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Detalles de la revista
Formato
Revista
eISSN
2353-737X
Publicado por primera vez
20 May 2020
Periodo de publicación
1 tiempo por año
Idiomas
Inglés

Buscar

Volumen 116 (2019): Edición 5 (May 2019)

Detalles de la revista
Formato
Revista
eISSN
2353-737X
Publicado por primera vez
20 May 2020
Periodo de publicación
1 tiempo por año
Idiomas
Inglés

Buscar

7 Artículos
Acceso abierto

Glass Protected Timber Façades – New Sustainable Façade Typology

Publicado en línea: 16 May 2020
Páginas: 5 - 22

Resumen

Abstract

It is increasingly common in the architecture/building industry that glass is placed in the front of the proper façade and serves as a protective layer for the wall behind. This type of external glazing is also used as an envelope for timber façades. External protection by glass slows down timber decomposition and weathering as it screens out potentially dangerous climatic factors like rain, moisture, and frost. Timber-behind-glass is becoming one of the most promising typologies in façade design from a sustainability perspective. The presented paper discusses this new emerging architectural trend. The combination of timber and glass is expected to produce both very durable (long service-life) and simultaneously environmentally friendly façade as timber locks CO2 into its substance.

Palabras clave

  • timber façade
  • building glass
  • double leaf façade
Acceso abierto

Cartography and Landscape Painting of the 17th and 18th Centuries as Iconographic Sources

Publicado en línea: 16 May 2020
Páginas: 23 - 32

Resumen

Abstract

In the study of historical architecture, especially the one that was transformed or ruined, of key importance is iconography, i.e. views of and panoramas of cities or their parts or individual objects.

Palabras clave

  • iconographic sources
  • cartography
  • landscape painting
  • credibility of iconographic sources
Acceso abierto

Role of the Department of Architecture Fundamentals and Architectural Design of Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture in Shaping the Kyiv Architectural School

Publicado en línea: 16 May 2020
Páginas: 33 - 39

Resumen

Abstract

The article is focused on identifying the role of the Department of Architecture Fundamentals and Architectural Design in shaping the architectural school of Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture (KNUCA) as part of the Kyiv architectural school. It is performed by applying the deductive method, i.e. consistent analysis and study ranging from Kyiv architectural school elements. The article provides analysis of the key historic landmarks of its development, its fundamental principles, determined for the first time, methodological approaches, and prospects of development. Having undertaken the analysis, KNUCA was found to be playing a prominent role as a leader in methodology of training architects.

Palabras clave

  • architectural school
  • Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture
  • historical landmarks
  • methodological fundamentals
  • graduates
  • scientific and creative achievements
Acceso abierto

Intense Colours in the Latest Works of Architecture

Publicado en línea: 16 May 2020
Páginas: 41 - 54

Resumen

Abstract

Vivid colours in external views of the latest works of architecture are not commonplace. Le Corbusier introduced basic colours delicately, on small fragments. Architects inspired by his work most often select rather small fragments, marking with only a single colour that is clearly contrasted with the entire composition. The construction of massings with vivid colours is the domain of either young and bold or experienced architects who can convince decision-makers about their proposals and rationale. The author presents structures with elements of various colours, as well as single-colour structures that feature surprisingly striking colours, completed by outstanding contemporary architects.

Palabras clave

  • contemporary architecture
  • stararchitects
  • colour in architecture
Acceso abierto

The Hydrodynamics of a Fluidised Bed Reactor

Publicado en línea: 16 May 2020
Páginas: 55 - 70

Resumen

Abstract

This article presents results concerning the hydrodynamics of a reactor with a porous fluidised bed (group D according to Geldart). Pressure drops were experimentally determined by gas flow through the bed and empty column. Using equations from literature flow resistance on the bed and gas distributor, critical velocity and terminal velocity were calculated and the obtained results were compared with experimental data. The equation which best described the work of the tested fluidised bed was identified through a process of trial and error. The influence of sieve being operated on pressure drops occurring during the process was determined and its applicability in the other conditions was verified.

Palabras clave

  • fluidisation
  • fluidised bed reactor
  • sieve plate
  • hydrodynamics
Acceso abierto

The Influence of Polypropylene Fibres on the Properties of Fresh and Hardened Concrete

Publicado en línea: 16 May 2020
Páginas: 71 - 82

Resumen

Abstract

The purpose of the article is to determine the effect of the addition of polypropylene fibres on the properties of concrete mixtures and hardened concrete. To this end, both destructive and non-destructive tests were conducted. The concrete mixture tests included the testing of the consistency, air content and bulk density of the concrete mixture. Investigations of hardened concrete were based on the determination of compressive strength by destructive tests, sclerometer and ultrasonic methods and tensile strength in bending tests. All tests were performed for seven series of concrete mixtures, differing in their fibre content. The results showed that the addition of polypropylene fibres to the concrete mixture causes changes in consistency, increases air content, and does not increase the compressive and tensile strength of concrete. It was also observed that the addition of polypropylene fibres does not cause significant changes in the bulk density of the concrete mix.

Palabras clave

  • fibre-reinforced concrete
  • polypropylene fibres
  • dispersed reinforcement
  • fresh concrete mixture
  • hardened concrete
Acceso abierto

A Method for the Automatic Creation of Bidirectional Transportation Paths for AGVs in Delmia QUEST

Publicado en línea: 16 May 2020
Páginas: 83 - 93

Resumen

Abstract

In this paper, a method for the automatic creation of bidirectional paths for AGVs in the Delmia QUEST software application is presented. The layout of transportation subsystem can be prepared in a spreadsheet. Based on it the file with input data is generated. Using programming languages included in QUEST, procedures were created and based on these procedures, a macro was built. This macro allows reading input data from the file and creates the transportation paths automatically. This enables the simulation model building to be less time consuming.

Palabras clave

  • modelling
  • simulation
  • bidirectional paths
  • AGV
  • Delmia QUEST
7 Artículos
Acceso abierto

Glass Protected Timber Façades – New Sustainable Façade Typology

Publicado en línea: 16 May 2020
Páginas: 5 - 22

Resumen

Abstract

It is increasingly common in the architecture/building industry that glass is placed in the front of the proper façade and serves as a protective layer for the wall behind. This type of external glazing is also used as an envelope for timber façades. External protection by glass slows down timber decomposition and weathering as it screens out potentially dangerous climatic factors like rain, moisture, and frost. Timber-behind-glass is becoming one of the most promising typologies in façade design from a sustainability perspective. The presented paper discusses this new emerging architectural trend. The combination of timber and glass is expected to produce both very durable (long service-life) and simultaneously environmentally friendly façade as timber locks CO2 into its substance.

Palabras clave

  • timber façade
  • building glass
  • double leaf façade
Acceso abierto

Cartography and Landscape Painting of the 17th and 18th Centuries as Iconographic Sources

Publicado en línea: 16 May 2020
Páginas: 23 - 32

Resumen

Abstract

In the study of historical architecture, especially the one that was transformed or ruined, of key importance is iconography, i.e. views of and panoramas of cities or their parts or individual objects.

Palabras clave

  • iconographic sources
  • cartography
  • landscape painting
  • credibility of iconographic sources
Acceso abierto

Role of the Department of Architecture Fundamentals and Architectural Design of Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture in Shaping the Kyiv Architectural School

Publicado en línea: 16 May 2020
Páginas: 33 - 39

Resumen

Abstract

The article is focused on identifying the role of the Department of Architecture Fundamentals and Architectural Design in shaping the architectural school of Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture (KNUCA) as part of the Kyiv architectural school. It is performed by applying the deductive method, i.e. consistent analysis and study ranging from Kyiv architectural school elements. The article provides analysis of the key historic landmarks of its development, its fundamental principles, determined for the first time, methodological approaches, and prospects of development. Having undertaken the analysis, KNUCA was found to be playing a prominent role as a leader in methodology of training architects.

Palabras clave

  • architectural school
  • Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture
  • historical landmarks
  • methodological fundamentals
  • graduates
  • scientific and creative achievements
Acceso abierto

Intense Colours in the Latest Works of Architecture

Publicado en línea: 16 May 2020
Páginas: 41 - 54

Resumen

Abstract

Vivid colours in external views of the latest works of architecture are not commonplace. Le Corbusier introduced basic colours delicately, on small fragments. Architects inspired by his work most often select rather small fragments, marking with only a single colour that is clearly contrasted with the entire composition. The construction of massings with vivid colours is the domain of either young and bold or experienced architects who can convince decision-makers about their proposals and rationale. The author presents structures with elements of various colours, as well as single-colour structures that feature surprisingly striking colours, completed by outstanding contemporary architects.

Palabras clave

  • contemporary architecture
  • stararchitects
  • colour in architecture
Acceso abierto

The Hydrodynamics of a Fluidised Bed Reactor

Publicado en línea: 16 May 2020
Páginas: 55 - 70

Resumen

Abstract

This article presents results concerning the hydrodynamics of a reactor with a porous fluidised bed (group D according to Geldart). Pressure drops were experimentally determined by gas flow through the bed and empty column. Using equations from literature flow resistance on the bed and gas distributor, critical velocity and terminal velocity were calculated and the obtained results were compared with experimental data. The equation which best described the work of the tested fluidised bed was identified through a process of trial and error. The influence of sieve being operated on pressure drops occurring during the process was determined and its applicability in the other conditions was verified.

Palabras clave

  • fluidisation
  • fluidised bed reactor
  • sieve plate
  • hydrodynamics
Acceso abierto

The Influence of Polypropylene Fibres on the Properties of Fresh and Hardened Concrete

Publicado en línea: 16 May 2020
Páginas: 71 - 82

Resumen

Abstract

The purpose of the article is to determine the effect of the addition of polypropylene fibres on the properties of concrete mixtures and hardened concrete. To this end, both destructive and non-destructive tests were conducted. The concrete mixture tests included the testing of the consistency, air content and bulk density of the concrete mixture. Investigations of hardened concrete were based on the determination of compressive strength by destructive tests, sclerometer and ultrasonic methods and tensile strength in bending tests. All tests were performed for seven series of concrete mixtures, differing in their fibre content. The results showed that the addition of polypropylene fibres to the concrete mixture causes changes in consistency, increases air content, and does not increase the compressive and tensile strength of concrete. It was also observed that the addition of polypropylene fibres does not cause significant changes in the bulk density of the concrete mix.

Palabras clave

  • fibre-reinforced concrete
  • polypropylene fibres
  • dispersed reinforcement
  • fresh concrete mixture
  • hardened concrete
Acceso abierto

A Method for the Automatic Creation of Bidirectional Transportation Paths for AGVs in Delmia QUEST

Publicado en línea: 16 May 2020
Páginas: 83 - 93

Resumen

Abstract

In this paper, a method for the automatic creation of bidirectional paths for AGVs in the Delmia QUEST software application is presented. The layout of transportation subsystem can be prepared in a spreadsheet. Based on it the file with input data is generated. Using programming languages included in QUEST, procedures were created and based on these procedures, a macro was built. This macro allows reading input data from the file and creates the transportation paths automatically. This enables the simulation model building to be less time consuming.

Palabras clave

  • modelling
  • simulation
  • bidirectional paths
  • AGV
  • Delmia QUEST

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