A dual-circularly polarized traveling wave antenna based on linear polarization array with wideband response is proposed. The circular polarization is realized by the sequential rotation arrangement of four linear polarization elements and series feeding with a phase difference 90°. Rotating four of such subarrays sequentially with a phase difference of 90° not only broadens the axial ratio (AR) bandwidth but also corrects the pattern beam deflection. Left-handed circular polarization (LHCP) and right-handed circular polarization (RHCP) are respectively achieved by exciting two different ports. The measured impedance bandwidth of the developed antenna array is 27.5 %. The 3-dB AR bandwidths of RHCP and LHCP are respectively 20.7 % and 22.4 % with the peak gains of about 8.7 and 8.3 dBic.

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Engineering, Introductions and Overviews, other