1. bookVolume 8 (2012): Issue 2 (December 2012)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
1857-8462
ISSN
1409-7001
First Published
01 Jul 2005
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Biocultural diversity in Albania, Macedonia and Kosovo

Published Online: 16 Mar 2013
Volume & Issue: Volume 8 (2012) - Issue 2 (December 2012)
Page range: 100 - 109
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
1857-8462
ISSN
1409-7001
First Published
01 Jul 2005
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

Albania, Macedonia, and Kosovo despite being small countries, are notable for their rich biological diversity, as it is also shown from their index of the biological diversity (BD-RICH) respectively 0.633, 0.636 and 0.602. The relatively positive value of their index of biocultural diversity (IBCD-RICH) is the result of their high biodiversity. All of the three countries have the highest index of the flora diversity highest compared to mammals and birds. The values of the diversity index of 0.5 for mammals and birds (MD-AREA), diversity index of plants (PD-AREA) and the index of biologic diversity (BD-AREA) show that these countries are much more diverse compared to the expected values in relation to their surface

Keywords

Клучни зборови

1. Abbasi et al., 2012. Ethnobotanical Aspects, Chapter 2. In: Abbasi, A.M., Khan, M.A., Ahmad, M., Zafar, M. Medicinal Plant Biodiversity of Lesser Himalayas-Pakistan. Springer: pp 17-38. 10.1007/978-1-4614-1575-6_2Search in Google Scholar

2. Damo, R., Icka, P., (2010). Etnobotanika domosdoshmëri për ruajtjen e diversiteti biokulturor. Buletini shkencor, Nr. 19. Universiteti”Fan S. Noli’, Korçë. Search in Google Scholar

3. Eser, U (2009). What do we have to leave to future generations? In: Splechtna, B.E. (ed.) 2009. Proceedings of the International Symposium: Preservation of Biocultural Diversity - a Global Issue, BOKU University, Vienna, May 6 - 8, 2008, University of Natural Resource Management and Applied Life Sciences, Vienna, Austria: 1-4. Search in Google Scholar

4. Frank, Bernhard (2011). Biocultural Diversity in Europe - A Literature Review of Selected Projects. Master thesis, University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Sustainable Agricultural Systems, Institute of Organic Farming. Wien, Austria. Search in Google Scholar

5. Groombridge, B., Jenkins, M.D., (2002). World Atlas of Biodiversity: Earth's Living Resources in the 21st Century. University of California Press, Berkely. Search in Google Scholar

6. Harmon, D., Loh, J. (2004) A Global Index of Biocultural Diversity. Discussion paper for the International Congress on Ethnobiology. University of Kent, UK, June 2004. Washington, DC: Terralingua. Search in Google Scholar

7. ICG (2001). Religion in Kosovo. Balkans Report N° 105. Pristina/Brussels. Search in Google Scholar

8. Lewis, M. Paul (ed.), (2009). Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Sixteenth edition. Dallas, Tex.: SIL International. Online version: http://www.ethnologue.com. Search in Google Scholar

9. Loh, J., Harmon, D. (2005). A global index of biocultural diversity. Ecological Indicators 5: 231-241. Search in Google Scholar

10. Maffi, L., (2005). Linguistic, Cultural, and Biological Diversity. Annual Review of Anthropology. Volume 34: 599-617. The Annual Review of Anthropology is online at anthro.annualreviews.org 10.1146/annurev.anthro.34.081804.120437Search in Google Scholar

11. Maffi, L., (2007a). Biocultural diversity and sustainability. In Sage Handbook on Environment and Society, (Pretty, J., Ball, A., Benton, T., Guivant, J., Lee, D., Orr, D., Pfeffer, M. & Ward, H. (eds.). Sage Publications Ltd, London: 267-278. 10.4135/9781848607873.n18Search in Google Scholar

12. Maffi, L., (2007b). Biocultural diversity for endogenous development: Lessons from research, policy and on-the-ground experiences. In Endogenous Development and Biocultural Diversity: The interplay of worldviews, globalization and locality, Compas series on Worldviews and Sciences 6, (Haverkort, B. & Rist, S. (eds.). Compas & Centre for Development and Environment: Leusden. Search in Google Scholar

13. MEFWA (Ministry Environment, Forests and Water Administration of Albania) 2010. Fourth national report to the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity. Period covered by the report: August 2007-December 2010. Tirana. Search in Google Scholar

14. MEFWA (Ministry Environment, Forests and Water Administration) (2010). Fourth National Report to the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity. Tirana. Search in Google Scholar

15. MESP (Ministry of Environment and Spatial Planning of Kosovo) (2010). Strategy and Action Plan for Biodiversity 2011 - 2020. Prishtina. Search in Google Scholar

16. Mustafa, B., Veselaj, Z., Hajdari, A., Krasniqi, Z., (2011). Management status of protected areas in Kosovo. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences 19 (2011) 651-654. Search in Google Scholar

17. Prance, G. T, et al. (2007). Ethnobotany, the Science of survival: A declaration from Kaua’i. Economic Botany, 61 (1), pp 1-2. 10.1007/BF02862367Search in Google Scholar

18. SIDA (2000). Strategic environmental analysis of Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Kosovo and Macedonia. Final Report. Search in Google Scholar

19. UNEP (2001). Environmental Policy Assessment FYR of Macedonia. Switzerland. Search in Google Scholar

20. UNEP (2007). BalkanVital Graphics. Published by UNEP/GRID-Arendal, Zemun. Search in Google Scholar

21. UNESCO & UNEP, (2003). Cultural Diversity and Biodiversity for Sustainable Development, UNEP, Nairobi, Kenya. Search in Google Scholar

22. UNESCO (2002). Universal Declaration on Cultural Diversity. Paris Search in Google Scholar

23. USAID (2003). Kosovo Biodiversity Assessment. Prishtina. Search in Google Scholar

24. USAID (2009). Kosovo: Environmental Threats and Opportunities Assessment (ETOA). Search in Google Scholar

25. USAID (2010). USAID/Macedonia Biodiversity Analysis (FAA 119). Search in Google Scholar

26. Vangjeli, J., etj. (2000). Flora e vegjetacione in Albania. Cahiers Options Méditerranéennes,Vol. 52. La cooperacione italo-albanese per la valorizzazione della biodiversità: 51-66. Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo