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New therapeutic strategies based on molecularly targeted therapy in glioblastoma – a case report and review of the literature

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Glioblastomas are the most common and most lethal forms of malignant primary brain tumor. We present a case report of a patient with III-grade glioma who achieved stable disease (SD) and clinical improvement after trametinib administration. We also report a review of the literature to Current Treatment Guidelines of Glioblastoma and new therapeutic strategies based on molecularly targeted therapy. Traditional treatments, including surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy, have many limitations concerning the prognosis of patients with glioblastomas. Unfortunately, these tumors’recur after primary resection in the majority of cases. There is no standard therapy for recurrence of GBM. Targeted therapy offers a promising new treatment strategy. Regardless of those outstanding results much more can be done in the field of therapeutic options. Most urgent concerns include potent combining molecular targeted therapy with other types of treatments, selecting a group of patients for whom they turn out to be the most beneficial, and addressing adverse events of these molecules.

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Medicine, Clinical Medicine, other, Pharmacology, Toxicology, Pharmacy