1. bookVolume 14 (2021): Issue 1 (January 2021)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
10 Dec 2012
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Alachlor — ecotoxicity of ozonation by-products

Published Online: 10 Sep 2021
Page range: 79 - 85
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
10 Dec 2012
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

This work focuses on the assessment of alachlor toxicity, its impact on aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems, non-target organisms, and humans, as well as with pesticide legislation in the European Union and Slovakia. In the experimental part, the pesticide alachlor was degraded by various ozone-based processes. Toxicity of the original substance and its degradation products was evaluated by ecotoxicity tests on white mustard and bulb onion. Respirometric measurements were performed to assess their effect on the microorganisms of activated sludge process. From the results it is possible to evaluate that the degradation of alachlor by ozonation at alkaline pH resulted in less toxic substances compared to the original pesticide.

Keywords

Beltrán FJ (2003) Ozone Reactions Kinetics for Water and Waste water Systems. Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, FL. ISBN 978-15-66706-29-2. Search in Google Scholar

Bloomfield F (2017) Alachlor-toxicity, side effects, diseases and environmental impacts. Available: https://www.naturalpedia.com/alachlor-toxicity-side-effects-diseases-and-environmental-impacts.html (visited 23. 1. 2021). Search in Google Scholar

Environmental and occupational health (2003) Harmful Effect of Alachlor. Available: http://enhs.umn.edu/current/5103/pesticide/harmful.html (visited 20. 3. 2020). Search in Google Scholar

Hassanshahi N, Karimi-Jashni A (2018) Ecotoxicology & Environ. Safety 161: 683—690. Search in Google Scholar

Horáková M (2003) Water Analytics. Praha: VŠCHT pp. 187—188. ISBN 978-80-7080-520-6. In Slovak language. Search in Google Scholar

Ikehata K, Li Y (2018) Advanced Oxidation Processes for Waste Water Treatment. Published by Elsevier Inc.: 115—134. Search in Google Scholar

Kim H, Wang H, Abassi S et al. (2020) J. Environ. Sci. & Health B: 1—10. Search in Google Scholar

Kotal F, Vavrouš A, Moulisová A et al. (2017) Proceeding of 7th conference HYDROANALYTIKA (Hradec Králové, 12.—13. 9. 2017). CSlab s.r.o., Praha 2017: 69—76. Search in Google Scholar

Lee WJ, Hoppin JA, Blair A et al. (2004) Am. J. Epidemiology 159(4): 373—380. Search in Google Scholar

Maldonado MI, Malato S, Pérez-Estrada LA et al. (2006) J. Haz. Mat. 138: 363—369. Search in Google Scholar

Mendes K, Hall K, Spokas K et al. (2017) Agronomy 7(4): 64. Search in Google Scholar

Pereira SP, Santos SMA, Fernandes MAS et al. (2021) Environ. Pollution 286: 117239. Search in Google Scholar

Qiang Z, Liu C, Dong B, Zhang Y (2010) Chemosphere 78: 517—526. Search in Google Scholar

Souissi Y, Bouchonnet S, Bourcier S et al. (2013) Sci. Tot. Environ. 458: 527—534. Search in Google Scholar

Sousa JCG, Ribeiro AR, Barbosa MO et al. (2018) J. Haz. Mat. 344: 146—162. Search in Google Scholar

Tsaboula A, Papadakis EN, Vryzas Z et al. (2016) Environ. Int. 91: 78—93. Search in Google Scholar

Xu J, Stucki JW, Wu J et al. (2001) Envi. Tox. & Chem. 20: 2717—2724. Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo