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Special Issue: Sociology of Sport edited by Natalia Organista, Michał Lenartowicz & Michał Jasny

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Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
1899-4849
First Published
31 Dec 2009
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English

Search

Volume 68 (2015): Issue 1 (December 2015)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
1899-4849
First Published
31 Dec 2009
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English

Search

5 Articles
Open Access

Research on Relative Age in Hungarian Swimming

Published Online: 05 Dec 2015
Page range: 5 - 13

Abstract

Abstract

In 2017, the 19th World Swimming Championship will be organized in Hungary. Up to now, many people have already been working with swimmers to achieve good results. However, in the next period they must work even harder to ensure that the national swimmers of a country as small as Hungary can achieve the outstanding results of their predecessors. Since high-level competitions in swimming have become more intense, innovations including scientific studies are needed during preparation for the event. The purpose of this paper is to present the major results of an independent study carried out by the authors about the relative age of the best Hungarian swimmers with the aim of contributing to their preparation. The research population consisted of selected age groups of swimmers registered by the Hungarian Swimming Association (N=400). The method for data collection was an analysis of documents. To evaluate the data, the Chi-square and Kruskal-Wallis tests were used. The results are presented according to the period of the competitor’s date of birth, gender, and age group. The results confirm only partly the hypothesis that people born in the first quarters of the year play a dominant role in Hungarian national swimming teams. In the conclusion, the authors recommend further research on relative age in swimming and in other sports.

Keywords

  • relative age
  • swimming
  • age groups
  • competitive sports
Open Access

UEFA EURO 2012™ in the Polish Sociopolitical Narration

Published Online: 05 Dec 2015
Page range: 14 - 22

Abstract

Abstract

Sport constitutes an increasingly popular language of discourse in modern societies, providing a (formal) system of signs, which is easily used by, among others, businesses, media, public persons, and, particularly willingly, politicians. Thus, sport as a system of meanings can transfer any values, being at the same time a pragmatic way of arguing in the practice of social life. An example we analyze, are the events that took place after Poland (and Ukraine) had been chosen to be host countries of UEFA EURO 2012™, as well as those which took place during the tournament itself. In these analyses, we use the concept of semiotics and, in particular, pragmatism as well as Charles Sanders Peirce’s triadic sign relation.

Keywords

  • UEFA EURO 2012
  • sport
  • values
  • semiotics
  • Peirce
Open Access

Love, Rights, and Solidarity: Sports’ Potential for Recognition

Published Online: 05 Dec 2015
Page range: 23 - 33

Abstract

Abstract

Sport occupies a central role in modern society. Philosophers of sport suggest that sport can offer a realm of play by being structurally and logically independent from everyday life. But what ethical values can sport be seen to offer us, if any? Explanations are sought based on Honneth’s theory of recognition. Honneth views the presence of three forms of recognition - love, rights, and solidarity - as necessary conditions not only for a just society, but also for a society in which human beings can realize their potential and experience life as being good. Based on Honneth, I argue that sport can be seen as an arena with potential for an aggregated form of recognition. If practiced in the right way, sport has the potential to realize all three forms of recognition inherent in society.

Keywords

  • normative social theory
  • Honneth
  • recognition in sport
Open Access

Job Satisfaction of a Physical Education Teacher as Seen by School Community

Published Online: 05 Dec 2015
Page range: 34 - 42

Abstract

Abstract

In A high level of satisfaction with a job influences the effectiveness and increases the quality of performed tasks. In the case of physical education teachers it is connected not only with a higher commitment to passing knowledge and skills but also with instilling passion in their students. The aim of the study was to analyse how school community perceives job satisfaction of physical education teachers. The research included 148 teachers and 171 students who were divided into three groups by means of random-purposive sampling. The groups were as follows: physical education teachers (n=22), teachers of other subjects (n=22) and students (n=22). The results obtained from these respondents (n=66) were subjected to further analysis. In the study a modified Polish version of the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) prepared by Juczyński (2001) was used. It made it possible to diagnose the job satisfaction of physical education teachers. The analyses revealed that the subjects assess the job satisfaction of a physical education teacher at an average or low level. This assessment showed significant differences between physical education teachers and teachers of other subjects. The study also revealed differences between groups with regard to two out of five scores in the SWLS.

Keywords

  • job satisfaction
  • relationships
  • teachers
  • physical education
  • students
Open Access

Professional, Spectator, and Olympic Sports in the Context of the Terms Spiritualism and Spirituality, and in the Context of Normative Ethics

Published Online: 05 Dec 2015
Page range: 43 - 62

Abstract

Abstract

The author has used - in his paper - two different expressions related to spirituality in its entirety: that is, spirituality (the spiritual sphere in superficial sense and meaning) and spiritualism (the spiritual sphere in deep sense and meaning). The author presented selected different definitions and manifestations of spirituality and spiritualism.

The considerations on so-called “spirituality” - related to different phenomena of culture - without notions of spirituality and spiritualism - are a testimony to ordinary, typical common sense thinking only.

Author would like to underline, that contemporary professional, spectator sport and the Olympic Games are only a mass culture phenomenon. A phenomenon of mass culture can be only a mirror of superficial spirituality, but not a testimony to spiritualism (that is, deep spirituality).

The ancient Olympic Games - in contrast to the concept of Coubertin’s idea of Olympism - were a manifestation of deep spirituality, that is spiritualism. The Greek Games were based on an internal unity between religiosity, art and sport.

Keywords

  • sport
  • Olympic Games
  • art and religiosity
5 Articles
Open Access

Research on Relative Age in Hungarian Swimming

Published Online: 05 Dec 2015
Page range: 5 - 13

Abstract

Abstract

In 2017, the 19th World Swimming Championship will be organized in Hungary. Up to now, many people have already been working with swimmers to achieve good results. However, in the next period they must work even harder to ensure that the national swimmers of a country as small as Hungary can achieve the outstanding results of their predecessors. Since high-level competitions in swimming have become more intense, innovations including scientific studies are needed during preparation for the event. The purpose of this paper is to present the major results of an independent study carried out by the authors about the relative age of the best Hungarian swimmers with the aim of contributing to their preparation. The research population consisted of selected age groups of swimmers registered by the Hungarian Swimming Association (N=400). The method for data collection was an analysis of documents. To evaluate the data, the Chi-square and Kruskal-Wallis tests were used. The results are presented according to the period of the competitor’s date of birth, gender, and age group. The results confirm only partly the hypothesis that people born in the first quarters of the year play a dominant role in Hungarian national swimming teams. In the conclusion, the authors recommend further research on relative age in swimming and in other sports.

Keywords

  • relative age
  • swimming
  • age groups
  • competitive sports
Open Access

UEFA EURO 2012™ in the Polish Sociopolitical Narration

Published Online: 05 Dec 2015
Page range: 14 - 22

Abstract

Abstract

Sport constitutes an increasingly popular language of discourse in modern societies, providing a (formal) system of signs, which is easily used by, among others, businesses, media, public persons, and, particularly willingly, politicians. Thus, sport as a system of meanings can transfer any values, being at the same time a pragmatic way of arguing in the practice of social life. An example we analyze, are the events that took place after Poland (and Ukraine) had been chosen to be host countries of UEFA EURO 2012™, as well as those which took place during the tournament itself. In these analyses, we use the concept of semiotics and, in particular, pragmatism as well as Charles Sanders Peirce’s triadic sign relation.

Keywords

  • UEFA EURO 2012
  • sport
  • values
  • semiotics
  • Peirce
Open Access

Love, Rights, and Solidarity: Sports’ Potential for Recognition

Published Online: 05 Dec 2015
Page range: 23 - 33

Abstract

Abstract

Sport occupies a central role in modern society. Philosophers of sport suggest that sport can offer a realm of play by being structurally and logically independent from everyday life. But what ethical values can sport be seen to offer us, if any? Explanations are sought based on Honneth’s theory of recognition. Honneth views the presence of three forms of recognition - love, rights, and solidarity - as necessary conditions not only for a just society, but also for a society in which human beings can realize their potential and experience life as being good. Based on Honneth, I argue that sport can be seen as an arena with potential for an aggregated form of recognition. If practiced in the right way, sport has the potential to realize all three forms of recognition inherent in society.

Keywords

  • normative social theory
  • Honneth
  • recognition in sport
Open Access

Job Satisfaction of a Physical Education Teacher as Seen by School Community

Published Online: 05 Dec 2015
Page range: 34 - 42

Abstract

Abstract

In A high level of satisfaction with a job influences the effectiveness and increases the quality of performed tasks. In the case of physical education teachers it is connected not only with a higher commitment to passing knowledge and skills but also with instilling passion in their students. The aim of the study was to analyse how school community perceives job satisfaction of physical education teachers. The research included 148 teachers and 171 students who were divided into three groups by means of random-purposive sampling. The groups were as follows: physical education teachers (n=22), teachers of other subjects (n=22) and students (n=22). The results obtained from these respondents (n=66) were subjected to further analysis. In the study a modified Polish version of the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) prepared by Juczyński (2001) was used. It made it possible to diagnose the job satisfaction of physical education teachers. The analyses revealed that the subjects assess the job satisfaction of a physical education teacher at an average or low level. This assessment showed significant differences between physical education teachers and teachers of other subjects. The study also revealed differences between groups with regard to two out of five scores in the SWLS.

Keywords

  • job satisfaction
  • relationships
  • teachers
  • physical education
  • students
Open Access

Professional, Spectator, and Olympic Sports in the Context of the Terms Spiritualism and Spirituality, and in the Context of Normative Ethics

Published Online: 05 Dec 2015
Page range: 43 - 62

Abstract

Abstract

The author has used - in his paper - two different expressions related to spirituality in its entirety: that is, spirituality (the spiritual sphere in superficial sense and meaning) and spiritualism (the spiritual sphere in deep sense and meaning). The author presented selected different definitions and manifestations of spirituality and spiritualism.

The considerations on so-called “spirituality” - related to different phenomena of culture - without notions of spirituality and spiritualism - are a testimony to ordinary, typical common sense thinking only.

Author would like to underline, that contemporary professional, spectator sport and the Olympic Games are only a mass culture phenomenon. A phenomenon of mass culture can be only a mirror of superficial spirituality, but not a testimony to spiritualism (that is, deep spirituality).

The ancient Olympic Games - in contrast to the concept of Coubertin’s idea of Olympism - were a manifestation of deep spirituality, that is spiritualism. The Greek Games were based on an internal unity between religiosity, art and sport.

Keywords

  • sport
  • Olympic Games
  • art and religiosity

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