Issues

Journal & Issues

Volume 19 (2020): Issue 1 (December 2020)

Volume 18 (2019): Issue 1 (December 2019)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
2392-6163
First Published
31 Dec 2019
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Languages
English

Search

Volume 19 (2020): Issue 1 (December 2020)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
2392-6163
First Published
31 Dec 2019
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Languages
English

Search

5 Articles
Open Access

Between Rudimentary and Artistic: Decorated Starčevo-Criș Pots

Published Online: 31 Dec 2020
Page range: 5 - 12

Abstract

Abstract

The article presents new information regarding the percentual distribution of Starčevo-Criș decorated pottery, using the information on the Early Neolithic discoveries from the sites of Miercurea Sibiului-Petriș (Sibiu County), Turdaș-Luncă (Hunedoara County), Săliștea (Alba County), Cristian I (Sibiu County) and Cristian III (Sibiu County). Excepting Miercurea Sibiului-Petriș and Cristian I sites for which, besides the information about the category, color, temper, surface treatment, firing and morphology of this pottery were published in different volumes or articles, also some data regarding the different percentages on types of ornaments were published. This time, the author discusses globally the total amount of decorated pottery, taking into consideration also the relative chronological framings for each of the sites

Keywords

  • Early Neolithic
  • Starčevo-Criș
  • pottery
  • ornamentation
  • Transylvania
Open Access

Absolute Dating of the Systematic Excavation from 2019 of the Archaeological Site: Tărtăria-Gura Luncii (Alba County, Romania)

Published Online: 31 Dec 2020
Page range: 13 - 37

Abstract

Abstract

The systematic research started in 2010 at Tărtăria continue to this day. To clarify the problem of the absolute chronology of the site we have researched on a checkered row (Carriage 25-32) from the SI surface (2019) and carried out sampling for this operation. On this occasion we obtained the evidence published in this article.

Keywords

  • Neolithic and Eneolithic
  • radiocarbon dating
  • Tărtăria-Gura Luncii
  • Romania
Open Access

The Central Area of a“ Square” from the Time of Turdaș Culture Turdaș-Luncă. 2011 Campaign. Sector C The Architectural Horizon before the great Migration from Turdaș

Published Online: 31 Dec 2020
Page range: 39 - 105

Abstract

Abstract

The preventive excavation from 2011, at Turdaș-Luncă, led to the discovery of over 2000 archaeological features. Among them is feature 959. Through this article we want to continue the series of publications related to the preventive excavation of 2011 and highlight certain aspects related to a possible organization of the communities that lived here.

Keywords

  • preventive research
  • Turdaș-Luncă
  • feature 959
  • Transylvania
  • Romania
Open Access

Ritual deposits of the Petrești culture in South-Western Transylvania

Published Online: 31 Dec 2020
Page range: 107 - 131

Abstract

Abstract

This article resents archaeological discoveries of ritual pits framed in Petrești culture, discovered in western and south-western Transylvania. The ritual of consecrating the dwellings, through banquets dedicated to fertility and fecundity, is so well known at the time around the Apuseni Mountains that is spreads in cultural environments, west of them.

Keywords

  • ritual deposit
  • Eneolithic
  • from Petrești culture
  • discovered in western and southwestern of Transylvania
Open Access

At the Turn of the Fourteenth Century: Sigismund of Luxemburg and the Wallachian Princely “Stars” of the Fifteenth Century

Published Online: 31 Dec 2020
Page range: 135 - 155

Abstract

Abstract

In late spring 1398, the noble judges of the Inner Szolnok County rejected John Toth as the legal representative of Stephen I, voivode of Moldavia. Toth (i.e. the Slav/ Slovak, chiefly in later centuries) was in fact merely the procurator of Stephen’s appointed procurator (representative), a certain John, the son of Costea. Mircea I the Elder, the voivode of Wallachia, was experiencing similar legal problems at the time in the Voivodate of Tran-sylvania. In January 1399, his procurator, Nicholas Dobokai of Luduş, the son of Ladislas Dobokai (the relative of Mircea’s step-uncle, Wladislaw I Vlaicu), had to admit he did not know the exact boundaries of the estate of the Hunyad castle, recently granted by Sigismund of Luxemburg to Mircea. The two documents, almost trivial in essence, point towards two neglected issues: the first Transylvanian estates granted by a king of Hungary to a voivode of Moldavia and to the transalpine origins of the Hunyadi family. Placed in the context of other edited and unedited sources (charters and chronicles), the documents in question provide new perspectives on the beginnings and actions of famed Wallachian personalities of the next century.

Keywords

  • Doboka (Dăbâca)
  • Hunyad
  • Transylvania
  • Wallachia
  • Sigismund Luxemburg
  • Mircea I of Wallachia
  • Stephen I of Moldavia
  • John Hunyadi
5 Articles
Open Access

Between Rudimentary and Artistic: Decorated Starčevo-Criș Pots

Published Online: 31 Dec 2020
Page range: 5 - 12

Abstract

Abstract

The article presents new information regarding the percentual distribution of Starčevo-Criș decorated pottery, using the information on the Early Neolithic discoveries from the sites of Miercurea Sibiului-Petriș (Sibiu County), Turdaș-Luncă (Hunedoara County), Săliștea (Alba County), Cristian I (Sibiu County) and Cristian III (Sibiu County). Excepting Miercurea Sibiului-Petriș and Cristian I sites for which, besides the information about the category, color, temper, surface treatment, firing and morphology of this pottery were published in different volumes or articles, also some data regarding the different percentages on types of ornaments were published. This time, the author discusses globally the total amount of decorated pottery, taking into consideration also the relative chronological framings for each of the sites

Keywords

  • Early Neolithic
  • Starčevo-Criș
  • pottery
  • ornamentation
  • Transylvania
Open Access

Absolute Dating of the Systematic Excavation from 2019 of the Archaeological Site: Tărtăria-Gura Luncii (Alba County, Romania)

Published Online: 31 Dec 2020
Page range: 13 - 37

Abstract

Abstract

The systematic research started in 2010 at Tărtăria continue to this day. To clarify the problem of the absolute chronology of the site we have researched on a checkered row (Carriage 25-32) from the SI surface (2019) and carried out sampling for this operation. On this occasion we obtained the evidence published in this article.

Keywords

  • Neolithic and Eneolithic
  • radiocarbon dating
  • Tărtăria-Gura Luncii
  • Romania
Open Access

The Central Area of a“ Square” from the Time of Turdaș Culture Turdaș-Luncă. 2011 Campaign. Sector C The Architectural Horizon before the great Migration from Turdaș

Published Online: 31 Dec 2020
Page range: 39 - 105

Abstract

Abstract

The preventive excavation from 2011, at Turdaș-Luncă, led to the discovery of over 2000 archaeological features. Among them is feature 959. Through this article we want to continue the series of publications related to the preventive excavation of 2011 and highlight certain aspects related to a possible organization of the communities that lived here.

Keywords

  • preventive research
  • Turdaș-Luncă
  • feature 959
  • Transylvania
  • Romania
Open Access

Ritual deposits of the Petrești culture in South-Western Transylvania

Published Online: 31 Dec 2020
Page range: 107 - 131

Abstract

Abstract

This article resents archaeological discoveries of ritual pits framed in Petrești culture, discovered in western and south-western Transylvania. The ritual of consecrating the dwellings, through banquets dedicated to fertility and fecundity, is so well known at the time around the Apuseni Mountains that is spreads in cultural environments, west of them.

Keywords

  • ritual deposit
  • Eneolithic
  • from Petrești culture
  • discovered in western and southwestern of Transylvania
Open Access

At the Turn of the Fourteenth Century: Sigismund of Luxemburg and the Wallachian Princely “Stars” of the Fifteenth Century

Published Online: 31 Dec 2020
Page range: 135 - 155

Abstract

Abstract

In late spring 1398, the noble judges of the Inner Szolnok County rejected John Toth as the legal representative of Stephen I, voivode of Moldavia. Toth (i.e. the Slav/ Slovak, chiefly in later centuries) was in fact merely the procurator of Stephen’s appointed procurator (representative), a certain John, the son of Costea. Mircea I the Elder, the voivode of Wallachia, was experiencing similar legal problems at the time in the Voivodate of Tran-sylvania. In January 1399, his procurator, Nicholas Dobokai of Luduş, the son of Ladislas Dobokai (the relative of Mircea’s step-uncle, Wladislaw I Vlaicu), had to admit he did not know the exact boundaries of the estate of the Hunyad castle, recently granted by Sigismund of Luxemburg to Mircea. The two documents, almost trivial in essence, point towards two neglected issues: the first Transylvanian estates granted by a king of Hungary to a voivode of Moldavia and to the transalpine origins of the Hunyadi family. Placed in the context of other edited and unedited sources (charters and chronicles), the documents in question provide new perspectives on the beginnings and actions of famed Wallachian personalities of the next century.

Keywords

  • Doboka (Dăbâca)
  • Hunyad
  • Transylvania
  • Wallachia
  • Sigismund Luxemburg
  • Mircea I of Wallachia
  • Stephen I of Moldavia
  • John Hunyadi

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo