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Zeitschriftendaten
Format
Zeitschrift
eISSN
1804-1663
ISSN
1213-2446
Erstveröffentlichung
19 Feb 2010
Erscheinungsweise
4 Hefte pro Jahr
Sprachen
Englisch

Suche

Volumen 12 (2012): Heft 3 (October 2012)

Zeitschriftendaten
Format
Zeitschrift
eISSN
1804-1663
ISSN
1213-2446
Erstveröffentlichung
19 Feb 2010
Erscheinungsweise
4 Hefte pro Jahr
Sprachen
Englisch

Suche

3 Artikel
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Gender Wage Gap in the Czech Republic: First Descriptive Analysis Based on Survey 2011

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Oct 2012
Seitenbereich: 151 - 167

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

In this paper, we show the first descriptive evidence of factors explaining gender wage differences from a unique questionnaire survey that was carried out on a representative sample for the Czech Republic. We observe large wage differences related to gender; without any reasons, Czech women earn on average 77.80% of men’s wages. The survey uncovers that there is a number of differences among men and women which may help to explain the wage differences.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Gender Wage Gap
  • Gender Wage Discrimination
  • Family Roles
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

The Principle of Population for the 21st Century: The Never Coming Stationary State

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Oct 2012
Seitenbereich: 168 - 184

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Forward-thinking is one of the most enchanting areas in economics. While Malthus and Ricardo agreed on the gloomy vision of the future, Mill described the wider stationary state and foresaw it in a more optimistic way. Space sciences and improvements in our technology provided us with the solution decades ago, although economics have not noticed this possible solution of the classical stationary state until now. This article incorporates this knowledge into economics. Calories integrate the supply of means of production and the demand for means of consumption in one market. The stationary state could come only if the demand for means of subsistence grows faster than the supply of means of production. Increasing scarcity of free calories exceeding the minimal required volume of it preventing the malnutrition and death will push the calorie price up while economy will move towards the stationary state. But where to get the land when the very last piece of it - even the deserts - will have been already cultivated? Increasing scarcity of land opens possibility for firms to make profit from producing land. Thus, the classical stationary state is only an illusion.

Schlüsselwörter

  • stationary state
  • terraforming
  • food
  • population growth
  • nutrition
  • space economics
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

100 Years since the Birth of Milton Friedman

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Oct 2012
Seitenbereich: 185 - 203

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The paper deals with the economic theory of Milton Friedman. Its first part outlines the life of Milton Friedman. The second part examines his economic theories - “Essays in Positive Economics” (1953), “Studies in the Quantity Theory of Money“ (1956), “A Theory of the Consumption Function” (1957), “A Program for Monetary Stability” (1959), “A Monetary History of the United States 1897 to 1960” (1963), and “Price Theory” (1976). His Nobel Prize lecture and American Economic Association lecture in 1967 are discussed, too. The third part analyzes Friedman’s methodology. Milton Friedman was the most influential economist of the second half of the 20th century. He is best known for his theoretical and empirical research, especially consumption analysis, monetary history and theory, and for his demonstration of the complexity of stabilization policy.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Chicago School of Economics
  • Milton Friedman
  • monetarism
  • quantitative theory of money
  • theory of consumption function
3 Artikel
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Gender Wage Gap in the Czech Republic: First Descriptive Analysis Based on Survey 2011

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Oct 2012
Seitenbereich: 151 - 167

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

In this paper, we show the first descriptive evidence of factors explaining gender wage differences from a unique questionnaire survey that was carried out on a representative sample for the Czech Republic. We observe large wage differences related to gender; without any reasons, Czech women earn on average 77.80% of men’s wages. The survey uncovers that there is a number of differences among men and women which may help to explain the wage differences.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Gender Wage Gap
  • Gender Wage Discrimination
  • Family Roles
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

The Principle of Population for the 21st Century: The Never Coming Stationary State

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Oct 2012
Seitenbereich: 168 - 184

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Forward-thinking is one of the most enchanting areas in economics. While Malthus and Ricardo agreed on the gloomy vision of the future, Mill described the wider stationary state and foresaw it in a more optimistic way. Space sciences and improvements in our technology provided us with the solution decades ago, although economics have not noticed this possible solution of the classical stationary state until now. This article incorporates this knowledge into economics. Calories integrate the supply of means of production and the demand for means of consumption in one market. The stationary state could come only if the demand for means of subsistence grows faster than the supply of means of production. Increasing scarcity of free calories exceeding the minimal required volume of it preventing the malnutrition and death will push the calorie price up while economy will move towards the stationary state. But where to get the land when the very last piece of it - even the deserts - will have been already cultivated? Increasing scarcity of land opens possibility for firms to make profit from producing land. Thus, the classical stationary state is only an illusion.

Schlüsselwörter

  • stationary state
  • terraforming
  • food
  • population growth
  • nutrition
  • space economics
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

100 Years since the Birth of Milton Friedman

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Oct 2012
Seitenbereich: 185 - 203

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The paper deals with the economic theory of Milton Friedman. Its first part outlines the life of Milton Friedman. The second part examines his economic theories - “Essays in Positive Economics” (1953), “Studies in the Quantity Theory of Money“ (1956), “A Theory of the Consumption Function” (1957), “A Program for Monetary Stability” (1959), “A Monetary History of the United States 1897 to 1960” (1963), and “Price Theory” (1976). His Nobel Prize lecture and American Economic Association lecture in 1967 are discussed, too. The third part analyzes Friedman’s methodology. Milton Friedman was the most influential economist of the second half of the 20th century. He is best known for his theoretical and empirical research, especially consumption analysis, monetary history and theory, and for his demonstration of the complexity of stabilization policy.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Chicago School of Economics
  • Milton Friedman
  • monetarism
  • quantitative theory of money
  • theory of consumption function

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