1. bookVolume 62 (2018): Issue 4 (December 2018)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2453-7837
First Published
30 Mar 2016
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Canine Ocular Thelaziosis in Slovakia a Case Report

Published Online: 31 Dec 2018
Volume & Issue: Volume 62 (2018) - Issue 4 (December 2018)
Page range: 33 - 38
Received: 25 Oct 2018
Accepted: 04 Dec 2018
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2453-7837
First Published
30 Mar 2016
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

Thelaziosis is a parasitic disease of the eye that has become more common in Europe over the last twenty years. It is caused by a nematode, order Spirurida, family Thelaziidae. The transmission of this parasite occurs by the dipteran flies. Thelazia callipaeda occurs in the conjunctival sac, under the third eyelid or in the lacrimal ducts, causing blepharospasm, conjunctivitis, keratitis and sometimes corneal ulceration. Thelaziosis is a zoonotic disease. It occurs in humans, domestic animals and wildlife. Between 2016 and 2018 three cases of canine ocular thelaziosis occurred in dogs admitted to the Small Animals Clinic in Kosice, Slovakia. In all cases, the systemic and local treatments were administered. The parasites were removed from the conjunctival sac. The identification of Thelazia callipaeda was performed by microscopic examinations.

Keywords

1. Bianciardi, P., Otranto, D., 2005: Treatment of dog thelaziosis caused by Thelazia callipaeda (Spirurida, Thelaziidae) using a topical formulation of imidacloprid 10 % and moxidectin 2.5 %. Veterinary Parasitology, 129, 89—93.10.1016/j.vetpar.2004.12.02015817208Search in Google Scholar

2. Bussieras, J., Chermette, R., Seiller, A. M., 1996: Quelques parasitoses canines exceptionelles en France. 11. Un cas de conjunctivite parasitaire du chien, due a Thelazia sp. Pratique Medicale et Chiruirgicale de l’Anitnal de Compagnie, 31, 83—85.Search in Google Scholar

3. Čabanová, V., Kocák, P., Víchová, B., Miterpáková, M., 2017: First autochthonous cases of canine thelaziosis in Slovakia: a new affected area in Central Europe. Parasit. Vectors, 10, 179.10.1186/s13071-017-2128-2539034828407785Search in Google Scholar

4. Caron, Y., Premont, J., Losson, B., Grauwels, M., 2013: Thelazia callipaeda ocular infection in two dogs in Belgium. Journal of Small Animal Practice, 54, 205—208.10.1111/jsap.1200323278915Search in Google Scholar

5. Chow, C. C., 1980: Thelaziosis of the conjunctiva. Analysis of 83 cases. Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology, 16, 64.Search in Google Scholar

6. Deplazes, P., Eckert, J., Mathis, A., von Samson-Himmelstjerna, G., Zahner, H., 2016:Parasitology in Veterinary Medicine. Wageningen Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 346—347.10.3920/978-90-8686-274-0Search in Google Scholar

7. Hermosilla, C., Herrmann, B., Bauer, C., 2004: First case of Thelazia callipaeda infection in a dog in Germany. Vet. Rec., 154, 568—569.10.1136/vr.154.18.56815144004Search in Google Scholar

8. Hong, S. T., Park, Y. K., Lee, S. K., Yoo, J. H., Kim, A. S., Chung, Y. H., Hong, S. J., 1995: Two human cases of Thelazia callipaeda infection in Korea. Korean Journal of Parasitology, 33, 139—144.10.3347/kjp.1995.33.2.1397551806Search in Google Scholar

9. Janssens, G., Claerebout, E., 2006: First case of dacryocystitis due to Thelazia callipaeda in a dog in Belgium. In Proceedings of European College of Veterinary Ophthalmologists and European Society of Veterinary Ophthalmology Congress, Belgium, May 10-14, 426—434.10.1111/j.1463-5224.2006.00507.xSearch in Google Scholar

10. Kozlov, D. P., 1962: The life cycle of the nematode, Thelazia callipaeda, parasite in the eye of man and carnivores. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR, 142, 732—733.Search in Google Scholar

11. Kozlov, D. P., 1963: Biology of Thelazia callipaeda Raillet and Henry, 1910. Trudy Gel’mintologicheskoi Laboratorii, 13, 330—346.Search in Google Scholar

12. Lia, R., Traversa, D., Agostini, A., Otranto, D., 2004: Field efficacy of moxidectin 1 per cent against Thelazia callipaeda in naturally infected dogs. Vet. Rec., 154, 143—145.10.1136/vr.154.5.14314979443Search in Google Scholar

13. Malacrida, F., Hegglin, D., Bacciarini, L., Otranto, D., Nageli, F., Nageli, C., et al., 2008: Emergence of canine ocular Thelaziosis caused by Thelazia callipaeda in southern Switzerland. Vet. Parasitol., 157, 321—327.10.1016/j.vetpar.2008.07.02918774229Search in Google Scholar

14. Miro, G., Montoya, A., Hernandez, L., Dado, D., Vazquez, M. V., Benito, M., et al., 2011:Thelazia callipaeda: infection in dogs: a new parasite for Spain. Parasites and Vectors, 4, 148.10.1186/1756-3305-4-148315875221791108Search in Google Scholar

15. Otranto, D., Brianti, E., Cantacessi, C., Lia, R. P., Maca, J., 2006a: The zoophilic fruit fly Phortica variegata: morphology, ecology and biological niche. Medical Veterinary Entomology, 20, 358—364.10.1111/j.1365-2915.2006.00643.x17199746Search in Google Scholar

16. Otranto, D., Cantacessi, C., Mallia, E., Lia, R. P., 2007: First report of Thelazia callipaeda (Spirurida, Thelaziidae) in wolves in Italy. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 43, 508—511.10.7589/0090-3558-43.3.50817699090Search in Google Scholar

17. Otranto, D., Cantacessi, C., Testini, G., Lia, R. P., 2006b: Phortica variegata as an intermediate host of Thelazia callipaeda under natural conditions: evidence for pathogen transmission by a male arthropod vector. International Journal for Parasitology, 36, 1167—1173.10.1016/j.ijpara.2006.06.00616842795Search in Google Scholar

18. Otranto, D., Colella, V., Crescenzo, G., Solari Basano, F., Nazzari, R., Capelli, G., et al., 2016: Efficacy of moxidectin 2.5 % and imidacloprid 10 % in the treatment of ocular thelaziosis by Thelazia callipaeda in naturally infected dogs. Vet. Parasitol., 227, 118—21.10.1016/j.vetpar.2016.07.03527523947Search in Google Scholar

19. Otranto, D., Dutto, M., 2008: Human thelaziosis, Europe. Emerging Infectious Diseases,14, 647—649.10.3201/eid1404.071205257093718394285Search in Google Scholar

20. Otranto, D., Eberhard, M. L., 2011: Zoonotic helminths affecting the human eye. Parasites and Vectors, 4, 41.10.1186/1756-3305-4-41307132921429191Search in Google Scholar

21. Otranto, D., Lia, R. P., Traversa, D., Giannetto, S., 2003b:Thelazia callipaeda (Spirurida, Thelaziidae) of carnivores and humans: morphological study by light and scanning electron microscopy. Parasitologia, 45, 125—133.Search in Google Scholar

22. Otranto, D., Traversa, D., 2004: Molecular characterization of the first internal transcribed spacer of ribosomal DNA of the most common species of eyeworms (Thelazioidea: Thelazia). J. Parasitol., 90, 185—188.10.1645/GE-115R115040692Search in Google Scholar

23. Pimenta, P., Cardoso, L., Pereira, M. J., Maltez, L., Couti, T., Alves, M. S., Otranto, D., 2013: Canine ocular thelaziosis caused by Thelazia callipaeda in Portugal. Veterinary Ophthalmology, 16, 312—315.10.1111/j.1463-5224.2012.01074.x23067512Search in Google Scholar

24. Rossi, L., Bertaglia, P., 1989: Presence of Thelazia callipaeda Railliet and Henry, 1910, in Piedmont, Italy. Parasitologia, 31, 167—172.Search in Google Scholar

25. Shen, J., Gasser, R. B., Chu, D., Wang, Z. X., Yuan, X., Cantacessi, C., Otranto, D., 2006: Human thelaziosis — a neglected parasitic disease of the eye. J. Parasitol., 92, 872—875.10.1645/GE-823R.116995411Search in Google Scholar

26. Skrjabin, K. I., Sobolev, A. A., Ivashkin, V. M., 1967: Principles of Nematology. Vol. IX. Spirurata of Animals and Man and the Disease Caused by them. Part. 4: Thelazioidea. Izdatel’stvo Akademii Nauk SSSR, Moscow, 26—36.Search in Google Scholar

27. Takács, N., Gyurkovszky, M., Henszelmann, N., Kisgergely, J., Balka, G., Solymosi, N., Vass, A., 2018: The first feline and new canine cases of Thelazia callipaeda (Spirurida: Thelaziidae) infection in Hungary. Parasit. Vectors, 11, 338.10.1186/s13071-018-2925-2599399829884211Search in Google Scholar

28. Taylor, M. A., Coop, R. L., Wall, R. L., 2007: Parasites of dogs and cats. In Taylor, M. A., Coop, R. L., Wall, R. L.: Veterinary Parasitology. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, 427—428.Search in Google Scholar

29. Wang, Z. X., Yang, Z. X., Du, J. S., 1990: The discovery of Amiota variegata as an intermediate host of Thelazia callipaeda in China. Chinese Journal of Zoology, 25, 55.Search in Google Scholar

30. Wang, Z. X., Yang, Z. X., 1993: Studies on the development of Thelazia callipaeda larva in the intermediate host Amiota variegata in China. Chinese Journal of Zoology, 28, 4—8.Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo