1. bookVolume 9 (2020): Issue 2 (December 2020)
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Journal
eISSN
2285-388X
First Published
05 Dec 2019
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1 time per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

What Triggers Poverty of Young Nationals and Young Migrants? A Comparative Macroeconomic Approach

Published Online: 31 Dec 2020
Volume & Issue: Volume 9 (2020) - Issue 2 (December 2020)
Page range: 13 - 29
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2285-388X
First Published
05 Dec 2019
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Languages
English
Abstract

Identifying the macro-economic determinants of poverty is a key concern for developing poverty reduction policies. Since young people and young migrants in particular are more exposed to poverty, establishing the factors that trigger poverty among these social categories has even more relevance. A preliminary analysis shows that significant differences exist between at-risk-of poverty or social exclusion rate of young migrants and young nationals across European countries. For a more thorough study of the reasons behind these differences in poverty rates between young migrants and young nationals, two panel data regression models are estimated on a cross-section of 23 countries over the period 2010 – 2018 (one model for young migrants, the other for young nationals). Results confirm the main theories in the specialty literature: unemployment and inequality (measured by the Gini index) are the main triggers of poverty or social exclusion both for young nationals and young migrants. However, the income is significant for reducing poverty only for young nationals, but not for the young migrants. This result reinforces the necessity of better integration policies for young migrants in richer Member States.

Keywords

JEL Classification

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