1. bookVolume 35 (2017): Issue 4 (December 2017)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2083-134X
First Published
16 Apr 2011
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Synthesis and characterization of indium tin oxide nanoparticles via reflux method

Published Online: 21 Mar 2018
Volume & Issue: Volume 35 (2017) - Issue 4 (December 2017)
Page range: 799 - 805
Received: 05 Mar 2017
Accepted: 22 Jan 2018
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2083-134X
First Published
16 Apr 2011
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

Synthesis of indium tin oxide (ITO) nanoparticles by reflux method without chlorine contamination at different pHs, temperatures, solvents and concentrations has been studied. Indium chloride, tin chloride, water, ethanol and Triton X-100 were used as starting materials. Structure, size, surface morphology and transparency of indium tin oxide nanoparticles were studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and UV-Vis spectrophotometry. XRD patterns showed that 400 °C is the lowest temperature for synthesis of ITO nanoparticles because metal hydroxide does not transform to metal oxide in lower temperature. FT-IR results showed the transformation of hydroxyl groups to oxide. SEM images showed that pH is the most important factor affecting the nanoparticles size. The smallest nanoparticles (40 nm) were obtained at pH = 8.8. The size of crystallites was decreased by lowering of concentration (0.025 M).

Keywords

[1] GAO Y., ZHAO G., DUAN Z., REN Y., Mater. Sci.- Poland, 32 (2014), 66.10.2478/s13536-013-0159-8Search in Google Scholar

[2] LIU Y., ŠTEFANI´C G., RATHOUSKY J., HAYDEN O., BEIN T., FATTAKHOVA-ROHLFING D., Chem. Sci., 3 (2012), 2367.10.1039/c2sc20042bOpen DOISearch in Google Scholar

[3] DOMARADZKI J., KACZMAREK D., DRABCZYK K., PANEK P., Mater. Sci.-Poland, 33 (2015), 363.10.1515/msp-2015-0057Search in Google Scholar

[4] RAJABI N., HESHMATPOUR F., MALEKFAR R., Mater. Sci.-Poland, 32 (2014), 102.10.2478/s13536-013-0165-xSearch in Google Scholar

[5] SHI J., SHEN L., MENG F., LIU Z., Mater. Lett., 182 (2016), 32.10.1016/j.matlet.2016.06.084Search in Google Scholar

[6] POHL A., DUNN B., Thin solid films, 515 (2006), 790.10.1016/j.tsf.2005.12.195Search in Google Scholar

[7] SONG S., YANG T., LIU J., XIN Y., LI Y., HAN S., Appl. Surf. Sci., 257 (2011), 7061.10.1016/j.apsusc.2011.03.009Search in Google Scholar

[8] QIANG X.B., KANG F.R., BIN Y., YONG D., Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China, 20 (2010), 643.Search in Google Scholar

[9] ZHANG D., TAVAKOLIYARAKI A., WUB Y., VAN SWAAIJ R.A., ZEMAN M., Energy Procedia, 8 (2011), 207.10.1016/j.egypro.2011.06.125Search in Google Scholar

[10] ZHANG H., YE F., LIU L., XU H., SUN C., J. Alloys Compd., 504 (2010), 171.10.1016/j.jallcom.2010.05.079Search in Google Scholar

[11] MEHTA V., COOPER J., J. Power Sources, 114 (2002), 32.10.1016/S0378-7753(02)00542-6Search in Google Scholar

[12] XU S., SHI Y., Sens. Actuat. B., 143 (2009), 71.10.1016/j.snb.2009.08.057Search in Google Scholar

[13] PATEL N.G., PATEL P.D., VAISHNAV V.S., Sens. Actuat. B., 96 (2003), 180.10.1016/S0925-4005(03)00524-0Search in Google Scholar

[14] PATEL N.G., MAKHIJA K.K., PANCHAL C.J., Sens. Actuat. B., 21 (1994), 193.10.1016/0925-4005(94)01247-4Search in Google Scholar

[15] PATEL N.G., MAKHIJA K.K., PANCHAL C.J., DAVE D.B., VAISHNAV V.S., Sens. Actuat. B., 23 (1995), 49.10.1016/0925-4005(94)01520-RSearch in Google Scholar

[16] LUO S., OKADA K., KOHIKI S., TSUTSUI F., SHIMOOKA H., SHOJI F., Mater. Lett., 63 (2009), 641.10.1016/j.matlet.2008.12.008Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

[17] DELACY G., LACEY S., ZHANG D., VALDES E., HOANG K., Mater. Lett., 117 (2014), 108.10.1016/j.matlet.2013.11.114Search in Google Scholar

[18] KYU-JEON M., KANG M., Mater. Lett., 62 (2008), 676.10.1016/j.matlet.2007.06.038Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

[19] XIE-BIN Z., TAO J., GUAN-ZHOU Q., BAI-YUN H., Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China, 19 (2009), 752Search in Google Scholar

[20] WOOD S., SAMSON I., Ore. Geol. Rev., 28 (2006), 57.10.1016/j.oregeorev.2003.06.002Search in Google Scholar

[21] JIANG L., SUN G., ZHOU Z., SUN S., WANG Q., YAN S., LI H., TIAN J., GUO J., ZHOU B., XIN Q., J. Phys. Chem. B., 109 (2005), 8774.10.1021/jp050334gSearch in Google Scholar

[22] YU D., YU W., WANG D., QIAN Y., Thin solid films, 419 (2002), 166.10.1016/S0040-6090(02)00482-0Search in Google Scholar

[23] THOMAS HE Y., WANG J., TOKUNAGA T., J. Nanapart. Res., 10 (2008), 321.10.1007/s11051-007-9255-1Search in Google Scholar

[24] KIM K.Y., PARK S.B., Mater. Chem. Phys., 86 (2004), 210.10.1016/j.matchemphys.2004.03.012Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

[25] SILVA G.M, FARIA DE E.H., NASSAR E.J., CIUFFI K.J., CALEFI P.S., Quim. Nova., 35 (2012), 473.10.1590/S0100-40422012000300006Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo