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Special Heft: Social Farming

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Special Heft: Sparsely populated rural areas

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Volumen 12 (2020): Heft 4 (December 2020)

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Special Heft: Cultural Tourism and Rural Development

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Special Heft: Smart European Village

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Special issue to the Centennial of the Mendel University in Brno

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Special Heft: Planning in the Rural Space Heft Editors: Antonín Vaishar, Hana Vavrouchová

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Special Heft: Role of Water in the Rural Landscape. Special issue editors: Milada Šťastná, Andreas Panagopoulos, Zbyněk Kulhavý.

Volumen 8 (2016): Heft 4 (December 2016)
Special Heft: Small towns as centres of rural areas, Editors: Annett Steinführer, Antonín Vaishar, Jana Zapletalová

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Special issue title: Sustainability of Rural Areas in Practice, Special editors: doc. Ing. Dr. Milada Šťastná, doc. RNDr. Antonín Vaishar, CSc.

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Demographic change, Heft Editors: Černič-Mali Barbara, Koch Andreas

Volumen 5 (2013): Heft 4 (December 2013)
Farm Tourism across Europe, Heft Editors: Irma Potočnik-Slavič, Serge Schmitz

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Borders and borderlands in Central Europe, Heft Editors: Šťastná Milada, Vaishar Antonín

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Editors: Alexandra Kruse, Michael Roth and Anu Printsman

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Editors: John McDonagh and Michael Woods

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Editors: John McDonagh and Michael Woods

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Volumen 1 (2009): Heft 2 (June 2009)

Volumen 1 (2009): Heft 1 (March 2009)

Zeitschriftendaten
Format
Zeitschrift
eISSN
1803-8417
Erstveröffentlichung
24 Feb 2009
Erscheinungsweise
4 Hefte pro Jahr
Sprachen
Englisch

Suche

Volumen 12 (2020): Heft 2 (June 2020)

Zeitschriftendaten
Format
Zeitschrift
eISSN
1803-8417
Erstveröffentlichung
24 Feb 2009
Erscheinungsweise
4 Hefte pro Jahr
Sprachen
Englisch

Suche

7 Artikel
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Leader as a European Policy for Rural Development in a Multilevel Governance Framework: A Comparison of the Implementation in France, Germany and Italy

Online veröffentlicht: 09 Jul 2020
Seitenbereich: 156 - 178

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Parts of European rural development policies are meant to empower local decision makers. These policies are implemented in very different multilevel governance contexts in the member states. We question the extent to which the institutional differences at the different levels affect the implementation of LEADER (an approach for Community-led Local Development). This contributes to a better understanding of the causes and consequences of different types of LEADER implementation. The research is based on ten case studies in France, Germany and Italy. First, there is an examination of the three different administration systems and the variations of Rural Development Programmes. Based on analyses of documents and interviews with stakeholders, we analysed institutional differences in the LEADER implementation at local level.

Schlüsselwörter

  • rural development
  • multilevel governance
  • European policy
  • LEADER
  • France
  • Germany
  • Italy
  • Community-led Local Development
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Possibilities of Turning Passive Rural Areas into Tourist Attractions Through Attained Service Quality

Online veröffentlicht: 09 Jul 2020
Seitenbereich: 179 - 192

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

This paper gives an overview of the quality of tourism service in rural areas of the South Bačka District, one of the most economically developed parts of Serbia. The main objective of the research is to determine the correlation between the expected and perceived values of the quality of service by collecting and processing data. The modified SERVQUAL questionnaire was applied in the study, and all obtained data were analyzed in the SPSS software 23.00. As a result of the survey, it was found that tourists had significantly higher expectations than perceived service. The results obtained can serve for broader thematic research and contribute to the definition of appropriate corrective actions to improve the quality of tourism services in the selected rural area. Moreover, these are the key propositions to start an initiative for the improvement of tourism services in any undeveloped rural setting with a tourism offer. The results provide tourism organizers and local authorities with important visitors’ perpceptions pertaining to the quality of rural tourism service.

Schlüsselwörter

  • rural development
  • tourism
  • South Bačka
  • service quality
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Thinking Together Digitalization and Social Innovation in Rural Areas: An Exploration of Rural Digitalization Projects in Germany

Online veröffentlicht: 09 Jul 2020
Seitenbereich: 193 - 208

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Digitalization and social innovation are often discussed separately and without any spatial reference or in relation to cities, although newer works show the importance of social innovation also for rural areas. Existing digitalization projects illustrate the potential of digital technologies for rural development. Current debates on smart villages refer to both digitalization and social innovation but still in a rather unsystematic way. The paper seeks to think together digitalization and social innovation in rural areas more systemically and proposes to conceptually connect them with the help of sensitizing concepts, which are developed out of debates on social and digital social innovation. Along these concepts, the paper explores rural digitalization projects in Germany. On the one hand, this highlights the spectrum of these initiatives and, on the other hand, provides a framework under which digitalization and social innovation can be analyzed and smart villages may be supported systematically.

Schlüsselwörter

  • smart villages
  • digital social innovation
  • rural development
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Entrepreneurship and Innovation Towards Rural Development Evidence from a Peripheral Area in Portugal

Online veröffentlicht: 09 Jul 2020
Seitenbereich: 209 - 220

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Based on an exploratory research, this study highlights the role of pure rural entrepreneurship towards rural development of an inland and mountainous area of Portugal—Montemuro. Thanks to the Institute of Cultural Affairs and the energy of the rural communities, some people of the rural area have been stimulated thirty years ago to develop endogenous, entrepreneurial and innovative initiatives in the countryside. The benefits of all these rural entrepreneurial and endogenous initiatives are visible nowadays. Some villages of the rural area have more people, socio-economic dynamics were revitalized, and some job opportunities were created. Therefore, in a context of depopulation and crisis of peripheral and interior areas, our study demonstrates that rural entrepreneurship and innovation based on endogenous resources are key for the welfare of the rural society.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Rural Entrepreneurship
  • Innovation
  • Endogenous resources
  • Rural development
  • Montemuro Area
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Disappearing Villages in Poland – Selected Socioeconomic Processes and Spatial Phenomena

Online veröffentlicht: 09 Jul 2020
Seitenbereich: 221 - 241

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The work was to diagnose rural settlements that have been disappearing gradually since the end of World War II as a result of a marked process of depopulation. The authors focused on the disappearance phenomenon itself, seeking to identify and assess selected socioeconomic and spatial processes ongoing in the areas concerned. Through analysis of the set of 41,466 statistical localities in rural areas of Poland, it was found that 62% of these villages reported a decline in the number of inhabitants over the 1950–2011 period. Throughout the post-War period, it is small villages of fewer than 100 people that have experienced the most marked demographic regress. The smallest settlements of all – with 50 people or less – have suffered the most-marked loss of population, at around 28% on average. To be noted, among the factors behind disappearances of villages are limited attractiveness arising out of low standards of living, natural conditions unsuited to farming, limited incomes earned from agricultural activity and poor outfitting in social and technical infrastructure.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Rural settlement
  • rural population
  • disappearing villages
  • socio-economic processes
  • depopulation
  • Poland
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Ecosystem for Successful Agriculture. Collaborative Approach as a Driver for Agricultural Development

Online veröffentlicht: 09 Jul 2020
Seitenbereich: 242 - 256

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The development of agribusiness sector is given gradually increasing importance. This works aims at identifying the elements that create the successful ecosystem for agricultural development, their benefits and application in agri-food systems; additionally, to bring on a light of the role of agricultural policies in these processes. For this purpose, the authors have carried out an analysis of the concern related literature and present a preliminary theoretical framework/model as a tool for supporting local development and incorporate a successful effective ecosystem. The key implications of this paper include an increased attention to agricultural research, to the role of the collaboration between relevant stakeholders, as well as of the agriculture, which uses information technologies for the better utilization of natural resources, and what is the most important is, the role of agricultural policies.

Schlüsselwörter

  • ICT
  • Sustainable Agriculture
  • Collaboration
  • CAP
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Non-Monetary Assessment and Mapping of the Potential of Agroecosystem Services in Rural Slovakia

Online veröffentlicht: 09 Jul 2020
Seitenbereich: 257 - 276

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The updated Slovak National Biodiversity Strategy to 2020 is a key document in the field of biodiversity protection, and assessment together with mapping of the value of different ecosystem services is one of its most important objectives. This study applies the first non-monetary assessment and pilot mapping of agroecosystem services in the Slovak Republic at seven model sites located in the main climatic areas and estimates the agroecosystem services potential of Slovakia as a rural country with a transformed multi-criteria approach used at national level. It suggests that the distribution of the value of agroecosystem services is geographically different probably due to climatic conditions, slope and soil texture. Our assessment provides a suitable basis for further investigation of agroecosystem services and contributes to optimizing sustainable land use management in Slovakia.

Schlüsselwörter

  • ecosystem services
  • agroecosystem services
  • assessment
  • mapping
7 Artikel
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Leader as a European Policy for Rural Development in a Multilevel Governance Framework: A Comparison of the Implementation in France, Germany and Italy

Online veröffentlicht: 09 Jul 2020
Seitenbereich: 156 - 178

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Parts of European rural development policies are meant to empower local decision makers. These policies are implemented in very different multilevel governance contexts in the member states. We question the extent to which the institutional differences at the different levels affect the implementation of LEADER (an approach for Community-led Local Development). This contributes to a better understanding of the causes and consequences of different types of LEADER implementation. The research is based on ten case studies in France, Germany and Italy. First, there is an examination of the three different administration systems and the variations of Rural Development Programmes. Based on analyses of documents and interviews with stakeholders, we analysed institutional differences in the LEADER implementation at local level.

Schlüsselwörter

  • rural development
  • multilevel governance
  • European policy
  • LEADER
  • France
  • Germany
  • Italy
  • Community-led Local Development
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Possibilities of Turning Passive Rural Areas into Tourist Attractions Through Attained Service Quality

Online veröffentlicht: 09 Jul 2020
Seitenbereich: 179 - 192

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

This paper gives an overview of the quality of tourism service in rural areas of the South Bačka District, one of the most economically developed parts of Serbia. The main objective of the research is to determine the correlation between the expected and perceived values of the quality of service by collecting and processing data. The modified SERVQUAL questionnaire was applied in the study, and all obtained data were analyzed in the SPSS software 23.00. As a result of the survey, it was found that tourists had significantly higher expectations than perceived service. The results obtained can serve for broader thematic research and contribute to the definition of appropriate corrective actions to improve the quality of tourism services in the selected rural area. Moreover, these are the key propositions to start an initiative for the improvement of tourism services in any undeveloped rural setting with a tourism offer. The results provide tourism organizers and local authorities with important visitors’ perpceptions pertaining to the quality of rural tourism service.

Schlüsselwörter

  • rural development
  • tourism
  • South Bačka
  • service quality
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Thinking Together Digitalization and Social Innovation in Rural Areas: An Exploration of Rural Digitalization Projects in Germany

Online veröffentlicht: 09 Jul 2020
Seitenbereich: 193 - 208

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Digitalization and social innovation are often discussed separately and without any spatial reference or in relation to cities, although newer works show the importance of social innovation also for rural areas. Existing digitalization projects illustrate the potential of digital technologies for rural development. Current debates on smart villages refer to both digitalization and social innovation but still in a rather unsystematic way. The paper seeks to think together digitalization and social innovation in rural areas more systemically and proposes to conceptually connect them with the help of sensitizing concepts, which are developed out of debates on social and digital social innovation. Along these concepts, the paper explores rural digitalization projects in Germany. On the one hand, this highlights the spectrum of these initiatives and, on the other hand, provides a framework under which digitalization and social innovation can be analyzed and smart villages may be supported systematically.

Schlüsselwörter

  • smart villages
  • digital social innovation
  • rural development
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Entrepreneurship and Innovation Towards Rural Development Evidence from a Peripheral Area in Portugal

Online veröffentlicht: 09 Jul 2020
Seitenbereich: 209 - 220

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Based on an exploratory research, this study highlights the role of pure rural entrepreneurship towards rural development of an inland and mountainous area of Portugal—Montemuro. Thanks to the Institute of Cultural Affairs and the energy of the rural communities, some people of the rural area have been stimulated thirty years ago to develop endogenous, entrepreneurial and innovative initiatives in the countryside. The benefits of all these rural entrepreneurial and endogenous initiatives are visible nowadays. Some villages of the rural area have more people, socio-economic dynamics were revitalized, and some job opportunities were created. Therefore, in a context of depopulation and crisis of peripheral and interior areas, our study demonstrates that rural entrepreneurship and innovation based on endogenous resources are key for the welfare of the rural society.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Rural Entrepreneurship
  • Innovation
  • Endogenous resources
  • Rural development
  • Montemuro Area
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Disappearing Villages in Poland – Selected Socioeconomic Processes and Spatial Phenomena

Online veröffentlicht: 09 Jul 2020
Seitenbereich: 221 - 241

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The work was to diagnose rural settlements that have been disappearing gradually since the end of World War II as a result of a marked process of depopulation. The authors focused on the disappearance phenomenon itself, seeking to identify and assess selected socioeconomic and spatial processes ongoing in the areas concerned. Through analysis of the set of 41,466 statistical localities in rural areas of Poland, it was found that 62% of these villages reported a decline in the number of inhabitants over the 1950–2011 period. Throughout the post-War period, it is small villages of fewer than 100 people that have experienced the most marked demographic regress. The smallest settlements of all – with 50 people or less – have suffered the most-marked loss of population, at around 28% on average. To be noted, among the factors behind disappearances of villages are limited attractiveness arising out of low standards of living, natural conditions unsuited to farming, limited incomes earned from agricultural activity and poor outfitting in social and technical infrastructure.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Rural settlement
  • rural population
  • disappearing villages
  • socio-economic processes
  • depopulation
  • Poland
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Ecosystem for Successful Agriculture. Collaborative Approach as a Driver for Agricultural Development

Online veröffentlicht: 09 Jul 2020
Seitenbereich: 242 - 256

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The development of agribusiness sector is given gradually increasing importance. This works aims at identifying the elements that create the successful ecosystem for agricultural development, their benefits and application in agri-food systems; additionally, to bring on a light of the role of agricultural policies in these processes. For this purpose, the authors have carried out an analysis of the concern related literature and present a preliminary theoretical framework/model as a tool for supporting local development and incorporate a successful effective ecosystem. The key implications of this paper include an increased attention to agricultural research, to the role of the collaboration between relevant stakeholders, as well as of the agriculture, which uses information technologies for the better utilization of natural resources, and what is the most important is, the role of agricultural policies.

Schlüsselwörter

  • ICT
  • Sustainable Agriculture
  • Collaboration
  • CAP
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Non-Monetary Assessment and Mapping of the Potential of Agroecosystem Services in Rural Slovakia

Online veröffentlicht: 09 Jul 2020
Seitenbereich: 257 - 276

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The updated Slovak National Biodiversity Strategy to 2020 is a key document in the field of biodiversity protection, and assessment together with mapping of the value of different ecosystem services is one of its most important objectives. This study applies the first non-monetary assessment and pilot mapping of agroecosystem services in the Slovak Republic at seven model sites located in the main climatic areas and estimates the agroecosystem services potential of Slovakia as a rural country with a transformed multi-criteria approach used at national level. It suggests that the distribution of the value of agroecosystem services is geographically different probably due to climatic conditions, slope and soil texture. Our assessment provides a suitable basis for further investigation of agroecosystem services and contributes to optimizing sustainable land use management in Slovakia.

Schlüsselwörter

  • ecosystem services
  • agroecosystem services
  • assessment
  • mapping

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