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Volume 67 (2022): Edition 1 (April 2022)

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Volume 66 (2021): Edition 2 (August 2021)

Volume 66 (2021): Edition 1 (April 2021)

Volume 65 (2020): Edition 3 (December 2020)

Volume 65 (2020): Edition 2 (August 2020)

Volume 65 (2020): Edition 1 (April 2020)

Volume 64 (2019): Edition 3 (December 2019)

Volume 64 (2019): Edition 2 (August 2019)

Volume 64 (2019): Edition 1 (April 2019)

Volume 63 (2018): Edition 3 (December 2018)

Volume 63 (2018): Edition 2 (August 2018)

Volume 63 (2018): Edition 1 (April 2018)

Volume 62 (2017): Edition 3 (December 2017)

Volume 62 (2017): Edition 2 (August 2017)

Volume 62 (2017): Edition 1 (April 2017)

Volume 61 (2016): Edition 3 (December 2016)

Détails du magazine
Format
Magazine
eISSN
2065-9644
Première publication
06 Mar 2016
Période de publication
3 fois par an
Langues
Anglais

Chercher

Volume 61 (2016): Edition 3 (December 2016)

Détails du magazine
Format
Magazine
eISSN
2065-9644
Première publication
06 Mar 2016
Période de publication
3 fois par an
Langues
Anglais

Chercher

5 Articles
Accès libre

Understanding Changes on the Country-of-origin Effect of Portugal

Publié en ligne: 30 Mar 2017
Pages: 3 - 19

Résumé

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to understand the international perception of Portugal, as well as the strategies used by Portuguese companies to overcome any possible negative country-of-origin (COO) effect. The paper focuses on companies belonging to different Portuguese businesses: wine, footwear and electromechanical. Cases were chosen because of the dynamic process that was correctly put forward at different levels. The results show that Portuguese companies are interested in getting to know how to accommodate or be part of that dynamic process, as this seems to be crucial if they want to succeed in international markets. The perception of Portugal is improving, and there seems to be signs of a positive COO effect being created in some instances. Most of the achievements are due to the previous success of Portuguese businesses and businesspeople in international markets that have been able to create a positive reputation. The key to success seems to be rooted in how companies combine their unique resources with technological innovations and strategic tools, backed by public policy. This study contributes to enhance the knowledge of managers on the COO effect and its effects on companies, by presenting different levels of analysis: company, industry and country level.

Mots clés

  • COO effect
  • product evaluation
  • international marketing
  • perception
  • Portugal

JEL Classification

  • L6
  • M3
  • O52
Accès libre

The Organizational Culture Dimensions – The Case of an Independent Private University in Macedonia

Publié en ligne: 30 Mar 2017
Pages: 20 - 31

Résumé

Abstract

The objective of this study is to explore how the organizational culture as one of the most vital elements of any organization affects the success of an organization. In recent years, the organizational culture has become one of the most important areas of research. Researchers simultaneously examine the concept of organizational culture in different environments in order to develop credibility and productivity in the workplace. The effectiveness of a university and how well it operates depend, to a large extent, on how the university culture is formed. This research examines and takes in consideration the 6 Hofstede's cultural dimensions: process-oriented versus results-oriented; employee-oriented versus job-oriented; parochial versus professional; open system versus closed system, loose versus tight control, and normative versus pragmatic. The paper determines the dimensions that better represent the organizational culture of an independent private university. The study attempts to explain the effect on this university’s culture, as well as the implications in administering this system which contributes in fulfilling the mission and vision, as well as its impact in developing and realizing the strategic objectives of the university itself.

Mots clés

  • Organizational culture
  • Staff
  • Hofstede's cultural dimensions
  • SEEU

JEL Classification

  • C88
Accès libre

Teachers’ Motivations and Expectations Regarding Lifelong Learning

Publié en ligne: 30 Mar 2017
Pages: 32 - 42

Résumé

Abstract

The global contemporary economic and social context, in constant change, makes the learning process undergo constant structural changes with profound implications. These transformations also influence practices, principles and methods used in the field of learning and teaching. The present research is focused on the motivations and expectations of teachers regarding lifelong learning. Their main motivator is to improve teaching tools, techniques and methods. The study population consists of educators who teach the national language and literature (Romanian) to national minorities (Hungarian, German, Roma, Tatar, Serbian, Ukrainian, etc.) and to migrants from various states. The respondents have participated in a lifelong learning program.

Mots clés

  • education
  • lifelong learning
  • information sharing
  • technological change
  • new teaching techniques

JEL Classification

  • I26
  • I29
  • M31
  • M53
Accès libre

Supply Chain Management and Customer Satisfaction in Small to Medium Enterprises

Publié en ligne: 30 Mar 2017
Pages: 43 - 58

Résumé

Abstract

To circumvent the possibility of business failure, small to medium enterprises in emerging economies face mounting pressure to increase the satisfaction of their customers. The adoption of supply chain management practices is critical to the provision of quality products and services as well as the satisfaction of customers by small to medium enterprises. This paper investigated the relationship between customer satisfaction, supply chain management practices and three input factors; namely, product quality, flexibility and product variety in small to medium enterprises. The study adopted a quantitative approach in which a four section questionnaire was distributed to 131 managers in small to medium enterprises based in Gauteng Province, South Africa. Hypotheses were tested using regression analysis. The results of the study revealed that product quality and flexibility predicted supply chain management practices. Supply chain management practices were also statistically significant, and mediated the relationship between customer satisfaction and product quality and flexibility. Based on these results, conclusions were drawn and appropriate recommendations were made.

Mots clés

  • Product Quality
  • Flexibility
  • Product Variety
  • supply chain management practices
  • customer satisfaction

JEL Classification

  • L1
Accès libre

Determinants of Profitability: Evidence from Power and Energy Sector

Publié en ligne: 30 Mar 2017
Pages: 59 - 78

Résumé

Abstract

The study examines the impact of key determinants of profitability of power and energy sector in Pakistan such as firm size, firm age, firm growth, productivity, financial leverage and electricity crisis discussed in the broader inter-disciplinary literature. For this purpose panel data of 16 firms of power and energy sector is taken for 2001 to 2012. The study considers profitability determinants at the firm as well as industry affiliation levels in examining hypotheses developed from resource-based approaches. Random effect model is used to detect the combination of variables that best estimated the impact of the explanatory variables on the dependent variable. The empirical results suggest that firm size, firm growth, and electricity crisis positively impact the profitability. However, firm age, financial leverage and productivity negatively influence the firm profitability. This study also propose that during the electricity crisis the profitability of power sector is increased even production of this sector is very low. The findings further indicate that larger and younger firms with high growth and low productivity are more likely to be profitable. This study has found that firm productivity and firm size are the strongest determinants of profitability in power and energy sector of Pakistan.

Mots clés

  • Profitability
  • Firm size
  • Firm growth
  • Leverage
  • Firm age
  • Productivity
  • Electricity crisis

JEL Classification

  • F65
  • G23
5 Articles
Accès libre

Understanding Changes on the Country-of-origin Effect of Portugal

Publié en ligne: 30 Mar 2017
Pages: 3 - 19

Résumé

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to understand the international perception of Portugal, as well as the strategies used by Portuguese companies to overcome any possible negative country-of-origin (COO) effect. The paper focuses on companies belonging to different Portuguese businesses: wine, footwear and electromechanical. Cases were chosen because of the dynamic process that was correctly put forward at different levels. The results show that Portuguese companies are interested in getting to know how to accommodate or be part of that dynamic process, as this seems to be crucial if they want to succeed in international markets. The perception of Portugal is improving, and there seems to be signs of a positive COO effect being created in some instances. Most of the achievements are due to the previous success of Portuguese businesses and businesspeople in international markets that have been able to create a positive reputation. The key to success seems to be rooted in how companies combine their unique resources with technological innovations and strategic tools, backed by public policy. This study contributes to enhance the knowledge of managers on the COO effect and its effects on companies, by presenting different levels of analysis: company, industry and country level.

Mots clés

  • COO effect
  • product evaluation
  • international marketing
  • perception
  • Portugal

JEL Classification

  • L6
  • M3
  • O52
Accès libre

The Organizational Culture Dimensions – The Case of an Independent Private University in Macedonia

Publié en ligne: 30 Mar 2017
Pages: 20 - 31

Résumé

Abstract

The objective of this study is to explore how the organizational culture as one of the most vital elements of any organization affects the success of an organization. In recent years, the organizational culture has become one of the most important areas of research. Researchers simultaneously examine the concept of organizational culture in different environments in order to develop credibility and productivity in the workplace. The effectiveness of a university and how well it operates depend, to a large extent, on how the university culture is formed. This research examines and takes in consideration the 6 Hofstede's cultural dimensions: process-oriented versus results-oriented; employee-oriented versus job-oriented; parochial versus professional; open system versus closed system, loose versus tight control, and normative versus pragmatic. The paper determines the dimensions that better represent the organizational culture of an independent private university. The study attempts to explain the effect on this university’s culture, as well as the implications in administering this system which contributes in fulfilling the mission and vision, as well as its impact in developing and realizing the strategic objectives of the university itself.

Mots clés

  • Organizational culture
  • Staff
  • Hofstede's cultural dimensions
  • SEEU

JEL Classification

  • C88
Accès libre

Teachers’ Motivations and Expectations Regarding Lifelong Learning

Publié en ligne: 30 Mar 2017
Pages: 32 - 42

Résumé

Abstract

The global contemporary economic and social context, in constant change, makes the learning process undergo constant structural changes with profound implications. These transformations also influence practices, principles and methods used in the field of learning and teaching. The present research is focused on the motivations and expectations of teachers regarding lifelong learning. Their main motivator is to improve teaching tools, techniques and methods. The study population consists of educators who teach the national language and literature (Romanian) to national minorities (Hungarian, German, Roma, Tatar, Serbian, Ukrainian, etc.) and to migrants from various states. The respondents have participated in a lifelong learning program.

Mots clés

  • education
  • lifelong learning
  • information sharing
  • technological change
  • new teaching techniques

JEL Classification

  • I26
  • I29
  • M31
  • M53
Accès libre

Supply Chain Management and Customer Satisfaction in Small to Medium Enterprises

Publié en ligne: 30 Mar 2017
Pages: 43 - 58

Résumé

Abstract

To circumvent the possibility of business failure, small to medium enterprises in emerging economies face mounting pressure to increase the satisfaction of their customers. The adoption of supply chain management practices is critical to the provision of quality products and services as well as the satisfaction of customers by small to medium enterprises. This paper investigated the relationship between customer satisfaction, supply chain management practices and three input factors; namely, product quality, flexibility and product variety in small to medium enterprises. The study adopted a quantitative approach in which a four section questionnaire was distributed to 131 managers in small to medium enterprises based in Gauteng Province, South Africa. Hypotheses were tested using regression analysis. The results of the study revealed that product quality and flexibility predicted supply chain management practices. Supply chain management practices were also statistically significant, and mediated the relationship between customer satisfaction and product quality and flexibility. Based on these results, conclusions were drawn and appropriate recommendations were made.

Mots clés

  • Product Quality
  • Flexibility
  • Product Variety
  • supply chain management practices
  • customer satisfaction

JEL Classification

  • L1
Accès libre

Determinants of Profitability: Evidence from Power and Energy Sector

Publié en ligne: 30 Mar 2017
Pages: 59 - 78

Résumé

Abstract

The study examines the impact of key determinants of profitability of power and energy sector in Pakistan such as firm size, firm age, firm growth, productivity, financial leverage and electricity crisis discussed in the broader inter-disciplinary literature. For this purpose panel data of 16 firms of power and energy sector is taken for 2001 to 2012. The study considers profitability determinants at the firm as well as industry affiliation levels in examining hypotheses developed from resource-based approaches. Random effect model is used to detect the combination of variables that best estimated the impact of the explanatory variables on the dependent variable. The empirical results suggest that firm size, firm growth, and electricity crisis positively impact the profitability. However, firm age, financial leverage and productivity negatively influence the firm profitability. This study also propose that during the electricity crisis the profitability of power sector is increased even production of this sector is very low. The findings further indicate that larger and younger firms with high growth and low productivity are more likely to be profitable. This study has found that firm productivity and firm size are the strongest determinants of profitability in power and energy sector of Pakistan.

Mots clés

  • Profitability
  • Firm size
  • Firm growth
  • Leverage
  • Firm age
  • Productivity
  • Electricity crisis

JEL Classification

  • F65
  • G23

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