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Zeitschriftendaten
Format
Zeitschrift
eISSN
2083-4799
Erstveröffentlichung
23 Sep 2008
Erscheinungsweise
4 Hefte pro Jahr
Sprachen
Englisch

Suche

Volumen 17 (2017): Heft 2 (June 2017)

Zeitschriftendaten
Format
Zeitschrift
eISSN
2083-4799
Erstveröffentlichung
23 Sep 2008
Erscheinungsweise
4 Hefte pro Jahr
Sprachen
Englisch

Suche

5 Artikel
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Slurry Erosion – Design of Test Devices

Online veröffentlicht: 01 Aug 2017
Seitenbereich: 5 - 17

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Degradation of material caused by impacts of a solid particle (erodent) suspended in a liquid is called slurry erosion and is a major problem in the hydropower and maritime industry. Slurry erosion depends on many factors, e.g. liquid and erodent velocity, size, shape, angle of impact, hardness and number of erodents, and strength of a target material. The various types of test devices have been designed to investigate an effect of mentioned parameters on material resistance. In the paper are described main types of the test apparatus showing their main advantages and disadvantages. Some results of slurry erosion resistance of few groups of materials are also presented.

Schlüsselwörter

  • erosion
  • slurry erosion
  • test apparatus
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

The Properties of Nanosilver – Doped Nanohydroxyapatite Coating On the Ti13zr13Nb Alloy

Online veröffentlicht: 01 Aug 2017
Seitenbereich: 18 - 28

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The aim of this research was to study the properties of nanohydroxyapatite (nanoHAp) and nanohydroxyapatite, doped with nanosilver (nanoHAp/nanoAg), coatings obtained by an electrophoretic deposition process. The suspensions was prepared by dispersing 0.1 g of HAp nanopowder for nanoHAp coatings and 0.1 g of nanoHAp and 0.025 g nanoAg for nanoHAp/nanoAg coatings. The deposition was carried out for 1 min at 50 V voltage followed by drying at room temperature for 24 h and heating at 800°C for 1 h in vacuum. The thickness of the nanoHAp and nanoHAp/nanoAg coatings was found as of about 5 μm. The corrosion behavior tests made by potentiodynamic methods brought out slightly higher values of corrosion current for nanoHAp coatings and nanoHAp/nanoAg coatings as compared to the reference Ti13Zr13Nb specimen. The nanohardness of the nanoHAp coatings achieved 0.020 ± 0.004 GPa and of the nanoHAp/nanoAg coatings 0.026 ± 0.012 GPa. Nanoscratch test of the nanoHAp and nanoHAp/nanoAg coatings revealed an increased Critical Friction (mN) in the presence of nanosilver particles. The wettability angles decreased for nanoHAp/nanoAg coatings comparing to pure nanoHAp coatings on titanium alloy.

Schlüsselwörter

  • nanohydroxyapatite coatings
  • nanosilver
  • titanium alloy
  • electrophoretic deposition
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Increasing of the Mechanical Properties of Friction Stir Welded Joints of 6061 Aluminum Alloy by Introducing Alumina Particles

Online veröffentlicht: 01 Aug 2017
Seitenbereich: 29 - 40

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The main aim of this investigation is to produce a welding joint of higher strength than that of base metals. Composite welded joints were produced by friction stir welding process. 6061 aluminum alloy was used as a base metal and alumina particles added to welding zone to form metal matrix composites. The volume fraction of alumina particles incorporated in this study were 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 vol% were added on both sides of welding line. Also, the alumina particles were pre-mixed with magnesium particles prior being added to the welding zone. Magnesium particles were used to enhance the bonding between the alumina particles and the matrix of 6061 aluminum alloy. Friction stir welded joints containing alumina particles were successfully obtained and it was observed that the strength of these joints was better than that of base metal. Experimental results showed that incorporating volume fraction of alumina particles up to 6 vol% into the welding zone led to higher strength of the composite welded joints as compared to plain welded joints.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Friction stir welding
  • aluminum alloys
  • metal matrix composite
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

SEM and EDS Characterization of Porous Coatings Obtained On Titaniumby Plasma Electrolytic Oxidation in Electrolyte Containing Concentrated Phosphoric Acid with Zinc Nitrate

Online veröffentlicht: 01 Aug 2017
Seitenbereich: 41 - 54

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The SEM and EDS results of porous coatings formed on pure titanium by Plasma Electrolytic Oxidation (Micro Arc Oxidation) under DC regime of voltage in the electrolytes containing of 500 g zinc nitrate Zn(NO3)2·6H2O in 1000 mL of concentrated phosphoric acid H3PO4 at three voltages, i.e. 450 V, 550 V, 650 V for 3 minutes, are presented. The PEO coatings with pores, which have different shapes and the diameters, consist mainly of phosphorus, titanium and zinc. The maximum of zinc-to-phosphorus (Zn/P) ratio was found for treatment at 650 V and it equals 0.43 (wt%) | 0.20 (at%), while the minimum of that coefficient was recorded for the voltage of 450 V and equaling 0.26 (wt%) | 0.12 (at%). Performed studies have shown a possible way to form the porous coatings enriched with zinc by Plasma Electrolytic Oxidation in electrolyte containing concentrated phosphoric acid H3PO4 with zinc nitrate Zn(NO3)2·6H2O.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Plasma Electrolytic Oxidation PEO
  • Micro Arc Oxidation MAO
  • SEM
  • titanium
  • porous coatings
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Microstructure and Properties of a Repair Weld in a Nickel Based Superalloy Gas Turbine Component

Online veröffentlicht: 01 Aug 2017
Seitenbereich: 55 - 63

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to characterize the repair weld of serviced (aged) solid-solution Ni-Cr-Fe-Mo alloy: Hastelloy X. The repair welding of a gas turbine part was carried out using Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW), the same process as for new parts. Light microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, microhardness measurements were the techniques used to determine the post repair condition of the alloy. Compared to the solution state, an increased amount of M6C carbide was detected, but M23C6 carbides, sigma and mu phases were not. The aged condition corresponds to higher hardness, but without brittle regions that could initiate cracking.

Schlüsselwörter

  • long term service
  • gas turbine
  • superalloys
  • TEM
  • Hastelloy X
5 Artikel
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Slurry Erosion – Design of Test Devices

Online veröffentlicht: 01 Aug 2017
Seitenbereich: 5 - 17

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Degradation of material caused by impacts of a solid particle (erodent) suspended in a liquid is called slurry erosion and is a major problem in the hydropower and maritime industry. Slurry erosion depends on many factors, e.g. liquid and erodent velocity, size, shape, angle of impact, hardness and number of erodents, and strength of a target material. The various types of test devices have been designed to investigate an effect of mentioned parameters on material resistance. In the paper are described main types of the test apparatus showing their main advantages and disadvantages. Some results of slurry erosion resistance of few groups of materials are also presented.

Schlüsselwörter

  • erosion
  • slurry erosion
  • test apparatus
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

The Properties of Nanosilver – Doped Nanohydroxyapatite Coating On the Ti13zr13Nb Alloy

Online veröffentlicht: 01 Aug 2017
Seitenbereich: 18 - 28

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The aim of this research was to study the properties of nanohydroxyapatite (nanoHAp) and nanohydroxyapatite, doped with nanosilver (nanoHAp/nanoAg), coatings obtained by an electrophoretic deposition process. The suspensions was prepared by dispersing 0.1 g of HAp nanopowder for nanoHAp coatings and 0.1 g of nanoHAp and 0.025 g nanoAg for nanoHAp/nanoAg coatings. The deposition was carried out for 1 min at 50 V voltage followed by drying at room temperature for 24 h and heating at 800°C for 1 h in vacuum. The thickness of the nanoHAp and nanoHAp/nanoAg coatings was found as of about 5 μm. The corrosion behavior tests made by potentiodynamic methods brought out slightly higher values of corrosion current for nanoHAp coatings and nanoHAp/nanoAg coatings as compared to the reference Ti13Zr13Nb specimen. The nanohardness of the nanoHAp coatings achieved 0.020 ± 0.004 GPa and of the nanoHAp/nanoAg coatings 0.026 ± 0.012 GPa. Nanoscratch test of the nanoHAp and nanoHAp/nanoAg coatings revealed an increased Critical Friction (mN) in the presence of nanosilver particles. The wettability angles decreased for nanoHAp/nanoAg coatings comparing to pure nanoHAp coatings on titanium alloy.

Schlüsselwörter

  • nanohydroxyapatite coatings
  • nanosilver
  • titanium alloy
  • electrophoretic deposition
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Increasing of the Mechanical Properties of Friction Stir Welded Joints of 6061 Aluminum Alloy by Introducing Alumina Particles

Online veröffentlicht: 01 Aug 2017
Seitenbereich: 29 - 40

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The main aim of this investigation is to produce a welding joint of higher strength than that of base metals. Composite welded joints were produced by friction stir welding process. 6061 aluminum alloy was used as a base metal and alumina particles added to welding zone to form metal matrix composites. The volume fraction of alumina particles incorporated in this study were 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 vol% were added on both sides of welding line. Also, the alumina particles were pre-mixed with magnesium particles prior being added to the welding zone. Magnesium particles were used to enhance the bonding between the alumina particles and the matrix of 6061 aluminum alloy. Friction stir welded joints containing alumina particles were successfully obtained and it was observed that the strength of these joints was better than that of base metal. Experimental results showed that incorporating volume fraction of alumina particles up to 6 vol% into the welding zone led to higher strength of the composite welded joints as compared to plain welded joints.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Friction stir welding
  • aluminum alloys
  • metal matrix composite
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

SEM and EDS Characterization of Porous Coatings Obtained On Titaniumby Plasma Electrolytic Oxidation in Electrolyte Containing Concentrated Phosphoric Acid with Zinc Nitrate

Online veröffentlicht: 01 Aug 2017
Seitenbereich: 41 - 54

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The SEM and EDS results of porous coatings formed on pure titanium by Plasma Electrolytic Oxidation (Micro Arc Oxidation) under DC regime of voltage in the electrolytes containing of 500 g zinc nitrate Zn(NO3)2·6H2O in 1000 mL of concentrated phosphoric acid H3PO4 at three voltages, i.e. 450 V, 550 V, 650 V for 3 minutes, are presented. The PEO coatings with pores, which have different shapes and the diameters, consist mainly of phosphorus, titanium and zinc. The maximum of zinc-to-phosphorus (Zn/P) ratio was found for treatment at 650 V and it equals 0.43 (wt%) | 0.20 (at%), while the minimum of that coefficient was recorded for the voltage of 450 V and equaling 0.26 (wt%) | 0.12 (at%). Performed studies have shown a possible way to form the porous coatings enriched with zinc by Plasma Electrolytic Oxidation in electrolyte containing concentrated phosphoric acid H3PO4 with zinc nitrate Zn(NO3)2·6H2O.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Plasma Electrolytic Oxidation PEO
  • Micro Arc Oxidation MAO
  • SEM
  • titanium
  • porous coatings
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Microstructure and Properties of a Repair Weld in a Nickel Based Superalloy Gas Turbine Component

Online veröffentlicht: 01 Aug 2017
Seitenbereich: 55 - 63

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to characterize the repair weld of serviced (aged) solid-solution Ni-Cr-Fe-Mo alloy: Hastelloy X. The repair welding of a gas turbine part was carried out using Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW), the same process as for new parts. Light microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, microhardness measurements were the techniques used to determine the post repair condition of the alloy. Compared to the solution state, an increased amount of M6C carbide was detected, but M23C6 carbides, sigma and mu phases were not. The aged condition corresponds to higher hardness, but without brittle regions that could initiate cracking.

Schlüsselwörter

  • long term service
  • gas turbine
  • superalloys
  • TEM
  • Hastelloy X

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