for separation of the independent ERPs components. The components were associated with distinct psychological operations, such as engagement operations (P3bP component), comparison (vcomTL and vcom TR), motor inhibition (P3supF) and monitoring (P4monCC) operations.

The ERPs results point out that there is disturbance in executive functioning in investigated ADHD group obtained by the significantly lower amplitude and longer latency for the engagement (P3bP), motor inhibition (P3supF) and monitoring (P4monCC) components. Particularly, the QEEG subtype IV was with the most significant ERPs differences comparing to the other subtypes.

In particular, the most prominent difference in the ERPs independent components for the QEEG subtype IV in comparison to other three subtypes, rise many questions and becomes the subject for future research.

This study aims to advance and facilitate the use of neurophysiological procedures (QEEG and ERPs) in clinical practice as objective measures of ADHD for better assessment, subtyping and treatment of ADHD.

Keywords

  • ERP independent components
  • ADHD
  • adults
  • executive functions
Open Access

Doppler velocimetry of the uterine arteries: an early screening test for miscarriage

Published Online: 15 Jul 2016
Page range: 51 - 56

Abstract

Abstract

Introduction: According to the WHO, miscarriage is defined as “the loss of a pregnancy before the age of 20 weeks of gestation or fetal weight below 500 g”. Only 50–60% of all conceptions fail to survive 20 weeks of gestation. It is estimated that about 75% of all unsuccessful conceptions are due to failed implantation and are not reported as spontaneous abortions.

Material and Methods: We performed a prospective observational study at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of the Medical University Plovdiv between October 2014 and September 2015. We studied two groups of pregnant women: women with threatened abortion and those with normal pregnancy. All women underwent a transvaginal ultrasound evaluation of the uterine arterial blood flow. We measured peak systolic and end-diastolic velocity and calculated the average IR (resistance index) and S / D (systolic to diastolic ratio).

Results: There was no association between pregnancy outcome and the mean difference between uterine arterial IR and S / (P > 0.05).

Conclusion: In our study, Doppler ultrasound could not differentiate between women at risk for miscarriage and normal women. Further studies are necessary to answer this question.

Keywords

  • Doppler ultrasound
  • index of resistance
  • pregnancy
  • threatened abortion
Open Access

Goal directed behavior and dyslexia

Published Online: 15 Jul 2016
Page range: 57 - 63

Abstract

Abstract

Goal directed behavior is explained by two approaches: the first, which can be named as cybertetic (behavior is wieved as homeostatic and reflexive), and second, as cognitive approach, a learned response, (skills developed by whaching the behavior of another individual).

The aim of the paper is to present a noninvasive method described as an interaction of human beings with environment, recording the electrical activity of the brain from the human scalp.

Obtained results are in agreement of psychological theories that place at determined levels of age the acquisition of the capacities of abstract thinking and with the functional neuroanatomic studies according to which biological maturation is necessary for learning processes to develop. An acquired level of learning is in close relationship with the maturation level of the cerebral structures.

Keywords

  • directed behavior
  • dyslexia
  • oscilloscope
Open Access

Emotional health in children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis

Published Online: 15 Jul 2016
Page range: 65 - 74

Abstract

Abstract

Although modern therapeutic procedures have considerably improved the survival and the quality of life of children with cystic fibrosis, the relevant psychological aspects have been still insufficiently considered similarly to the other chronic diseases.

The aim of this research was to evaluate the emotional health: psychological characteristics and adjustment of CF children and their family coping.

The study comprises 25 CF children, mean age 13.13 ± 2.29 years (23 boys and only 2 girls), selected from total 60 actually treated children for CF. Children were examined in the period of improved health conditions (without superinfection, wheezing or gastrointestinal problems). Obtained results are compared with a control group of 25 healthy children of the same age, selected by random from primary schools.

The psychometric instruments used were: Kohs Design Test, Child Behavior Checklist, Eysenck Personality Questionnaire, General Anxiety Scale, Emotional Profile Index, MMPI-201 and Human Values Test, together with two projective tests of drawing (Machover and Corman).

The unexpected good psychological results obtained from psychometric instruments could be explained by the fact that CF children accept the real situation and express vivacity. However, their deep feelings of fear impose on them high level of self-control and resistance. The results obtained for CBCL presented CF children as immature, with accentuated aggressiveness in interpersonal relations. The most important problem is related to the delay of puberty changes, leading to low self-esteem.

Generally, family members cope relatively well with the disease in children, in spite to discrepancies in mother/child reports for child psychopathology. Divorces also occurred in some families.

Psychological support for both, children and family members are necessary. The need for a holistic approach in the assessment and treatment, including biofeedback techniques was pointed out.

Keywords

  • cystic fibrosis
  • chronic disease
  • psychology
  • holistic approach
Open Access

New technique of compression anastomosis in colorectal surgery – first results in 25 patients in Macedonia

Published Online: 15 Jul 2016
Page range: 75 - 83

Abstract

Abstract

Aim: Clinical evaluation of the safety and effectiveness of compression anastomosis with ColonRing™ for large-bowel end-to-end anastomosis for rectal cancer and explanation of the procedure and the device itself since this device is used for the first time in our clinic.

Material and methods: In November, 2012, a team of surgeons from our clinic attended the Clinical practice workshop in Belgrade, Serbia which was organized by the World Congress of Compression Anastomosis (WCCA) and held by its President Prof. Dr. Steven Wexner from Cleveland Clinic in USA. On this workshop, all aspects of technical point of view were obtained and surgeons were certified for the technique. A total of 25 patients have been scheduled for elective colorectal surgery with subsequent compression anastomosis using ColonRing. All patients were operated for high and mid rectal cancers excluding the low rectal cancers, since those patients are usually diverted with decompressive ileostomy. Patients, who are diverted, are at higher risk of retaining the ring, after its dislodgement, in the ampulla of the rectum since they do not have natural excretion of stool via the anus. All patients were followed for anastomotic leak, anastomotic bleeding, stricture formation, device (ColonRing) handling in general and time of expulsion of the ring via anus.

Results: We used this technique for the first time in 2013 and since then a total of 25 patients underwent anterior resection of the rectum with subsequent colorectal compression anastomosis using ColonRing. Of all patients, 9 were female while 16 were male with median age of 64 years. All patients were operated for rectal cancers. The mean length of hospital stay was 7.4 days (range 5 to 9 days). None of the patients developed anastomotic bleeding or dehiscence. To date none of the patients developed anastomotic stricture, although some patients were followed for almost two years. The average day of expulsion from the body could not be calculated since despite, and although all patients were given instruction on how to check for ring expulsion, 21 of them did not report this event. Only 2 patients brought the ring to us. In two cases after 2 week of the initial operation, the ring was find and palpated on digital rectal examination, free in the ampulla of the rectum and was easily removed via the anus during the examination. Misfiring was reported in 1 patient (first patient) and reanastomosis was employed using another ColonRing, No perioperative mortality was observed in this patient population.

Conclusion: End-to end colorectal anastomosis with the ColonRing is feasible and safe procedure with fast learning curve. To date, this type of anastomosis is possible in left sided colon lesions where anastomosis is contemplated below the promontory. We find the device easy to use with high level of confidence. Further prospective studies including comparison between the ColonRing device and the conventional staplers evaluating long-term anastomotic complications (i.e., leak or stricture) are needed to evaluate the benefits and limitations of this device.

Keywords

  • Anastomosis
  • Colon
  • Rectum
  • Leakage
  • Stenosis
Open Access

The british military hospitals in macedonia during the first world war

Published Online: 15 Jul 2016
Page range: 85 - 90

Abstract

Abstract

The paper focusses its attention to the medical work of the British Military hospitals stationed in Macedonia during the First World War, the surgical work carried out under very heavy conditions in improvised operating theatres as well as the treatment of the wounded and sick solders brought from the battlefields on the Macedonian Front.

Keywords

  • The First World War
  • The Macedonian Front
  • Skopje
  • Dr. McLaren
  • Lady Paget
  • Scottish Women’s Hospitals
  • Ostrovo

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