1. bookVolume 65 (2021): Issue 3 (September 2021)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2453-7837
First Published
30 Mar 2016
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Behavioural Response and Weight of Broiler Chickens Reared Under Different Artificial Light Sources

Published Online: 05 Oct 2021
Volume & Issue: Volume 65 (2021) - Issue 3 (September 2021)
Page range: 1 - 8
Received: 05 May 2021
Accepted: 19 Jul 2021
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2453-7837
First Published
30 Mar 2016
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

This study evaluated the behavioural response and weight of broiler birds at the 4th and 6th week of age when raised under incandescent (ICD) and compact fluorescent light (CFL). At 2 weeks of age, a total of 216 Arbor Acres birds were randomly allotted into 3 treatments: Control (no artificial light), ICD (60 watts, 800 lm) and CFL (40 watts, 2000 lm). Artificial lighting was provided from 8 p. m. to 4 a. m. daily. Data collected were subjected to One-way ANOVA using Minitab 17 through a general linear model (GLM) procedure and means were separated using Tukey’s test software. At 4 weeks of age, the presence of light significantly increased (P < 0.05) the weight, as well as the occurrence of feeding, drinking, sitting, standing, walking, running and jumping behaviour. ICD and CFL had similar effects on feeding and jumping behaviour. At 6 weeks of age, the presence of light had no significant effect (P > 0.05) on the frequency of drinking and jumping behaviour. However, the weight, the frequency of feeding, standing, walking and running behaviour increased (P < 0.05) under the two light sources compared to the control. Also, birds raised under CFL displayed a higher frequency (P < 0.05) of inactive/resting and locomotor behaviour compared to birds reared under ICD which had a higher frequency of drinking behaviour. From this study, the use of CFL throughout the production stages is encouraged in poultry facilities due to the resultant increase in the activity levels of broilers and the reduced energy cost.

Keywords

1. Adeleye, O. O., Abatan, M. O., Faniyi, O. O., Egbeyale, L. T., Adesehinwa, A. O. K., 2017: Performance of broiler birds reared under different light sources. In Proceedings of the 6th ASAN-NIAS Joint Annual Meeting, Abuja, Nigeria, September 10—14, 554—557. Search in Google Scholar

2. Alvino, G. M., Blatchford, R. A., Archer, G. S., Mench, J. A., 2009: Light intensity during rearing affects the behavioural synchrony and resting patterns of broiler chickens. Br. Poult. Sci., 50, 275—283. DOI: 10.1080/00071660902942775.10.1080/00071660902942775 Search in Google Scholar

3. Bizeray, D., Estevez, I., Leterrier, C., Faure, J. M., 2002: Effects of increasing environmental complexity on the physical activity of broiler chickens. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci., 79, 27—41. DOI: 10.1016/S0168-1591(02)00083-7.10.1016/S0168-1591(02)00083-7 Search in Google Scholar

4. Bokkers, A. M., Koene, P., 2003: The behaviour of fast- and slow-growing broilers to 12 weeks of age and the physical consequences. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci., 81, 59—72. DOI: 10.1016/S0168-1591(02)00251-4.10.1016/S0168-1591(02)00251-4 Search in Google Scholar

5. Bokkers, A. M., Zimmerman, P. H., Bas Rodenburg, T., Koene, P., 2007: Walking behaviour of heavy and light broilers in an operant runway test with varying durations of feed deprivation and feed access. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci., 108, 129—142. DOI: 10.1016/j.applanim.2006.10.011.10.1016/j.applanim.2006.10.011 Search in Google Scholar

6. Boshouwers, F. M., Nicaise, E., 1993: Artificial light sources and their influence on physical activity and energy expenditure of laying hens. Br. Poult. Sci., 34, 11—19. DOI: 10.1080/00071669308417558.10.1080/000716693084175588467392 Search in Google Scholar

7. Buijs, S., Keeling, L. J., and Tuyttens, F. A., 2011: Using motivation to feed as a way to assess the importance of space for broiler chickens. Anim. Behav., 81, 145—151. DOI: 10.1016/j. anbehav.2010.09.027. Search in Google Scholar

8. Burrow, N., 2008: Energy Efficiency in Poultry House Lighting. http://www2.ca.uky.edu/poultryprofitability/Funding/Energy_Efficiency_in_Poultry_House_Lighting.pdf. Accessed on February 22, 2019. Search in Google Scholar

9. Cindy, H., Eddie, B., Bram, B., Ingrid, J., Arni, J., Peter, G. K., 2011: Brief of requirements of the broiler. Livestock Research Wageningen Ur. Report 517. https://edepot.wur.nl/179828. Search in Google Scholar

10. Costa, L. S., Pereira, D. F., Bueno, L. G. F., Pandorfi, H., 2012: Some aspects of chicken behaviour and welfare. Braz. J. Poult. Sci., 14, 3, 159—164. DOI: 10.1590/S1516-635X201 2000300001. Search in Google Scholar

11. Deep, A., Schwean-Lardner, K., Crowe, T. G., Fancher, B. I., Classen, H. L., 2012: Effect of light intensity on broiler behaviour and diurnal rhythms. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci., 136, 1, 50—56. DOI: 10.3382/ps.2010-00964.10.3382/ps.2010-0096420952694 Search in Google Scholar

12. Dharmaretnam, M., Rogers, L. J., 2005: Hemispheric specialization and dual processing in strongly versus weekly lateralized chicks. Behav. Brain Res., 162, 62—70. DOI: 10.1016/j. bbr.2005.03.012. Search in Google Scholar

13. Ghuffar, K., Muhammad, S., Fawwad, A., Mahmood, A., 2009: Impact of various lighting source (incandescent, fluorescent, metal halide and high pressure sodium) on the production performance of chicken broilers. Pak. J. Agric. Sci., 6, 1, 40—45. Search in Google Scholar

14. Ingram, D. R., Hatten, L. F., 2000: Effects of light restriction on broiler performance and specific body structure measurements. J. Appl. Poult. Res., 9, 501—504.10.1093/japr/9.4.501 Search in Google Scholar

15. Kristensen, H. H., Prescott, N. B., Perry, G. C., Ladewig, J., Ersboll, A. K., Overvard, K. C., 2007: The behaviour of broiler chickens in different light sources and illuminances. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci., 103, 75—89.10.1016/j.applanim.2006.04.017 Search in Google Scholar

16. Manser, C. E., 1996: Effects of lighting on the welfare of domestic poultry: a review. Anim. Welfare, 5, 341 360. Search in Google Scholar

17. Minitab 17 Statistical Software, 2010: Minitab reference manual: Macintosh version, release 8. State College, PA. Minitab, Inc. (www.minitab.com). Search in Google Scholar

18. Mohammed, H. H., Grashorn, M. A., Bessei, W., 2009: The effects of lighting conditions on the behaviour of laying birds. Archiv für Geflügelkunde, 74, 3, 197—202. http://www.archiv-fuer-gefluegelkunde. Search in Google Scholar

19. Olanrewaju, H. A., Thaxton, J. P., Dozier, W. A., Purswell, J., Roush, W. B., Branton, S. L., 2006: A review of lighting programs for broiler production. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 5, 301—308. DOI: 10.3923/ijps.2006.301.308.10.3923/ijps.2006.301.308 Search in Google Scholar

20. Prayitno, D. S., Philips, C. J. C., Omed, H., 1997: The effect of colour and lighting on the behaviour and production of meat chickens. Poult. Sci., 76, 452—457. DOI: 10.1093/ps/76.3.452.10.1093/ps/76.3.4529068043 Search in Google Scholar

21. Senaratna, D., Samarakone, T. S., Madusanka, A. P., Gunawarddene, D. A., 2012: Preference of broiler chicken for different light colours in relation to age, session of the day and behaviour. Trop. Agric. Res., 23, 3, 193—203. DOI: 10.4038/tar. v23i3.4657. Search in Google Scholar

22. Tavares, B. O., Pereira, D. F., Bueno, L. G., Silva, G. F., 2015: The behaviour of layers under different light sources. Braz. J. Poult. Sci., 17, 4, 511—516. DOI: 10.1590/1516-635X1704 511-516. Search in Google Scholar

23. Vandenberg, C., Widowski, T. M., 2000: Hens preferences for high-intensity high-pressure sodium or low-intensity incandescent lighting. J. Appl. Poult. Sci., 9, 172—178. DOI: 10. 1093/japr/9.2.172.10.1093/japr/9.2.172 Search in Google Scholar

24. Villagrá, A., Olivas, I., Althaus, R. L., Gómez, E. A., Lain-ez, M., Torres, A. G., 2014: The behaviour of broiler chickens in four different substrates: a choice test. Braz. J. Poult. Sci., 16, 1, 67—76. DOI: 10.1590/S1516-635X2014000100010.10.1590/S1516-635X2014000100010 Search in Google Scholar

25. Weeks, C. A., Nicol, C. J., Sherwin, C. M., Kestin, S. C., 1994: Comparison of the behaviour of broiler chickens in indoor and free-range environments. Anim. Welfare, 3, 179—192. Search in Google Scholar

26. Weeks, C. A., Danbury, T. D., Davies, H. C., Hunt, P., Kestin, S. C., 2000: The behaviour of broiler chickens and its modification by lameness. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci., 67, 111—125. DOI: 10.1016/s0168-1591(99)00102-1.10.1016/S0168-1591(99)00102-1 Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo