1. bookVolume 3 (2015): Issue 1 (November 2015)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2346-5522
First Published
15 Dec 2013
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Folk Elements in Aleksei Balabanov’s Brat and Brat 2: A Morphological Analysis

Published Online: 05 Dec 2015
Volume & Issue: Volume 3 (2015) - Issue 1 (November 2015)
Page range: 64 - 83
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2346-5522
First Published
15 Dec 2013
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Languages
English
Abstract

The article uses Vladimir Propp’s Morphology of the Folktale (Морфолоƨuя сказкu, 1928) as a framework to illustrate the way in which Aleksei Balabanov masterfully creates a modern folk tale using classic motifs and structures in his 1997 film Brother (Браm, Russia) and its sequel Brother 2 (Браm 2, Russia, 2000). The paper argues that Brother and Brother 2 are post-Soviet retellings of classic tales of Russian folklore and that Danila is a modern hero, an unlikely saviour of the Russian nation and the Russian soul. Danila’s journey is formulaic, predictable and straightforward, yet nevertheless makes for a powerfully new take on concepts of Russian nationalism and heroism. The underworld to which our hero must journey is located in the heart of Russia’s ‘Peter’, and possession of the Russian nation and soul are the object of his quest in the volatile post-Soviet period.

Alexander, Alex E. 1973. Bylina and Fairy Tale: The Origins of Russian Heroic Poetry. Paris: Mouton.10.1515/9783111396859Search in Google Scholar

Alexander, Alex E. 1979. ‘Stephen King’s Carrie - A Universal Fairytale’. - Journal of Popular Culture XIII, 2, 282-288.Search in Google Scholar

Balina, Marina; Goscilo, Helena; Lipovetsky, Mark (eds.) 2005. Politicizing Magic: An Anthology of Russian and Soviet Fairy Tales. Evanston: Northwestern University Press.Search in Google Scholar

Базанова, В. (ed.) 1958. Былины. Том 2. Москва: Гос. изд. чуд ожесвенной литературу.Search in Google Scholar

Beumers, Birgit 2003. ‘Soviet and Russian Blockbusters: A Question of Genre?’ - Slavic Review 62, 3, 441-454.10.2307/3185800Search in Google Scholar

Birchenough, Tom 2000. ‘“Brat” Sequel Guns for Global Visibility.’ - Variety 378, 12, 20.Search in Google Scholar

Blakey, Kate 1923. ‘Early Russian Folk Epics’. - The Slavonic Review 1, 3, 525-532.Search in Google Scholar

Bordwell, David 1988. ‘ApProppriations and ImPropprieties: Problems in the Morphology of Film Narrative’. - Cinema Journal 27, 3, 5-20.10.2307/1225288Search in Google Scholar

Chadwick, N. Kershaw 1964. Russian Heroic Poetry. New York: Russell & Russell.Search in Google Scholar

Chatman, Seymour 1980. Story and Discourse: Narrative Structure in Fiction and Film. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.Search in Google Scholar

Clark, Katerina 1981. The Soviet Novel: History as Ritual.Search in Google Scholar

Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.Search in Google Scholar

Cox, Gary 1980. ‘Fairy-Tale Plots and Contemporary Heroes in Early Russian Prose Fiction’. - Slavic Review 39, 1, 85-96.10.2307/2497304Search in Google Scholar

Day, Jennifer J. 2005. ‘Strange Spaces: Balabanov and the Petersburg Text’. - Slavic and East European Journal 49, 4, 612-624.Search in Google Scholar

Fell, John T. 1977. ‘Vladimir Propp in Hollywood’. - Film Quarterly 30, 19-203.Search in Google Scholar

Hala, Jim 1992. ‘Fatal Attraction and the Attraction of Fables: A Morphological Analysis’. - The Journal of Popular Culture 26, 3, 71-82.10.1111/j.0022-3840.1992.2603_71.xSearch in Google Scholar

Hashamova, Yana 2007. Pride and Panic: Russian Imagination of the West in Post-Soviet Film. Bristol: Intellect. Search in Google Scholar

‘Интервью’ 2014 = ‘Интервью Владимира Путина для ТАСС: ‘Мы сильнее, потому что правы. Сила в правде’’. - Politikus.ru, 24 November. http://politikus.ru/v-rossii/36430-intervyu-vladimira-putina-dlya-tass-mysilneepotomu-chto-pravy.-sila-v-pravde.html (12 September 2015).Search in Google Scholar

Larsen, Susan 2003. ‘National Identity, Cultural Authority, and the Post-Soviet Blockbuster: Nikita Mikhalkov and Aleksei Balabanov’. - Slavic Review 62, 2, 491-511.10.2307/3185803Search in Google Scholar

Lesinskis, Janis 2010. Applications of Vladimir Propp’s Formalist Paradigm in the Production of Cinematic Narrative. MA thesis. RMIT University. Melbourne. http:// researchbank.rmit.edu.au/eserv/rmit:7520/Lesinskis. pdf (12 September 2015).Search in Google Scholar

Липовецкий, Марк 2000. ‘Всех люблю на свете я!’ - Искусство кино 11. http://kinoart.ru/archive/2000/11/n11-article14 (12 September 2015).Search in Google Scholar

Lipovetsky, Mark 2004. ‘Post-Sots: Transformations of Socialist Realism in Popular Culture of the Recent Period’. - The Slavic and East European Journal 48, 3, 356-377.Search in Google Scholar

Magnus, Leonard Arthur 1967. The Heroic Ballads of Russia. Port Washington: Kennikat Press.Search in Google Scholar

Марголит, Евгений 1998. ‘Плач по пионеру, или Немецко е слово ‘Яблокитай’. - Искусство кино 2. http://kinoart.ru/archive/1998/02/n2-article9 (14 September 2015).Search in Google Scholar

Meletinsky, E. M. 1975. ‘The Low Hero of the Fairy Tale’. - Felix J. Oinas, Stephen Soudakoff (eds. and trans.), The Study of Russian Folklore. Slavistic Printings and Reprintings. Indiana University Textbook Series 4. Indiana University Folklore Institute Monograph Series 25. The Hague, Paris: Mouton: 235-276.Search in Google Scholar

Mesropova, Olga 2008. ‘Crime, Byt, and Fairy Tales: Daria Dontsova and Post-Soviet Ironical Detective Fiction’. - The Slavic and East European Journal 52, 1, 113-128.Search in Google Scholar

Narváez, Peter; Laba, Martin 1986. ‘Introduction: The Folklore-Popular Culture Continuum’. - Peter Narváez, Martin Laba (eds.), Media Sense: The Folklore-Popular Culture Continuum. Bowling Green: Bowling Green State University Press, 1-8.Search in Google Scholar

Obojski, Tim 1996. ‘To Finder of ‘National Idea’ for Russia: 10 Million-Rouble Reward’. - Deutsche Presse-Agentur, 13 August. ‘Последний герой’ 2002. - Итоги, 1 October.Search in Google Scholar

Propp, Vladimir 1968. Morphology of the Folktale. Trans. Laurence Scott. Austin: University of Texas Press.10.7560/783911Search in Google Scholar

Propp, Vladimir 1984. Theory and History of Folklore. Trans. Arianda Y. Martin, Richard P. Martin. Theory and History of Literature 5. Manchester: Manchester University Press.Search in Google Scholar

Sherman, Sharon R.; Koven. Mikel J. 2007. ‘Introduction: Popular Film as Vernacular Culture’. - Sharon R. Sherman, Mikel J. Koven (eds.), Folklore/Cinema: Popular Film as Vernacular Culture. Logan: Utah State University Press, 1-8.Search in Google Scholar

Volodarsky, V. M. (ed.) 1979. The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow: Russian Painting. Trans. B. Meyerovich. Leningrad: Aurora Art Publishers.Search in Google Scholar

White, Frederick H. 2014. ‘Interview with Lisa Rayel Jeffrey’. - KinoKultura: New Russian Cinema 45. http://www.kinokultura.com/2014/46i-white_jeffrey.shtml (2 March 2015).Search in Google Scholar

Wigzell, Faith 2001. ‘Folklore and Russian Literature’. - Neil Cornwell (ed.), The Routledge Companion to Russian Literature. London, New York: Routledge, 36-48.Search in Google Scholar

Wollen, Peter 1982. ‘North by Northwest: A Morphological Analysis’. - Film Form 1, 2, 19-34.Search in Google Scholar

Zipes, Jack 1979. Breaking the Magic Spell: Radical Theories of Folk & Fairy Tales. Austin: University of Texas Press.Search in Google Scholar

Zvonkine, Eugénie 2007. ‘The Structure of the Fairy Tale in Kira Muratova’s The Sentimental Policeman’. - Studies in Russian and Soviet Cinema 1, 2, 131-145.10.1386/srsc.1.2.131_1Search in Google Scholar

Österberg, Ira 2006. Где мои крылья? Анаиз фильма Алексея Балабанова ‘Брат’. MA Thesis. University of Helsinki. Helsinki.Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo