1. bookVolume 21 (2021): Issue 3 (July 2021)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2300-8733
First Published
25 Nov 2011
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Survival of Polish Holstein-Friesian Cows to Second, Third and Fourth Lactation in Conventional and Automatic Milking Systems

Published Online: 05 Aug 2021
Volume & Issue: Volume 21 (2021) - Issue 3 (July 2021)
Page range: 1081 - 1101
Received: 29 Aug 2020
Accepted: 26 Jan 2021
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2300-8733
First Published
25 Nov 2011
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

The main objective of the study was to determine the effect of transition from a conventional milking system (CMS) to an automatic milking system (AMS) on survival of 6361 Polish Holstein-Friesian cows to second (SL2), third (SL3) and fourth (SL4) lactation as well culling reasons. The cows were born between 2002 and 2015 and calved between 2004 and 2018. All data for the survival analysis and culling reasons of cows in 17 herds during operation of CMS and AMS were extracted from the SYMLEK official milk recording system. Cow survival (SL2, SL3 and SL4) was analysed with multiple logistic regression using the following effects in the model: milking system (MS), first calving season (CS), age at first calving (AFC), ease of first calving (CE), birth of a dead calf at first calving (DC), milk yield (MY) for full first lactation (MY – this effect was ignored in SL2 analysis), herd (H), and MS × H interaction. In the next stage of the study, χ2 test was used to analyse culling reasons of cows (udder diseases, low fertility – infertility and reproductive disorders, locomotor diseases, low milk yield, other diseases – metabolic, digestive and respiratory diseases, accidents and chance events) in the first, second and third lactation and collectively in the first three lactations. Logistic regression analysis indicated a significant effect of MS, AFC, DC on SL2 and SL3, and of MY on SL3 and SL4. Moreover, H and MS × H interaction had a highly significant effect on SL2, SL3, and SL4. Cows used in AMS barns were characterized by significantly worse SL2 and SL3 compared to CMS (odds ratio), by 27.8% and 31.0%, respectively. It was also observed that the effect of switching from CMS to AMS on cow survival was determined by herd membership – in most herds this effect was unfavourable. A distinctly positive effect of milking automation on cow survival (SL2, SL3, SL4) was noted in only one barn (herd) – it was a new barn with a considerably expanded number of milked cows, where the lying area was covered with straw. When analysing the reasons for culling in the first three lactations collectively, it was found that after the AMS system was introduced into the herds, there were increases in the rate of culling for locomotor diseases (by 0.85 percentage points (p.p.)), low milk yield (1.36 p.p.) and other diseases (3.01 p.p.). It was also observed that the automation of milking reduced culling due to udder diseases by 0.37 p.p., low fertility by 3.24 p.p., and accidents and chance events by 1.60 p.p.

Keywords

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