Rivista e Edizione

Volume 10 (2021): Edizione 1-2 (December 2021)

Volume 9 (2020): Edizione 2 (December 2020)

Volume 9 (2020): Edizione 1 (August 2020)

Volume 8 (2019): Edizione 2 (December 2019)

Volume 8 (2019): Edizione 1 (July 2019)

Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
2285-388X
Pubblicato per la prima volta
05 Dec 2019
Periodo di pubblicazione
1 volta all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

Volume 9 (2020): Edizione 2 (December 2020)

Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
2285-388X
Pubblicato per la prima volta
05 Dec 2019
Periodo di pubblicazione
1 volta all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

4 Articoli
Accesso libero

Generalized Classes of Estimators for Population Mean, Ratio and Product Using Rank of Auxiliary Character Under Double Sampling the Non-Respondents

Pubblicato online: 31 Dec 2020
Pagine: 1 - 12

Astratto

Abstract

In the present study, generalized classes of estimators for estimating population mean, ratio and product of two population means using rank of auxiliary character in presence of non-response are proposed. The bias and mean square error of proposed classes of estimators are obtained and their performances examined. Specific conditions under which the members of proposed classes of estimators attain minimum mean square error are obtained. Comparative study of the proposed classes of estimators with the relevant estimators is carried out. An empirical study is given to justify the efficiency of the proposed classes of estimators.

Parole chiave

  • Estimators
  • Bias
  • Mean square error
  • Simple random sampling

JEL Classification

  • C83
Accesso libero

What Triggers Poverty of Young Nationals and Young Migrants? A Comparative Macroeconomic Approach

Pubblicato online: 31 Dec 2020
Pagine: 13 - 29

Astratto

Abstract

Identifying the macro-economic determinants of poverty is a key concern for developing poverty reduction policies. Since young people and young migrants in particular are more exposed to poverty, establishing the factors that trigger poverty among these social categories has even more relevance. A preliminary analysis shows that significant differences exist between at-risk-of poverty or social exclusion rate of young migrants and young nationals across European countries. For a more thorough study of the reasons behind these differences in poverty rates between young migrants and young nationals, two panel data regression models are estimated on a cross-section of 23 countries over the period 2010 – 2018 (one model for young migrants, the other for young nationals). Results confirm the main theories in the specialty literature: unemployment and inequality (measured by the Gini index) are the main triggers of poverty or social exclusion both for young nationals and young migrants. However, the income is significant for reducing poverty only for young nationals, but not for the young migrants. This result reinforces the necessity of better integration policies for young migrants in richer Member States.

Parole chiave

  • Poverty
  • Social Exclusion
  • Young migrants
  • Unemployment
  • Inequality

JEL Classification

  • I32
  • F22
  • C23
Accesso libero

Assessing MSMEs Growth Through Rosca Involvement Using Paired t-Test and One Sample Proportion Test

Pubblicato online: 31 Dec 2020
Pagine: 30 - 42

Astratto

Abstract

In this research work, rotating savings and credit association (ROSCA) effect on the growth of micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) and identification of a factor supporting the continuity of ROSCAs is studied. A well-designed questionnaire with a reliability value of 0.957 was distributed to 400 entrepreneurs in Wukari through snowball sampling technique. After validity check, 368 valid questionnaires were used for the research. Firstly, a paired t-test was applied to know if entrepreneurs achieve significant positive growth in their business before and after 5 years of joining ROSCAs. At 5% level of significance, entrepreneurs achieved significant positive growth in their businesses 5 years and above of joining ROSCAs. Secondly, a one sample proportion Z-score test was used to identify the major factor responsible for ROSCAs continuity. At 5% significance level, flexibility was identified as the major factor responsible for ROSCAs. It was concluded based on the results obtained that ROSCAs has a significant positive effect on the growth of MSMEs and ROSCAs continuity towards MSMEs growth is due to its flexibility factor in terms of operations, disbursement, seeking loans and interest rate.

Parole chiave

  • Flexibility
  • Growth
  • MSME
  • ROSCA
  • -test
  • Z-score

JEL Classification

  • G23
  • D72
  • L26
Accesso libero

Motivations of Young Consumers to Participate to Collaborative Consumption

Pubblicato online: 31 Dec 2020
Pagine: 43 - 55

Astratto

Abstract

Collaborative consumption is currently an exciting topic of interest for many debates and controversies being perceived as a fast-growing social phenomenon. Considering the contemporary development processes via sharing economy, there is an interest to prove that the segment of young consumers practices changed from traditional buying and owning behaviour to collaborative consumption stratagems. Thus, the central objective of the present study is to explore the potential young consumer behaviour adjustments and to discuss the motivations behind those changes by considering the emergence of collaborative consumption.

The primary hypothesis of the present article states that intrinsic and extrinsic motivations influence teenager’s attitudes and behavioural intentions regarding participation in collaborative consumption.

Regarding the methodology, the author’s performed confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modelling. The objective was to determine if previously exposed motivational factors influence positively the young consumer’s behavioural intention and their attitude towards a supposed adherence to collaborative consumption schemes.

Parole chiave

  • Innovation Resistance
  • Collaborative Consumption
  • Confirmatory Factor Analysis
  • Structural Equation Modelling

JEL Classification

  • C38
  • D16
  • E21
  • O35
4 Articoli
Accesso libero

Generalized Classes of Estimators for Population Mean, Ratio and Product Using Rank of Auxiliary Character Under Double Sampling the Non-Respondents

Pubblicato online: 31 Dec 2020
Pagine: 1 - 12

Astratto

Abstract

In the present study, generalized classes of estimators for estimating population mean, ratio and product of two population means using rank of auxiliary character in presence of non-response are proposed. The bias and mean square error of proposed classes of estimators are obtained and their performances examined. Specific conditions under which the members of proposed classes of estimators attain minimum mean square error are obtained. Comparative study of the proposed classes of estimators with the relevant estimators is carried out. An empirical study is given to justify the efficiency of the proposed classes of estimators.

Parole chiave

  • Estimators
  • Bias
  • Mean square error
  • Simple random sampling

JEL Classification

  • C83
Accesso libero

What Triggers Poverty of Young Nationals and Young Migrants? A Comparative Macroeconomic Approach

Pubblicato online: 31 Dec 2020
Pagine: 13 - 29

Astratto

Abstract

Identifying the macro-economic determinants of poverty is a key concern for developing poverty reduction policies. Since young people and young migrants in particular are more exposed to poverty, establishing the factors that trigger poverty among these social categories has even more relevance. A preliminary analysis shows that significant differences exist between at-risk-of poverty or social exclusion rate of young migrants and young nationals across European countries. For a more thorough study of the reasons behind these differences in poverty rates between young migrants and young nationals, two panel data regression models are estimated on a cross-section of 23 countries over the period 2010 – 2018 (one model for young migrants, the other for young nationals). Results confirm the main theories in the specialty literature: unemployment and inequality (measured by the Gini index) are the main triggers of poverty or social exclusion both for young nationals and young migrants. However, the income is significant for reducing poverty only for young nationals, but not for the young migrants. This result reinforces the necessity of better integration policies for young migrants in richer Member States.

Parole chiave

  • Poverty
  • Social Exclusion
  • Young migrants
  • Unemployment
  • Inequality

JEL Classification

  • I32
  • F22
  • C23
Accesso libero

Assessing MSMEs Growth Through Rosca Involvement Using Paired t-Test and One Sample Proportion Test

Pubblicato online: 31 Dec 2020
Pagine: 30 - 42

Astratto

Abstract

In this research work, rotating savings and credit association (ROSCA) effect on the growth of micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) and identification of a factor supporting the continuity of ROSCAs is studied. A well-designed questionnaire with a reliability value of 0.957 was distributed to 400 entrepreneurs in Wukari through snowball sampling technique. After validity check, 368 valid questionnaires were used for the research. Firstly, a paired t-test was applied to know if entrepreneurs achieve significant positive growth in their business before and after 5 years of joining ROSCAs. At 5% level of significance, entrepreneurs achieved significant positive growth in their businesses 5 years and above of joining ROSCAs. Secondly, a one sample proportion Z-score test was used to identify the major factor responsible for ROSCAs continuity. At 5% significance level, flexibility was identified as the major factor responsible for ROSCAs. It was concluded based on the results obtained that ROSCAs has a significant positive effect on the growth of MSMEs and ROSCAs continuity towards MSMEs growth is due to its flexibility factor in terms of operations, disbursement, seeking loans and interest rate.

Parole chiave

  • Flexibility
  • Growth
  • MSME
  • ROSCA
  • -test
  • Z-score

JEL Classification

  • G23
  • D72
  • L26
Accesso libero

Motivations of Young Consumers to Participate to Collaborative Consumption

Pubblicato online: 31 Dec 2020
Pagine: 43 - 55

Astratto

Abstract

Collaborative consumption is currently an exciting topic of interest for many debates and controversies being perceived as a fast-growing social phenomenon. Considering the contemporary development processes via sharing economy, there is an interest to prove that the segment of young consumers practices changed from traditional buying and owning behaviour to collaborative consumption stratagems. Thus, the central objective of the present study is to explore the potential young consumer behaviour adjustments and to discuss the motivations behind those changes by considering the emergence of collaborative consumption.

The primary hypothesis of the present article states that intrinsic and extrinsic motivations influence teenager’s attitudes and behavioural intentions regarding participation in collaborative consumption.

Regarding the methodology, the author’s performed confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modelling. The objective was to determine if previously exposed motivational factors influence positively the young consumer’s behavioural intention and their attitude towards a supposed adherence to collaborative consumption schemes.

Parole chiave

  • Innovation Resistance
  • Collaborative Consumption
  • Confirmatory Factor Analysis
  • Structural Equation Modelling

JEL Classification

  • C38
  • D16
  • E21
  • O35

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