Zeitschriften und Ausgaben

Volumen 10 (2022): Heft 3 (September 2022)

Volumen 10 (2022): Heft 2 (June 2022)

Volumen 10 (2022): Heft 1 (March 2022)

Volumen 9 (2021): Heft 4 (December 2021)
Special issue: The current status of invasive plants in Central-Eastern Europe

Volumen 9 (2021): Heft 3 (September 2021)

Volumen 9 (2021): Heft 2 (June 2021)

Volumen 9 (2021): Heft 1 (March 2021)

Volumen 8 (2020): Heft 4 (December 2020)

Volumen 8 (2020): Heft 3 (September 2020)

Volumen 8 (2020): Heft 2 (June 2020)

Volumen 8 (2020): Heft 1 (March 2020)

Volumen 7 (2019): Heft 4 (December 2019)

Volumen 7 (2019): Heft 3 (September 2019)

Volumen 7 (2019): Heft 2 (June 2019)

Volumen 7 (2019): Heft 1 (March 2019)

Volumen 6 (2018): Heft 4 (December 2018)

Volumen 6 (2018): Heft 3 (September 2018)

Volumen 6 (2018): Heft 2 (June 2018)

Volumen 6 (2018): Heft 1 (March 2018)

Volumen 5 (2017): Heft 4 (December 2017)

Volumen 5 (2017): Heft 3 (September 2017)

Volumen 5 (2017): Heft 2 (June 2017)

Volumen 5 (2017): Heft 1 (March 2017)

Volumen 4 (2016): Heft 4 (December 2016)

Volumen 4 (2016): Heft 3 (September 2016)

Volumen 4 (2016): Heft 2 (June 2016)

Volumen 4 (2016): Heft 1 (March 2016)

Volumen 3 (2015): Heft 4 (December 2015)

Volumen 3 (2015): Heft 3 (September 2015)

Volumen 3 (2015): Heft 2 (June 2015)

Volumen 3 (2015): Heft 1 (March 2015)

Volumen 2 (2014): Heft 4 (December 2014)

Volumen 2 (2014): Heft 3 (September 2014)

Volumen 2 (2014): Heft 2 (June 2014)

Volumen 2 (2014): Heft 1 (March 2014)

Volumen 1 (2013): Heft 4 (December 2013)

Volumen 1 (2013): Heft 3 (September 2013)

Volumen 1 (2013): Heft 2 (June 2013)

Volumen 1 (2013): Heft 1 (March 2013)

Zeitschriftendaten
Format
Zeitschrift
eISSN
2354-0079
Erstveröffentlichung
15 Apr 2013
Erscheinungsweise
4 Hefte pro Jahr
Sprachen
Englisch

Suche

Volumen 10 (2022): Heft 1 (March 2022)

Zeitschriftendaten
Format
Zeitschrift
eISSN
2354-0079
Erstveröffentlichung
15 Apr 2013
Erscheinungsweise
4 Hefte pro Jahr
Sprachen
Englisch

Suche

6 Artikel
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

The 2016 Vietnam marine life incident: measures of subjective resilience and livelihood implications for affected small-fishery communities

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Mar 2022
Seitenbereich: 1 - 12

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

In April 2016, four provinces of Vietnam were struck by one of the largest manmade environmental incidents in Vietnam. Through a discharge of toxic chemicals by Formosa Ha Tinh Steel Corporation, oceanic waters along Vietnam’s central coast were severely polluted. Consequently, the livelihoods of over 510,000 people living in coastal communities were severely affected by the Formosa Ha Tinh Steel Corporation incident (FHS incident). This study focusses on ex-ante and ex-post differences in livelihoods, and the subjective resilience of small-fishery households affected by the FHS incident in Hải Dương commune, a small coastal community, in central Vietnam. This was done through a qualitative analysis of livelihood strategies and resilience capacities of the affected households. Semi-structured interviews (n = 30), expert interviews (n = 3) and secondary data analysis were conducted from March to May 2018 employing a case study approach. Results show that the level of subjective resilience was strongly affected by a combination of social, financial, and human capitals. The presence, or lack, of these capitals combined with contextual factors influenced the livelihood strategies a household could pursue. Households that were able to pursue a combination of intensifying and diversifying livelihood strategies were most successful in recovering from and adjusting to the environmental incident. Households with restrained access to livelihood capitals were limited to intensifying livelihood strategies, having no real other option than persistence and increased dependence on government subsidies. Lastly, migration as a livelihood strategy and subsequent transformative resilience capacities remained generally low.

Schlüsselwörter

  • small-scale fishery communities
  • subjective resilience capacities
  • manmade environmental disasters
  • Central Vietnam
  • livelihood strategies
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Groundwater quality testing in the area of municipal waste landfill sites in Dąbrowa Górnicza (southern Poland)

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Mar 2022
Seitenbereich: 13 - 21

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Groundwater quality assessment for pollution can be undertaken with the use of indicators that will confirm or deny the negative impact of potential pollution sources. Based on water quality monitoring data from the Lipówka I and Lipówka II municipal landfill sites in Dąbrowa Górnicza from the last five years, the water quality in the area was assessed using the Nemerow Pollution Index (NPI) method. Seven parameters were assessed – pH, electrical conductivity, and the concentrations of chlorides, sulphates, ammonium ions, boron and iron. The limits for class III water quality were used as the reference level. The results of the NPI calculations show that the highest indices were obtained for the piezometers PZ5 and T5 located in the outflow of the water from the Lipówka I landfill site. The highest values of the Nemerow index were obtained for ammonium ions and reached a value of over 36 in the PZ5 piezometer and 17 in the T5 piezometer. The other parameters did not indicate a significant impact of the landfill sites on the quality of groundwater. The highest values of the indicators were observed in 2017. It is worth noting that, apart from the large differences in the content of ammonium ions, the values of the Nemerow indices for the electrical conductivity specifically for the PZ5 piezometer are twice as high as for the other piezometers and four times higher than for boron. The Nemerow index is a useful and easy method of assessing the quality of groundwater. It can even be used for a small number of parameters.

Schlüsselwörter

  • water quality
  • landfill sites
  • Nemerow index
  • municipal waste
  • Dąbrowa Górnicza
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

University campuses as agents for urban change

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Mar 2022
Seitenbereich: 22 - 37

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Thanks to the leading role of universities in cities as knowledge and innovation hubs, many cities rely on their universities to face their economic and social challenges. On the other hand, universities need their cities to fulfil the capacity needed to satisfy student and staff needs for services and facilities. Therefore, the university-city relationship is considered to be intercorrelated and overlapping. However, due to the need for expansion, universities tend to move out and build larger campuses causing different trends of studentification and de-studentification in the city. These trends impact a city’s urban growth and transformation over time. This study analyses the impact of four different campuses of Kyushu University from 1993 to 2017 to understand the morphological impact of old and new campuses on their surroundings. A spacematrix and a mixed-use index were used to produce raster maps that helped to visualize temporal trends of urban density and the mixed use of functions in areas surrounding campuses. Results have shown that moved out campuses have the potential to impact the surrounding mixed use of functions. However, new campuses have the potential to impact a city’s urban density, therefore, trends in de-studentification can impact the campus-city functional relationship. Conversely, studentification trends can impact the campus-city physical relationship. Thus, university campuses could be considered as indirect agents that contribute to the urban physical and functional change of the city.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Spacematrix
  • mixed-use index
  • urbanization
  • campus planning
  • urban agent
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Spontaneous flora of O.V. Fomin Botanical Garden of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraine

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Mar 2022
Seitenbereich: 38 - 56

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

For the first time we compiled a full checklist of the spontaneous flora of O.V. Fomin Botanical Garden of Taras Shevchenko National University, Kyiv. Native (281) and alien (243) taxa of the flora were analyzed. Among the alien species there are 115 xenophytes (including 71 archaeophytes and 44 neophytes), 128 ergasiophygophytes (including 3 archaeophytes and 125 neophytes). Four species of alien plants were listed for the first time for the flora of Ukraine: Arabis procurrens, Lactuca sibirica, Polanisia dodecandra subsp. trachysperma and Talinum paniculatum. It was found that the alien fraction of the flora is dominated by a stable component (54.7%), and among the ergasiophygophytes, most taxa (86.3%) are unstable components. Among the native plants, those species with a polyregional distribution predominate. This ratio is typical for transformed flora that have lost their natural structure. Among the alien species, the majority are sub-Mediterranean (43.6%), American (23.9%) and Asian (18.1%) in origin. In the biomorphological structure of the species of native plants perennial grasses predominate (65.3%), among xenophytes - annual grasses are dominant (74.8%), and among ergasiophygophytes perennial grasses predominate (43.8%). But despite the large number of alien plants in the botanical garden, their invasion can be mostly contained. The most widespread invasive plant is Parthenocissus vitacea, in addition, a number of potentially invasive plants need monitoring, in particular Parietaria officinalis, Phytolacca acinosa, Thladiantha dubia and some others. In addition, there is a list of introductions which have high naturalization rates and over time could replenish the composition of the spontaneous flora.

Schlüsselwörter

  • flora structure
  • alien plants
  • escaped plants
  • naturalization
  • neophytes
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

The scars of war: A programme for the identification of the environmental effects of Word War II bombings for the purposes of spatial management in the Koźle Basin, Poland

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Mar 2022
Seitenbereich: 57 - 67

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Poland’s Koźle Basin contains numerous craters created from the explosions of World War II aerial bombs as well as craters left by unexploded ordnance. The state of the local environment has been severely affected. This situation presents an obstacle to spatial management of the land to this day. This research programme studied the distribution of postmilitary anthropogenic geohazards in the area. It was intended to help to indicate the appropriate courses of action, including in the field of spatial planning, in the areas affected by former bombing. Desk studies focused on photo-interpretive analysis of archival aerial photographs and took advantage of the potential of high-resolution shaded relief rasters created from digital terrain models derived from LiDAR scanning. Field studies used classic geomorphological methods. Studies conducted so far in the bombed areas indicate the necessity of carrying out systematic, anticipatory, accurate surveys of the land and soil surface with the use of geophysical methods. Currently, the traces identified in the field suggest that the amount of unexploded ordnance remaining in the ground is very large.

Schlüsselwörter

  • postmilitary anthropogenic geohazards
  • bomb craters
  • unexploded bombs
  • spatial management
  • LiDAR
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

The impact of urban morphology on transportation: a case study of the city of Al-Kut, Iraq

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Mar 2022
Seitenbereich: 68 - 76

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

This study aims to cognize the current effects of land use decisions on traffic in the city centre and predict the future effects of these decisions. The researchers studied and analyzed the effect of changing land uses in the eastern part of Al-Kut city centre on traffic in the city centre. The study adopted the descriptive analytical approach based on the study area data and information. A field survey of the land uses that are most attractive to movement and another field survey of the traffic volume in the study area’s main streets. The study found that the transportation problems in the city centre will be exacerbated in the future due to the inappropriate position of many activities in the past two decades. All these changes attracted many transport trips and thus increased the volume of movement in the area. Kut city’s specificity exacerbated the problem as all the crossings between the two river banks are located in the city centre. This problem will be exacerbated in the future when Wasit University colleges are completed, and the number of transport trips to them increases and at completing the mall construction.

Schlüsselwörter

  • land use
  • transportations system
  • traffic congestion
  • Al-Kut city
6 Artikel
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

The 2016 Vietnam marine life incident: measures of subjective resilience and livelihood implications for affected small-fishery communities

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Mar 2022
Seitenbereich: 1 - 12

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

In April 2016, four provinces of Vietnam were struck by one of the largest manmade environmental incidents in Vietnam. Through a discharge of toxic chemicals by Formosa Ha Tinh Steel Corporation, oceanic waters along Vietnam’s central coast were severely polluted. Consequently, the livelihoods of over 510,000 people living in coastal communities were severely affected by the Formosa Ha Tinh Steel Corporation incident (FHS incident). This study focusses on ex-ante and ex-post differences in livelihoods, and the subjective resilience of small-fishery households affected by the FHS incident in Hải Dương commune, a small coastal community, in central Vietnam. This was done through a qualitative analysis of livelihood strategies and resilience capacities of the affected households. Semi-structured interviews (n = 30), expert interviews (n = 3) and secondary data analysis were conducted from March to May 2018 employing a case study approach. Results show that the level of subjective resilience was strongly affected by a combination of social, financial, and human capitals. The presence, or lack, of these capitals combined with contextual factors influenced the livelihood strategies a household could pursue. Households that were able to pursue a combination of intensifying and diversifying livelihood strategies were most successful in recovering from and adjusting to the environmental incident. Households with restrained access to livelihood capitals were limited to intensifying livelihood strategies, having no real other option than persistence and increased dependence on government subsidies. Lastly, migration as a livelihood strategy and subsequent transformative resilience capacities remained generally low.

Schlüsselwörter

  • small-scale fishery communities
  • subjective resilience capacities
  • manmade environmental disasters
  • Central Vietnam
  • livelihood strategies
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Groundwater quality testing in the area of municipal waste landfill sites in Dąbrowa Górnicza (southern Poland)

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Mar 2022
Seitenbereich: 13 - 21

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Groundwater quality assessment for pollution can be undertaken with the use of indicators that will confirm or deny the negative impact of potential pollution sources. Based on water quality monitoring data from the Lipówka I and Lipówka II municipal landfill sites in Dąbrowa Górnicza from the last five years, the water quality in the area was assessed using the Nemerow Pollution Index (NPI) method. Seven parameters were assessed – pH, electrical conductivity, and the concentrations of chlorides, sulphates, ammonium ions, boron and iron. The limits for class III water quality were used as the reference level. The results of the NPI calculations show that the highest indices were obtained for the piezometers PZ5 and T5 located in the outflow of the water from the Lipówka I landfill site. The highest values of the Nemerow index were obtained for ammonium ions and reached a value of over 36 in the PZ5 piezometer and 17 in the T5 piezometer. The other parameters did not indicate a significant impact of the landfill sites on the quality of groundwater. The highest values of the indicators were observed in 2017. It is worth noting that, apart from the large differences in the content of ammonium ions, the values of the Nemerow indices for the electrical conductivity specifically for the PZ5 piezometer are twice as high as for the other piezometers and four times higher than for boron. The Nemerow index is a useful and easy method of assessing the quality of groundwater. It can even be used for a small number of parameters.

Schlüsselwörter

  • water quality
  • landfill sites
  • Nemerow index
  • municipal waste
  • Dąbrowa Górnicza
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

University campuses as agents for urban change

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Mar 2022
Seitenbereich: 22 - 37

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Thanks to the leading role of universities in cities as knowledge and innovation hubs, many cities rely on their universities to face their economic and social challenges. On the other hand, universities need their cities to fulfil the capacity needed to satisfy student and staff needs for services and facilities. Therefore, the university-city relationship is considered to be intercorrelated and overlapping. However, due to the need for expansion, universities tend to move out and build larger campuses causing different trends of studentification and de-studentification in the city. These trends impact a city’s urban growth and transformation over time. This study analyses the impact of four different campuses of Kyushu University from 1993 to 2017 to understand the morphological impact of old and new campuses on their surroundings. A spacematrix and a mixed-use index were used to produce raster maps that helped to visualize temporal trends of urban density and the mixed use of functions in areas surrounding campuses. Results have shown that moved out campuses have the potential to impact the surrounding mixed use of functions. However, new campuses have the potential to impact a city’s urban density, therefore, trends in de-studentification can impact the campus-city functional relationship. Conversely, studentification trends can impact the campus-city physical relationship. Thus, university campuses could be considered as indirect agents that contribute to the urban physical and functional change of the city.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Spacematrix
  • mixed-use index
  • urbanization
  • campus planning
  • urban agent
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Spontaneous flora of O.V. Fomin Botanical Garden of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraine

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Mar 2022
Seitenbereich: 38 - 56

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

For the first time we compiled a full checklist of the spontaneous flora of O.V. Fomin Botanical Garden of Taras Shevchenko National University, Kyiv. Native (281) and alien (243) taxa of the flora were analyzed. Among the alien species there are 115 xenophytes (including 71 archaeophytes and 44 neophytes), 128 ergasiophygophytes (including 3 archaeophytes and 125 neophytes). Four species of alien plants were listed for the first time for the flora of Ukraine: Arabis procurrens, Lactuca sibirica, Polanisia dodecandra subsp. trachysperma and Talinum paniculatum. It was found that the alien fraction of the flora is dominated by a stable component (54.7%), and among the ergasiophygophytes, most taxa (86.3%) are unstable components. Among the native plants, those species with a polyregional distribution predominate. This ratio is typical for transformed flora that have lost their natural structure. Among the alien species, the majority are sub-Mediterranean (43.6%), American (23.9%) and Asian (18.1%) in origin. In the biomorphological structure of the species of native plants perennial grasses predominate (65.3%), among xenophytes - annual grasses are dominant (74.8%), and among ergasiophygophytes perennial grasses predominate (43.8%). But despite the large number of alien plants in the botanical garden, their invasion can be mostly contained. The most widespread invasive plant is Parthenocissus vitacea, in addition, a number of potentially invasive plants need monitoring, in particular Parietaria officinalis, Phytolacca acinosa, Thladiantha dubia and some others. In addition, there is a list of introductions which have high naturalization rates and over time could replenish the composition of the spontaneous flora.

Schlüsselwörter

  • flora structure
  • alien plants
  • escaped plants
  • naturalization
  • neophytes
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

The scars of war: A programme for the identification of the environmental effects of Word War II bombings for the purposes of spatial management in the Koźle Basin, Poland

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Mar 2022
Seitenbereich: 57 - 67

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Poland’s Koźle Basin contains numerous craters created from the explosions of World War II aerial bombs as well as craters left by unexploded ordnance. The state of the local environment has been severely affected. This situation presents an obstacle to spatial management of the land to this day. This research programme studied the distribution of postmilitary anthropogenic geohazards in the area. It was intended to help to indicate the appropriate courses of action, including in the field of spatial planning, in the areas affected by former bombing. Desk studies focused on photo-interpretive analysis of archival aerial photographs and took advantage of the potential of high-resolution shaded relief rasters created from digital terrain models derived from LiDAR scanning. Field studies used classic geomorphological methods. Studies conducted so far in the bombed areas indicate the necessity of carrying out systematic, anticipatory, accurate surveys of the land and soil surface with the use of geophysical methods. Currently, the traces identified in the field suggest that the amount of unexploded ordnance remaining in the ground is very large.

Schlüsselwörter

  • postmilitary anthropogenic geohazards
  • bomb craters
  • unexploded bombs
  • spatial management
  • LiDAR
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

The impact of urban morphology on transportation: a case study of the city of Al-Kut, Iraq

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Mar 2022
Seitenbereich: 68 - 76

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

This study aims to cognize the current effects of land use decisions on traffic in the city centre and predict the future effects of these decisions. The researchers studied and analyzed the effect of changing land uses in the eastern part of Al-Kut city centre on traffic in the city centre. The study adopted the descriptive analytical approach based on the study area data and information. A field survey of the land uses that are most attractive to movement and another field survey of the traffic volume in the study area’s main streets. The study found that the transportation problems in the city centre will be exacerbated in the future due to the inappropriate position of many activities in the past two decades. All these changes attracted many transport trips and thus increased the volume of movement in the area. Kut city’s specificity exacerbated the problem as all the crossings between the two river banks are located in the city centre. This problem will be exacerbated in the future when Wasit University colleges are completed, and the number of transport trips to them increases and at completing the mall construction.

Schlüsselwörter

  • land use
  • transportations system
  • traffic congestion
  • Al-Kut city

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