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Volume 58 (2022): Edizione 1 (March 2022)

Volume 57 (2021): Edizione 4 (December 2021)

Volume 57 (2021): Edizione 3 (September 2021)

Volume 57 (2021): Edizione 2 (June 2021)

Volume 57 (2021): Edizione 1 (March 2021)

Volume 56 (2020): Edizione 4 (December 2020)

Volume 56 (2020): Edizione 3 (September 2020)

Volume 56 (2020): Edizione 2 (June 2020)

Volume 56 (2020): Edizione 1 (March 2020)

Volume 55 (2019): Edizione 4 (December 2019)

Volume 55 (2019): Edizione 3 (September 2019)

Volume 55 (2019): Edizione 2 (June 2019)

Volume 55 (2019): Edizione 1 (March 2019)

Volume 54 (2018): Edizione 4 (December 2018)

Volume 54 (2018): Edizione 3 (September 2018)

Volume 54 (2018): Edizione 2 (June 2018)

Volume 54 (2018): Edizione 1 (March 2018)

Volume 53 (2017): Edizione 4 (December 2017)

Volume 53 (2017): Edizione 3 (September 2017)

Volume 53 (2017): Edizione 2 (June 2017)

Volume 53 (2017): Edizione 1 (March 2017)

Volume 52 (2016): Edizione 1 (December 2016)

Volume 51 (2016): Edizione 1 (September 2016)

Volume 50 (2016): Edizione 1 (June 2016)

Volume 49 (2016): Edizione 1 (March 2016)

Volume 48 (2015): Edizione 1 (December 2015)

Volume 47 (2015): Edizione 1 (September 2015)

Volume 46 (2015): Edizione 1 (June 2015)

Volume 45 (2015): Edizione 1 (March 2015)

Volume 44 (2014): Edizione 1 (December 2014)

Volume 43 (2014): Edizione 1 (September 2014)

Volume 42 (2014): Edizione 1 (June 2014)

Volume 41 (2014): Edizione 1 (March 2014)

Volume 40 (2013): Edizione 1 (December 2013)

Volume 39 (2013): Edizione 1 (September 2013)

Volume 38 (2013): Edizione 1 (June 2013)

Volume 37 (2013): Edizione 1 (March 2013)

Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
2543-5361
Pubblicato per la prima volta
17 Oct 2014
Periodo di pubblicazione
4 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

Volume 56 (2020): Edizione 2 (June 2020)

Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
2543-5361
Pubblicato per la prima volta
17 Oct 2014
Periodo di pubblicazione
4 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

7 Articoli
access type Accesso libero

Editorial

Pubblicato online: 04 Aug 2020
Pagine: 97 - 98

Astratto

access type Accesso libero

What Drives Germany's Exports?

Pubblicato online: 04 Aug 2020
Pagine: 99 - 108

Astratto

Abstract

This article reviews several hypotheses that aim at explaining the development of German merchandise exports. Based on cointegration estimation techniques, we examine different determinants for their ability to explain German exports during the period 1992–2016. The estimation results indicate that, in addition to the traditional determinants (world demand and price competitiveness), other determinants, such as energy prices and the increasing fragmentation of production processes, are also crucial in explaining German exports.

Parole chiave

  • international trade
  • export demand
  • cointegration

JEL Classification

  • C22
  • F4
  • J3
access type Accesso libero

Determinants of foreign direct investment outflow from India to Poland

Pubblicato online: 20 May 2020
Pagine: 109 - 117

Astratto

Abstract

This article concerns the determinants of foreign direct investment (FDI) outflow from India to Poland with some insights to other European countries. This topic strongly relates to globalization of foreign trade and especially new economic initiatives between European Union (EU) and India, which was one of the first countries to develop trade relations with EU. According to CEIC data – Financial Data and Economic Indicators, India’s FDI outflow increased slightly to 1.4 billion USD in September 2019 in comparison with 996.5 million USD in September 2018, but it is still below the average of 1.8 billion USD for a period of 2007–2019.

Available at: https://www.ceicdata.com/en/india/foreign-direct-investment-outflow/foreign-direct-investment-outflow (accessed October 19, 2019).

Very limited number of the scientific research can be found in European literature about India’s FDI outflow to EU countries in period of 2004–2019. Indian economists made some research on that topic. Professor J. Ramachandran (listed among the Best Management Thinkers for the year 2015, the first Bain Fellow in India) from Indian Institute of Management Bangalore in 2004 and Professor Jaya Prakesh Pradhan from Central University of Gujarat in 2008 explored the evolution in Indian outward FDI, referring to a shift in the pattern of overseas expansion and basis of competitiveness of Indian companies. The main goal of this article is to explain what really triggers Indian investors to go to Poland and what kind of businesses they form. Some examples of the Indian-based companies are mentioned to support the analysis. The author of this article also researched on different governmental bilateral trade agreements and initiatives, trying to find any direct impacts of that on the India FDI outflow to Poland and other EU countries. He used empirical method of the analysis based on accessible data for period 2004–2019 and literature in that topic and also direct interviews with private Indian investors who made decision to start and run their business in Poland or other EU countries. The main conclusion is that Poland the leader of Visegrad Group is an interesting investment for India and India can be for Poland a counterpart investment partner to China.

Parole chiave

  • FDI
  • vertical FDI
  • horizontal FDI
  • India–EU strategic partnership
  • BTIA
  • multinational companies
  • determinants
  • technology spillovers
  • FDI Confidence Index

JEL Classification

  • F21
access type Accesso libero

Identification of factors affecting competitive tension in the domestic air transport market in Turkey1

Pubblicato online: 26 May 2020
Pagine: 118 - 139

Astratto

Abstract

Competitive tension refers to pressure that is considered to exist among firms operating in a competitive market and that forces them to take competitive action against each other. An imaginary upper limit of competitive tension symbolizes the difference between whether to take competitive action or not. The antecedents of competitive tension are examined in this study. Within this scope, market commonality and resource similarity are the variables studied as components of competitor analysis; market concentration that provides clues for the competitive structure of competed markets; and finally, competitive asymmetry, presuming that the competition among the companies is not equal and rivals do not consider each other at the same level as competing firms, were taken as primary variables of competitive tension. In order to test whether these variables have an effect on competitive tension among airlines, airlines operating in the domestic air transport market in Turkey were examined in this study. The perceived competitive tension that was detected as a result of regression analyses was studied on three different dimensions, namely, internal tension, external tension, and total tension, and each dimension was analyzed as a different model. The findings of the study revealed that market commonality and market concentration have a significant effect on competitive tension. These effects were found to be positive for market commonality and negative for market concentration. Resource similarity and competitive asymmetry were found to have no significant effect.

Parole chiave

  • strategic management
  • competition
  • competitive dynamics
  • perceived competitive tension
  • rival analysis

JEL Classification

  • L13
  • L25
  • L93
access type Accesso libero

Principles of reshoring development in luxury goods sector1

Pubblicato online: 16 Jun 2020
Pagine: 140 - 158

Astratto

Abstract

This article analyzes the grounds and possibility to induce and develop reshoring activities in the luxury goods sector. The premise of this analysis is the contemporary redefinition of the luxury goods sector, which relates to the increasing volume of goods marketed as luxuries. In this paper, we examine whether reshoring can develop in a similar manner on the respective tiers of the luxury ladder in the luxury fashion, automotive, and jewelry industries. Both premises and examples of reshoring in the luxury goods sector are conceptually analyzed and empirically illustrated.

Parole chiave

  • reshoring
  • back-reshoring
  • near-reshoring
  • luxury goods sector
  • luxury supply chains
  • country of origin
  • luxury pyramid

JEL Classification

  • D24
  • F23
access type Accesso libero

The comparative empirical analysis of the social protection system in selected Central and Eastern European countries: Emerging models of capitalism1

Pubblicato online: 20 May 2020
Pagine: 159 - 175

Astratto

Abstract

This article analyzes the institutional architecture and the level of similarity between the social protection system in 11 new EU member states from Central and Eastern Europe and chosen Western European countries, representing four different models of capitalism identified by Amable. In the selected institutional area, a comparative analysis was performed, and based on it, similarity hexagons were created. They serve the purpose of comparing Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries with Western European countries of reference. The dynamic approach adopted in this study—two different time periods were compared—allows an analysis of path dependence and the evolution of institutional architecture over time. The analysis indicates that in 2014, in the area of social protection, almost all CEE countries, apart from Latvia and Romania, were most comparable to the Continental model of capitalism represented by Germany. Nevertheless, the variety of results for the individual variables (especially input and output variables) and substantial changes between 2005 and 2014 also show that the model of capitalism prevailing in Central and Eastern Europe in the area of the social protection system is evolving constantly at a very fast pace and thus currently may be called a hybrid or even patchwork capitalism.

Parole chiave

  • varieties of capitalism
  • institutions
  • CEE countries
  • post-communist capitalism

JEL Classification

  • P51
access type Accesso libero

Growth effect of income inequality in sub-Saharan Africa: exploring the transmission channels

Pubblicato online: 26 May 2020
Pagine: 176 - 190

Astratto

Abstract

Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) ranks as the second most unequal region globally (in terms of income distribution), harboring 10 of the 19 most unequal countries in the world. This paper explores the channels through which income inequality exerts its effects on economic growth in SSA. The study spans the period 1995–2015, focusing on 31 SSA countries. Findings from the two-step system generalized method of moments suggest that income inequality exerts a significant positive effect on economic growth via the saving transmission channel, while it has a statistically significant negative effect on economic growth in the region through the channels of fertility, credit market imperfection, and fiscal policy.

Parole chiave

  • income inequality
  • growth
  • transmission
  • channels
  • Africa

JEL Classification

  • C23
  • C33
  • D31
  • F43
  • N47
7 Articoli
access type Accesso libero

Editorial

Pubblicato online: 04 Aug 2020
Pagine: 97 - 98

Astratto

access type Accesso libero

What Drives Germany's Exports?

Pubblicato online: 04 Aug 2020
Pagine: 99 - 108

Astratto

Abstract

This article reviews several hypotheses that aim at explaining the development of German merchandise exports. Based on cointegration estimation techniques, we examine different determinants for their ability to explain German exports during the period 1992–2016. The estimation results indicate that, in addition to the traditional determinants (world demand and price competitiveness), other determinants, such as energy prices and the increasing fragmentation of production processes, are also crucial in explaining German exports.

Parole chiave

  • international trade
  • export demand
  • cointegration

JEL Classification

  • C22
  • F4
  • J3
access type Accesso libero

Determinants of foreign direct investment outflow from India to Poland

Pubblicato online: 20 May 2020
Pagine: 109 - 117

Astratto

Abstract

This article concerns the determinants of foreign direct investment (FDI) outflow from India to Poland with some insights to other European countries. This topic strongly relates to globalization of foreign trade and especially new economic initiatives between European Union (EU) and India, which was one of the first countries to develop trade relations with EU. According to CEIC data – Financial Data and Economic Indicators, India’s FDI outflow increased slightly to 1.4 billion USD in September 2019 in comparison with 996.5 million USD in September 2018, but it is still below the average of 1.8 billion USD for a period of 2007–2019.

Available at: https://www.ceicdata.com/en/india/foreign-direct-investment-outflow/foreign-direct-investment-outflow (accessed October 19, 2019).

Very limited number of the scientific research can be found in European literature about India’s FDI outflow to EU countries in period of 2004–2019. Indian economists made some research on that topic. Professor J. Ramachandran (listed among the Best Management Thinkers for the year 2015, the first Bain Fellow in India) from Indian Institute of Management Bangalore in 2004 and Professor Jaya Prakesh Pradhan from Central University of Gujarat in 2008 explored the evolution in Indian outward FDI, referring to a shift in the pattern of overseas expansion and basis of competitiveness of Indian companies. The main goal of this article is to explain what really triggers Indian investors to go to Poland and what kind of businesses they form. Some examples of the Indian-based companies are mentioned to support the analysis. The author of this article also researched on different governmental bilateral trade agreements and initiatives, trying to find any direct impacts of that on the India FDI outflow to Poland and other EU countries. He used empirical method of the analysis based on accessible data for period 2004–2019 and literature in that topic and also direct interviews with private Indian investors who made decision to start and run their business in Poland or other EU countries. The main conclusion is that Poland the leader of Visegrad Group is an interesting investment for India and India can be for Poland a counterpart investment partner to China.

Parole chiave

  • FDI
  • vertical FDI
  • horizontal FDI
  • India–EU strategic partnership
  • BTIA
  • multinational companies
  • determinants
  • technology spillovers
  • FDI Confidence Index

JEL Classification

  • F21
access type Accesso libero

Identification of factors affecting competitive tension in the domestic air transport market in Turkey1

Pubblicato online: 26 May 2020
Pagine: 118 - 139

Astratto

Abstract

Competitive tension refers to pressure that is considered to exist among firms operating in a competitive market and that forces them to take competitive action against each other. An imaginary upper limit of competitive tension symbolizes the difference between whether to take competitive action or not. The antecedents of competitive tension are examined in this study. Within this scope, market commonality and resource similarity are the variables studied as components of competitor analysis; market concentration that provides clues for the competitive structure of competed markets; and finally, competitive asymmetry, presuming that the competition among the companies is not equal and rivals do not consider each other at the same level as competing firms, were taken as primary variables of competitive tension. In order to test whether these variables have an effect on competitive tension among airlines, airlines operating in the domestic air transport market in Turkey were examined in this study. The perceived competitive tension that was detected as a result of regression analyses was studied on three different dimensions, namely, internal tension, external tension, and total tension, and each dimension was analyzed as a different model. The findings of the study revealed that market commonality and market concentration have a significant effect on competitive tension. These effects were found to be positive for market commonality and negative for market concentration. Resource similarity and competitive asymmetry were found to have no significant effect.

Parole chiave

  • strategic management
  • competition
  • competitive dynamics
  • perceived competitive tension
  • rival analysis

JEL Classification

  • L13
  • L25
  • L93
access type Accesso libero

Principles of reshoring development in luxury goods sector1

Pubblicato online: 16 Jun 2020
Pagine: 140 - 158

Astratto

Abstract

This article analyzes the grounds and possibility to induce and develop reshoring activities in the luxury goods sector. The premise of this analysis is the contemporary redefinition of the luxury goods sector, which relates to the increasing volume of goods marketed as luxuries. In this paper, we examine whether reshoring can develop in a similar manner on the respective tiers of the luxury ladder in the luxury fashion, automotive, and jewelry industries. Both premises and examples of reshoring in the luxury goods sector are conceptually analyzed and empirically illustrated.

Parole chiave

  • reshoring
  • back-reshoring
  • near-reshoring
  • luxury goods sector
  • luxury supply chains
  • country of origin
  • luxury pyramid

JEL Classification

  • D24
  • F23
access type Accesso libero

The comparative empirical analysis of the social protection system in selected Central and Eastern European countries: Emerging models of capitalism1

Pubblicato online: 20 May 2020
Pagine: 159 - 175

Astratto

Abstract

This article analyzes the institutional architecture and the level of similarity between the social protection system in 11 new EU member states from Central and Eastern Europe and chosen Western European countries, representing four different models of capitalism identified by Amable. In the selected institutional area, a comparative analysis was performed, and based on it, similarity hexagons were created. They serve the purpose of comparing Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries with Western European countries of reference. The dynamic approach adopted in this study—two different time periods were compared—allows an analysis of path dependence and the evolution of institutional architecture over time. The analysis indicates that in 2014, in the area of social protection, almost all CEE countries, apart from Latvia and Romania, were most comparable to the Continental model of capitalism represented by Germany. Nevertheless, the variety of results for the individual variables (especially input and output variables) and substantial changes between 2005 and 2014 also show that the model of capitalism prevailing in Central and Eastern Europe in the area of the social protection system is evolving constantly at a very fast pace and thus currently may be called a hybrid or even patchwork capitalism.

Parole chiave

  • varieties of capitalism
  • institutions
  • CEE countries
  • post-communist capitalism

JEL Classification

  • P51
access type Accesso libero

Growth effect of income inequality in sub-Saharan Africa: exploring the transmission channels

Pubblicato online: 26 May 2020
Pagine: 176 - 190

Astratto

Abstract

Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) ranks as the second most unequal region globally (in terms of income distribution), harboring 10 of the 19 most unequal countries in the world. This paper explores the channels through which income inequality exerts its effects on economic growth in SSA. The study spans the period 1995–2015, focusing on 31 SSA countries. Findings from the two-step system generalized method of moments suggest that income inequality exerts a significant positive effect on economic growth via the saving transmission channel, while it has a statistically significant negative effect on economic growth in the region through the channels of fertility, credit market imperfection, and fiscal policy.

Parole chiave

  • income inequality
  • growth
  • transmission
  • channels
  • Africa

JEL Classification

  • C23
  • C33
  • D31
  • F43
  • N47

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