Objective. The prognosis of Cushing’s syndrome (CS) is related to a higher cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of metabolic disorders in patients with CS, the associated factors, and the rate of remission of these disorders after the remission from CS.

Methods. It is a retrospective study including 75 cases of CS followed up at the university hospital La Rabta of Tunis from 1987 to 2018. Clinical and paraclinical data were collected from medical files.

Results. The mean age of the patients was 44.1±18.9 years and the sex ratio was 0.39. At CS diagnosis, the frequencies of obesity, hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, and metabolic syndrome were 52, 75, 43, 83, and 73%, respectively. The age, gender, body mass index, waist circumference, and baseline serum cortisol level were not associated with the presence of diabetes, hypertension or dyslipidemia. Forty-eight patients were operated on. At one year, 38 patients were in remission from CS. The remission rates of hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidemia were respectively 58% (p<0.001), 76% (p<0.001), and 17% (NS).

Conclusion. Metabolic disorders were frequent during CS and their frequencies decreased after the remission from the syndrome.