1. bookVolumen 29 (2022): Edición 2 (June 2022)
Detalles de la revista
Primera edición
16 May 2011
Calendario de la edición
4 veces al año
access type Acceso abierto

Does 12-Week Aerobics Training Influence Body Composition in Middle-Aged Women?

Publicado en línea: 27 Jun 2022
Volumen & Edición: Volumen 29 (2022) - Edición 2 (June 2022)
Páginas: 11 - 17
Recibido: 02 Dec 2021
Aceptado: 23 Feb 2022
Detalles de la revista
Primera edición
16 May 2011
Calendario de la edición
4 veces al año

Introduction. It is very important to determine body composition, as it plays a significant role in the formation of many vital functions of the human. The purpose of this research was to assess the effect of 12-week aerobics training on body composition in middle-aged women.

Material and methods. Thirteen women aged 35-50 who did not practice any sport actively took part in 12-week aerobics training. Body weight and height were measured, body mass index (BMI) and waist/hip ratio (WHR) were calculated. Body composition parameters: total body water (TBW), extracellular water (ECW) and intracellular water (ICW), fat mass (FM), free fat mass (FFM) muscle mass (MM), and basal metabolic rate (BMR) were measured using BIA method.

Results. The 12-week aerobics training elicited increases in ICW, FFM, MM, and BMR and a decrease in hip circumference. Twelve weeks without exercise (control group, n = 10) caused an increase in body mass, BMI and hip circumference. No statistically significant changes were recorded in body composition parameters in the control group.

Conclusions. The lack of any physical activity shows that the maintenance of that status can cause overweight followed by obesity.


1. McArdle W.D., Katch F.I., Katch V.L. (2014). Body composition, energy balance, and weight control. In: W.D. McArdlel, F.I. Katchl, V.L. Katchk (eds.), Exercise physiology. Energy, Nutrition & Human Performance (pp. 769-809). Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Search in Google Scholar

2. Malá L., Zahálka F., Maly T. (2017). Bioimpedance for analysis of body composition in sport. In: F. Simini, P. Bertemes-Filho (eds.) Bioimpedance in Biomedical Applications and Research (pp. 243-256). Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Search in Google Scholar

3. Gaba A., Pridalova M. (2014). Age-related changes in body composition in a sample of Czech women aged 18–89 years: a cross-sectional study. European Journal of Nutrition 53(1), 167-176. DOI: 10.1007/s00394-013-0514-x390769623575769 Abierto DOISearch in Google Scholar

4. Popławska H., Dmitruk A., Hołub W. (2020). Body composition, physical fitness and physical activity among students from universities in Biala Podlaska. Polish Journal of Sport and Tourism 27(1), 21-27. DOI: 10.2478/pjst-2020-0004 Abierto DOISearch in Google Scholar

5. Hulmi J.J., Isola V., Suonpää M., Järvinen N.J., Kokkonen M., Wennerström A. et al. (2017). The effects of intensive weight reduction on body composition and serum hormones in female fitness competitors. Frontiers in Physiology 7(689),1-16. DOI: 10.3389/fphys.2016.00689522285628119632 Abierto DOISearch in Google Scholar

6. Pascoa M., Cirolini V., Melloni M., Guerra Jr G., Gonçalve E.(2017). Athletic performance and body composition in cadets of the Brazilian Army. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 20(2), ID: 58999952. DOI: 10.1016/J.JSAMS.2017.09.184 Abierto DOISearch in Google Scholar

7. Hector A.J., Phillips S.M. (2018). Protein recommendations for weight loss in elite athletes: A focus on body composition and performance. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism 28(2), 170-177. DOI: 10.1123/ijsnem.2017-027329182451 Abierto DOISearch in Google Scholar

8. Mikkola I., Jokelainen J.J., Timonen M.J., Harkonen P.K., Saastamoinen E., Laakso M.A. et al. (2009). Physical activity and body composition changes during military service. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 41(9), 1735-1742. DOI: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e31819fcd3c19657297 Abierto DOISearch in Google Scholar

9. Kyröläinen H., Hackney A., Salminen R., Repola J., Häkkinen E., Haimi J. (2018). Effects of combined strength and endurance training on physical performance and bio-markers of healthy young women. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 32(6), 1554-1562. DOI: 10.1519/JSC.000000000000203429076960 Abierto DOISearch in Google Scholar

10. Khanna A., Singh A., Singh B.P., Khan F. (2020). Cardio-respiratory fitness in university level volleyball players and its correlation with body fat. Polish Journal of Sport and Tourism 27(3), 15-19. DOI: 10.2478/pjst-2020-0015 Abierto DOISearch in Google Scholar

11. Stubbs R.J., Hughes D.A., Johnstone A.M., Horgan G.W., King N., Blundell J.E. (2004). A decrease in physical activity affects appetite, energy, and nutrient balance in lean men feeding ad libitum. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 79(1), 62-69. DOI: 10.1093/ajcn/79.1.6214684398 Abierto DOISearch in Google Scholar

12. Woods S., Knehans A., Hoffman L., Turner P., Arnold S., Dionne C., Baldwin J. (2018). The associations between diet and physical activity with body composition and walking a timed distance in adults with Prader-Willi syndrome. Food & Nutrition Research 62, 1-11. DOI: 10.29219/fnr.v62.1343601047429942245 Abierto DOISearch in Google Scholar

13. Srikanthan P., Horwich T.B., Hong Tseng C. (2016). Relation of muscle mass and fat mass to cardiovascular disease mortality. The American Journal of Cardiology 117(8), 1355-1360. DOI: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2016.01.03326949037 Abierto DOISearch in Google Scholar

14. Kaplan M.A., Kavak H., Urakci Z., Nas N., Oruç Z. (2018). Is fat mass more effective than body mass index (BMI) to predict toxicity in early breast cancer patients treated with doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide? Cancer Research 78(4), DOI: 10.1158/1538-7445.SABCS17-P6-14-04 Abierto DOISearch in Google Scholar

15. Santanasto A.J., Goodpaster B.H., Kritchevsky S.B., Miljkovic I., Satterfield S., Schwartz A.V. (2017). Body composition remodeling and mortality: The health aging and body composition study. The Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences 72(4), 513-519. DOI: 10.1093/gerona/glw163589783727567109 Abierto DOISearch in Google Scholar

16. Santoro A., Bazzocchi A., Guidarelli G., Ostan R., Giampieri E., Mercatelli D. et al. (2018). A cross-sectional analysis of body composition among healthy elderly from the European NU-AGE study: Sex and country specific features. Frontiers in Physiology 9, 1693. DOI: 10.3389/fphys.2018.01693628397730555339 Abierto DOISearch in Google Scholar

17. Pedrero-Chamizo R., Gómez-Cabello A., Mélendez A., Vila-Maldonado S., Espino L., Gusi N. et al. (2015). Higher levels of physical fitness are associated with a reduced risk of suffering sarcopenic obesity and better perceived health among the elderly. The EXERNET multi-center study. Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging 19(2), 211-217. DOI: 10.1007/s12603-014-0530-425651448 Abierto DOISearch in Google Scholar

18. Charmas M., Opaszowski B.H., Różańska D., Jówko E. (2018). Hormonal and metabolic response to 12-weeks aerobic training in women (35-50 years). Trends in Diabetes and Metabolism 1(1), 1-11. DOI: 10.15761/TDM.1000104 Abierto DOISearch in Google Scholar

19. Mikkola I., Jokelainen J.J., Timonen M.J., Harkonen P.K., Saastamoinen E., Laakso M.A. et al. (2003). Physical activity and body composition changes during military service. Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition & Metabolic Care 6(4), 387-93. DOI: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e31819fcd3c19657297 Abierto DOISearch in Google Scholar

20. Park S.K., Park J.H., Kwon Y.C., Kim H.S., Yoon M.S., Park HT. (2003). The effect of combined aerobic and resistance exercise training on abdominal fat in obese middle-aged women. Journal of Physiological Anthropology and Applied Human Science 22(3), 129-35. DOI: 10.2114/jpa.22.12912808225 Abierto DOISearch in Google Scholar

21. Sillanpaa E., Laaksonen D., Hakkinen A., Jensen B., Kraemer W., Nyman K. et al. (2009). Body composition, fitness, and metabolic health during strength and endurance training and their combination in middle-aged older women. European Journal of Applied Physiology 106, 285-297. DOI: 10.1007/s00421-009-1013-x19266214 Abierto DOISearch in Google Scholar

22. Kyle U.G., Bosaeus I., De Lorenzo A.D., Deurenberg P., Elia M., Manuel G.J. et al. (2004). Bioelectrical impedance analysis – part II: utilization in clinical practice. Clinical Nutrition 23(6), 1430-1453. DOI: 10.1016/j.clnu.2004.09.01215556267 Abierto DOISearch in Google Scholar

23. Charmas M., Opaszowski B.H., Charmas R., Różańska D., Jówko E., Sadowski J. et al. (2009). Hormone and metabolic response in middle-aged women to the moderate physical effort during aerobics. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 23(3), 954-961. DOI: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e-3181a2b359 Abierto DOISearch in Google Scholar

24. Aronis K.N., Moreno M., Palyzos S.A., Moreno-Navarrete J.M., Ricart W., Delgado E. et al. (2015). Circulating irisin levels and coronary heart disease: association with future acute coronary syndrome and major adverse cardiovascular events. International Journal of Obesity 39(1), 156-161. DOI: 10.1038/ijo.2014.10124916788 Abierto DOISearch in Google Scholar

25. Park S.K. (2001). The effect of muscular resistance and aerobic training on abdominal fat. The Korean Society of Sports Medicine 19, 275-291. Search in Google Scholar

26. Sofkova T., Pridalova M. (2018). Assessment of changes in somatic characteristics based on the level of physical activity in women who undertook weight reduction course. Central European Journal of Public Health 26(3), 223-227. DOI: 10.21101/cejph.a467830419626 Abierto DOISearch in Google Scholar

27. Ornstein R.M., Copperman N.M., Jacobson M.S. (2011). Effect of weight loss on menstrual function in adolescents with polycystic ovary syndrome. Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology 24(3), 161-165. DOI: 10.1016/j.jpag.2011.01.00221419674 Abierto DOISearch in Google Scholar

28. Heydenreich J., Kayser B., Schutz Y., Melzer K. (2017). Total energy expenditure, energy intake, and body composition in endurance athletes across the training season: A systematic review. Sport Medicine – Open 3(1), 8. DOI: 10.1186/s40798-017-0076-1529210928161872 Abierto DOISearch in Google Scholar

29. Bi X., Loo Y.T., Henry C.J. (2019). Does circulating leptin play a role in energy expenditure? Nutrition 60, 6-10. DOI: 10.1016/j.nut.2018.08.01530508765 Abierto DOISearch in Google Scholar

30. Timper K., Bruning J.C. (2017). Hypothalamic circuits regulating appetite and energy homeostasis: Pathways to obesity. Disease Models and Mechanisms 10(6), 679-689. DOI: 10.1242/dmm.026609548300028592656 Abierto DOISearch in Google Scholar

31. Kerksick C., Thomas A., Campbell B., Taylor L., Wilborn C., Marcello B. et al. (2009). Effects of a popular exercise and weight loss program on weight loss, body composition, energy expenditure and health in obese women. Nutrition and Metabolism 6, 1-23. DOI: 10.1186/1743-7075-6-23269351919442301 Abierto DOISearch in Google Scholar

32. Sedenkova B., Stejskal P., Smicek J., Elfmark M., Businova T., Ranikova B. (2012). The influence of a six-month aerobics programme on middle aged women’s aerobic capacity and body composition. Acta Universitatis Palackianae Olomucensis. Gymnica 42(3), 55-66. DOI: 10.5507/ag.2012.018 Abierto DOISearch in Google Scholar

33. Martins C., Truby H., Morgan L.M. (2007). Short-term appetite control in response to 6-week exercise programme in sedentary volunteers. The British Journal of Nutrition 98(4), 834-42. DOI: 10.1017/S000711450774922X17532862 Abierto DOISearch in Google Scholar

34. Anwar S., Noohu M.M. (2016). Correlation of percentage body fat and muscle mass with anaerobic and aerobic performance in collegiate soccer players. Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 60(2), 137-144. Search in Google Scholar

35. Rondanelli M., Rondanelli M., Talluri J., Peroni G., Donelli C., Guerriero F. et al. (2018). Beyond Body Mass Index. Is the Body Cell Mass Index (BCMI) a useful prognostic factor to describe nutritional, inflammation and muscle mass status in hospitalized elderly?: Body Cell Mass Index links in elderly. Clinical Nutrition 37(3), 934-939. DOI: 10.1016/j.clnu.2017.03.02128408051 Abierto DOISearch in Google Scholar

36. Kawaguchi T., Taniguchi E., Itou M., Ibi R., Okada T., Mutou M. et al. (2008). Body cell mass is a useful parameter for assessing malnutrition and severity of disease in non-ascitic cirrhotic patients with hepatocellular carcinoma or esophageal varices. International Journal of Molecular Medicine 22(5), 589-94. Search in Google Scholar

37. Talluri A., Liedtke R., Mohamed E.I., Maiolo C., Martinoli R., De Lorenzo A. (2003). The application of body cell mass index for studying muscle mass changes in health and disease conditions. Acta Diabetologica 40, 286-289. DOI: 10.1007/s00592-003-0088-914618495 Abierto DOISearch in Google Scholar

38. Wang J. (2015). Analysis on the effect of a balanced diet on the body mass control and their body tissues for athletes. Carpathian Journal of Food Science & Technology 7(1), 37-43. Search in Google Scholar

39. Malczyk E., Dzięgielewska-Gęsiak S., Fatyga E., Ziółko E., Kokot T., Muc-Wierzgon M. (2016). Body composition in healthy older persons: role of the ratio of extracellular/total body water. Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents 30(3), 767-772. Search in Google Scholar

40. Quiterio A.L., Carnero E.A., Silva A.M., Babtista F., Sardinha L.B. (2009). Weekly training hours are associated with molecular and cellular body composition levels in adolescent athletes. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 49(1), 54-63. Search in Google Scholar

41. Jung G.S., Choi I.R., Kang H.Y., Choi Y. (2017). Effects of Meridian Acupressure Massage on body composition, edema, stress, and fatigue in postpartum women. Journal of Integrative and Complementary Medicine 23(10), 787-793. DOI: 10.1089/acm.2016.036228714769 Abierto DOISearch in Google Scholar

Artículos recomendados de Trend MD

Planifique su conferencia remota con Sciendo