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Volume 14 (2022): Edition 2 (June 2022)

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Special Edition: Sparsely populated rural areas

Volume 13 (2021): Edition 1 (March 2021)

Volume 12 (2020): Edition 4 (December 2020)

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Special Edition: Cultural Tourism and Rural Development

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Special Edition: Smart European Village

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Special issue to the Centennial of the Mendel University in Brno

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Special Edition: Planning in the Rural Space Edition Editors: Antonín Vaishar, Hana Vavrouchová

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Special Edition: Role of Water in the Rural Landscape. Special issue editors: Milada Šťastná, Andreas Panagopoulos, Zbyněk Kulhavý.

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Special Edition: Small towns as centres of rural areas, Editors: Annett Steinführer, Antonín Vaishar, Jana Zapletalová

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Special issue title: Sustainability of Rural Areas in Practice, Special editors: doc. Ing. Dr. Milada Šťastná, doc. RNDr. Antonín Vaishar, CSc.

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Demographic change, Edition Editors: Černič-Mali Barbara, Koch Andreas

Volume 5 (2013): Edition 4 (December 2013)
Farm Tourism across Europe, Edition Editors: Irma Potočnik-Slavič, Serge Schmitz

Volume 5 (2013): Edition 3 (September 2013)

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Borders and borderlands in Central Europe, Edition Editors: Šťastná Milada, Vaishar Antonín

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Editors: Alexandra Kruse, Michael Roth and Anu Printsman

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Editors: John McDonagh and Michael Woods

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Editors: John McDonagh and Michael Woods

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Détails du magazine
Format
Magazine
eISSN
1803-8417
Première publication
24 Feb 2009
Période de publication
4 fois par an
Langues
Anglais

Chercher

Volume 12 (2020): Edition 4 (December 2020)

Détails du magazine
Format
Magazine
eISSN
1803-8417
Première publication
24 Feb 2009
Période de publication
4 fois par an
Langues
Anglais

Chercher

10 Articles
Accès libre

Rural Space Governance in Extremadura (SW Spain). Analysis of the Leader Approach

Publié en ligne: 31 Dec 2020
Pages: 448 - 468

Résumé

Abstract

The LAGs (Local Action Groups) are in charge of designing the development strategy under the LEADER Approach for their areas of action, as well as managing European aid for Rural Development in order to promote new economic activities with which generate progress and alleviate the demographic and socioeconomic problems of its most depressed municipalities. Thus, in this paper the qualitative analysis of LEADER in Extremadura (SW Spain) in the 2007–2013 programming period is presented through the results of a questionnaire to the technical staffs of the 24 LAGs in order to complement the various previous quantitative studies and to know the opinion of essential actors in the rural development processes. During the 2007–2013 period (with the EAFRD as European Fund to finance rural development aids) LAGs have faced great bureaucratic and administrative burdens, which adds to the difficult economic situation experienced in recent years. This has hindered the true labor of these partnerships, that is, to revitalize their territories of action in order to create socioeconomic and, consequently, demographic development.

Mots clés

  • Governance
  • LEADER influence
  • LEADER management
  • Rural areas
  • Rural Development Program
  • Local Action Group
Accès libre

Are Mountain Areas Attractive for Investments? The Case of the Alpine Provinces in Italy

Publié en ligne: 31 Dec 2020
Pages: 469 - 493

Résumé

Abstract

In the increasing territorial competition to attract productive investments in the age of globalization, mountain areas have a role to play, if they wish to find new (exogenous) resources to diversify their economy and to develop sustainably in the future. This means that they have either to be, or to become attractive. Attractiveness for investments is an issue rarely studied with respect to mountain areas. This paper casts light on the attractiveness of the Italian Alpine provinces, using quantitative and qualitative data coming from a research on the stated locational preferences of entrepreneurs in Italy. According to the findings, it is not said that mountain areas are unattractive, due to their characteristics in terms of physical geography and accessibility. Instead, a different perspective on geography itself (Alpine areas bordering with foreign countries), and the role of the government, can make even marginal areas like mountain areas rather attractive for investments. Therefore, policy-makers should identify and strengthen all possible locational advantages that can strengthen the attractiveness of these areas.

Accès libre

A Technical Efficiency Analysis of Financial Subsidies Allocated by the Cap in Romanian Farms Using Stochastic Frontier Analysis

Publié en ligne: 31 Dec 2020
Pages: 494 - 505

Résumé

Abstract

The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) has undergone radical changes as a consequence of international agreements. Through a parametric approach based on Stochastic Frontier Analysis, it has been possible to estimate the impact of financial subsidies allocated under the Common Agricultural Policy for the period from 2007 to 2017 in the framework of the first and second pillars to Romanian farms that are part of the FADN dataset. The findings have revealed the positive effect of financial subsidies allocated to disadvantaged rural areas in increasing technical efficiency, and a modest impact of decoupled payments disbursed under the first pillar of the CAP on the Romanian farms investigated.

Mots clés

  • Common Agricultural Policy
  • Less favoured areas
  • decoupled payments
  • rural development
  • DEA
  • SFA
Accès libre

Russian Food Import Ban – Impacts on Rural and Regional Development in Finland

Publié en ligne: 31 Dec 2020
Pages: 506 - 526

Résumé

Abstract

This paper investigates the economic effects of the food import ban that Russia imposed vis-à-vis the European Union in 2014 on the development of two structurally different rural regions in Finland. A detailed, rural-urban dataset was compiled for use with a recursive dynamic computable general equilibrium model. In the medium run, the overall economic effects of the trade ban were negative for both regions, and the value added of agriculture and food industries fell notably. When the rigidities of capital availability were relaxed, regional GDP and employment increased in South Ostrobothnia as, for instance, metal industry and construction accelerated economic growth. In North Karelia, where agriculture and food industry account for a minor share of economy, other industries could not compensate the losses the ban caused. Accordingly, the impacts were dependent on the economic structure of the region.

Mots clés

  • regional general equilibrium
  • rural development
  • agriculture
  • food industry
  • trade
Accès libre

The Influence of Tourist Infrastructure on the Mountain Landscape. Towards a Tourist Landscape. Case Study of the Silesian Beskid

Publié en ligne: 31 Dec 2020
Pages: 527 - 550

Résumé

Abstract

The dynamic development of tourist infrastructure can damage the value of a landscape. Thus, the identification of the impact of tourist infrastructure on landscape is an important issue in the context of the limitation of further degradation of landscape. The purpose of this article is to assess the influence of tourist facilities in the mountain landscape of the Silesian Beskids in terms of both spatial and physiognomic aspects. The impact is assessed by using an index of landscape load with tourist infrastructure (landscape load index – LLI) developed by author. The index is based on calculation of the saturation of landscape with cubature, area and linear elements of tourist infrastructure corrected by a coefficient describing the degree of their impact on the landscape. The results indicate the spatial diversity of the landscape load and thus of the transformation of a landscape towards a tourist one. The presented method has an application value in the forecasting and programming of the tourist infrastructure with respect to landscape values.

Mots clés

  • landscape load index
  • Silesian Beskids
  • tourist landscape
  • tourist facilities
Accès libre

Water Resources and Tourism Development in Estrela Geopark Territory: Meaning and Contributions of Fluvial Beaches to Valorise the Destination

Publié en ligne: 31 Dec 2020
Pages: 551 - 567

Résumé

Abstract

Rural areas and in particular mountain territories have been experiencing an increasing appreciation of natural and heritage resources and their use for recreational and leisure activities, boosting tourism development and generating renewed functions with economic and social impact. Inland waters are becoming increasingly important for leisure and tourism, with many activities associated and many users seeking for them. Fluvial beaches represent leisure facilities for rural communities, allowing people and visitors access to aquatic spaces for leisure, sport and entertainment, creating conditions for enjoying nature and water resources, particularly during the summer period. The supply of surface water resources – rivers, lakes and canals – in the territory of the Estrela Geopark in Portugal, represent a tourist potential for this mountain region. They qualify the offer and constitute recreational attractions appreciated by the community and tourists, generating social well-being and fostering new services. There is a growing demand for these spaces, allowing the upgrading of fluvial areas, generating new features and enhancing the image of the destination Serra da estrela. The greater part of this equipment is operated by public entities linked to local administration, thus benefiting from public investment and support. There is a strong perception of its importance in attracting tourists, in improving the quality of life of the local population and in the opportunity to expand trade and service activities. Also in the image of the community, and their self-esteem is perceived, the importance of river beaches and consequently the disclosure that they associate, in terms of environmental quality, heritage value, and space of tranquillity.

Mots clés

  • Fluvial beaches
  • Inland waters
  • Tourism
  • Leisure
  • Mountain
  • Estrela Geopark
Accès libre

Tourism, Development and Protected Areas: Deconstructing the Myth

Publié en ligne: 31 Dec 2020
Pages: 568 - 597

Résumé

Abstract

The relation between tourism and rural development has been strengthened by planning frameworks such as rural development (the LEADER programmes) and by the management of protected natural areas. This relation also contributes to the concept of the multifunctionality of agricultural land. However, in the management of protected areas in Spain, the role of tourism and the public use of areas of maximum protection are often prioritised to the detriment of the agrarian societies with a permanent presence in these surroundings. In this paper, we analyse the impact of environmental planning and rural development on the characterisation of private tourist services in the Sierra de las Nieves natural park (near Málaga, Spain), using statistical sources, surveys and interviews with stakeholders. The results obtained show that the geographic distribution of private facilities is largely unrelated to public considerations. We view this outcome as a consequence of the disjunction between the agrarian traditions of local society and the new measures adopted to promote tourist activities.

Mots clés

  • Tourism and rural development
  • Outdoor recreation in protected natural areas
  • Mountain areas in crisis
  • Mediterranean mountain areas
Accès libre

Long-Term Impact of Closing Rural Schools on Local Social Capital: A Multiple-Case Study from Poland

Publié en ligne: 31 Dec 2020
Pages: 598 - 617

Résumé

Abstract

In many European countries, for both demographic and financial reasons, small schools are being closed. A rural school is one of the few public places which enables formal and informal meetings of community residents. When it is closed, social activity changes. This paper presents a multiple-case study of four Polish villages which in the year 2000 organized protests against school closures; two schools were saved and two were closed. Semi-structured interviews with local leaders and office workers were conducted in 2004 and 2016. The study shows that the decline of structural social capital was significantly smaller in those villages where the school was saved. In the village in which the building of the school did not serve the local population due to the decision of the authorities, a significant and long-term decline in both structural and cognitive social capital was observed. That means that local authorities may contribute to the degradation of the local social capital.

Mots clés

  • rural schools
  • social capital
  • school closure
  • rural community
  • Poland
Accès libre

Loss of Agroforestry: Symbolic Annihilation of Mixed Cultures in 19th Century Agricultural Science

Publié en ligne: 31 Dec 2020
Pages: 618 - 635

Résumé

Abstract

There is a lot of promise seen in agroforestry—the deliberate keeping of trees on farmland in various forms and contexts. The Czechia, like many other European countries, experiences farmland soil degradation and erosion, climate and water regime changes, and biodiversity loss. Industrial agriculture with high inputs brings not only high yields but also numerous negative externalities. Mixed cultures on Czech lands were common just 150 years ago. However, they were left out of the new cadastral classification in the 19th century and, as this article shows, did not appear in modern agricultural (and forestry) scientific theory- represented by contemporary scholar book selection in this article. The symbolic annihilation of agroforestry cultures in the official agrarian discourse of the 19th century probably contributed to their disappearance from both land-use theory and practice.

Mots clés

  • industrial agriculture
  • local knowledge
  • symbolic annihilation
  • knowledge loss
  • agroforestry
Accès libre

The Risk of Losing Deserted Medieval Rural Settlements: Opportunities for Agroturism and Rural Development

Publié en ligne: 31 Dec 2020
Pages: 636 - 648

Résumé

Abstract

A significant number of deserted medieval rural settlements have been identified in Europe. These sites are at risk of disappearance as a consequence of current urban development and cropping intensification implying that relevant features of the cultural landscape informing about past rural traditions in the European countryside may be lost. The objective of this article is to illustrate this fact by means of a case study consisting of a deserted medieval rural upland settlement in Wales. A field walk carried out in this site revealed that old rural traditions and past ways of living can be identified from its own bodily engagement with the surrounding landscape. This evidence is used to argue that strategies that involve personal experience of deserted medieval rural settlements such as agroturism may be implemented to protect these sites and the cultural information contained in them.

Mots clés

  • Deserted Medieval Rural Settlements
  • Field Walk
  • Rural Traditions in the European Countryside
  • Agroturism
10 Articles
Accès libre

Rural Space Governance in Extremadura (SW Spain). Analysis of the Leader Approach

Publié en ligne: 31 Dec 2020
Pages: 448 - 468

Résumé

Abstract

The LAGs (Local Action Groups) are in charge of designing the development strategy under the LEADER Approach for their areas of action, as well as managing European aid for Rural Development in order to promote new economic activities with which generate progress and alleviate the demographic and socioeconomic problems of its most depressed municipalities. Thus, in this paper the qualitative analysis of LEADER in Extremadura (SW Spain) in the 2007–2013 programming period is presented through the results of a questionnaire to the technical staffs of the 24 LAGs in order to complement the various previous quantitative studies and to know the opinion of essential actors in the rural development processes. During the 2007–2013 period (with the EAFRD as European Fund to finance rural development aids) LAGs have faced great bureaucratic and administrative burdens, which adds to the difficult economic situation experienced in recent years. This has hindered the true labor of these partnerships, that is, to revitalize their territories of action in order to create socioeconomic and, consequently, demographic development.

Mots clés

  • Governance
  • LEADER influence
  • LEADER management
  • Rural areas
  • Rural Development Program
  • Local Action Group
Accès libre

Are Mountain Areas Attractive for Investments? The Case of the Alpine Provinces in Italy

Publié en ligne: 31 Dec 2020
Pages: 469 - 493

Résumé

Abstract

In the increasing territorial competition to attract productive investments in the age of globalization, mountain areas have a role to play, if they wish to find new (exogenous) resources to diversify their economy and to develop sustainably in the future. This means that they have either to be, or to become attractive. Attractiveness for investments is an issue rarely studied with respect to mountain areas. This paper casts light on the attractiveness of the Italian Alpine provinces, using quantitative and qualitative data coming from a research on the stated locational preferences of entrepreneurs in Italy. According to the findings, it is not said that mountain areas are unattractive, due to their characteristics in terms of physical geography and accessibility. Instead, a different perspective on geography itself (Alpine areas bordering with foreign countries), and the role of the government, can make even marginal areas like mountain areas rather attractive for investments. Therefore, policy-makers should identify and strengthen all possible locational advantages that can strengthen the attractiveness of these areas.

Accès libre

A Technical Efficiency Analysis of Financial Subsidies Allocated by the Cap in Romanian Farms Using Stochastic Frontier Analysis

Publié en ligne: 31 Dec 2020
Pages: 494 - 505

Résumé

Abstract

The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) has undergone radical changes as a consequence of international agreements. Through a parametric approach based on Stochastic Frontier Analysis, it has been possible to estimate the impact of financial subsidies allocated under the Common Agricultural Policy for the period from 2007 to 2017 in the framework of the first and second pillars to Romanian farms that are part of the FADN dataset. The findings have revealed the positive effect of financial subsidies allocated to disadvantaged rural areas in increasing technical efficiency, and a modest impact of decoupled payments disbursed under the first pillar of the CAP on the Romanian farms investigated.

Mots clés

  • Common Agricultural Policy
  • Less favoured areas
  • decoupled payments
  • rural development
  • DEA
  • SFA
Accès libre

Russian Food Import Ban – Impacts on Rural and Regional Development in Finland

Publié en ligne: 31 Dec 2020
Pages: 506 - 526

Résumé

Abstract

This paper investigates the economic effects of the food import ban that Russia imposed vis-à-vis the European Union in 2014 on the development of two structurally different rural regions in Finland. A detailed, rural-urban dataset was compiled for use with a recursive dynamic computable general equilibrium model. In the medium run, the overall economic effects of the trade ban were negative for both regions, and the value added of agriculture and food industries fell notably. When the rigidities of capital availability were relaxed, regional GDP and employment increased in South Ostrobothnia as, for instance, metal industry and construction accelerated economic growth. In North Karelia, where agriculture and food industry account for a minor share of economy, other industries could not compensate the losses the ban caused. Accordingly, the impacts were dependent on the economic structure of the region.

Mots clés

  • regional general equilibrium
  • rural development
  • agriculture
  • food industry
  • trade
Accès libre

The Influence of Tourist Infrastructure on the Mountain Landscape. Towards a Tourist Landscape. Case Study of the Silesian Beskid

Publié en ligne: 31 Dec 2020
Pages: 527 - 550

Résumé

Abstract

The dynamic development of tourist infrastructure can damage the value of a landscape. Thus, the identification of the impact of tourist infrastructure on landscape is an important issue in the context of the limitation of further degradation of landscape. The purpose of this article is to assess the influence of tourist facilities in the mountain landscape of the Silesian Beskids in terms of both spatial and physiognomic aspects. The impact is assessed by using an index of landscape load with tourist infrastructure (landscape load index – LLI) developed by author. The index is based on calculation of the saturation of landscape with cubature, area and linear elements of tourist infrastructure corrected by a coefficient describing the degree of their impact on the landscape. The results indicate the spatial diversity of the landscape load and thus of the transformation of a landscape towards a tourist one. The presented method has an application value in the forecasting and programming of the tourist infrastructure with respect to landscape values.

Mots clés

  • landscape load index
  • Silesian Beskids
  • tourist landscape
  • tourist facilities
Accès libre

Water Resources and Tourism Development in Estrela Geopark Territory: Meaning and Contributions of Fluvial Beaches to Valorise the Destination

Publié en ligne: 31 Dec 2020
Pages: 551 - 567

Résumé

Abstract

Rural areas and in particular mountain territories have been experiencing an increasing appreciation of natural and heritage resources and their use for recreational and leisure activities, boosting tourism development and generating renewed functions with economic and social impact. Inland waters are becoming increasingly important for leisure and tourism, with many activities associated and many users seeking for them. Fluvial beaches represent leisure facilities for rural communities, allowing people and visitors access to aquatic spaces for leisure, sport and entertainment, creating conditions for enjoying nature and water resources, particularly during the summer period. The supply of surface water resources – rivers, lakes and canals – in the territory of the Estrela Geopark in Portugal, represent a tourist potential for this mountain region. They qualify the offer and constitute recreational attractions appreciated by the community and tourists, generating social well-being and fostering new services. There is a growing demand for these spaces, allowing the upgrading of fluvial areas, generating new features and enhancing the image of the destination Serra da estrela. The greater part of this equipment is operated by public entities linked to local administration, thus benefiting from public investment and support. There is a strong perception of its importance in attracting tourists, in improving the quality of life of the local population and in the opportunity to expand trade and service activities. Also in the image of the community, and their self-esteem is perceived, the importance of river beaches and consequently the disclosure that they associate, in terms of environmental quality, heritage value, and space of tranquillity.

Mots clés

  • Fluvial beaches
  • Inland waters
  • Tourism
  • Leisure
  • Mountain
  • Estrela Geopark
Accès libre

Tourism, Development and Protected Areas: Deconstructing the Myth

Publié en ligne: 31 Dec 2020
Pages: 568 - 597

Résumé

Abstract

The relation between tourism and rural development has been strengthened by planning frameworks such as rural development (the LEADER programmes) and by the management of protected natural areas. This relation also contributes to the concept of the multifunctionality of agricultural land. However, in the management of protected areas in Spain, the role of tourism and the public use of areas of maximum protection are often prioritised to the detriment of the agrarian societies with a permanent presence in these surroundings. In this paper, we analyse the impact of environmental planning and rural development on the characterisation of private tourist services in the Sierra de las Nieves natural park (near Málaga, Spain), using statistical sources, surveys and interviews with stakeholders. The results obtained show that the geographic distribution of private facilities is largely unrelated to public considerations. We view this outcome as a consequence of the disjunction between the agrarian traditions of local society and the new measures adopted to promote tourist activities.

Mots clés

  • Tourism and rural development
  • Outdoor recreation in protected natural areas
  • Mountain areas in crisis
  • Mediterranean mountain areas
Accès libre

Long-Term Impact of Closing Rural Schools on Local Social Capital: A Multiple-Case Study from Poland

Publié en ligne: 31 Dec 2020
Pages: 598 - 617

Résumé

Abstract

In many European countries, for both demographic and financial reasons, small schools are being closed. A rural school is one of the few public places which enables formal and informal meetings of community residents. When it is closed, social activity changes. This paper presents a multiple-case study of four Polish villages which in the year 2000 organized protests against school closures; two schools were saved and two were closed. Semi-structured interviews with local leaders and office workers were conducted in 2004 and 2016. The study shows that the decline of structural social capital was significantly smaller in those villages where the school was saved. In the village in which the building of the school did not serve the local population due to the decision of the authorities, a significant and long-term decline in both structural and cognitive social capital was observed. That means that local authorities may contribute to the degradation of the local social capital.

Mots clés

  • rural schools
  • social capital
  • school closure
  • rural community
  • Poland
Accès libre

Loss of Agroforestry: Symbolic Annihilation of Mixed Cultures in 19th Century Agricultural Science

Publié en ligne: 31 Dec 2020
Pages: 618 - 635

Résumé

Abstract

There is a lot of promise seen in agroforestry—the deliberate keeping of trees on farmland in various forms and contexts. The Czechia, like many other European countries, experiences farmland soil degradation and erosion, climate and water regime changes, and biodiversity loss. Industrial agriculture with high inputs brings not only high yields but also numerous negative externalities. Mixed cultures on Czech lands were common just 150 years ago. However, they were left out of the new cadastral classification in the 19th century and, as this article shows, did not appear in modern agricultural (and forestry) scientific theory- represented by contemporary scholar book selection in this article. The symbolic annihilation of agroforestry cultures in the official agrarian discourse of the 19th century probably contributed to their disappearance from both land-use theory and practice.

Mots clés

  • industrial agriculture
  • local knowledge
  • symbolic annihilation
  • knowledge loss
  • agroforestry
Accès libre

The Risk of Losing Deserted Medieval Rural Settlements: Opportunities for Agroturism and Rural Development

Publié en ligne: 31 Dec 2020
Pages: 636 - 648

Résumé

Abstract

A significant number of deserted medieval rural settlements have been identified in Europe. These sites are at risk of disappearance as a consequence of current urban development and cropping intensification implying that relevant features of the cultural landscape informing about past rural traditions in the European countryside may be lost. The objective of this article is to illustrate this fact by means of a case study consisting of a deserted medieval rural upland settlement in Wales. A field walk carried out in this site revealed that old rural traditions and past ways of living can be identified from its own bodily engagement with the surrounding landscape. This evidence is used to argue that strategies that involve personal experience of deserted medieval rural settlements such as agroturism may be implemented to protect these sites and the cultural information contained in them.

Mots clés

  • Deserted Medieval Rural Settlements
  • Field Walk
  • Rural Traditions in the European Countryside
  • Agroturism

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