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Detalles de la revista
Formato
Revista
eISSN
2303-4858
Publicado por primera vez
08 Sep 2014
Periodo de publicación
2 veces al año
Idiomas
Inglés

Buscar

Volumen 6 (2018): Edición 2 (December 2018)

Detalles de la revista
Formato
Revista
eISSN
2303-4858
Publicado por primera vez
08 Sep 2014
Periodo de publicación
2 veces al año
Idiomas
Inglés

Buscar

3 Artículos
Acceso abierto

Gender and affiliation differences in topic selection in U.S. congressional speeches

Publicado en línea: 08 May 2020
Páginas: 105 - 129

Resumen

Abstract

The aim of this paper was to study gender differences in topic choice selection using the corpus of speeches given in the 113th United States Congress. We also looked at whether there are topic choice selection differences with respect to party affiliation and chamber, and finally, whether conversational topics chosen by male and female politicians correlate with any other category we measured in our corpus. The corpus was composed of 672 speeches by the female and 2,983 speeches by the male politicians. The speech transcripts were downloaded from the official repository Thomas and analyzed using the text analysis software Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC) to identify the use of vocabulary related to seven conversational topics recorded by LIWC. The data was analyzed both quantitatively, using statistical analysis, and qualitatively, to determine if there are significant gender differences in speech topic selection. The analyses showed that there are overall gender and affiliation differences in topic selection by the male and female politicians in the 113th Congress, some confirming the trend of long-standing prevalence of home-related references in women’s speeches, and death and religion references in men’s speeches, others marking a social shift for some of the categories compared to previous studies on the topic, such as the increasing share of references to work, money achievement in women’s speeches, as well as women’s preference for security, and men’s preference for competitiveness, as signaled by their lexical choices. Further correlation test results recorded subtler differences which pointed to linguistic changes in stereotypization, such as women signaling less emotion and choosing more formal ways of expression.

Palabras clave

  • U.S. congressional speeches
  • topic selection
  • gender differences
  • linguistic change
  • stereotypization
Acceso abierto

English communicative competence and predominant language for online use through smartphones in Croatia as compared to Slovenia

Publicado en línea: 08 May 2020
Páginas: 130 - 162

Resumen

Abstract

The study explores which languages are predominant in the online use among the targeted participant population in Croatia and Slovenia and examines the association between the participants’ smartphone online use of English and preferred subtitling mode with their perceived communicative competence in English. The findings indicate that in both nationality groups the use of English prevails in receptive language activities, in particular listening and audio-visual reception, while mother tongues are mainly used for productive and interactive activities. Participants who prefer English when engaging in online informal activities through their smartphones and who use English or no subtitles when watching video content also assess their competence in English to be on higher levels.

Palabras clave

  • online informal learning of English
  • smartphones
  • subtitling
  • language competence
  • Croatia
  • Slovenia
Acceso abierto

Journey through the writing process: Metaphors of thesis writing experience

Publicado en línea: 08 May 2020
Páginas: 163 - 179

Resumen

Abstract

This paper aimed to investigate metaphorical images used by master’s students in order to gain an insight into their schemata for thinking about the process of master’s thesis writing. Semistructured interviews on the topic of master’s thesis writing with three students coming from humanities, social sciences and natural sciences served as a corpus from which the data were extracted. The paper analysed participants’ unconscious use of metaphorical language in their narratives, mirroring their perception of the thesis writing process. The results revealed that the participants’ personal experience revolves around the concept of journey as the central image they share and the journey metaphor, along with a group of related specific metaphors, serves to illustrate the complexity of the writing process itself.

Palabras clave

  • writing process
  • metaphor
  • journey
  • master’s thesis
  • writing experience
3 Artículos
Acceso abierto

Gender and affiliation differences in topic selection in U.S. congressional speeches

Publicado en línea: 08 May 2020
Páginas: 105 - 129

Resumen

Abstract

The aim of this paper was to study gender differences in topic choice selection using the corpus of speeches given in the 113th United States Congress. We also looked at whether there are topic choice selection differences with respect to party affiliation and chamber, and finally, whether conversational topics chosen by male and female politicians correlate with any other category we measured in our corpus. The corpus was composed of 672 speeches by the female and 2,983 speeches by the male politicians. The speech transcripts were downloaded from the official repository Thomas and analyzed using the text analysis software Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC) to identify the use of vocabulary related to seven conversational topics recorded by LIWC. The data was analyzed both quantitatively, using statistical analysis, and qualitatively, to determine if there are significant gender differences in speech topic selection. The analyses showed that there are overall gender and affiliation differences in topic selection by the male and female politicians in the 113th Congress, some confirming the trend of long-standing prevalence of home-related references in women’s speeches, and death and religion references in men’s speeches, others marking a social shift for some of the categories compared to previous studies on the topic, such as the increasing share of references to work, money achievement in women’s speeches, as well as women’s preference for security, and men’s preference for competitiveness, as signaled by their lexical choices. Further correlation test results recorded subtler differences which pointed to linguistic changes in stereotypization, such as women signaling less emotion and choosing more formal ways of expression.

Palabras clave

  • U.S. congressional speeches
  • topic selection
  • gender differences
  • linguistic change
  • stereotypization
Acceso abierto

English communicative competence and predominant language for online use through smartphones in Croatia as compared to Slovenia

Publicado en línea: 08 May 2020
Páginas: 130 - 162

Resumen

Abstract

The study explores which languages are predominant in the online use among the targeted participant population in Croatia and Slovenia and examines the association between the participants’ smartphone online use of English and preferred subtitling mode with their perceived communicative competence in English. The findings indicate that in both nationality groups the use of English prevails in receptive language activities, in particular listening and audio-visual reception, while mother tongues are mainly used for productive and interactive activities. Participants who prefer English when engaging in online informal activities through their smartphones and who use English or no subtitles when watching video content also assess their competence in English to be on higher levels.

Palabras clave

  • online informal learning of English
  • smartphones
  • subtitling
  • language competence
  • Croatia
  • Slovenia
Acceso abierto

Journey through the writing process: Metaphors of thesis writing experience

Publicado en línea: 08 May 2020
Páginas: 163 - 179

Resumen

Abstract

This paper aimed to investigate metaphorical images used by master’s students in order to gain an insight into their schemata for thinking about the process of master’s thesis writing. Semistructured interviews on the topic of master’s thesis writing with three students coming from humanities, social sciences and natural sciences served as a corpus from which the data were extracted. The paper analysed participants’ unconscious use of metaphorical language in their narratives, mirroring their perception of the thesis writing process. The results revealed that the participants’ personal experience revolves around the concept of journey as the central image they share and the journey metaphor, along with a group of related specific metaphors, serves to illustrate the complexity of the writing process itself.

Palabras clave

  • writing process
  • metaphor
  • journey
  • master’s thesis
  • writing experience

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