The reaction of Pb-adsorbed montmorillonite with aqueous solutions of PO4 and Cl ions results in the decrease in phosphate concentration associated with the formation of a new phase - pyromorphite Pb5(PO4)3Cl. Pyromorphite crystals range in size from hundreds of nm to several tens of μm, depending on the PO4, K, and Ca concentrations in the reacting system. A strong ion-exchange effect of K+ and Ca2+ cations on desorption of Pb2+ from Pb-adsorbed montmorillonite was observed. Also, a high concentration of cations leads to a rapid desorption of Pb and the formation of fine pyromorphite crystals. In contrast, low PO4, K and Ca concentrations result in the formation of relatively large euhedral crystals. Final Pb concentrations are much lower in experimental sets than in control experiments with no phosphate present.