INFORMAZIONI SU QUESTO ARTICOLO

Cita

Background

Leptospirosis, caused by pathogenic Leptospira spp., is a widespread zoonotic disease worldwide. Early diagnosis is required for proper patient management and reducing leptospirosis morbidity and mortality.

Objective

To summarize current literature regarding commonly used and new promising molecular approaches to Leptospira detection and diagnostic tests of human leptospirosis.

Method

The relevant articles in Leptospira and leptospirosis were retrieved from MEDLINE (PubMed) and Scopus.

Results

Several molecular techniques have been developed for diagnosis of human leptospirosis. Polymerase chain reaction-based techniques targeting on either lipL32 or 16S rRNA (rrs) gene are most commonly used to detect leptospiral DNA in various clinical specimens. Whole blood and urine are recommended specimens for suspected cases in the first (acute) and the second (immune) phases, respectively. Isothermal amplification with less expensive instrument is an alternative DNA detection technique that may be suitable for resource-limited laboratories.

Conclusion

Detection of leptospiral DNA in clinical specimens using molecular techniques enhances sensitivity for diagnosis of leptospirosis. The efficient and robust molecular detection especially in the early leptospiremic phase may prompt early and appropriate treatment leading to reduced morbidity and mortality of patients with leptospirosis.

eISSN:
1875-855X
Lingua:
Inglese
Frequenza di pubblicazione:
6 volte all'anno
Argomenti della rivista:
Medicina, Professioni assisitive, infermieristica, Scienze medicali di base, altro, Medicina clinica