1. bookVolume 65 (2021): Issue 1 (March 2021)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2453-7837
First Published
30 Mar 2016
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Spatial Distribution and Seroprevalence of Newcastle Disease in Kaduna State, Nigeria

Published Online: 06 Apr 2021
Volume & Issue: Volume 65 (2021) - Issue 1 (March 2021)
Page range: 37 - 44
Received: 26 Jul 2020
Accepted: 13 Jan 2021
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2453-7837
First Published
30 Mar 2016
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

Newcastle disease is one of the greatest constraints to the development of poultry production in Nigeria. In this study, the spatial distribution of Newcastle disease antibodies was determined using the Geographic Information System. A total of 400 serum samples were collected from chickens in districts around Kaduna Metropolis and screened for Newcastle disease virus antibodies using the haemagglutination inhibition test done according to the procedure of OIE (2002). The spatial distribution demonstrated that the highest antibody titre level for Newcastle disease was closely associated with communities that were at entry points (Zaria— Kaduna road; Nnamdi Azikiwe bypass road; Television garage; Abuja—Kaduna expressway and Kachia road) to the metropolis and houses that are closely situated near live bird markets signifying the importance of bird movements in the spread of the disease. About 31 % (124 of 400) of chickens had antibodies to Newcastle disease virus, with exotics breeds (32.0 %) with more Newcastle disease virus antibodies than local breeds (29.8 %). The Newcastle disease prevalence was 33.9 % (39 out of 115), 31.8 % (41 out of 129) and 28.2 % (44 out of 156) for Kaduna North, Kaduna South and Chikun Local Government Areas (LGA), respectively. A Newcastle disease prevalence of 29.8 % (54 out of 181) was recorded in the local chickens, while 32.0 % (70 out of 219) was obtained from the exotic chickens.

Keywords

1. Abah, H. O., Ochola, P. F., Ishaya, V., 2020: Survey for Newcastle disease virus antibodies in local chickens, ducks and pigeons in Makurdi, Nigeria. Anim. Vet. Sci., 8, 3, 55—59 DOI: 10.11648/j.avs.20200803.12.10.11648/j.avs.20200803.12 Search in Google Scholar

2. Abdisa, T., Tagesu, T., 2017: Review on Newcastle disease of poultry and its public health importance. J. Vet. Sci. Technol., 8, 3, 441. DOI: 10.4172/2157-7579.1000441.10.4172/2157-7579.1000441 Search in Google Scholar

3. Abdullahi, J., Shaibu-Imodagbe, E. M., Mohammed, F., Sa’id, A., Dahiru, I. U., 2009: Rural-urban migration of the Nigerian work populace and climate change effects on food supply: A case study of Kaduna city in Northern Nigeria. In Fifth Urban Research Symposium: Cities and Climate Change: Responding to the Urgent Agenda, Marseille, France, June 28—30, 16 pp. Search in Google Scholar

4. Aliyu, H. B., Sa’idu, L., Abdu, P. A., Oladele, S. B., 2015: Retrospective analysis of Newcastle disease diagnosed at the poultry clinic of Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria. Sok. J. Vet. Sci., 13, 3, 42—48. DOI: 10.4314/sokjvs.v13i3.7.10.4314/sokjvs.v13i3.7 Search in Google Scholar

5. Ameh, J. A., Mailafia, S., Olatunde, H., Olabode, H. O., Adah, B. J., Okoh, G. J., et al., 2016: Sero-prevalence of Newcastle disease virus antibodies in local and exotic chickens in Gwagwalada, Nigeria. J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health, 8, 11, 193—198. DOI: 10.5897/JVMAH2016.0482. Search in Google Scholar

6. Anebo, Z. G., Teklemichael, K., Belachew, B., Tadios, Addisalem, H., 2014: Evaluation of the Newcastle disease antibody level after vaccination regimes in chickens in Debrezeit Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopia. J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health, 6, 1, 7—12. DOI: 10.5897/JVMAH2013.0229.10.5897/JVMAH2013.0229 Search in Google Scholar

7. Anzaku, S. A., Umoh, J. U., Abdu, P. A., Kabir, J., Bala, A., 2017: Serological survey of Newcastle disease in free ranging local chickens in the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja, Nigeria. New J. Sci., 2017, 9646138, 1—5. DOI: 10.1155/2017/9646138.10.1155/2017/9646138 Search in Google Scholar

8. Asfaw Geresu, M., Elemo, K. K., Kassa, G. M., 2016: Newcastle disease: Seroprevalence and associated risk factors in backyard and small scale chicken producer farms in Agar-fa and Sinana Districts of Bale Zone, Ethiopia. J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health, 8, 99—106. DOI: 10.5897/JVMAH2015.0427. Search in Google Scholar

9. Birhan, M., Birhan, M. I., Tesfaye, S., Tariku, A., 2019: Detection of antibodies against Newcastle and infectious bursal disease on chicken in north Gondar zone, Ethiopia. Online J. Anim. Feed Res., 9, 2, 51—58. Search in Google Scholar

10. Cattoli, G., Fusaro, A., Monne, I., Molia, S., Le-Menach, A., Maregeya, B., et al., 2010: Emergence of new genetic lineage of Newcastle disease virus in West and Central Africa-Implications for diagnosis and control. Vet. Microbiol., 142, 3—4, 168—176. DOI: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2009.09.063.10.1016/j.vetmic.2009.09.06319939590 Search in Google Scholar

11. Gary, F., Diop, B., Barbosa, H., 2010: Performances of Veterinary Services (PVS) Gap Analysis Report: Federal Republic of Nigeria. World Organisation for Animal Health, Paris, France, 22—23. Search in Google Scholar

12. Getabalew, M., Alemneh, T., Akeberegn, D., Getahun, D., Zewdie, D., 2019: Epidemiology, diagnosis and prevention of Newcastle disease in poultry. Am. J. Biomed. Sci. Res., 2019, 3, 1. AJBSR. MS.ID.000632. DOI: 10.34297/AJBSR.2019.03.000632.10.34297/AJBSR.2019.03.000632 Search in Google Scholar

13. Grimes, S. E., 2002: A Basic Laboratory Manual for the Small-scale Production and Testing of I-2 Newcastle Disease Vaccine. Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) Publication No. 22, Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific (RAP), Bangkok, Thailand, 136 pp. Search in Google Scholar

14. Haile, B., Fentie, T., 2020: The role of live chicken markets as a source of replication and dissemination of Newcastle disease virus in chickens, northwest Ethiopia. Poult. Sci., 99, 11, 5415—5421. DOI: 10.1016/j.psj.2020.08.025.10.1016/j.psj.2020.08.025764785933142458 Search in Google Scholar

15. Hossain, K. M., Ali, M. Y., Yamato, I., 2010: Antibody levels against Newcastle Disease Virus in chickens in Rajshahi and surrounding districts of Bangladesh. Int. J. Biol., 2, 2, 102— 106. DOI: 10.5539/ijb.v2n2p102.10.5539/ijb.v2n2p102 Search in Google Scholar

16. Ibitoye, E. B., Jimoh, A. A., Mungadi, H. U., 2013: A retrospective (2007—2011) analysis of Newcastle disease diagnosed at Avian clinic of Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Sokoto, Nigeria. Curr. Res. Poult. Sci., 3, 1, 12—17. DOI: 10.3923/crpsaj.2013.12.17.10.3923/crpsaj.2013.12.17 Search in Google Scholar

17. Jibril, A. H., Umoh, J. U., Kabir J., Saidu, L., Magaji, A. A., Bello, M. B., et al., 2014: Newcastle disease in local chickens of live bird markets and households in Zamfara State, Nigeria. ISRN Epidemiology 2014, Article ID 513961. DOI: 10.1155/2014/513961.10.1155/2014/513961 Search in Google Scholar

18. Kapczynski, D. R., Afonso, C. L., Miller, P. J., 2013: Immune responses of poultry to Newcastle disease virus. Dev. Comp. Immunol., 41, 3, 447—453 DOI: 10.1016/j.dci.2013.04.012.10.1016/j.dci.2013.04.01223623955 Search in Google Scholar

19. Kashif-ur-Rehman, Ahmad, M., Raza, M. A., Ahmad, M. J., Joiya, M. H., Imtiaz-ul-Haq, et al., 2014: Effects of infectious bursal disease vaccine on the immunity induced by Newcastle disease vaccine in broiler birds. Sci. Int. (Lahore), 26, 1, 243—247. Search in Google Scholar

20. Khan, M. Y., Arshad, M., Hussain, I., 2011: Epidemiology of Newcastle disease in rural poultry in Faisalabad, Pakistan. Int. J. Agric. Biol., 13, 491—497. DOI: 10–705/RNK/2011/13–4–491–497. Search in Google Scholar

21. Lawal, J. R., El-Yuguda, A. D., Ibrahim, U. I., 2016: Survey on prevalence of Newcastle disease in village poultry at live bird markets in Gombe, Nigeria. J. Anim. Sci. Livest. Prod., 1, 1, 2—9. DOI: 10.21767/2577-0594.100001.10.21767/2577-0594.100001 Search in Google Scholar

22. Musa, I. W., Abdu, P. A., Sackey, A. K. B., Oladele, S. B., Lawal, S., Yakubu, I. U., 2010: Outbreak of velogenic viscerotropic Newcastle disease in broilers. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 9, 1116—1119. DOI: 10.3923/ijps.2010.1116.1119.10.3923/ijps.2010.1116.1119 Search in Google Scholar

23. Musa, W. I., Abdu, P. A., Sa’idu, L., Bello, M., 2016: Survey for avian influenza and Newcastle disease antibodies and viruses in domestic and wild birds in Bauchi and Gombe States, Nigeria. In 17th International Congress on Infectious Diseases, Hyderabad, India, March 2—5/Int. J. Infect. Dis., 45S: 1–477 (472). DOI: 10.1016/j.ijid.2016.02.997.10.1016/j.ijid.2016.02.997 Search in Google Scholar

24. National Population Commission (NPC), 2006: Social Statistic in Nigeria, National Bureau of Statistics: Federal Republic of Nigeria, 300 pp. Search in Google Scholar

25. Nworie, O., Ezeifeka, G. O., Ogbu, O., Ogbu, M. A., Anyim, C., Ugwu, J. I., et al., 2012: Sero-prevalence of Newcastle disease in humans and apparently cross-breed of chickens in Nigeria. Cent. Eur. J. Exp. Biol., 1, 2, 69—73. Search in Google Scholar

26. Office International des Epizooties (OIE), 2008: Manual of Diagnostic Tests and Vaccines for Terrestrial Animals. 6th edn., OIE, Paris, France, 1, 581—582. Search in Google Scholar

27. Orsi, M. A., Doretto, Jr., L., Camillo, S. C. A., Reischak, D., Ribeiro, S. A. M., Ramazzoti, A., et al., 2010: Prevalence of Newcastle disease virus in broiler chickens (Gallus gallus) in Brazil. Braz. J. Microbiol., 41, 2, 349—357. DOI: 10.1590/S1517-83822010000200014.10.1590/S1517-83822010000200014 Search in Google Scholar

28. Perry, B. D., Randolph, T. F., Bett, B., Grace, D., Globig, A., Fadiga, M., et al., 2011: Independent Impact Assessment of the World Bank-funded Nigeria Avian Influenza Control and Human Pandemic Preparedness and Response Project (NAICP). Nigeria, 258 pp. Search in Google Scholar

29. Rivas, A. L., Chowell, G., Schwager, S. J., Fasina, F. O., Hoogesteijn, A. L., Smith, S. D., et al., 2010: Lessons from Nigeria: The role of roads in the geo-temporal progression of avian influenza (H5N1) virus. Epidemiol. Infect., 138, 192—198. DOI: 10.1017/S0950268809990495.10.1017/S095026880999049519653927 Search in Google Scholar

30. Saadat, Y., Ghafouri, S. A., Tehrani, F., Langeroudi, A. G., 2014: An active serological survey of antibodies to Newcastle disease and avian influenza (H9N2) viruses in the unvaccinated backyard poultry in Bushehr province, Iran, 2012–2013. Asian Pac. J. Trop. Biomed., 4 (Suppl. 1), S213—S216. DOI: 10.12980/apjtb.4.2014c1293.10.12980/APJTB.4.2014C1293402526125183083 Search in Google Scholar

31. Salihu, A. E., Chukwuedo, A. A., Echeonwu, G. O. N., Ibu, J. O., Chukwuekezie, J. O., Ndako, J., et al., 2012: Seroprevalence of Newcastle disease virus infection in rural household birds in Lafia, Akwanga and Keffi Metropolis, Nasarawa State Nigeria. Int. J. Agric. Sci., 2, 2, 109—112. Search in Google Scholar

32. Shittu, I., Joannis, T. M., Georgina, N., Odaibo, O., Olufemi, D., 2016: Newcastle disease in Nigeria: Epizootiology and current knowledge of circulating genotypes. Virus Dis., 27, 4, 329—339. DOI 10.1007/s13337-016-0344-6.10.1007/s13337-016-0344-6514259528004012 Search in Google Scholar

33. Thrusfield, M. V., 2005: Veterinary Epidemiology, 3rd edn., Blackwell Science Limited, Oxford, UK, 233 pp. Search in Google Scholar

34. Zeynalova, S., Guliyev, F., Vatani, M., Abbasov, B., 2015: Biosurveillance of avian influenza and Newcastle disease viruses in the Barda region of Azerbaijan using real time RTPCR and hemagglutination inhibition. Front. Microbiol., 6, 1128. DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2015.01128.10.3389/fmicb.2015.01128463521626594200 Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo