Zeitschriften und Ausgaben

Volumen 9 (2021): Heft 1 (October 2021)

Volumen 8 (2020): Heft 2 (December 2020)

Volumen 8 (2020): Heft 1 (December 2020)

Volumen 7 (2019): Heft 2 (December 2019)

Volumen 7 (2019): Heft 1 (October 2019)

Volumen 6 (2018): Heft 2 (December 2018)

Volumen 6 (2018): Heft 1 (October 2018)

Volumen 5 (2017): Heft 2 (December 2017)

Volumen 5 (2017): Heft 1 (October 2017)

Volumen 4 (2016): Heft 2 (December 2016)

Volumen 4 (2016): Heft 1 (October 2016)

Volumen 3 (2015): Heft 2 (December 2015)

Volumen 3 (2015): Heft 1 (October 2015)

Volumen 2 (2014): Heft 2 (December 2014)

Volumen 2 (2014): Heft 1 (October 2014)

Zeitschriftendaten
Format
Zeitschrift
eISSN
2303-4858
Erstveröffentlichung
08 Sep 2014
Erscheinungsweise
2 Hefte pro Jahr
Sprachen
Englisch

Suche

Volumen 6 (2018): Heft 2 (December 2018)

Zeitschriftendaten
Format
Zeitschrift
eISSN
2303-4858
Erstveröffentlichung
08 Sep 2014
Erscheinungsweise
2 Hefte pro Jahr
Sprachen
Englisch

Suche

3 Artikel
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Gender and affiliation differences in topic selection in U.S. congressional speeches

Online veröffentlicht: 08 May 2020
Seitenbereich: 105 - 129

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The aim of this paper was to study gender differences in topic choice selection using the corpus of speeches given in the 113th United States Congress. We also looked at whether there are topic choice selection differences with respect to party affiliation and chamber, and finally, whether conversational topics chosen by male and female politicians correlate with any other category we measured in our corpus. The corpus was composed of 672 speeches by the female and 2,983 speeches by the male politicians. The speech transcripts were downloaded from the official repository Thomas and analyzed using the text analysis software Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC) to identify the use of vocabulary related to seven conversational topics recorded by LIWC. The data was analyzed both quantitatively, using statistical analysis, and qualitatively, to determine if there are significant gender differences in speech topic selection. The analyses showed that there are overall gender and affiliation differences in topic selection by the male and female politicians in the 113th Congress, some confirming the trend of long-standing prevalence of home-related references in women’s speeches, and death and religion references in men’s speeches, others marking a social shift for some of the categories compared to previous studies on the topic, such as the increasing share of references to work, money achievement in women’s speeches, as well as women’s preference for security, and men’s preference for competitiveness, as signaled by their lexical choices. Further correlation test results recorded subtler differences which pointed to linguistic changes in stereotypization, such as women signaling less emotion and choosing more formal ways of expression.

Schlüsselwörter

  • U.S. congressional speeches
  • topic selection
  • gender differences
  • linguistic change
  • stereotypization
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

English communicative competence and predominant language for online use through smartphones in Croatia as compared to Slovenia

Online veröffentlicht: 08 May 2020
Seitenbereich: 130 - 162

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The study explores which languages are predominant in the online use among the targeted participant population in Croatia and Slovenia and examines the association between the participants’ smartphone online use of English and preferred subtitling mode with their perceived communicative competence in English. The findings indicate that in both nationality groups the use of English prevails in receptive language activities, in particular listening and audio-visual reception, while mother tongues are mainly used for productive and interactive activities. Participants who prefer English when engaging in online informal activities through their smartphones and who use English or no subtitles when watching video content also assess their competence in English to be on higher levels.

Schlüsselwörter

  • online informal learning of English
  • smartphones
  • subtitling
  • language competence
  • Croatia
  • Slovenia
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Journey through the writing process: Metaphors of thesis writing experience

Online veröffentlicht: 08 May 2020
Seitenbereich: 163 - 179

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

This paper aimed to investigate metaphorical images used by master’s students in order to gain an insight into their schemata for thinking about the process of master’s thesis writing. Semistructured interviews on the topic of master’s thesis writing with three students coming from humanities, social sciences and natural sciences served as a corpus from which the data were extracted. The paper analysed participants’ unconscious use of metaphorical language in their narratives, mirroring their perception of the thesis writing process. The results revealed that the participants’ personal experience revolves around the concept of journey as the central image they share and the journey metaphor, along with a group of related specific metaphors, serves to illustrate the complexity of the writing process itself.

Schlüsselwörter

  • writing process
  • metaphor
  • journey
  • master’s thesis
  • writing experience
3 Artikel
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Gender and affiliation differences in topic selection in U.S. congressional speeches

Online veröffentlicht: 08 May 2020
Seitenbereich: 105 - 129

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The aim of this paper was to study gender differences in topic choice selection using the corpus of speeches given in the 113th United States Congress. We also looked at whether there are topic choice selection differences with respect to party affiliation and chamber, and finally, whether conversational topics chosen by male and female politicians correlate with any other category we measured in our corpus. The corpus was composed of 672 speeches by the female and 2,983 speeches by the male politicians. The speech transcripts were downloaded from the official repository Thomas and analyzed using the text analysis software Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC) to identify the use of vocabulary related to seven conversational topics recorded by LIWC. The data was analyzed both quantitatively, using statistical analysis, and qualitatively, to determine if there are significant gender differences in speech topic selection. The analyses showed that there are overall gender and affiliation differences in topic selection by the male and female politicians in the 113th Congress, some confirming the trend of long-standing prevalence of home-related references in women’s speeches, and death and religion references in men’s speeches, others marking a social shift for some of the categories compared to previous studies on the topic, such as the increasing share of references to work, money achievement in women’s speeches, as well as women’s preference for security, and men’s preference for competitiveness, as signaled by their lexical choices. Further correlation test results recorded subtler differences which pointed to linguistic changes in stereotypization, such as women signaling less emotion and choosing more formal ways of expression.

Schlüsselwörter

  • U.S. congressional speeches
  • topic selection
  • gender differences
  • linguistic change
  • stereotypization
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

English communicative competence and predominant language for online use through smartphones in Croatia as compared to Slovenia

Online veröffentlicht: 08 May 2020
Seitenbereich: 130 - 162

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The study explores which languages are predominant in the online use among the targeted participant population in Croatia and Slovenia and examines the association between the participants’ smartphone online use of English and preferred subtitling mode with their perceived communicative competence in English. The findings indicate that in both nationality groups the use of English prevails in receptive language activities, in particular listening and audio-visual reception, while mother tongues are mainly used for productive and interactive activities. Participants who prefer English when engaging in online informal activities through their smartphones and who use English or no subtitles when watching video content also assess their competence in English to be on higher levels.

Schlüsselwörter

  • online informal learning of English
  • smartphones
  • subtitling
  • language competence
  • Croatia
  • Slovenia
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Journey through the writing process: Metaphors of thesis writing experience

Online veröffentlicht: 08 May 2020
Seitenbereich: 163 - 179

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

This paper aimed to investigate metaphorical images used by master’s students in order to gain an insight into their schemata for thinking about the process of master’s thesis writing. Semistructured interviews on the topic of master’s thesis writing with three students coming from humanities, social sciences and natural sciences served as a corpus from which the data were extracted. The paper analysed participants’ unconscious use of metaphorical language in their narratives, mirroring their perception of the thesis writing process. The results revealed that the participants’ personal experience revolves around the concept of journey as the central image they share and the journey metaphor, along with a group of related specific metaphors, serves to illustrate the complexity of the writing process itself.

Schlüsselwörter

  • writing process
  • metaphor
  • journey
  • master’s thesis
  • writing experience

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