1. bookTom 23 (2023): Zeszyt 4 (November 2023)
Informacje o czasopiśmie
Pierwsze wydanie
25 Nov 2011
Częstotliwość wydawania
4 razy w roku
Otwarty dostęp

Nutritional Supplements for the Control of Avian Coccidiosis – A Review

Data publikacji: 13 Nov 2023
Tom & Zeszyt: Tom 23 (2023) - Zeszyt 4 (November 2023)
Zakres stron: 993 - 1007
Otrzymano: 14 Oct 2022
Przyjęty: 27 Jan 2023
Informacje o czasopiśmie
Pierwsze wydanie
25 Nov 2011
Częstotliwość wydawania
4 razy w roku

Abbas A., Iqbal Z., Abbas R.Z., Khan M.K., Khan J.A. (2015). In-vitro anticoccidial potential of Saccharum officinarum extract against Eimeria oocysts. Bol. Latinoam. Caribe. Plant., 14: 456–461. Search in Google Scholar

Abbas A., Iqbal Z., Abbas R.Z., Khan M.K., Khan J.A., Sindhu Z.U.D., Mahmood M.S., Saleemi M.K. (2017). In vivo anticoccidial effects of Beta vulgaris (sugar beet) in broiler chickens. Microb. Path., 111: 139–144. Search in Google Scholar

Abbas R., Iqbal Z., Mansoor M., Sindhu Z., Zia M., Khan J. (2013). Role of natural antioxidants for the control of coccidiosis in poultry. Pak. Vet. J., 33: 401–407. Search in Google Scholar

Abbas R.Z., Iqbal Z., Khan M.N., Zafar M.A., Zia M.A. (2010). Anti-coccidial activity of Curcuma longa L. in broiler chickens. Braz. Arch. Biol. Technol., 53: 63–67. Search in Google Scholar

Abbas R.Z., Iqbal Z., Blake D., Khan M.N., Saleemi M.K. (2011 a). Anticoccidial drug resistance in fowl coccidia: the state of play revisited. Worlds Poult. Sci. J., 67: 337–350. Search in Google Scholar

Abbas R.Z., Manzoor Z., Munawar S.H., Iqbal Z., Khan M.N., Saleemi M.K., Zia M.A., Yousaf A. (2011 b). Anticoccidial activity of hydrochloric acid (HCl) against Eimeria tenella in broiler chickens. Pesq. Vet. Brasil. 31: 425–429. Search in Google Scholar

Abbas R.Z., Munawar S.H., Manzoor Z., Iqbal Z., Khan M.N., Saleemi M.K., Zia M.A., Yousaf A. (2011 c). Anticoccidial effects of acetic acid on performance and pathogenic parameters in broiler chickens challenged with Eimeria tenella. Pesq. Vet. Brasil., 31: 99–103. Search in Google Scholar

Abbas R.Z., Iqbal Z., Khan A., Sindhu Z.U.D., Khan J.A., Khan M.N., Raza A. (2012 a). Options for integrated strategies for the control of avian coccidiosis. Int. J. Agric. Biol., 14: 1014–1020. Search in Google Scholar

Abbas R.Z., Colwell D.D., Gilleard J. (2012 b). Botanicals: an alternative approach for the control of avian coccidiosis. Worlds Poult. Sci. J., 68: 203–215. Search in Google Scholar

Abbas R.Z., Abbas A., Iqbal Z., Raza M.A., Hussain K., Ahmed T., Shafi M.U. (2020). In vitro anticoccidial activity of Vitis vinifera extract on oocysts of different Eimeria species of broiler chicken. J. Hellenic Vet. Med. Soc., 71: 2267–2272. Search in Google Scholar

Abd El-Wahab A., Visscher C.F., Wolken S., Reperant J.M., Beineke A., Beyerbach M., Kamphues J. (2012). Foot-pad dermatitis and experimentally induced coccidiosis in young turkeys fed a diet without anticoccidia. Poult. Sci. J., 91: 627–635. Search in Google Scholar

Abd El-Wahab A., Mahmoud R., Marghani B., Gadallah H. (2019). Effects of yeast addition to the diet of Japanese quails on growth performance, selected serum parameters and intestinal morphology as well as pathogens reduction. Pak. Vet. J., 40: 219–223. Search in Google Scholar

Abdel-Moneim A.M.E., Shehata A.M., Khidr R.E., Paswan V.K., Ibrahim N.S., El-Ghoul A.A., Ebeid T.A. (2021). Nutritional manipulation to combat heat stress in poultry – A comprehensive review. J. Therm. Biol., 98: 102915. Search in Google Scholar

Abidin Z., Khatoon A. (2013). Heat stress in poultry and the beneficial effects of ascorbic acid (vitamin C) supplementation during periods of heat stress. Poult. Sci. J., 69: 135–152. Search in Google Scholar

Adhikari P., Kiess A., Adhikari R., Jha R. (2020). An approach to alternative strategies to control avian coccidiosis and necrotic enteritis. J. Appl. Poult. Res., 29: 515–534. Search in Google Scholar

Adhikari P.A., Castro F.L.D.S., Liu G., Kim W.K. (2022). Effects of total sulfur amino acids on growth performance, immunity, and meat yield in broilers fed diets with and without antibiotics. Front. Vet. Sci., 9: 903901. Search in Google Scholar

Adil S., Banday T., Bhat G.A., Mir M.S., Rehman M. (2010). Effect of dietary supplementation of organic acids on performance, intestinal histomorphology, and serum biochemistry of broiler chicken. Vet. Med. Int., 2010: 479485. Search in Google Scholar

Ahmad S., Rizwan M., Saeed Z. (2022). Alternative therapeutic strategies for histomonosis: A Review. Int. J. Agri. Biosci., 11: 238–245. Search in Google Scholar

Ahmad Z., Hafeez A., Ullah Q., Naz S., Khan R.U. (2020). Protective effect of Aloe vera on growth performance, leucocyte count and intestinal injury in broiler chicken infected with coccidiosis. J. Appl. Anim. Res., 48: 252–256. Search in Google Scholar

Ahmadu S., Mohammed A.A., Buhari H., Auwal A. (2016). An overview of vitamin C as an antistress in poultry. Malays. J. Vet. Res., 7: 9–22. Search in Google Scholar

Alagawany M., Elnesr S.S., Farag M.R., Tiwari R., Yatoo M.I., Karthik K., Dhama K. (2021). Nutritional significance of amino acids, vitamins and minerals as nutraceuticals in poultry production and health – a comprehensive review. Vet. Q., 41: 1–29. Search in Google Scholar

Alagbe E.O., Schulze H., Adeola O. (2022). Dietary enzymatically treated yeast and coccidia challenge effects on the growth performance, nutrient digestibility, and intestinal health of broiler chickens. Res. Squ., 2022. DOI: 10.21203/rs.3.rs-2090446/v1. Search in Google Scholar

Ali A.I.D.Y., Bahmani M., Pirhadi M., Kaviar V., Karimi E., Abbasi N. (2022). Phytochemical analysis and antimicrobial effect of essential oil and extract of Loranthus europaeus Jacq. on Acinetobacter baumannii, Staphylococcus aureus, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Kafkas Üni. Vet. Fakül. Dergisi., 28: 161–167. Search in Google Scholar

Ali A.M., Seddiek S.A., Khater H.F. (2014). Effect of butyrate, clop-idol and their combination on the performance of broilers infected with Eimeria maxima. Br. Poult. Sci., 55: 474–482. Search in Google Scholar

Allen P.C. (1999). Effects of daily oral doses of L-arginine on coccidiosis infections in chickens. Poult. Sci. J., 78: 1506–1509. Search in Google Scholar

Amerah A.M., Ravindran V. (2015). Effect of coccidia challenge and natural betaine supplementation on performance, nutrient utilization, and intestinal lesion scores of broiler chickens fed suboptimal level of dietary methionine. Poult. Sci. J., 94: 673–680. Search in Google Scholar

An S.H., Kim D.W., An B.K. (2016). Effects of dietary calcium levels on productive performance, eggshell quality and overall calcium status in aged laying hens. Asian-Australas. J. Anim. Sci., 29: 1477–1482. Search in Google Scholar

Ashraf F., Sajid A., Khan B., Rahman H.U., Khan S., Ullah S., Ullah Q., Rafiullah, Anwar M. (2021). Antiviral activity of Withania somnifera and Curcuma longa against foot and mouth disease virus. Cont. Vet. J., 1: 25–31. Search in Google Scholar

Bakkali F., Averbeck S., Averbeck D., Idaomar M. (2008). Biological effects of essential oils – a review. Food Chem. Toxicol., 46: 446–475. Search in Google Scholar

Barbour E.K., Bragg R.R., Karrouf G., Iyer A., Azhar E., Harakeh S., Kumosani T. (2015). Control of eight predominant Eimeria spp. involved in economic coccidiosis of broiler chicken by a chemically characterized essential oil. J. Appl. Microbiol., 118: 583–591. Search in Google Scholar

Baz M.M., Hegazy M.M., Khater H.F., El-Sayed Y.A. (2021). Comparative evaluation of five oil-resin plant extracts against the mosquito larvae, Culex pipiens Say (Diptera: Culicidae). Pak. Vet. J., 41: 191–196. Search in Google Scholar

Bedford M.R., Apajalahti J.H. (2022). The influence of nutrition on intestinal disease with emphasis on coccidiosis. Avian Pathol., 51: 504–520. Search in Google Scholar

Bennett J.W. (1998). Mycotechnology: the role of fungi in biotechnology. J. Biotechnol., 66: 101–107. Search in Google Scholar

Bortoluzzi C., Rochell S.J., Applegate T.J. (2018). Threonine, argi-nine, and glutamine: Influences on intestinal physiology, immunology, and microbiology in broilers. Poult. Sci. J., 97: 937–945. Search in Google Scholar

Bortoluzzi C., Vieira B.S., Applegate T.J. (2020). Influence of dietary zinc, copper, and manganese on the intestinal health of broilers under Eimeria challenge. Front. Vet. Sci., 7: 13. Search in Google Scholar

Bosila M.A., Mekky H.M., Fedawy H.S., Elbayomi K.M., Amer M.M. (2021). Histopathological lesion of arthritis in Mycoplasma synoviae naturally infected breeder chicken in Egypt. Int. J. Vet. Sci., 10: 72–74. Search in Google Scholar

Carpenter C.D. (1939). A study of aqueous colloidal sulphur in the control of fowl coccidiosis caused by Eimeria tenella. Poult. Sci. J., 18: 403. Search in Google Scholar

Carver J.D. (1999). Dietary nucleotides: effects on the immune and gastrointestinal systems. Acta Paediatr., 88: 83–88. Search in Google Scholar

Carver J.D., Walker W.A. (1995). The role of nucleotides in human nutrition. J. Nutr. Biochem., 6: 58–72. Search in Google Scholar

Chadwick E., Rahimi S., Grimes J., Pitts J., Beckstead R. (2020). Sodium bisulfate feed additive aids broilers in growth and intestinal health during a coccidiosis challenge. Poult. Sci. J., 99: 5324–5330. Search in Google Scholar

Chalvon-Demersay T., Yamphet T., Srinongkote S., Ohara H., Lambert W. (2021). Supplementing functional amino acids and polyphenols at low dose can restore performance and amino acid digestibility in broilers challenged with coccidiosis. Livest. Sci., 254: 104769. Search in Google Scholar

Chand N., Faheem H., Khan R.U., Qureshi M.S., Alhidary I.A., Abud-abos A.M. (2016). Anticoccidial effect of mananoligosacharide against experimentally induced coccidiosis in broiler. Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. 23: 14414–14421. Search in Google Scholar

Chapman H.D., Jeffers T.K., Williams R.B. (2010). Forty years of monensin for the control of coccidiosis in poultry. Poult. Sci. J., 89: 1788–1801. Search in Google Scholar

Chen C.Y., Chuang L.T., Chiang Y.C., Lin C.L., Lien Y.Y., Tsean H.Y. (2016). Use of a probiotic to ameliorate the growth rate and the inflammation of broiler chickens caused by Eimeria tenella infection. Anim. Nutr., 1:10. Search in Google Scholar

ChioFalo B., Presti V.L., Samoini G., Chiofalo V., Liotta L. (2011). Nucleotides in broiler chicken diet: effect on breast muscles quality. Czech J. Food Sci., 29: 308–317. Search in Google Scholar

Choct M., Naylor A.J., Reinke N. (2004). Selenium supplementation affects broiler growth performance, meat yield and feather coverage. Br. Poult. Sci., 45: 677–683. Search in Google Scholar

Chodkowska K.A., Abramowicz-Pindor P.A., Tuśnio A., Gawin K., Taciak M., Barszcz M. (2022). Effect of phytobiotic composition on production parameters, oxidative stress markers and myokine levels in blood and pectoral muscle of broiler chickens. Animals, 12: 2625. Search in Google Scholar

Christaki E., Florou-Paneri P., Giannenas I., Papazahariadou M., Botsoglou N.A., Spais A.B. (2004). Effect of a mixture of herbal extracts on broiler chickens infected with Eimeria tenella. J. Anim. Res., 53: 137–144. Search in Google Scholar

Corzo A., Kidd M.T., Dozier III W.A., Pharr G.T., Koutsos E.A. (2007). Dietary threonine needs for growth and immunity of broilers raised under different litter conditions. J. Appl. Poult. Res., 16: 574–582. Search in Google Scholar

Da Silva I.C.M., Ribeiro A.L., Canal C.W., Pinheiro C.C., de Moraes Vieira M., Gonçalves T.A., Lacerda L. (2009). Broiler chicken responses to immunological stimuli as mediated by different levels of vitamin E in the diet. J. Appl. Poult. Res., 18: 752–760. Search in Google Scholar

Dalloul R.A., Lillehoj H.S. (2005). Recent advances in immunomodulation and vaccination strategies against coccidiosis. Avian Dis., 49: 1–8. Search in Google Scholar

Dalloul R.A., Lillehoj H.S. (2006). Poultry coccidiosis: recent advancements in control measures and vaccine development. Expert Rev. Vaccines., 5: 143–163. Search in Google Scholar

Dalloul R.A., Lillehoj H.S., Shellem T.A., Doerr J.A. (2002). Effect of vitamin A deficiency on host intestinal immune response to Eimeria acervulina in broiler chickens. Poult. Sci. J., 81: 1509–1515. Search in Google Scholar

Dalloul R.A., Lillehoj H.S., Shellem T.A., Doerr J.A. (2003 a). Enhanced mucosal immunity against Eimeria acervulina in broilers fed a Lactobacillus-based probiotic. Poult. Sci. J., 82: 62–66. Search in Google Scholar

Dalloul R.A., Lillehoj H.S., Shellem T.A., Doerr J.A. (2003 b). Intestinal immunomodulation by vitamin A deficiency and Lacto-bacillus-based probiotic in Eimeria acervulina–infected broiler chickens. Avian Dis., 47: 1313–1320. Search in Google Scholar

Dantán-González E., Quiroz-Castañeda R.E., Cobaxin-Cárdenas M., Valle-Hernández J., Gama-Martínez Y., Tinoco-Valencia J.R., Ortiz-Hernández L. (2015). Impact of Meyerozyma guilliermondii isolated from chickens against Eimeria sp. protozoan, an in vitro analysis. BMC Vet. Res., 11: 1–11. Search in Google Scholar

Davison F., Magor K.E., Kaspers B., Fred D., Karel A.S. (2008). Structure and evolution of avian immunoglobulins. Avian immunol., 1: 107–127. Search in Google Scholar

Dil N., Qureshi M.A. (2002). Differential expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase is associated with differential Toll-like receptor-4 expression in chicken macrophages from different genetic backgrounds. Vet. Immunol. Immunopathol., 84: 191–207. Search in Google Scholar

Djilani A., Dicko A. (2012). The therapeutic benefits of essential oils. J. Nutr. Health., 7: 155–179. Search in Google Scholar

Dkhil M.A., Al-Quraishy S., Wahab R. (2015). Anticoccidial and antioxidant activities of zinc oxide nanoparticles on Eimeria papillata-induced infection in the jejunum. Int. J. Nanomedicine., 10: 1961. Search in Google Scholar

Dong X.Y., Azzam M.M.M., Zou X.T. (2017). Effects of dietary threo-nine supplementation on intestinal barrier function and gut micro-biota of laying hens. Poult. Sci. J., 96: 3654–3663. Search in Google Scholar

Du A., Hu S. (2004). Effects of a herbal complex against Eimeria tenella infection in chickens. J. Vet. Med., Series B, 51: 194–197. Search in Google Scholar

Evans J.W. (2001). Effect of an essential oil blend on coccidiosis in broiler chicks. Poult. Sci. J., 80: 258. Search in Google Scholar

Fabia K., Wolski D., Bienko M., Radzki R.P., Szymanczyk S. (2021). The problem of coccidiosis in broiler chickens and laying hens: Selected control methods and alternative solutions. Med. Weter., 77: 25–29. Search in Google Scholar

Fathima S., Selvaraj R.K. (2022). Application of nutritional immunology in the mitigation of economic and production losses in the poultry industry associated with food-borne pathogens, coccidiosis, and necrotic enteritis. Proc. Arkansas Nutrition Conference, 1: 5. Search in Google Scholar

Faure M., Mettraux C., Moennoz D., Godin J.P., Vuichoud J., Rochat F., Corthésy-Theulaz I. (2006). Specific amino acids increase mucin synthesis and microbiota in dextran sulfate sodium–treated rats. J. Nutr., 136: 1558–1564. Search in Google Scholar

Fekete S.G., Kellems R.O. (2007). Interrelationship of feeding with immunity and parasitic infection: a review. Vet. Med. (Praha)., 52: 131. Search in Google Scholar

Foligné B., Dewulf J., Vandekerckove P., Pignède G., Pot B. (2010). Probiotic yeasts: anti-inflammatory potential of various nonpathogenic strains in experimental colitis in mice. World J. Gastroenterol., 16: 2134. Search in Google Scholar

Fox M.C., Brown D.R., Southern L.L. (1987). Effect of dietary buffer additions on gain, efficiency, duodenal pH, and copper concentration in liver of Eimeria acervulina-infected chicks. Poult. Sci. J., 66: 500–504. Search in Google Scholar

Fuller R. (1989). Probiotics in man and animals. J. Appl. Bacteriol., 66: 365–378. Search in Google Scholar

Galli G.M., Aniecevski E., Petrolli T.G., da Rosa G., Boiago M.M., Simões C.A., Da Silva A.S. (2021). Growth performance and meat quality of broilers fed with microencapsulated organic acids. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol., 271: 114706. Search in Google Scholar

Garcia M. (2007). Seminavis atlantica Garcia, a new psammic diatom (Bacillariophyceae) from southern Brazilian sandy beaches. Braz. J. Biol., 67: 765–769. Search in Google Scholar

Giannenas I., Florou-Paneri P., Papazahariadou M., Christaki E., Botsoglou N.A., Spais A.B. (2003). Effect of dietary supplementation with oregano essential oil on performance of broilers after experimental infection with Eimeria tenella. Arch. Anim. Nutr., 57: 99–106. Search in Google Scholar

Giannenas I., Bonos E., Christaki E., Florou-Paneri P. (2013). Essential oils and their applications in animal nutrition. Int. J. Med. Aromat. Plants., 2: 2167–0412. Search in Google Scholar

Goff O.E., Upp C.W. (1940). Effect of four grades of sulphur upon artificially produced coccidiosis: Preliminary Report. Poult. Sci. J., 19: 180–186. Search in Google Scholar

Gottardo E.T., Prokoski K., Horn D., Viott A.D., Santos T.C., Fernandes J.I.M. (2016). Regeneration of the intestinal mucosa in Eimeria and E. coli challenged broilers supplemented with amino acids. Poult. Sci. J., 95: 1056–1065. Search in Google Scholar

Gul S.T., Alsayeqh A.F. (2022). Probiotics as an alternative approach Nutritional control of avian coccidiosis to antibiotics for safe poultry meat production. Pak. Vet. J., 42: 285–291. Search in Google Scholar

Hafeez A., Ullah Z., Khan R.U., Ullah Q., Naz S. (2020 a). Effect of diet supplemented with essential coconut oil on performance and intestinal injury in broiler exposed to avian coccidiosis. Trop. Anim. Health Prod., 52: 2499–2504. Search in Google Scholar

Hafeez M.A., Sattar A., Ashraf K., Mehdi M., Rafique A., Mahmood M.S., Zia M.R. (2020 b). Effect of ibuprofen alone and in conjugation with vitamin E and selenium on experimentally induced coccidiosis in broilers. J. Anim. Plant Sci., 30: 627–633. Search in Google Scholar

Hafez H.M. (2008). Poultry coccidiosis: Prevention and control approaches. Arch. Geflugelkd., 72: 2–7. Search in Google Scholar

Hameed U., Shabbir S., Bello A. (2022). Synergistic effects of organic acids with different solute concentrations on Bacillus cereus isolated from raw meat. Cont. Vet. J., 2: 118–126. Search in Google Scholar

Hanif M.A., Nisar S., Khan G.S., Mushtaq Z., Zubair M. (2019). Essential oils. In: Essential oil research. Springer, Cham., pp. 3–17. Herrick C.A., Holmes C.E. (1936). Effects of sulphur on coccidiosis in chickens. Vet. Med., 31: 390–391. Search in Google Scholar

Hooge D.M., Cummings K.R., McNaughton J.L. (1999). Evaluation of sodium bicarbonate, chloride, or sulfate with a coccidiostat in corn-soy or corn-soy-meat diets for broiler chickens. Poultry Sci., 78: 1300–1306. Search in Google Scholar

Hunolt A.E., Maguire R.O., Ogejo J.A., Badgley B.D., Frame W.H., Reiter M.S. (2015). Multiple applications of sodium bisulfate to broiler litter affect ammonia release and litter properties. J. Environ. Qual., 44: 1903–1910. Search in Google Scholar

Hussain K., Abbas R., Abbas A., Samiullah K., Ahmed T., Siddique F., Mohsin M., Rehman A., Rahman A.UL., Waqas M. (2021 a). Anticoccidial potential of Ageratum conyzoides and its effect on blood parameters of experimentally infected broiler chickens. J. Hellenic Vet. Med. Soc., 72: 3085–3090. Search in Google Scholar

Hussain K., Abbas R.Z., Abbas A., Rehman M.A., Raza M.A., Rehman T., Hussain R., Mahmood M.S.V., Imran M., Zaman M.A.V., Sindhu Z.D., Khan M.K., Ali S. (2021 b). Anticoccidial and biochemical effects of Artemisia brevifolia extract in broiler chickens. Braz. J. Poult. Sci., 23: 1–6. Search in Google Scholar

Hussain K., Alsayeqh A.F., Abbas A., Abbas R.Z., Rehman A., Waqar Z.A.I.B., Rehman T.U., Mahmood M.S. (2022). Potential of Glycyrrhiza glabra (licorice) extract an alternative biochemical and therapeutic agent against coccidiosis in broiler chickens. Kafkas Üni. Vet. Fakül. Dergisi, 28: 585–591. Search in Google Scholar

Ibrir F., Greathead H.M.R., Forbes J.M. (2001). The effect of thymol/carvacrol on the performance of broiler chickens infected with Eimeria acervulina. In: Proceedings of workshop on alternatives to feed antibiotics and anticoccidials in the pig and poultry meat production, Oslo, Norway. Search in Google Scholar

Ibrir F., Greathead H.M.R., Forbes J.M. (2009). Effect of dietary thymol/carvacrol mixture at a range of concentrations on coccidial infection in broiler chickens. Proc. 2nd Mediterranean Summit of WPSA, Antalya, Turkey, pp. 309–317. Search in Google Scholar

Idris M., Abbas R.Z., Masood S., Rehman T., Farooq U., Babar W., Riaz U. (2017). The potential of antioxidant rich essential oils against avian coccidiosis. Worlds Poult. Sci. J., 73: 89–104. Search in Google Scholar

Imran A., Alsayeqh A. (2022). Anticoccidial efficacy of Citrus sinensis essential oil in broiler chicken. Pak. Vet. J., 42: 461–466. Search in Google Scholar

Imran M., Umer T., Rehman H.U., Saleem M., Farooq H., Bhutta Z.A., Kulyar M.F.A., Shabbir S., Boruah P., Abbas J. (2022). Anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory and antioxidant activities of allicin, vitamin C and doxycycline, or their combination against Pasteurella multocida infection in rabbits. Cont. Vet. J., 2: 112–117. Search in Google Scholar

Ingraham J.L. (2010). March of the microbes: sighting the unseen. Harvard University Press. Search in Google Scholar

Jeon Y.S., Kim Y.B., Lee H.G., Park J., Heo Y.J., Chu G.M., Lee K.W. (2022). Effect of dietary organic and inorganic sulfur on the performance of coccidiosis vaccine challenged broiler chickens. Animals, 12: 1200. Search in Google Scholar

Jung B., Batal A.B. (2012). Effect of dietary nucleotide supplementation on performance and development of the gastrointestinal tract of broilers. Br. Poult. Sci., 53: 98–105. Search in Google Scholar

Kabir S.M.L., Rahman M.M., Rahman M.B., Hosain M.Z., Akand M.S.I., Das S.K. (2005). Viability of probiotics in balancing intestinal flora and effecting histological changes of crop and caecal tissues of broilers. J. Biotechnol., 4: 325–330. Search in Google Scholar

Kadykalo S., Roberts T., Thompson M., Wilson J., Lang M., Espeisse O. (2018). The value of anticoccidials for sustainable global poultry production. Int. J. Antimicrob. Agents., 51: 304–310. Search in Google Scholar

Khan M., Chand N., Naz S., Khan R.U. (2022). Dietary tea tree (Melaleuca alternifolia) essential oil as alternative to antibiotics alleviates experimentally induced Eimeria tenella challenge in Japanese quails. J. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutr., 2022: 1–7 Search in Google Scholar

Khater H.F., Ziam H., Abbas A., Abbas R.Z., Raza M.A., Hussain K., Selim A. (2020). Avian coccidiosis: Recent advances in alternative control strategies and vaccine development. Agrobiol. Rec., 1: 11–25. Search in Google Scholar

Khedr N., Ahmed T. (2020). Effect of dietary nucleotide supplementation on broiler intestinal histomorphology. Benha Med. J., 39: 127–131. Search in Google Scholar

Kiarie E., Romero L.F., Nyachoti C.M. (2013). The role of added feed enzymes in promoting gut health in swine and poultry. Nutr. Res. Rev., 26: 71–88. Search in Google Scholar

Kiarie E., Walsh M.C., Nyachoti C.M. (2016). Performance, digestive function, and mucosal responses to selected feed additives for pigs. J. Anim. Sci., 94: 169–180. Search in Google Scholar

Kiarie E.G., Leung H., Akbari M.K.R., Patterson R., Barta J.R. (2019). Utility of feed enzymes and yeast derivatives in ameliorating deleterious effects of coccidiosis on intestinal health and function in broiler chickens. Front. Vet. Sci., 6: 473. Search in Google Scholar

Kidd M.T., Pote L.M., Keirs R.W. (2003). Lack of interaction between dietary threonine and Eimeria acervulina in chicks. J. Appl. Poult. Res., 12: 124–129. Search in Google Scholar

Kitandu A., Juranova R. (2006). Progress in control measures for chicken coccidiosis. Acta. Vet. Brno., 75: 265–276. Search in Google Scholar

Küçükyilmaz K., Bozkurt M., Selek N., Güven E., Eren H., Atasever A., Çınar M. (2012). Effects of vaccination against coccidiosis, with and without a specific herbal essential oil blend, on performance, oocyst excretion and serum IBD titers of broilers reared on litter. Ital. J. Anim. Sci., 11: e1. Search in Google Scholar

Lai A., Dong G., Song D., Yang T., Zhang X. (2018). Responses to dietary levels of methionine in broilers medicated or vaccinated against coccidia under Eimeria tenella-challenged condition. BMC Vet. Res., 14: 1–11. Search in Google Scholar

Laika M., Jahanian R. (2017). Increase in dietary arginine level could ameliorate detrimental impacts of coccidial infection in broiler chickens. Livest. Sci., 195: 38–44. Search in Google Scholar

Lambert R.J.W., Skandamis P.N., Coote P.J., Nychas G.J. (2001). A study of the minimum inhibitory concentration and mode of action of oregano essential oil, thymol and carvacrol. J. Appl. Microbiol., 91: 453–462. Search in Google Scholar

Lan Y., Xun S., Tamminga S., Williams B.A., Verstegen M.W.A., Erdi G. (2004). Real-time PCR detection of lactic acid bacteria in cecal contents of Eimeria tenella-infected broilers fed soybean oligosaccharides and soluble soybean polysaccharides. Poult. Sci. J., 83: 1696–1702. Search in Google Scholar

Lee S., Lillehoj H.S., Park D.W., Hong Y.H., Lin J.J. (2007). Effects of Pediococcus- and Saccharomyces-based probiotic (MitoMax®) on coccidiosis in broiler chickens. Comp. Immunol. Microbiol. Infect. Dis., 30: 261–268. Search in Google Scholar

Liévin-Le Moal V., Servin A.L. (2014). Anti-infective activities of Lactobacillus strains in the human intestinal microbiota: from probiotics to gastrointestinal anti-infectious biotherapeutic agents. Clin. Microbiol. Rev., 27: 167–199. Search in Google Scholar

Lin G.J., Liu T.Y., Tseng Y.Y., Chen Z.W., You C.C., Hsuan S.L., Huang C. (2009). Yeast-expressed classical swine fever virus glycoprotein E2 induces a protective immune response. Vet. Micro-biol., 139: 369–374. Search in Google Scholar

Lohakare J.D., Kim J.K., Ryu M.H., Hahn T.W., Chae B.J. (2005). Effects of vitamin C and vitamin D interaction on the performance, immunity, and bone characteristics of commercial broilers. J. Appl. Poult. Res., 14: 670–678. Search in Google Scholar

Luquetti B.C., Alarcon M.F.F., Lunedo R., Campos D.M.B., Furlan R.L., Macari M. (2016). Effects of glutamine on performance and intestinal mucosa morphometry of broiler chickens vaccinated against coccidiosis. Sci. Agric., 73: 322–327. Search in Google Scholar

Mandal A.B. (2022). Feeding and nutrient requirements of ducks. In: Duck production and management strategies. Springer, Singapore, pp. 303–337. Search in Google Scholar

Mansoori B., Modirsanei M., Nodeh H., Rahbari S. (2010). The interactive effect of phytase and coccidia on the gross lesions as well as the absorption capacity of intestine in broilers fed with diets low in calcium and available phosphorous. Vet. Parasitol., 168: 111–115. Search in Google Scholar

Marsh J.A., Dietert R.R., Combs Jr G.F. (1981). Influence of dietary selenium and vitamin E on the humoral immune response of the chick. Proceed. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med., 166: 228–236. Search in Google Scholar

McDougald L.R., Fitz-Coy S.H. (2008). Coccidiosis (Chapter 28 – Protozoal Infections). Diseases of Poultry (12th Ed.), Saif Y.M. et al. (eds). Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Ames, Iowa. Search in Google Scholar

Metzler-Zebeli B.U., Eklund M., Mosenthin R. (2009). Impact of osmoregulatory and methyl donor functions of betaine on intestinal health and performance in poultry. Worlds Poult. Sci. J., 65: 419–442. Search in Google Scholar

Mohammed A.A., Ahmadu S., Buhari H., Auwal A. (2016). An overview of vitamin C as an antistress in poultry. Malays. J. Vet. Res., 7: 9–22. Search in Google Scholar

Mohiti-Asli M., Ghanaatparast-Rashti M. (2015). Dietary oregano essential oil alleviates experimentally induced coccidiosis in broilers. Prev. Vet. Med., 120: 195–202. Search in Google Scholar

Mohsin M., Abbas R.Z., Yin G., Sindhu Z.U.D., Abbas A., Huang Z., Shoaib M. (2021 a). Probiotics as therapeutic, antioxidant and immunomodulatory agents against poultry coccidiosis. Worlds Poult. Sci. J., 77: 331–345. Search in Google Scholar

Mohsin M., Li L., Huang X., Aleem M.T., Habib Y.J., Ismael A. (2021 b). Immunogenicity and protective efficacy of probiotics with EtIMP1C against Eimeria tenella challenge. Pak. Vet. J., 41: 274–278. Search in Google Scholar

Moon J., Ramkumar S., von Lintig J. (2022). Genetic dissection in mice reveals a dynamic crosstalk between the delivery pathways of vitamin A. J. Lipid. Res., 100215. Search in Google Scholar

Moryani A.A., Rajput N., Naeem M., Shah A.H., Jahejo A.R. (2021). Screening of the herbs and evaluation of their combined effects on the health and immunity of coccidiosis challenged broiler chickens. Pak. Vet. J., 41: 228–234. Search in Google Scholar

Mussini F.J., Goodgame S.D., Lu C., Bradley C.D., Fiscus S.M., Waldroup P.W. (2012). A nutritional approach to the use of anticoccidial vaccines in broilers: glutamine utilization in critical stages of immunity acquisition. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 11: 243–246. Search in Google Scholar

Nahed A., Abd El-Hack M.E., Albaqami N.M., Khafaga A.F., Taha A.E., Swelum A.A., Elbestawy A.R. (2022). Phytochemical control of poultry coccidiosis: a review. Poult. Sci. J., 101: 101542. Search in Google Scholar

Nawaz M., Zhou J., Khalid I., Shamim A., Hussain A., Ahmed Z., Waqas M., Ahmed I., Malik MI. (2022). Antiparasitic activity of plants extract against gastrointestinal nematodes and Rhipicephalus microplus. Int. J. Vet. Sci., 11: 474–478. Search in Google Scholar

Nichols N.L., Bertolo R.F. (2008). Luminal threonine concentration acutely affects intestinal mucosal protein and mucin synthesis in piglets. J. Nutr., 138: 1298–1303. Search in Google Scholar

Okonkwo I.F., Achilike K.M. (2022). Comparative assessment of antimicrobial activities of Allium cepa (onions) extracts Agrobiol. Record., 9: 73–79. Search in Google Scholar

Oussalah M., Caillet S., Lacroix M. (2006). Mechanism of action of Spanish oregano, Chinese cinnamon, and savory essential oils against cell membranes and walls of Escherichia coli O157: H7 and Listeria monocytogenes. J. Food Prot., 69: 1046–1055. Search in Google Scholar

Overbeck S., Rink L., Haase H. (2008). Modulating the immune response by oral zinc supplementation: a single approach for multiple diseases. Arch. Immunol. Ther. Exp., 56: 15–30. Search in Google Scholar

Oviedo-Rondón E.O., Clemente-Hernández S., Salvador F., Williams P., Losa R., Stephan F. (2006). Essential oils on mixed coccidia vaccination and infection in broilers. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 5: 723–730. Search in Google Scholar

Oxford J.H., Selvaraj R.K. (2019). Effects of glutamine supplementation on broiler performance and intestinal immune parameters during an experimental coccidiosis infection. J. Appl. Poult. Res., 28: 1279–1287. Search in Google Scholar

Ozyilmaz A., Demirci A., Konuskan D.B., Demirci S. (2017). Macro minerals, micro minerals, heavy metal, fat, and fatty acid profiles of European hake (Merluccius merluccius Linnaeus, 1758) caught by gillnet. J. Entomol. Zool. Stud., 5: 272–275. Search in Google Scholar

Panda B., Combs G.F., DeVolt H.M. (1964). Studies on coccidiosis and vitamin A nutrition of broilers. Poult. Sci. J., 43: 154–164. Search in Google Scholar

Parker J., Oviedo-Rondón E.O., Clack B.A., Clemente-Hernandez S., Osborne J., Remus J.C., Pierson E.M. (2007). Enzymes as feed additive to aid in responses against Eimeria species in coccidiavaccinated broilers fed corn-soybean meal diets with different protein levels. Poult. Sci. J., 86: 643–653. Search in Google Scholar

Patterson J.A., Burkholder K.M. (2003). Application of prebiotics and probiotics in poultry production. Poult. Sci. J., 82: 627–631. Search in Google Scholar

Peek H.W., Van der Klis J.D., Vermeulen B., Landman W.J.M. (2009). Dietary protease can alleviate negative effects of a coccidiosis infection on production performance in broiler chickens. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol., 150: 151–159. Search in Google Scholar

Penny H., Flores R., Pennington E., Pedersen A., Tran S. (2022). The role of macronutrients and micronutrients in wound healing: a narrative review. J. Wound Care., 31: S14–S22. Search in Google Scholar

Perez-Carbajal C., Caldwell D., Farnell M., Stringfellow K., Pohl S., Casco G., Ruiz-Feria C.A. (2010). Immune response of broiler chickens fed different levels of arginine and vitamin E to a coccidiosis vaccine and Eimeria challenge. Poult. Sci. J., 89: 1870–1877. Search in Google Scholar

Perricone V., Sandrini S., Irshad N., Savoini G., Comi M., Agazzi A. (2022). Yeast-derived products: The role of hydrolyzed yeast and yeast culture in poultry nutrition – a review. Animals, 12: 1426. Search in Google Scholar

Pop L.M., Varga E., Coroian M., Nedișan M.E., Mircean V., Dumitrache M.O., Gyӧrke A. (2019). Efficacy of a commercial herbal formula in chicken experimental coccidiosis. Parasites Vectors, 12: 1–9. Search in Google Scholar

Pope M.J., Cherry T.E. (2000). An evaluation of the presence of pathogens on broilers raised on poultry litter treatment-treated litter. Poult. Sci. J., 79: 1351–1355. Search in Google Scholar

Pourakbari M., Seidavi A., Asadpour L., Martínez A. (2016). Probiotic level effects on growth performance, carcass traits, blood parameters, cecal microbiota, and immune response of broilers. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc., 88: 1011–1021. Search in Google Scholar

Quiroz-Castañeda R.E., Dantán-González E. (2015). Control of avian coccidiosis: future and present natural alternatives. Biomed. Res. Int., Article ID 430610. Search in Google Scholar

Rafique K., Rahman A., Mahmood M. (2020). Effect of dietary supplementation of different levels of Saccharomyces cerevisiae on growth performance and hematology in broiler. Indian J. Anim. Res., 54: 59–64. Search in Google Scholar

Rani Z., Abbas R.Z., Abbas A., Saeed Z., Rehman T., Hussain, Mehmood K., Rehman A., Hussain K. (2021). In vitro and in vivo anticoccidial effects of butyric acid and its impact on blood and serum chemistry of broiler chickens. Kafkas Univ. Vet. Fak. Derg., 27: 583–588. Search in Google Scholar

Rao R., Samak G. (2012). Role of glutamine in protection of intestinal epithelial tight junctions. J. Epithel. Biol. Pharmacol., 5: 47. Search in Google Scholar

Rashid S., Alsayeqh A.F., Akhtar T., Abbas R.Z., Ashraf R. (2023). Probiotics: Alternative of antibiotics in poultry production. Int. J. Vet. Sci., 12: 45–53. Search in Google Scholar

Remmal A., Achahbar S., Bouddine L., Chami N., Chami F. (2011). In vitro destruction of Eimeria oocysts by essential oils. Vet. Parasitol., 182: 121–126. Search in Google Scholar

Ren Z., Bütz D.E., Whelan R., Naranjo V., Arendt M.K., Ramuta M.D., Cook M.E. (2020). Effects of dietary methionine plus cysteine levels on growth performance and intestinal antibody production in broilers during Eimeria challenge. Poult. Sci. J., 99: 374–384. Search in Google Scholar

Richards J.D., Hampton T.R., Wuelling C.W., Wehmeyer M.E., Parker D., Dibner J.J. (2005). MINTREXTM Zn and MINTREXTM Cu organic trace minerals improve intestinal strength and immune response to coccidiosis infection and/or vaccination in broilers. Proc. 15th European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition, Balatonfüred, Hungary, 25–29.09.2005, World’s Poultry Science Association (WPSA), pp. 257–259. Search in Google Scholar

Ricke S.C. (2003). Perspectives on the use of organic acids and short chain fatty acids as antimicrobials. Poult. Sci. J., 82: 632–639. Search in Google Scholar

Rizwan H.M., Khan M.K., Mughal M.A.S., Abbas Z., Abbas R.Z., Sajid M.S., Abbas A. (2022). A new insight in immunomodula-tory impact of botanicals in treating avian coccidiosis. J. Parasit. Dis., 46: 1164–1175. Search in Google Scholar

Roto S.M., Rubinelli P.M., Ricke S.C. (2015). An introduction to the avian gut microbiota and the effects of yeast-based prebiotic-type compounds as potential feed additives. Front. Vet. Sci., 2: 28. Search in Google Scholar

Ruiz-Feria C.A., Larrison E., Davis M., Farnell M., Carey J., Grimes J.L., Pitts J. (2011). Supplementation of feed grade sodium bisul-fate in broiler diets improves feed efficiency. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 10: 670–676. Search in Google Scholar

Salman M., Imran A. (2022). In vitro anticoccidial evaluation of Citrus sinensis essential oil against Eimeria oocysts. Agrobiol. Record., 10: 15–18. Search in Google Scholar

Sayyar H.T., Afroz S. Assad T., (2021). Evaluation of phytochemical screening, antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of ethanol extracts of Cucumis flexouses and Cucumis reticulatus seeds. Pak. Vet. J., 41: 142–146. Search in Google Scholar

Seidavi A., Dadashbeiki M., Alimohammadi-Saraei M.H., van den Hoven R., Payan-Carreira R., Laudadio V., Tufarelli V. (2017). Effects of dietary inclusion level of a mixture of probiotic cultures and enzymes on broiler chickens immunity response. Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res., 24: 4637–4644. Search in Google Scholar

Semba R.D. (1998). The role of vitamin A and related retinoids in immune function. Nutr. Rev., 56: S38–S48. Search in Google Scholar

Shim Y.H., Ingale S.L., Kim J.S., Kim K.H., Seo D.K., Lee S.C., Kwon I.K. (2012). A multi-microbe probiotic formulation processed at low and high drying temperatures: effects on growth performance, nutrient retention and caecal microbiology of broilers. Br. Poult. Sci., 53: 482–490. Search in Google Scholar

Shobha S.V., Ravindranath B. (1991). Supercritical carbon dioxide and solvent extraction of the phenolic lipids of cashew nut (Anacardium occidentale) shells. J. Agric. Food Chem., 39: 2214–2217. Search in Google Scholar

Shojadoost B., Yitbarek A., Alizadeh M., Kulkarni R.R., Astill J., Boodhoo N., Sharif S. (2021). Centennial review: Effects of vitamins A, D, E, and C on the chicken immune system. Poult. Sci. J., 100: 100930. Search in Google Scholar

Shurson G.C. (2018). Yeast and yeast derivatives in feed additives and ingredients: Sources, characteristics, animal responses, and quantification methods. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol., 235: 60–76. Search in Google Scholar

Siegert W., Ahmadi H., Rodehutscord M. (2015). Meta-analysis of the influence of dietary glycine and serine, with consideration of methionine and cysteine, on growth and feed conversion of broilers. Poult. Sci. J., 94: 1853–1863. Search in Google Scholar

Singh S.P., Donovan G.A. (1973). A relationship between coccidiosis and dietary vitamin A levels in chickens. Poult. Sci. J., 52: 1295–1301. Search in Google Scholar

Sobhy H., AboElnaga T.R., Behour T.S., Razin E.A. (2021). In vitro trypanocidal activity of essential oils of some plants against Trypanosoma evansi. Int. J. Vet. Sci., 10: 191–195. Search in Google Scholar

Štrbac F., Bosco A., Amadesi A., Rinaldi L., Stojanović D., Simin N., Orčić D., Pušić I., Krnjajić S., Ratajac R. (2021). Ovicidal potential of five different essential oils to control gastrointestinal nematodes of sheep. Pak. Vet. J. 41: 353–358. Search in Google Scholar

Stringfellow K., Caldwell D., Lee J., Mohnl M., Beltran R., Schatzmayr G., Farnell M. (2011). Evaluation of probiotic administration on the immune response of coccidiosis-vaccinated broilers. Poult. Sci. J., 90: 1652–1658. Search in Google Scholar

Su S., Miska K.B., Fetterer R.H., Jenkins M.C., Wong E.A. (2014). Expression of digestive enzymes and nutrient transporters in Eimeria acervulina-challenged layers and broilers. Poult. Sci. J., 93: 1217–1226. Search in Google Scholar

Su S., Miska K.B., Fetterer R.H., Jenkins M.C., Wong E.A. (2015). Expression of digestive enzymes and nutrient transporters in Eimeria-challenged broilers. Exp. Parasitol., 150: 13–21. Search in Google Scholar

Superchi P., Saleri R., Borghetti P., De Angelis E., Ferrari L., Cavalli V., Sabbioni A. (2012). Effects of dietary nucleotide supplementation on growth performance and hormonal and immune responses of piglets. Animals, 6: 902–908. Search in Google Scholar

Teng P.Y., Choi J., Tompkins Y., Lillehoj H., Kim W. (2021). Impacts of increasing challenge with Eimeria maxima on the growth performance and gene expression of biomarkers associated with intestinal integrity and nutrient transporters. J. Vet. Res., 52: 1–12. Search in Google Scholar

Tierney J., Gowing H., Van Sinderen D., Flynn S., Stanley L., McHardy N., Mulcahy G. (2004). In vitro inhibition of Eimeria tenella invasion by indigenous chicken Lactobacillus species. Vet. Parasitol., 122: 171–182. Search in Google Scholar

Travers M.A., Florent I., Kohl L., Grellier P. (2011). Probiotics for the control of parasites: an overview. J. Parasitol. Res., Article ID 610769. Search in Google Scholar

Turek C., Stintzing F.C. (2013). Stability of essential oils: a review. Compr. Rev. Food Sci. Food Saf., 12: 40–53. Search in Google Scholar

Turk D.E. (1973). Calcium absorption during coccidial infections in chicks. Poult. Sci. J., 52: 854–857. Search in Google Scholar

Ulo Y.B. (2022). Fundamental role of supplanting enzymes in poultry diet. World Sci. News., 166: 100–115. Search in Google Scholar

Ur Rahman S., Mohsin M. (2019). The under reported issue of antibiotic-resistance in food-producing animals in Pakistan. Pak. Vet. J., 1: 1–16. Search in Google Scholar

Van der Klis J.D., Verstegen M.W.A., De Wit W. (1990). Absorption of minerals and retention time of dry matter in the gastrointestinal tract of broilers. Poult. Sci. J., 69: 2185–2194. Search in Google Scholar

Wajiha and Qureshi N.A. (2021). In vitro anticoccidial, antioxidant activities and biochemical screening of methanolic and aqueous leaves extracts of selected plants. Pak. Vet. J., 41: 57–63. Search in Google Scholar

Wang Y., Sun J., Zhong H., Li N., Xu H., Zhu Q., Liu Y. (2017). Effect of probiotics on the meat flavour and gut microbiota of chicken. Sci. Rep., 7: 1–13. Search in Google Scholar

Watson B. C., Matthews J.O., Southern L.L., Shelton J.L. (2005). The interactive effects of Eimeria acervulina infection and phytase for broiler chicks. Poult. Sci. J., 84: 910–913. Search in Google Scholar

Wu C., Yang Z., Song C., Liang C., Li H., Chen W., Xie Q. (2018). Effects of dietary yeast nucleotides supplementation on intestinal barrier function, intestinal microbiota, and humoral immunity in specific pathogen-free chickens. Poult. Sci. J., 97: 3837–3846. Search in Google Scholar

Xie N., Zhou T., Li B. (2012). Kefir yeasts enhance probiotic potentials of Lactobacillus paracasei H9: the positive effects of coaggregation between the two strains. Int. Food Res. J., 45: 394–401. Search in Google Scholar

Yazdanabadi F.I., Mohebalian H., Moghaddam G., Abbasabadi M., Sarir H., Vashan S.J.H., Haghparast A. (2020). Influence of Eimeria spp. infection and dietary inclusion of arginine on intestine histological parameters, serum amino acid profile and ileal amino acids digestibility in broiler chicks. Vet. Parasitol., 286: 109241. Search in Google Scholar

Yim D., Kang S.S., Kim D.W., Kim S.H., Lillehoj H.S., Min W. (2011). Protective effects of Aloe vera-based diets in Eimeria maxima-infected broiler chickens. Exp. Parasitol., 127: 322–325. Search in Google Scholar

Yin J., Li T., Yin Y. (2016). Methionine and antioxidant potential. J. Antioxid. Act., 1: 12–17. Search in Google Scholar

Zaghari M., Pouraghaali S., Zhandi M., Abbasi M. (2022). Effect of monovalent copper oxide and potentiated zinc oxide on growth performance and gut morphology of broiler chickens challenged with coccidiosis. Biol. Trace Elem. Res., doi: 10.1007/s12011-022-03339-8. Search in Google Scholar

Zaheer T., Abbas R.Z., Imran M., Abbas A., Butt A., Aslam S., Ahmad J. (2022). Vaccines against chicken coccidiosis with particular reference to previous decade: progress, challenges, and opportunities. Parasitol. Res., 121: 2749–2763. Search in Google Scholar

Zaman M.A., Iqbal Z., Abbas R.Z., Khan M.N. (2012). Anticoccidial activity of herbal complex in broiler chickens challenged with Eimeria tenella. Parasitology, 139: 237–243. Search in Google Scholar

Zaman M.A., Abbas R.Z., Qamar W., Qamar M.F., Mehreen U., Shahid Z., Kamran M. (2020). Role of secondary metabolites of medicinal plants against Ascaridia galli. Worlds Poult. Sci. J., 76: 639–655. Search in Google Scholar

Zhang L.B., Guo Y.M. (2008). Effects of liquid DL-2-hydroxy-4-methylthio butanoic acid on growth performance and immune responses in broiler chickens. Poult. Sci. J., 87: 1370–1376. Search in Google Scholar

Zhang G.Q., Ma Q.G., Ji C. (2008). Effects of dietary inosinic acid on carcass characteristics, meat quality, and deposition of inosinic acid in broilers. Poult. Sci. J., 87: 1364–1369. Search in Google Scholar

Zhang Q., Chen X., Eicher S.D., Ajuwon K.M., Applegate T.J. (2016). Effect of threonine deficiency on intestinal integrity and immune response to feed withdrawal combined with coccidial vaccine challenge in broiler chicks. Br. J. Nutr., 116: 2030–2043. Search in Google Scholar

Polecane artykuły z Trend MD