1. bookVolume 28 (2020): Issue 1 (March 2020)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2450-5781
First Published
30 Mar 2017
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Open Access

Research and Development of Laser Engraving and Material Cutting Machine from 3D Printer

Published Online: 17 Mar 2020
Volume & Issue: Volume 28 (2020) - Issue 1 (March 2020)
Page range: 47 - 52
Received: 01 Jul 2019
Accepted: 01 Oct 2019
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2450-5781
First Published
30 Mar 2017
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

This article deals with the adjustment of a 3D printer for laser engraving and material cutting. The print head can be fitted with a solid laser diode module, which achieves a compact size while retaining its useful power. Two paths lead to the use of such a concept. It is possible to equip the existing print head with a module, which also brings a number of disadvantages such as, for example, the reduction of the printing space or the need for a suitable mounting design. A more elegant solution is to consider this in the design of a 3D printer and design a system to exchange the print heads for 3D printing and laser engraving. Such a solution allows full utilization of the workspace and simple installation of the effector for the required type of work. According to the installed power of the laser diode, it is possible not only to engrave but also cut material such as thin wood, veneer or acrylic glass. The use of such a machine is not only for graphic elements but for the creation of various stencils, boxes or simple models, which can be made up of plastic-burning pieces. The laser module is controlled by a driver, which is designed for the device. This is connected to a 3D printer control board. It is, therefore, necessary for the control board to have at least two pins, which can be controlled after adjusting the control firmware. Most laser modules are normally equipped with an adjustable lens, which is used to concentrate the focus of a laser for the given distance against the worktop. Thus, the modified 3D printer can perform its function as a multi-purpose CNC machine, while a basic platform similar for both devices is used.

Keywords

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