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Informacje o czasopiśmie
Format
Czasopismo
eISSN
1529-1227
Pierwsze wydanie
31 Jan 2000
Częstotliwość wydawania
1 raz w roku
Języki
Angielski

Wyszukiwanie

Tom 21 (2020): Zeszyt 1 (January 2020)

Informacje o czasopiśmie
Format
Czasopismo
eISSN
1529-1227
Pierwsze wydanie
31 Jan 2000
Częstotliwość wydawania
1 raz w roku
Języki
Angielski

Wyszukiwanie

2 Artykułów
Otwarty dostęp

Reaching for Unique Resources: Structural Holes and Specialization in Scientific Collaboration Networks

Data publikacji: 30 Jul 2020
Zakres stron: 1 - 34

Abstrakt

Abstract

On some fundamental level, we can think of scholars as actors possessing, or controlling, various types of resources. Collaboration in science is understood here as a process of pooling and exchanging such resources. We show how diversity of resources engaged in scientific collaboration is related to the structure of collaboration networks. We demonstrate that scholars within their personal networks simultaneously (1) diversify resources in collaboration ties surrounded by structural holes and (2) specialize resources in collaboration ties embedded in dense collaboration groups. These complementary mechanisms decrease individual efforts required to maintain effective collaborations in complex social settings. To this end, we develop a concept of “pairwise redundancy” capturing structural redundancy of ego’s neighbors vis-à-vis each other.

Słowa kluczowe

  • Collaboration networks
  • Structural holes
  • Specialization
  • Sociology of science
Otwarty dostęp

Comment on Geodesic Cycle Length Distributions in Delusional and Other Social Networks

Data publikacji: 01 Oct 2020
Zakres stron: 77 - 93

Abstrakt

2 Artykułów
Otwarty dostęp

Reaching for Unique Resources: Structural Holes and Specialization in Scientific Collaboration Networks

Data publikacji: 30 Jul 2020
Zakres stron: 1 - 34

Abstrakt

Abstract

On some fundamental level, we can think of scholars as actors possessing, or controlling, various types of resources. Collaboration in science is understood here as a process of pooling and exchanging such resources. We show how diversity of resources engaged in scientific collaboration is related to the structure of collaboration networks. We demonstrate that scholars within their personal networks simultaneously (1) diversify resources in collaboration ties surrounded by structural holes and (2) specialize resources in collaboration ties embedded in dense collaboration groups. These complementary mechanisms decrease individual efforts required to maintain effective collaborations in complex social settings. To this end, we develop a concept of “pairwise redundancy” capturing structural redundancy of ego’s neighbors vis-à-vis each other.

Słowa kluczowe

  • Collaboration networks
  • Structural holes
  • Specialization
  • Sociology of science
Otwarty dostęp

Comment on Geodesic Cycle Length Distributions in Delusional and Other Social Networks

Data publikacji: 01 Oct 2020
Zakres stron: 77 - 93

Abstrakt

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