Magazine et Edition

Volume 67 (2022): Edition 3 (December 2022)

Volume 67 (2022): Edition 2 (August 2022)

Volume 67 (2022): Edition 1 (April 2022)

Volume 66 (2021): Edition 3 (December 2021)

Volume 66 (2021): Edition 2 (August 2021)

Volume 66 (2021): Edition 1 (April 2021)

Volume 65 (2020): Edition 3 (December 2020)

Volume 65 (2020): Edition 2 (August 2020)

Volume 65 (2020): Edition 1 (April 2020)

Volume 64 (2019): Edition 3 (December 2019)

Volume 64 (2019): Edition 2 (August 2019)

Volume 64 (2019): Edition 1 (April 2019)

Volume 63 (2018): Edition 3 (December 2018)

Volume 63 (2018): Edition 2 (August 2018)

Volume 63 (2018): Edition 1 (April 2018)

Volume 62 (2017): Edition 3 (December 2017)

Volume 62 (2017): Edition 2 (August 2017)

Volume 62 (2017): Edition 1 (April 2017)

Volume 61 (2016): Edition 3 (December 2016)

Détails du magazine
Format
Magazine
eISSN
2065-9644
Première publication
06 Mar 2016
Période de publication
3 fois par an
Langues
Anglais

Chercher

Volume 66 (2021): Edition 3 (December 2021)

Détails du magazine
Format
Magazine
eISSN
2065-9644
Première publication
06 Mar 2016
Période de publication
3 fois par an
Langues
Anglais

Chercher

5 Articles
Accès libre

Quality of Information Disclosed in Integrated Reports, in the Extracting Sector: Insights from Europe

Publié en ligne: 30 Dec 2021
Pages: 1 - 20

Résumé

Abstract

The study explores to what extent are extracting organizations from the European region, disclosing relevant information about social and environmental practices. To pursue the current exploratory study, a qualitative approach composed of two steps is performed. The first is a content analysis of 15 oil & gas and mining organizations integrated reports proposing a compliance exercise toward the International Integrated Reporting Framework. Then in the second one, the integrated reports of our sample are analyzed using MAXQDA, with the extent to which social and environmental references are positive, neutral, or negative. Thus, the present paper represents the first attempt in qualitative studies in Integrated Reporting with a specific focus on extracting sector. Our results demonstrate that the analyzed sample discloses more information related to the environment than social disclosure.

Mots clés

  • Oil & Gas
  • Integrated Reporting
  • Europe
  • Qualitative Content Analysis

JEL Classification

  • M40
Accès libre

National Industry 4.0 Platforms in the Visegrad 4 Countries – A Comparison with the Frontrunner Digital Economies in Europe

Publié en ligne: 30 Dec 2021
Pages: 21 - 39

Résumé

Abstract

Based on the international digitization indexes, the development level of digitalization in the Visegrad Four (V4) countries is similar in many respects. The status of the recent digital developments is comparable in results and in deficits also. These economies have similar inescapable paths in the past and further development opportunities in the future. The economic success of these four countries greatly depends on the transformation of their economic structures, mainly by utilizing digitalization. This study compares the approaches, activities and initiatives of the national Industry 4.0 platforms of the V4 countries that promote and support the digital transformation on the national strategic level. The study also highlights the results that have already been achieved by the members of the European Quartet. These four countries have reached good results in digital infrastructure investments. Meanwhile, they are left behind in skillsets, education and adoption of companies, regarding their digital transformation. Beside the direct comparison of the four Industry 4.0 platforms, the study extends the research to three of the Frontrunner countries of the EU in digitalization, namely to Austria, Germany, Sweden, to understand the best practices they use and actions they take regarding the digitalization. The paper formulates guidelines for defining competitive policies and techniques for accelerating the digitalization of the V4 economies. The study lists the pain points of the V4 digitalization and makes suggestions on recoveries, mainly on the field of the potential involvement of companies and the financing of the national I40 platforms.

Mots clés

  • Visegrad Four
  • digital transformation
  • digitalization
  • Industry 4.0

JEL Classification

  • O11
  • O14
  • O23
  • O38
  • O33
  • D83
Accès libre

The Nexus Between Hedge Fund Size and Risk-Adjusted Performance

Publié en ligne: 30 Dec 2021
Pages: 40 - 56

Résumé

Abstract

This paper explores the relationship between hedge fund size and risk-adjusted performance employing a data sample of 245 US hedge funds classified into eight different investment strategies. The studied period spans from January 2005 to February 2021, with calculations performed both on the whole coverage period as well as three sub-periods, to isolate the pre-crisis, crisis, and post-crisis funds’ behavior. Similar to previous evidence found in the literature, the results reveal an inverse relationship between hedge fund size and risk-adjusted performance (as measured by the Sharpe, Treynor and Black-Treynor ratios) in most of the cases.

Mots clés

  • hedge funds
  • risk-adjusted performance
  • fund size
  • fund performance

JEL Classification

  • G11
  • G23
  • G32
Accès libre

Green Brand Positioning for Organic Food: A Content Analysis of Corporate Websites

Publié en ligne: 30 Dec 2021
Pages: 57 - 76

Résumé

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to provide a perspective on the positioning bases of the green brands present on the organic food market. The research method is the content analysis of secondary data sources. The study was based on the analysis of the informational content available on the corporate websites of green brands in the portfolio of processing companies present on the Romanian market. This study identified 18 positioning bases for the investigated green brands. The positioning bases belong mainly to the category of attributes, these being in particular specific characteristics of organic food. The study notes the existence of specific positioning bases for organic food brands. The results can help practitioners to communicate brand positioning in the online environment by developing appropriate strategies.

Mots clés

  • green brand positioning
  • online environment
  • content analysis
  • organic food

JEL Classification

  • M31
  • Q57
  • M10
Accès libre

The Fourth Industrial Revolution: Exploring the Determinants of Internet Access in Emerging Economies

Publié en ligne: 30 Dec 2021
Pages: 77 - 92

Résumé

Abstract

With the rapid developments and changes in technology in the Fourth Industrial Revolution being witnessed everywhere, this study aimed to investigate the factors that influence access to the internet by households in emerging economies with a direct focus on South Africa one of the countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. Access to broadband facilities by individuals, households and consumers is one of the critical components of the economic growth and prosperity of a country. It is generally believed that the access to broadband technologies by a community or nation helps to increase productivity which assists a lot in fueling economic growth which will have an impact on the levels of poverty. Using the logistic regression, the study found out that race, access to telephone landline, access to a cellular cellphone, access to electricity, owning a house, gender, age of the household head, net household income per month, and household expenditure were the significant variables in influencing the demand for internet access by households in emerging economies. The factors that were more important in the influence on access to the internet were the availability of electricity and access to a cellphone. Therefore, the study concludes that to improve the quality of life of the people, it is imperative that the governments across the world, do invest more in improving access to quality internet, but one of the prerequisites is that households should have a stable electricity supply and they have access to cellphones.

Mots clés

  • access
  • determinants
  • the fourth industrial revolution
  • internet access
  • South Africa

JEL Classification

  • L8
  • M15
5 Articles
Accès libre

Quality of Information Disclosed in Integrated Reports, in the Extracting Sector: Insights from Europe

Publié en ligne: 30 Dec 2021
Pages: 1 - 20

Résumé

Abstract

The study explores to what extent are extracting organizations from the European region, disclosing relevant information about social and environmental practices. To pursue the current exploratory study, a qualitative approach composed of two steps is performed. The first is a content analysis of 15 oil & gas and mining organizations integrated reports proposing a compliance exercise toward the International Integrated Reporting Framework. Then in the second one, the integrated reports of our sample are analyzed using MAXQDA, with the extent to which social and environmental references are positive, neutral, or negative. Thus, the present paper represents the first attempt in qualitative studies in Integrated Reporting with a specific focus on extracting sector. Our results demonstrate that the analyzed sample discloses more information related to the environment than social disclosure.

Mots clés

  • Oil & Gas
  • Integrated Reporting
  • Europe
  • Qualitative Content Analysis

JEL Classification

  • M40
Accès libre

National Industry 4.0 Platforms in the Visegrad 4 Countries – A Comparison with the Frontrunner Digital Economies in Europe

Publié en ligne: 30 Dec 2021
Pages: 21 - 39

Résumé

Abstract

Based on the international digitization indexes, the development level of digitalization in the Visegrad Four (V4) countries is similar in many respects. The status of the recent digital developments is comparable in results and in deficits also. These economies have similar inescapable paths in the past and further development opportunities in the future. The economic success of these four countries greatly depends on the transformation of their economic structures, mainly by utilizing digitalization. This study compares the approaches, activities and initiatives of the national Industry 4.0 platforms of the V4 countries that promote and support the digital transformation on the national strategic level. The study also highlights the results that have already been achieved by the members of the European Quartet. These four countries have reached good results in digital infrastructure investments. Meanwhile, they are left behind in skillsets, education and adoption of companies, regarding their digital transformation. Beside the direct comparison of the four Industry 4.0 platforms, the study extends the research to three of the Frontrunner countries of the EU in digitalization, namely to Austria, Germany, Sweden, to understand the best practices they use and actions they take regarding the digitalization. The paper formulates guidelines for defining competitive policies and techniques for accelerating the digitalization of the V4 economies. The study lists the pain points of the V4 digitalization and makes suggestions on recoveries, mainly on the field of the potential involvement of companies and the financing of the national I40 platforms.

Mots clés

  • Visegrad Four
  • digital transformation
  • digitalization
  • Industry 4.0

JEL Classification

  • O11
  • O14
  • O23
  • O38
  • O33
  • D83
Accès libre

The Nexus Between Hedge Fund Size and Risk-Adjusted Performance

Publié en ligne: 30 Dec 2021
Pages: 40 - 56

Résumé

Abstract

This paper explores the relationship between hedge fund size and risk-adjusted performance employing a data sample of 245 US hedge funds classified into eight different investment strategies. The studied period spans from January 2005 to February 2021, with calculations performed both on the whole coverage period as well as three sub-periods, to isolate the pre-crisis, crisis, and post-crisis funds’ behavior. Similar to previous evidence found in the literature, the results reveal an inverse relationship between hedge fund size and risk-adjusted performance (as measured by the Sharpe, Treynor and Black-Treynor ratios) in most of the cases.

Mots clés

  • hedge funds
  • risk-adjusted performance
  • fund size
  • fund performance

JEL Classification

  • G11
  • G23
  • G32
Accès libre

Green Brand Positioning for Organic Food: A Content Analysis of Corporate Websites

Publié en ligne: 30 Dec 2021
Pages: 57 - 76

Résumé

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to provide a perspective on the positioning bases of the green brands present on the organic food market. The research method is the content analysis of secondary data sources. The study was based on the analysis of the informational content available on the corporate websites of green brands in the portfolio of processing companies present on the Romanian market. This study identified 18 positioning bases for the investigated green brands. The positioning bases belong mainly to the category of attributes, these being in particular specific characteristics of organic food. The study notes the existence of specific positioning bases for organic food brands. The results can help practitioners to communicate brand positioning in the online environment by developing appropriate strategies.

Mots clés

  • green brand positioning
  • online environment
  • content analysis
  • organic food

JEL Classification

  • M31
  • Q57
  • M10
Accès libre

The Fourth Industrial Revolution: Exploring the Determinants of Internet Access in Emerging Economies

Publié en ligne: 30 Dec 2021
Pages: 77 - 92

Résumé

Abstract

With the rapid developments and changes in technology in the Fourth Industrial Revolution being witnessed everywhere, this study aimed to investigate the factors that influence access to the internet by households in emerging economies with a direct focus on South Africa one of the countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. Access to broadband facilities by individuals, households and consumers is one of the critical components of the economic growth and prosperity of a country. It is generally believed that the access to broadband technologies by a community or nation helps to increase productivity which assists a lot in fueling economic growth which will have an impact on the levels of poverty. Using the logistic regression, the study found out that race, access to telephone landline, access to a cellular cellphone, access to electricity, owning a house, gender, age of the household head, net household income per month, and household expenditure were the significant variables in influencing the demand for internet access by households in emerging economies. The factors that were more important in the influence on access to the internet were the availability of electricity and access to a cellphone. Therefore, the study concludes that to improve the quality of life of the people, it is imperative that the governments across the world, do invest more in improving access to quality internet, but one of the prerequisites is that households should have a stable electricity supply and they have access to cellphones.

Mots clés

  • access
  • determinants
  • the fourth industrial revolution
  • internet access
  • South Africa

JEL Classification

  • L8
  • M15

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