Otwarty dostęp

Effect of the trap crop, Solanum sisymbriifolium, on Globodera pallida, Globodera tabacum, and Globodera ellingtonae


The effect of the nematode trap crop Solanum sisymbriifolium was assessed against three Globodera spp., the potato cyst nematode Globodera pallida (in Idaho), the recently described Globodera ellingtonae (in Oregon), and the tobacco cyst nematode Globodera tabacum (in Connecticut) in field trials. At all locations the ability of S. sisymbriifolium to reduce Globodera encysted second-stage juveniles (J2) in egg densities compared to fallow was considered. For G. ellingtonae, the impact of planting and termination dates of S. sisymbriifolium on final egg densities was also evaluated; and for G. pallida, the ability of the nematode to reproduce on potato (Solanum tuberosum) after exposure to S. sisymbriifolium was determined. Encysted J2 in egg densities of all three Globodera spp. declined from 25 to 68% after trap cropping with S. sisymbriifolium. For G. pallida, S. sisymbriifolium reduced final encysted J2 in egg density by 23 to 50% compared to the fallow treatment, and significantly decreased G. pallida reproduction on potato after exposure to S. sisymbriifolium by 99 to 100% compared to the fallow treatment (P < 0.0001). For G. ellingtonae, the planting date of S. sisymbriifolium in May or June did not impact final egg densities (P = 0.32). Rather, percentage reduction in G. ellingtonae encysted J2 in egg density was most influenced by the length of time to which nematodes were exposed to S. sisymbriifolium, with 30 and 81% reduction after 6 vs 12 wk of exposure, respectively (P < 0.0001). Similar levels of nematode reduction after S. sisymbriifolium were observed for G. tabacum after 12 to 14 wk of exposure to the trap crop; G. tabacum density changes consisted of a 114% increase after susceptible tobacco, a 65% decrease after resistant tobacco, and an 88% decrease after S. sisymbriifolium compared to bare soil. In conclusion, this research demonstrates the widespread applicability of S. sisymbriifolium in reducing a diversity of Globodera spp. present in the USA.

Częstotliwość wydawania:
Volume Open
Dziedziny czasopisma:
Nauki biologiczne, inne