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Volume 19 (2020): Issue 1 (December 2020)

Volume 18 (2019): Issue 1 (December 2019)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
2392-6163
First Published
31 Dec 2019
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Languages
English

Search

Volume 18 (2019): Issue 1 (December 2019)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
2392-6163
First Published
31 Dec 2019
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Languages
English

Search

5 Articles
Open Access

Turdaş-Luncă. 2011 preventive campaign, Sector B. Feature 341-2. A ritual pit? Turdaş culture, phase III.

Published Online: 14 Oct 2020
Page range: 5 - 21

Abstract

Abstract

During the 2011 preventive research campaign, a clay statuette representing a woman giving birth was discovered – in a pit of the chronological and cultural horizon of Turdaş III. Its complex analysis is done in the rows below.

Keywords

  • clay figurine
  • the birth scene
  • Turdaş culture III
Open Access

Are there cities and fairs in the neolithic? Part I – from PPN to late Neolithic (Part II is refering to Copper Age)

Published Online: 14 Oct 2020
Page range: 22 - 91

Abstract

Abstract

In this study we have resumed the problem of Neolithic settlements with a complex architecture (defense systems with ditches, palisades, towers, bastions; residential buildings; cult constructions; social constructions) which support the idea of a proto-urban organization since the PPN. We have analyzed current definitions of cities and fairs, which mainly reflect situations from classical antiquity and the Middle Ages, but they cannot be applied to prehistoric realities, which, according to interdisciplinary research, offer another perspective. We also believe that religion too has played an important part in these sites, some of them being real centers of worship.

Keywords

  • fortifications
  • defensive ditches
  • palisades
  • fairs
  • proto-urban
  • bastions
  • temples
  • sanctuaries
  • conclaves
Open Access

Radiocarbon data from the archaeological site of Turdaş-Luncă (preventive research of 2011)(IV)

Published Online: 14 Oct 2020
Page range: 92 - 110

Abstract

Abstract

The preventive archaeological researches of 2011 led to sensational discoveries. These include evidence for the extraction of radiocarbon data. We analyze new evidence from the periods: neolithic and eneolithic (Turdaş culture), eneolithic (Petreşti culture) and classical dacian period (1st century AD).

Keywords

  • eneolithic and classic dacian period
  • radiocarbon dates
  • Turdaş-Luncă
  • preventive research campaign of 2011
  • Transylvania
  • Romania
Open Access

Collectors and Collections an Unexpected Case (I)

Published Online: 14 Oct 2020
Page range: 112 - 133

Abstract

Keywords

  • criminal investigation
  • collector
  • stolen artefacts
  • forgeries
  • counterfeits
Open Access

The Making of a Holy Nation: Pastoral Activity, Pilgrimage to Jerusalem, and Nationalism in Interwar Romanian Orthodoxy

Published Online: 14 Oct 2020
Page range: 134 - 151

Abstract

Abstract

After the end of World War I and the creation of Greater Romania, various actors tried to influence the official policy of the state by proposing political visions suitable to consolidate the Romanian identity and character of the country. The Orthodox Church, one of the most vocal of these actors, envisioned a variety of activities and programs with the goal of promoting the future development of the country alongside religious principles. In particular, in 1925 the Metropolitan of Ardeal organized the first “mass” pilgrimage to the Holy Land in the history of the Romanian people. Among the participants was Iosif Trifa, a close collaborator of the Metropolitan and the initiator and organizer of a widespread spiritual movement called the Army of the Lord. During the pilgrimage Trifa wrote notes that later constituted the basis of his travelogue Pe urmele Mântuitorului [In the Footsteps of the Savior], a book that, I will suggest, proposes a national – spiritual model for the building of the new political project inspired by the mythical image of the holy places. Trifa vested these pastoral concerns with political preoccupations that ultimately claimed the Holy Land as an ideal pattern for Greater Romania. Through a gradual literary process that morphed Palestine into the Christian Holy Land and reclaimed it for Orthodox Christians only, Trifa established a close connection between the holy sites and Romania by presenting the group of pilgrims and their itinerary as a symbol of the nation walking in the footsteps of Jesus Christ. A close reading of the narrative will show that Trifa aimed at using it as an exhortation to prompt Romanians’ commitment to Orthodoxy as the only successful solution to the national project.

5 Articles
Open Access

Turdaş-Luncă. 2011 preventive campaign, Sector B. Feature 341-2. A ritual pit? Turdaş culture, phase III.

Published Online: 14 Oct 2020
Page range: 5 - 21

Abstract

Abstract

During the 2011 preventive research campaign, a clay statuette representing a woman giving birth was discovered – in a pit of the chronological and cultural horizon of Turdaş III. Its complex analysis is done in the rows below.

Keywords

  • clay figurine
  • the birth scene
  • Turdaş culture III
Open Access

Are there cities and fairs in the neolithic? Part I – from PPN to late Neolithic (Part II is refering to Copper Age)

Published Online: 14 Oct 2020
Page range: 22 - 91

Abstract

Abstract

In this study we have resumed the problem of Neolithic settlements with a complex architecture (defense systems with ditches, palisades, towers, bastions; residential buildings; cult constructions; social constructions) which support the idea of a proto-urban organization since the PPN. We have analyzed current definitions of cities and fairs, which mainly reflect situations from classical antiquity and the Middle Ages, but they cannot be applied to prehistoric realities, which, according to interdisciplinary research, offer another perspective. We also believe that religion too has played an important part in these sites, some of them being real centers of worship.

Keywords

  • fortifications
  • defensive ditches
  • palisades
  • fairs
  • proto-urban
  • bastions
  • temples
  • sanctuaries
  • conclaves
Open Access

Radiocarbon data from the archaeological site of Turdaş-Luncă (preventive research of 2011)(IV)

Published Online: 14 Oct 2020
Page range: 92 - 110

Abstract

Abstract

The preventive archaeological researches of 2011 led to sensational discoveries. These include evidence for the extraction of radiocarbon data. We analyze new evidence from the periods: neolithic and eneolithic (Turdaş culture), eneolithic (Petreşti culture) and classical dacian period (1st century AD).

Keywords

  • eneolithic and classic dacian period
  • radiocarbon dates
  • Turdaş-Luncă
  • preventive research campaign of 2011
  • Transylvania
  • Romania
Open Access

Collectors and Collections an Unexpected Case (I)

Published Online: 14 Oct 2020
Page range: 112 - 133

Abstract

Keywords

  • criminal investigation
  • collector
  • stolen artefacts
  • forgeries
  • counterfeits
Open Access

The Making of a Holy Nation: Pastoral Activity, Pilgrimage to Jerusalem, and Nationalism in Interwar Romanian Orthodoxy

Published Online: 14 Oct 2020
Page range: 134 - 151

Abstract

Abstract

After the end of World War I and the creation of Greater Romania, various actors tried to influence the official policy of the state by proposing political visions suitable to consolidate the Romanian identity and character of the country. The Orthodox Church, one of the most vocal of these actors, envisioned a variety of activities and programs with the goal of promoting the future development of the country alongside religious principles. In particular, in 1925 the Metropolitan of Ardeal organized the first “mass” pilgrimage to the Holy Land in the history of the Romanian people. Among the participants was Iosif Trifa, a close collaborator of the Metropolitan and the initiator and organizer of a widespread spiritual movement called the Army of the Lord. During the pilgrimage Trifa wrote notes that later constituted the basis of his travelogue Pe urmele Mântuitorului [In the Footsteps of the Savior], a book that, I will suggest, proposes a national – spiritual model for the building of the new political project inspired by the mythical image of the holy places. Trifa vested these pastoral concerns with political preoccupations that ultimately claimed the Holy Land as an ideal pattern for Greater Romania. Through a gradual literary process that morphed Palestine into the Christian Holy Land and reclaimed it for Orthodox Christians only, Trifa established a close connection between the holy sites and Romania by presenting the group of pilgrims and their itinerary as a symbol of the nation walking in the footsteps of Jesus Christ. A close reading of the narrative will show that Trifa aimed at using it as an exhortation to prompt Romanians’ commitment to Orthodoxy as the only successful solution to the national project.

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