1. bookVolume 63 (2019): Issue 2 (June 2019)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2453-7837
First Published
30 Mar 2016
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Assessment of Potential Clastogenic Effect of the Insecticide Mospilan® 20SP in Human Peripheral Blood Lymphocytes After in Vitro Exposure

Published Online: 09 Jul 2019
Volume & Issue: Volume 63 (2019) - Issue 2 (June 2019)
Page range: 21 - 24
Received: 12 Feb 2019
Accepted: 27 May 2019
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2453-7837
First Published
30 Mar 2016
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

Acetamiprid, that is known as the commercial formulation Mospilan® 20SP is the part of the neonicotinoid insecticide group and is widely used against various pests. In our study we assessed the potential clastogenic effects of Mospilan® in human peripheral blood lymphocytes in vitro using a chromosome aberration test. The lymphocytes were treated with acetamiprid in the concentration range of 5, 10, 25 and 50 µg.ml−1 for 24 and 48 h. After 24 h exposure, the insecticide induced statistically significant higher levels of chromosome aberrations from the concentration of 10 µg.ml−1 (P < 0.05 and P < 0.001) and a significant decrease in mitotic index (MI) at the concentrations of 25 and 50 µg.ml−1 (P < 0.05 and P < 0.01), respectively. After a 48 h exposure, we found a dose dependent increase in the percentage of chromosome aberrations at all concentrations (P < 0.05; P < 0.01 and P < 0.001) and a decrease in MI at concentrations of 25 and 50 µg.ml−1 (P < 0.05 and P < 0.01). Our results indicated that neonicotinoid insecticide formulations containing acetamiprid may have potential cytotoxic and genotoxic effects.

Keywords

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