1. bookVolume 18 (2018): Edizione 3 (July 2018)
Dettagli della rivista
Prima pubblicazione
25 Nov 2011
Frequenza di pubblicazione
4 volte all'anno
Open Access

Threonine in broiler diets: an updated review

Pubblicato online: 01 Aug 2018
Volume & Edizione: Volume 18 (2018) - Edizione 3 (July 2018)
Pagine: 659 - 674
Ricevuto: 18 Dec 2017
Accettato: 11 Apr 2018
Dettagli della rivista
Prima pubblicazione
25 Nov 2011
Frequenza di pubblicazione
4 volte all'anno

Abbasi M., Mahdavi A., Samie A., Jahanian R. (2014). Effects of different levels of dietary crude protein and threonine on performance, humoral immune responses and intestinal morphology of broiler chicks. Braz. J. Poultry Sci., 16: 35-44.Search in Google Scholar

Al-Hayani W.K. (2017). Effect of threonine supplementation on broiler chicken productivity traits. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 16: 160-168.Search in Google Scholar

Azzam M., El-Gogary M. (2015). Effects of dietary threonine levels and stocking density on the performance, metabolic status and immunity of broiler chickens. Asian J. Anim. Vet. Adv., 10: 215-225.Search in Google Scholar

Azzam M., Dong X., Xie P., Zou X. (2012). Influence of L-threonine supplementation on goblet cell numbers, histological structure and antioxidant enzyme activities of laying hens reared inahot and humid climate. Br. Poult. Sci., 53: 640-645.Search in Google Scholar

Baker D. (1985). Utilization of isomers and analogs of amino acids and other sulfur-containing compounds. Prog. Food Nutr. Sci., 10: 133-178.Search in Google Scholar

Barkley G., Wallis I. (2001). Threonine requirements of broiler chickens: why do published values differ? Br. Poult. Sci., 42: 610-615.Search in Google Scholar

Bhargava K., Hanson R., Sunde M. (1971). Effects of threonine on growth and antibody production in chicks infected with Newcastle disease virus. Poultry Sci., 50: 710-713.Search in Google Scholar

Carlstedt I., Herrmann A., Karlsson H., Sheehan J., Fransson L., Hansson G.C. (1993). Characterization of two different glycosylated domains from the insoluble mucin complex of rat small intestine. J. Biol. Chem., 268: 18771-18781.Search in Google Scholar

Chee S., Iji P., Choct M., Mikkelsen L., Kocher A. (2010). Functional interactions of manno- oligosaccharides with dietary threonine in chicken gastrointestinal tract. I. Growth performance and mucin dynamics. Br. Poult. Sci., 51: 658-666.Search in Google Scholar

Chen Y., Cheng Y., Li X., Yang W., Wen C., Zhuang S., Zhou Y.M. (2017). Effects of threonine supplementation on the growth performance, immunity, oxidative status, intestinal integrity, and barrier function of broilers at the early age. Poultry Sci., 96: 405-413.Search in Google Scholar

Choct M. (2009). Managing gut health through nutrition. Br. Poult. Sci., 50: 9-15.Search in Google Scholar

Ciftci I., Ceylan N. (2004). Effects of dietary threonine and crude protein on growth performance, carcase and meat composition of broiler chickens. Br. Poultry Sci., 45: 280-289.Search in Google Scholar

Corzo A., Kidd M., Kerr B. (2003). Threonine need of growing female broilers. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 2: 367-371.Search in Google Scholar

Corzo A., Kidd M., Dozier W., Pharr G., Koutsos E. (2007). Dietary threonine needs for growth and immunity of broilers raised under different litter conditions. J. Appl. Poultry Res. 16: 574-582.Search in Google Scholar

de Filho A.LB.M.,de Oliveira C.J.B.,de Oliveira H.B., Campos D.B., Guerra R.R., Costa F.G.P., Givisiez P.E.N. (2015). High incubation temperature and threonine dietary level improve ileum response against post-hatch Salmonella Enteritidis inoculation in broiler chicks. Plo S One, 10: e0131474.Search in Google Scholar

Dozier I.I.I.W., Moran Jr. E., Kidd M. (2000). Threonine requirement of broiler males from 42 to 56 days inasummer environment. J. Appl. Poultry Res., 9: 496-500.Search in Google Scholar

Dozier I.I.I. W., Moran Jr. E., Kidd M. (2001). Comparisons of male and female broiler responses to dietary threonine from 42 to 56 days of age. J. Appl. Poultry Res., 10: 53-59.Search in Google Scholar

Eftekhari A., Rezaeipour V., Abdullahpour R. (2015). Effects of acidified drinking water on performance, carcass, immune response, jejunum morphology, and microbiota activity of broiler chickens fed diets containing graded levels of threonine. Livest. Sci., 180: 158-163.Search in Google Scholar

El-Faham A., Ali N.G., Abdelaziz M. (2017). Effects of dietary threonine level, methionine sources, sex of broiler chicks and their interactions on carcass tissue distribution and chemical composition. Egypt. Poultry Sci. J., 37: 155-167Search in Google Scholar

Estalkhzir F.M., Khojasteh S., Jafari M. (2013). The effect of different levels of threonine on performance and carcass characteristics of broiler chickens. J. Nov. Appl. Sci., 2: 382-386.Search in Google Scholar

Faure M., Moënnoz D., Montigon F., Mettraux C., Breuillé D., Ballèvre O. (2005). Dietary threonine restriction specifically reduces intestinal mucin synthesis in rats. J. Nutr., 35: 486-491.Search in Google Scholar

Geyra A., Uni Z., Sklan D. (2001). Enterocyte dynamics and mucosal development in the posthatch chick. Poultry Sci., 80: 776-782.Search in Google Scholar

Havenstein G., Ferket P., Qureshi M. (2003). Carcass composition and yield of 1957 versus 2001 broilers when fed representative 1957 and 2001 broiler diets. Poultry Sci., 82: 1509-1518.Search in Google Scholar

Horn N., Donkin S., Applegate T., Adeola O. (2009). Intestinal mucin dynamics: response of broiler chicks and White Pekin ducklings to dietary threonine. Poultry Sci., 88: 1906-1914.Search in Google Scholar

Khan A., Nawaz H., Zahoor I. (2006). Effect of different levels of digestible threonine on growth performance of broiler chicks J. Anim. Pl. Sci., 16: 8-11.Search in Google Scholar

Kheiri F., Alibeyghi M. (2017). Effect of different levels of lysine and threonine on carcass characteristics, intestinal microflora and growth performance of broiler chicks. Ital. J. Anim. Sci., 16: 580-587.Search in Google Scholar

Kidd M., Kerr B. (1996). L-threonine for poultry: Areview. J. Appl. Poultry Res., 5: 358-367.Search in Google Scholar

Kidd M., Kerr B., Anthony N. (1997). Dietary interactions between lysine and threonine in broilers. Poultry Sci., 76: 608-614.Search in Google Scholar

Kidd M., Gerard P.D., Heger J., Kerr B., Rowe D., Sistani K., Burham D.J. (2001). Threonine and crude protein responses in broiler chicks. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol., 94: 57-64.Search in Google Scholar

Kidd M., Zumwalt C., Chamblee D., Carden M., Burnham D. (2002). Broiler growth and carcass responses to diets containing L-threonine versus diets containing threonine from intact protein sources. J. Appl. Poultry Res., 11: 83-89.Search in Google Scholar

Kidd M., Barber S., Virden W., Dozier I.I.I. W., Chamblee D., Wiernusz C. (2003). Threonine responses of cobb male finishing broilers in differing environmental conditions. J. Appl. Poult. Res., 12: 115-123.Search in Google Scholar

Kidd M., Corzo A., Hoehler D., Kerr B., Barber S., Branton S. (2004). Threonine needs of broiler chickens with different growth rates. Poultry Sci., 83: 1368-1375.Search in Google Scholar

Kim Y.S., Ho S.B. (2010). Intestinal goblet cells and mucins in health and disease: recent insights and progress. Curr. Gastroenterol. Rep., 12: 319-330.Search in Google Scholar

Lee K.H., Park J.H., Kim T.Y., Kim H.U., Lee S.Y. (2007). Systems metabolic engineering of Escherichia coli for L-threonine production. Mol. Syst. Biol., 3: 149.Search in Google Scholar

Li L.Y. (2000). Threonine and tryptophan requirement of broiler chicks in different growing stage. M.Sc. Thesis, China Agricultural University, China.Search in Google Scholar

Mandal A.B., Kaur S., Johri A.K., Elangovan A.V., Deo C., Shrivastava H.P. (2006). Response of growing Japanese quails to dietary concentration of L-threonine. J. Sci. Food Agr., 86: 793-798.Search in Google Scholar

Min Y., Liu S., Qu Z., Meng G., Gao Y. (2017). Effects of dietary threonine levels on growth performance, serum biochemical indexes, antioxidant capacities, and gut morphology in broiler chickens. Poultry Sci., 96: 1290-1297.Search in Google Scholar

Moghaddam H.S., Moghaddam H.N., Kermanshahi H., Mosavi A.H., Raji A. (2011). The effect of threonine on mucin2 gene expression, intestinal histology and performance of broiler chicken. Ital. J. Anim. Sci., 10: 66-71.Search in Google Scholar

NAFIS, Feed and Feedings. http://www.nafis.go.ke/livestock/poultry-chicken/general-information/feeds-and-feeding/ (Assessed: August 14, 2017).Search in Google Scholar

Najafi R., Ahmar R., Tazehkand G. (2017). Effect of different dietary threonine levels on optimal growth performance and intestinal morphology in 1-14 days old Ross 308 broilers. Braz. J. Poultry Sci., 19: 59-66.Search in Google Scholar

National Research Council (NRC) (1994). Nutrient requirements of poultry. 9th rev. ed. Natl. Acad. Press, Washington, DC.Search in Google Scholar

Nichols N.L., Bertolo R.F. (2008). Luminal threonine concentration acutely affects intestinal mucosal protein and mucin synthesis in piglets. J. Nutr., 138: 1298-1303.Search in Google Scholar

Ospina-Rojas I., Murakami A., Oliveira C., Guerra A. (2013). Supplemental glycine and threonine effects on performance, intestinal mucosa development, and nutrient utilization of growing broiler chickens. Poultry Sci., 92: 2724-2731.Search in Google Scholar

Qaisrani S.N.,van Krimpen M.M., Kwakkel R.P., Verstegen M.W.A., Hen- driks W.H. (2015). Diet structure, butyric acid, and fermentable carbohydrates influence growth performance, gut morphology, and cecal fermentation characteristics in broilers. Poultry Sci., 94: 2152-2164.Search in Google Scholar

Rangel-Lugo M., Su C.L., Austic R. (1994). Threonine requirement and threonine imbalance in broiler chickens. Poultry Sci., 73: 670-681.Search in Google Scholar

Rao S.R., Raju M., Panda A., Poonam N., Moorthy O., Srilatha T., Sunder S. (2011). Performance, carcass variables and immune responses in commercial broiler chicks fed graded concentrations of threonine in diet containing sub-optimal levels of protein. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol., 169: 218-223.Search in Google Scholar

Rezaeipour V., Gazani S. (2014). Effects of feed form and feed particle size with dietary L-threonine supplementation on performance, carcass characteristics and blood biochemical parameters of broiler chickens. J. Anim. Sci. Technol., 56: 20-24.Search in Google Scholar

Rezaeipour V., Fononi H., Irani M. (2011). Effects of dietary L-threonine and Saccharomyces cerevisiae on performance, intestinal morphology and immune response of broiler chickens. S. Afr. J. Anim. Sci., 42: 266-273.Search in Google Scholar

Roudbaneh T.M., Babaee M.J., Afrooziyeh M., Alizadeh B. (2013). Estimation of dietary threonine requirement for growth and immune responses of broilers. J. Appl. Anim. Res., 41: 474-483.Search in Google Scholar

Samadi F., Liebert F. (2006). Modeling of threonine requirement in fast-growing chickens, depending on age, sex, protein deposition, and dietary threonine efficiency. Poultry Sci., 85: 1961-1968.Search in Google Scholar

Schaart M.W., Schierbeek H.,vander Schoor S.R., Stoll B., Burrin D.G., Re - eds P.J., Van Goudoever J.B. (2005). Threonine utilization is high in the intestine of piglets. J. Nutr., 135: 765-770.Search in Google Scholar

Shirzadegan K., Nickkhah I., Jafari M. (2015). Impacts of dietary l-threonine supplementation on performance and intestinal morphology of broiler chickens during summer time. Iran. J. Appl. Anim. Sci., 5: 431-436.Search in Google Scholar

Smirnov A., Tako E., Ferket P., Uni Z. (2006). Mucin gene expression and mucin content in the chicken intestinal goblet cells are affected by in ovo feeding of carbohydrates. Poultry Sci., 85: 669-673.Search in Google Scholar

Star L., Rovers M., Corrent E., Vander Klis J. (2012). Threonine requirement of broiler chickens during subclinical intestinal Clostridium infection. Poultry Sci., 91: 643-652.Search in Google Scholar

Stoll B. (2006). Intestinal uptake and metabolism of threonine: nutritional impact. Adv. in Pork Prod., 17: 257-263.Search in Google Scholar

Trevisi P., Corrent E., Mazzoni M., Messori S., Priori D., Gherpelli Y., Simon- giovanni A., Bosi P. (2015). Effect of added dietary threonine on growth performance, health, immunity and gastrointestinal function of weaning pigs with differing genetic susceptibility to Escherichia coli infection and challenged with E. coli K88ac. J. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutr., 99: 511-520.Search in Google Scholar

Valizade M., Sadeghi A., Chamani M., Shawrang P. (2014). Modulation of the intestinal health by increasing dietary threonine to lysine ratio duringa Salmonella challenge in broiler chickens. Int. J. Biol. Pharm. Sci., 3: 2248-2258.Search in Google Scholar

Valizade M.R., Sadeghi A.A., Chamani M., Shawrang P., Kashan N. (2016). The effects of increase in threonine to lysine ratio on performance, blood parameters and humoral immune responses of male broiler chickens challenged with Salmonella. KafkasÜniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi., 22: 165-172.Search in Google Scholar

Walsh C.T., O’ Brien R.V., Khosla C. (2013). Nonproteinogenic amino acid building blocks for nonribosomal peptide and hybrid polyketide scaffolds. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl., 52: 7098-7124.Search in Google Scholar

Wu G. (1998). Intestinal mucosal amino acid catabolism. J. Nutr., 128: 1249-1252.Search in Google Scholar

Zaefarian F., Zaghari M., Shivazad M. (2008). The threonine requirements and its effects on growth performance and gut morphology of broiler chicken fed different levels of protein. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 7: 1207-1215.Search in Google Scholar

Zhang Q., Chen X., Eicher S.D., Ajuwon K.M., Applegate T.J. (2016). Effect of threonine deficiency on intestinal integrity and immune response to feed withdrawal combined with coccidial vaccine challenge in broiler chicks. Br. J. Nutr., 116: 2030-2043.Search in Google Scholar

Zhang Z., Kim I. (2014). The response in growth performance, relative organ weight, blood profiles, and meat quality to dietary threonine: lysine ratio in broilers. J. Appl. Anim. Res., 42: 194-199.Search in Google Scholar

Articoli consigliati da Trend MD

Pianifica la tua conferenza remota con Sciendo