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Zeitschriftendaten
Format
Zeitschrift
eISSN
1335-8871
Erstveröffentlichung
07 Mar 2008
Erscheinungsweise
6 Hefte pro Jahr
Sprachen
Englisch

Suche

Volumen 14 (2014): Heft 4 (August 2014)

Zeitschriftendaten
Format
Zeitschrift
eISSN
1335-8871
Erstveröffentlichung
07 Mar 2008
Erscheinungsweise
6 Hefte pro Jahr
Sprachen
Englisch

Suche

8 Artikel
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

A Model of the Dynamic Error as a Measurement Result of Instruments Defining the Parameters of Moving Objects

Online veröffentlicht: 23 Aug 2014
Seitenbereich: 183 - 189

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The present paper considers a new model for the formation of the dynamic error inertial component. It is very effective in the analysis and synthesis of measuring instruments positioned on moving objects and measuring their movement parameters. The block diagram developed within this paper is used as a basis for defining the mathematical model. The block diagram is based on the set-theoretic description of the measuring system, its input and output quantities and the process of dynamic error formation. The model reflects the specific nature of the formation of the dynamic error inertial component. In addition, the model submits to the logical interrelation and sequence of the physical processes that form it. The effectiveness, usefulness and advantages of the model proposed are rooted in the wide range of possibilities it provides in relation to the analysis and synthesis of those measuring instruments, the formulation of algorithms and optimization criteria, as well as the development of new intelligent measuring systems with improved accuracy characteristics in dynamic mode.

Schlüsselwörter

  • dynamic error
  • measurement in dynamic mode
  • inertial effects
  • parameters of moving objects
  • set-theoretic model
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Multiple Iterations of Bundle Adjustment for the Position Measurement of Fiber Tips on LAMOST

Online veröffentlicht: 23 Aug 2014
Seitenbereich: 190 - 197

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

In the astronomical observation process of multi-object fiber spectroscopic telescope, the position measurement of fiber tips on the focal plane is difficult and critical, and is directly related to subsequent observation and ultimate data quality. The fibers should precisely align with the celestial target. Hence, the precise coordinates of the fiber tips are obligatory for tracking the celestial target. The accurate movement trajectories of the fiber tips on the focal surface of the telescope are the critical problem for the control of the fiber positioning mechanism. According to the special structure of the LAMOST telescope and the composition of the initial position error, this paper aims at developing a high precision and robust measurement method based on multiple iterations of bundle adjustment with a few control points. The measurement theory of the proposed methodology has been analyzed, and the measurement accuracy has been evaluated. The experimental results indicate that the new method is more accurate and more reliable than the polynomial fitting method. The maximum position error of the novel measurement algorithm of fiber tips with simulated and real data is 65.3 μm, and most of the position errors conform to the accuracy requirement (40 μm).

Keywords

  • Bundle adjustment
  • LAMOST
  • multiple iterations
  • position error
  • position measurement
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Measurement of the Operating Parameters and Numerical Analysis of the Mechanical Subsystem

Online veröffentlicht: 23 Aug 2014
Seitenbereich: 198 - 203

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Submission is focused on completing the information system about quality, operation, automatic testing and new evaluating method of vehicle subsystem. Numeric analysis is carried out on the base of automatic collection and systematic recording of commercial car operation. Proposed new information system about operation and trial process allows verification according to the proposed method. Critical components verified in laboratory conditions are detected by numeric analysis of reliability. Quality level increasing not only for final product, but also related automatic test laboratory for cars is the result of respecting these principles.

Keywords

  • Measuring information
  • trial automation
  • new methodology
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Analysis of Flatness Deviations for Austenitic Stainless Steel Workpieces after Efficient Surface Machining

Online veröffentlicht: 23 Aug 2014
Seitenbereich: 204 - 212

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The following work is an analysis of flatness deviations of a workpiece made of X2CrNiMo17-12-2 austenitic stainless steel. The workpiece surface was shaped using efficient machining techniques (milling, grinding, and smoothing). After the machining was completed, all surfaces underwent stylus measurements in order to obtain surface flatness and roughness parameters. For this purpose the stylus profilometer Hommel-Tester T8000 by Hommelwerke with HommelMap software was used. The research results are presented in the form of 2D surface maps, 3D surface topographies with extracted single profiles, Abbott-Firestone curves, and graphical studies of the Sk parameters. The results of these experimental tests proved the possibility of a correlation between flatness and roughness parameters, as well as enabled an analysis of changes in these parameters from shaping and rough grinding to finished machining. The main novelty of this paper is comprehensive analysis of measurement results obtained during a three-step machining process of austenitic stainless steel. Simultaneous analysis of individual machining steps (milling, grinding, and smoothing) enabled a complementary assessment of the process of shaping the workpiece surface macro- and micro-geometry, giving special consideration to minimize the flatness deviations

Schlüsselwörter

  • Flatness errors
  • stylus profilometry
  • surface topography analysis
  • austenitic stainless steel
  • surface machining
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Comparison of Molecular Iodine Spectral Properties at 514.7 and 532 nm Wavelengths

Online veröffentlicht: 23 Aug 2014
Seitenbereich: 213 - 218

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

We present results of investigation and comparison of spectral properties of molecular iodine transitions in the spectral region of 514.7 nm that are suitable for laser frequency stabilization and metrology of length. Eight Doppler-broadened transitions that were not studied in detail before were investigated with the help of frequency doubled Yb-doped fiber laser, and three of the most promising lines were studied in detail with prospect of using them in frequency stabilization of new laser standards. The spectral properties of hyperfine components (linewidths, signal-to-noise ratio) were compared with transitions that are well known and traditionally used for stabilization of frequency doubled Nd:YAG laser at the 532 nm region with the same molecular iodine absorption. The external frequency doubling arrangement with waveguide crystal and the Yb-doped fiber laser is also briefly described together with the observed effect of laser aging.

Keywords

  • Laser spectroscopy
  • metrology
  • molecular iodine
  • absorption cells
  • frequency doubling
  • interferometry
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Soft Measurement of Water Content in Oil-Water Two-Phase Flow Based on RS-SVM Classifier and GA-NN Predictor

Online veröffentlicht: 23 Aug 2014
Seitenbereich: 219 - 226

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Measurement of water content in oil-water mixing flow was restricted by special problems such as narrow measuring range and low accuracy. A simulated multi-sensor measurement system in the laboratory was established, and the influence of multi-factor such as temperature, and salinity content on the measurement was investigated by numerical simulation combined with experimental test. A soft measurement model based on rough set-support vector machine (RS-SVM) classifier and genetic algorithm-neural network (GA-NN) predictors was reported in this paper. Investigation results indicate that RS-SVM classifier effectively realized the pattern identification for water holdup states via fuzzy reasoning and self-learning, and GA-NN predictors are capable of subsection forecasting water content in the different water holdup patterns, as well as adjusting the model parameters adaptively in terms of online measuring range. Compared with the actual laboratory analyzed results, the soft model proposed can be effectively used for estimating the water content in oil-water mixture in all-round measuring range

Schlüsselwörter

  • Oil-water mixture
  • water content measurement
  • soft model
  • multi-sensor
  • model prediction.
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Non-classical Signature of Parametric Fluorescence and its Application in Metrology

Online veröffentlicht: 23 Aug 2014
Seitenbereich: 227 - 236

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The article provides a short theoretical background of what the non-classical light means. We applied the criterion for the existence of non-classical effects derived by C.T. Lee on parametric fluorescence. The criterion was originally derived for the study of two light beams with one mode per beam. We checked if the criterion is still working for two multimode beams of parametric down-conversion through numerical simulations. The theoretical results were tested by measurement of photon number statistics of twin beams emitted by nonlinear BBO crystal pumped by intense femtoseconds UV pulse. We used ICCD camera as the detector of photons in both beams. It appears that the criterion can be used for the measurement of the quantum efficiencies of the ICCD cameras.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Parametric fluorescence
  • photon number squeezed light
  • quantum efficiency
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Spectral EEG Features of a Short Psycho-physiological Relaxation

Online veröffentlicht: 23 Aug 2014
Seitenbereich: 237 - 242

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Short-lasting psycho-physiological relaxation was investigated through an analysis of its bipolar electroencephalographic (EEG) characteristics. In 8 subjects, 6-channel EEG data of 3-minute duration were recorded during 88 relaxation sessions. Time course of spectral EEG features was examined. Alpha powers were decreasing during resting conditions of 3-minute sessions in lying position with eyes closed. This was followed by a decrease of total power in centro-parietal cortex regions and an increase of beta power in fronto-central areas. Represented by EEG coherences the interhemispheric communication between the parieto-occipital regions was enhanced within a frequency range of 2-10 Hz. In order to discern between higher and lower levels of relaxation distinguished according to self-rated satisfaction, EEG features were assessed and discriminating parameters were identified. Successful relaxation was determined mainly by the presence of decreased delta-1 power across the cortex. Potential applications for these findings include the clinical, pharmacological, and stress management fields.

Keywords

  • EEG
  • relaxation
  • biosignal analysis
  • coherences
8 Artikel
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

A Model of the Dynamic Error as a Measurement Result of Instruments Defining the Parameters of Moving Objects

Online veröffentlicht: 23 Aug 2014
Seitenbereich: 183 - 189

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The present paper considers a new model for the formation of the dynamic error inertial component. It is very effective in the analysis and synthesis of measuring instruments positioned on moving objects and measuring their movement parameters. The block diagram developed within this paper is used as a basis for defining the mathematical model. The block diagram is based on the set-theoretic description of the measuring system, its input and output quantities and the process of dynamic error formation. The model reflects the specific nature of the formation of the dynamic error inertial component. In addition, the model submits to the logical interrelation and sequence of the physical processes that form it. The effectiveness, usefulness and advantages of the model proposed are rooted in the wide range of possibilities it provides in relation to the analysis and synthesis of those measuring instruments, the formulation of algorithms and optimization criteria, as well as the development of new intelligent measuring systems with improved accuracy characteristics in dynamic mode.

Schlüsselwörter

  • dynamic error
  • measurement in dynamic mode
  • inertial effects
  • parameters of moving objects
  • set-theoretic model
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Multiple Iterations of Bundle Adjustment for the Position Measurement of Fiber Tips on LAMOST

Online veröffentlicht: 23 Aug 2014
Seitenbereich: 190 - 197

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

In the astronomical observation process of multi-object fiber spectroscopic telescope, the position measurement of fiber tips on the focal plane is difficult and critical, and is directly related to subsequent observation and ultimate data quality. The fibers should precisely align with the celestial target. Hence, the precise coordinates of the fiber tips are obligatory for tracking the celestial target. The accurate movement trajectories of the fiber tips on the focal surface of the telescope are the critical problem for the control of the fiber positioning mechanism. According to the special structure of the LAMOST telescope and the composition of the initial position error, this paper aims at developing a high precision and robust measurement method based on multiple iterations of bundle adjustment with a few control points. The measurement theory of the proposed methodology has been analyzed, and the measurement accuracy has been evaluated. The experimental results indicate that the new method is more accurate and more reliable than the polynomial fitting method. The maximum position error of the novel measurement algorithm of fiber tips with simulated and real data is 65.3 μm, and most of the position errors conform to the accuracy requirement (40 μm).

Keywords

  • Bundle adjustment
  • LAMOST
  • multiple iterations
  • position error
  • position measurement
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Measurement of the Operating Parameters and Numerical Analysis of the Mechanical Subsystem

Online veröffentlicht: 23 Aug 2014
Seitenbereich: 198 - 203

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Submission is focused on completing the information system about quality, operation, automatic testing and new evaluating method of vehicle subsystem. Numeric analysis is carried out on the base of automatic collection and systematic recording of commercial car operation. Proposed new information system about operation and trial process allows verification according to the proposed method. Critical components verified in laboratory conditions are detected by numeric analysis of reliability. Quality level increasing not only for final product, but also related automatic test laboratory for cars is the result of respecting these principles.

Keywords

  • Measuring information
  • trial automation
  • new methodology
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Analysis of Flatness Deviations for Austenitic Stainless Steel Workpieces after Efficient Surface Machining

Online veröffentlicht: 23 Aug 2014
Seitenbereich: 204 - 212

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The following work is an analysis of flatness deviations of a workpiece made of X2CrNiMo17-12-2 austenitic stainless steel. The workpiece surface was shaped using efficient machining techniques (milling, grinding, and smoothing). After the machining was completed, all surfaces underwent stylus measurements in order to obtain surface flatness and roughness parameters. For this purpose the stylus profilometer Hommel-Tester T8000 by Hommelwerke with HommelMap software was used. The research results are presented in the form of 2D surface maps, 3D surface topographies with extracted single profiles, Abbott-Firestone curves, and graphical studies of the Sk parameters. The results of these experimental tests proved the possibility of a correlation between flatness and roughness parameters, as well as enabled an analysis of changes in these parameters from shaping and rough grinding to finished machining. The main novelty of this paper is comprehensive analysis of measurement results obtained during a three-step machining process of austenitic stainless steel. Simultaneous analysis of individual machining steps (milling, grinding, and smoothing) enabled a complementary assessment of the process of shaping the workpiece surface macro- and micro-geometry, giving special consideration to minimize the flatness deviations

Schlüsselwörter

  • Flatness errors
  • stylus profilometry
  • surface topography analysis
  • austenitic stainless steel
  • surface machining
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Comparison of Molecular Iodine Spectral Properties at 514.7 and 532 nm Wavelengths

Online veröffentlicht: 23 Aug 2014
Seitenbereich: 213 - 218

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

We present results of investigation and comparison of spectral properties of molecular iodine transitions in the spectral region of 514.7 nm that are suitable for laser frequency stabilization and metrology of length. Eight Doppler-broadened transitions that were not studied in detail before were investigated with the help of frequency doubled Yb-doped fiber laser, and three of the most promising lines were studied in detail with prospect of using them in frequency stabilization of new laser standards. The spectral properties of hyperfine components (linewidths, signal-to-noise ratio) were compared with transitions that are well known and traditionally used for stabilization of frequency doubled Nd:YAG laser at the 532 nm region with the same molecular iodine absorption. The external frequency doubling arrangement with waveguide crystal and the Yb-doped fiber laser is also briefly described together with the observed effect of laser aging.

Keywords

  • Laser spectroscopy
  • metrology
  • molecular iodine
  • absorption cells
  • frequency doubling
  • interferometry
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Soft Measurement of Water Content in Oil-Water Two-Phase Flow Based on RS-SVM Classifier and GA-NN Predictor

Online veröffentlicht: 23 Aug 2014
Seitenbereich: 219 - 226

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Measurement of water content in oil-water mixing flow was restricted by special problems such as narrow measuring range and low accuracy. A simulated multi-sensor measurement system in the laboratory was established, and the influence of multi-factor such as temperature, and salinity content on the measurement was investigated by numerical simulation combined with experimental test. A soft measurement model based on rough set-support vector machine (RS-SVM) classifier and genetic algorithm-neural network (GA-NN) predictors was reported in this paper. Investigation results indicate that RS-SVM classifier effectively realized the pattern identification for water holdup states via fuzzy reasoning and self-learning, and GA-NN predictors are capable of subsection forecasting water content in the different water holdup patterns, as well as adjusting the model parameters adaptively in terms of online measuring range. Compared with the actual laboratory analyzed results, the soft model proposed can be effectively used for estimating the water content in oil-water mixture in all-round measuring range

Schlüsselwörter

  • Oil-water mixture
  • water content measurement
  • soft model
  • multi-sensor
  • model prediction.
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Non-classical Signature of Parametric Fluorescence and its Application in Metrology

Online veröffentlicht: 23 Aug 2014
Seitenbereich: 227 - 236

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The article provides a short theoretical background of what the non-classical light means. We applied the criterion for the existence of non-classical effects derived by C.T. Lee on parametric fluorescence. The criterion was originally derived for the study of two light beams with one mode per beam. We checked if the criterion is still working for two multimode beams of parametric down-conversion through numerical simulations. The theoretical results were tested by measurement of photon number statistics of twin beams emitted by nonlinear BBO crystal pumped by intense femtoseconds UV pulse. We used ICCD camera as the detector of photons in both beams. It appears that the criterion can be used for the measurement of the quantum efficiencies of the ICCD cameras.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Parametric fluorescence
  • photon number squeezed light
  • quantum efficiency
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Spectral EEG Features of a Short Psycho-physiological Relaxation

Online veröffentlicht: 23 Aug 2014
Seitenbereich: 237 - 242

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Short-lasting psycho-physiological relaxation was investigated through an analysis of its bipolar electroencephalographic (EEG) characteristics. In 8 subjects, 6-channel EEG data of 3-minute duration were recorded during 88 relaxation sessions. Time course of spectral EEG features was examined. Alpha powers were decreasing during resting conditions of 3-minute sessions in lying position with eyes closed. This was followed by a decrease of total power in centro-parietal cortex regions and an increase of beta power in fronto-central areas. Represented by EEG coherences the interhemispheric communication between the parieto-occipital regions was enhanced within a frequency range of 2-10 Hz. In order to discern between higher and lower levels of relaxation distinguished according to self-rated satisfaction, EEG features were assessed and discriminating parameters were identified. Successful relaxation was determined mainly by the presence of decreased delta-1 power across the cortex. Potential applications for these findings include the clinical, pharmacological, and stress management fields.

Keywords

  • EEG
  • relaxation
  • biosignal analysis
  • coherences

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