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Volume 13 (2022): Issue 1 (January 2022)

Volume 12 (2021): Issue 1 (January 2021)

Volume 11 (2020): Issue 1 (January 2020)

Volume 10 (2019): Issue 1 (January 2019)

Volume 9 (2018): Issue 1 (January 2018)

Volume 8 (2017): Issue 1 (January 2017)

Volume 7 (2016): Issue 1 (January 2016)

Volume 6 (2015): Issue 1 (January 2015)

Volume 5 (2014): Issue 1 (January 2014)

Volume 4 (2013): Issue 1 (January 2013)

Volume 3 (2012): Issue 1 (January 2012)

Volume 2 (2011): Issue 1 (January 2011)

Volume 1 (2010): Issue 1 (January 2010)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
1891-5469
First Published
01 Jan 2010
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Languages
English

Search

Volume 13 (2022): Issue 1 (January 2022)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
1891-5469
First Published
01 Jan 2010
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Languages
English

Search

8 Articles
Open Access

Opinion: The future of electrical impedance tomography

Published Online: 31 Mar 2022
Page range: 1 - 3

Abstract

Open Access

Identification of contractions from Electrohysterography for prediction of prolonged labor

Published Online: 31 Mar 2022
Page range: 4 - 9

Abstract

Abstract

The analysis of the uterine electrical activity and its propagation patterns could potentially predict the risk of prolonged/arrested progress of labor. In our study, the Electrohysterography (EHG) signals of 83 participants in labor at around 3-4 cm of cervical dilatation, were recorded for about 30 minutes each. These signals were analyzed for predicting prolonged labor. Out of the 83 participants, 70 participants had normal progress of labor and delivered vaginally. The remaining 13 participants had prolonged/ arrested progress of labor and had to deliver through a cesarean section. In this paper, we propose an algorithm to identify contractions from the acquired EHG signals based on the energy of the signals. The role of contraction consistency and fundal dominance was evaluated for impact on progress of the labor. As per our study, the correlation of contractions was higher in case of normal progress of labor. We also observed that the upper uterine segment was dominant in cases with prolonged/arrested progress of labor.

Keywords

  • uterine contractions
  • prolonged labor
  • fundal dominance
  • electrohysterography
Open Access

Influence of acute water ingestion and prolonged standing on raw bioimpedance and subsequent body fluid and composition estimates

Published Online: 20 May 2022
Page range: 10 - 20

Abstract

Abstract

This study evaluated the influence of acute water ingestion and maintaining an upright posture on raw bioimpedance and subsequent estimates of body fluids and composition. Twenty healthy adults participated in a randomized crossover study. In both conditions, an overnight food and fluid fast was followed by an initial multi-frequency bioimpedance assessment (InBody 770). Participants then ingested 11 mL/kg of water (water condition) or did not (control condition) during a 5-minute period. Thereafter, bioimpedance assessments were performed every 10 minutes for one hour with participants remaining upright throughout. Linear mixed effects models were used to examine the influence of condition and time on raw bioimpedance, body fluids, and body composition. Water consumption increased impedance of the arms but not trunk or legs. However, drift in leg impedance was observed, with decreasing values over time in both conditions. No effects of condition on body fluids were detected, but total body water and intracellular water decreased by ~0.5 kg over time in both conditions. Correspondingly, lean body mass did not differ between conditions but decreased over the measurement duration. The increase in body mass in the water condition was detected exclusively as fat mass, with final fat mass values ~1.3 kg higher than baseline and also higher than the control condition. Acute water ingestion and prolonged standing exert practically meaningful effects on relevant bioimpedance variables quantified by a modern, vertical multi-frequency analyzer. These findings have implications for pre-assessment standardization, methodological reporting, and interpretation of assessments.

Keywords

  • Bioelectrical impedance analysis
  • hydration
  • body composition
  • body fat
  • muscle mass
Open Access

Monitoring the skin biophysical parameters among coronavirus patients for three days in a row: a preliminary study

Published Online: 20 May 2022
Page range: 21 - 24

Abstract

Abstract

The coronavirus epidemic 2019 is spreading all over the world now. Several parameters are used to monitor the status of hospitalized patients; however, monitoring variations in biophysical properties of the skin has not been investigated yet. In this preliminary study, we seek to monitor skin biophysical parameters among coronavirus patients for three days in a row. Skin moisture, pH, sebum, and temperature during the three days were monitored in 30 coronavirus patients by using non-invasive portable instruments. Skin biophysical parameters were increased on the third day of monitoring compared to the first one. In addition, the increase in both skin moisture and temperature were statistically significant. According to the results of this preliminary study, skin biophysical parameters changed (increased) during the specified period in which the patients were monitored. However, changes in skin sebum content and pH were not significant. These skin parameters need to be further investigated until we know their indication ability for the health condition of coronavirus patients in clinical applications.

Keywords

  • Coronavirus
  • oil
  • patients
  • pH
  • sebum
  • skin moisture
Open Access

Bioelectrical impedance changes of the trunk are opposite the limbs following acute hydration change

Published Online: 25 Jun 2022
Page range: 25 - 30

Abstract

Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the changes in impedance and estimates of body composition variables obtained from segmental multi-frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis (SMFBIA) following acute hydration change. All participants (N = 11 active adults) had SMFBIA measurements at baseline (euhydration), post-dehydration, and post-hyperhydration in an experimental repeated-measures design. Dehydration and hyperhydration trials were randomized with the opposite treatment given 24 h later. Dehydration was achieved via a heat chamber of 40 °C and 60% relative humidity. Hyperhydration was achieved by drinking lightly-salted water (30 mmol·L-1 NaCl; 1.76 g NaCl·L-1) within 30 min. Post-measurements were taken 30 min after each treatment. Despite changes in mass post-dehydration (Δ = -2.0%, p < 0.001) and post-hyperhydration (Δ = 1.2%, p < 0.001), SMFBIA estimates of total body water (TBW) did not change significantly across trials (p = 0.507), leading to significant differences (p < 0.001) in SMFBIA-estimates of body fat percentage across trials. Dehydration resulted in a significant (p < 0.001) 8% decrease in limb impedances at both 20 kHz and 100 kHz. Hyperhydration increased limb impedances only slightly (1.5%, p > 0.05). Impedance changes in the trunk followed an opposite pattern of the limbs. SMFBIA failed to track acute changes in TBW. Divergent impedance changes suggest the trunk is influenced by fluid volume, but the limbs are influenced by ion concentration.

Keywords

  • bioimpedance
  • body composition
  • body water
  • dehydration
  • hyperhydration
Open Access

Validation of non-empirical fat-free mass estimation model for a wrist-worn device

Published Online: 25 Jun 2022
Page range: 31 - 38

Abstract

Abstract

Fat-free mass (FFM) estimation has dramatic importance for body composition evaluation, often providing a basis for treatment of obesity and muscular dystrophy. However, current methods of FFM estimation have several drawbacks, usually related to either cost-effectiveness and equipment size (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) scan) or model limitations. In this study, we present and validate a new FFM estimation model based on hand-to-hand bioimpedance analysis (BIA) and arm volume. Forty-two participants underwent a full-body DEXA scan, a series of anthropometric measurements, and upper-body BIA measurements with the custom-designed wearable wrist-worn impedance meter. A new two truncated cones (TTC) model was trained on DEXA data and achieved the best performance metrics of 0.886 ± 0.051 r2, 0.052 ± 0.009 % mean average error, and 6.884 ± 1.283 kg maximal residual error in FFM estimation. The model further demonstrated its effectiveness in Bland-Altman comparisons with the skinfold thickness-based FFM estimation method, achieving the least mean bias (0.007 kg). The novel TTC model can provide an alternative to full-body BIA measurements, demonstrating an accurate FFM estimation independently of population variables.

Keywords

  • Bioelectrical impedance analysis
  • fat free mass
  • upper-body measurement
  • multiple linear regression
  • predictive modeling
Open Access

Body composition changes in the immediate peri-operative period following total joint arthroplasty

Published Online: 09 Sep 2022
Page range: 39 - 44

Abstract

Abstract Background

Bioimpedance analysis (BIA) is a readily available tool to assess body composition in a clinical setting. BIA has received little attention in orthopaedics and namely joint arthroplasty. This study aims to quantify changes in body composition in the immediate peri-operative period following total joint arthroplasty.

Methods

Adults scheduled for elective total joint arthroplasty were recruited to participate. Patients underwent BIA scans in the immediate peri-operative period: pre-operative on their day of surgery, post-operative day 0, and post-operative day 1.

Results

67 patients were enrolled to undergo BIA scans. Mean age was 62.64 ± 10.28 years old, and 49.2% were females. The all-supine cohort exhibited a 0.36 ± 0.61 kg increase in dry lean mass (p < 0.001) and 1.30 ± 2.14 kg increase in lean body mass on postoperative day 0 (p < 0.001). Patients received to 1.16 ± 0.58 kg of fluid mass, on average.

Conclusion

BIA is a rapid, portable tool that allows for body composition analysis of an inpatient surgical population. This study demonstrated that BIA can detect net fluid changes and may approximate implant mass following total joint arthroplasty. This may aid surgeons in interpreting post-operative body composition changes.

Keywords

  • Bioimpedance
  • arthroplasty
  • body composition
  • post-surgical changes
Open Access

Comprehensive biotechnical system for screening risk-based diagnosis of COVID-19 and post-COVID syndrome

Published Online: 09 Sep 2022
Page range: 45 - 53

Abstract

Abstract

At present, there are no hardware or biochemical systems that allow to assess the severity of post-COVID syndrome in vivo. The hardware of the proposed biotechnical system is based on routine transthoracic electrical impedance rheography, which makes it possible to register the frequency characteristics of the patient's bioimpedance response to controlled stress stimulation, thereby simultaneously fixing the characteristics of his productive heart, the state of the hemomicrocirculatory bed, the efficiency of the gas transport function of his blood, and also reliably assess personal reactivity and adaptive potential. Subsequent mathematical approximation of the obtained biometric data by an original neural network makes it possible to rank the results obtained and automatically generate a program of medical rehabilitation for a particular patient, depending on the severity of his post-COVID syndrome. The study results proved two reliable physiological signs confirming the presence of latent post-COVID complications: a decrease in the base impedance value for light exercise and an increase in the length of the systolic arc of the rheocardiogram.

Keywords

  • Bioimpedance
  • COVID-19
  • E-health
  • health care personnel
  • pathophysiology
  • post-COVID syndrome
  • rheography
8 Articles
Open Access

Opinion: The future of electrical impedance tomography

Published Online: 31 Mar 2022
Page range: 1 - 3

Abstract

Open Access

Identification of contractions from Electrohysterography for prediction of prolonged labor

Published Online: 31 Mar 2022
Page range: 4 - 9

Abstract

Abstract

The analysis of the uterine electrical activity and its propagation patterns could potentially predict the risk of prolonged/arrested progress of labor. In our study, the Electrohysterography (EHG) signals of 83 participants in labor at around 3-4 cm of cervical dilatation, were recorded for about 30 minutes each. These signals were analyzed for predicting prolonged labor. Out of the 83 participants, 70 participants had normal progress of labor and delivered vaginally. The remaining 13 participants had prolonged/ arrested progress of labor and had to deliver through a cesarean section. In this paper, we propose an algorithm to identify contractions from the acquired EHG signals based on the energy of the signals. The role of contraction consistency and fundal dominance was evaluated for impact on progress of the labor. As per our study, the correlation of contractions was higher in case of normal progress of labor. We also observed that the upper uterine segment was dominant in cases with prolonged/arrested progress of labor.

Keywords

  • uterine contractions
  • prolonged labor
  • fundal dominance
  • electrohysterography
Open Access

Influence of acute water ingestion and prolonged standing on raw bioimpedance and subsequent body fluid and composition estimates

Published Online: 20 May 2022
Page range: 10 - 20

Abstract

Abstract

This study evaluated the influence of acute water ingestion and maintaining an upright posture on raw bioimpedance and subsequent estimates of body fluids and composition. Twenty healthy adults participated in a randomized crossover study. In both conditions, an overnight food and fluid fast was followed by an initial multi-frequency bioimpedance assessment (InBody 770). Participants then ingested 11 mL/kg of water (water condition) or did not (control condition) during a 5-minute period. Thereafter, bioimpedance assessments were performed every 10 minutes for one hour with participants remaining upright throughout. Linear mixed effects models were used to examine the influence of condition and time on raw bioimpedance, body fluids, and body composition. Water consumption increased impedance of the arms but not trunk or legs. However, drift in leg impedance was observed, with decreasing values over time in both conditions. No effects of condition on body fluids were detected, but total body water and intracellular water decreased by ~0.5 kg over time in both conditions. Correspondingly, lean body mass did not differ between conditions but decreased over the measurement duration. The increase in body mass in the water condition was detected exclusively as fat mass, with final fat mass values ~1.3 kg higher than baseline and also higher than the control condition. Acute water ingestion and prolonged standing exert practically meaningful effects on relevant bioimpedance variables quantified by a modern, vertical multi-frequency analyzer. These findings have implications for pre-assessment standardization, methodological reporting, and interpretation of assessments.

Keywords

  • Bioelectrical impedance analysis
  • hydration
  • body composition
  • body fat
  • muscle mass
Open Access

Monitoring the skin biophysical parameters among coronavirus patients for three days in a row: a preliminary study

Published Online: 20 May 2022
Page range: 21 - 24

Abstract

Abstract

The coronavirus epidemic 2019 is spreading all over the world now. Several parameters are used to monitor the status of hospitalized patients; however, monitoring variations in biophysical properties of the skin has not been investigated yet. In this preliminary study, we seek to monitor skin biophysical parameters among coronavirus patients for three days in a row. Skin moisture, pH, sebum, and temperature during the three days were monitored in 30 coronavirus patients by using non-invasive portable instruments. Skin biophysical parameters were increased on the third day of monitoring compared to the first one. In addition, the increase in both skin moisture and temperature were statistically significant. According to the results of this preliminary study, skin biophysical parameters changed (increased) during the specified period in which the patients were monitored. However, changes in skin sebum content and pH were not significant. These skin parameters need to be further investigated until we know their indication ability for the health condition of coronavirus patients in clinical applications.

Keywords

  • Coronavirus
  • oil
  • patients
  • pH
  • sebum
  • skin moisture
Open Access

Bioelectrical impedance changes of the trunk are opposite the limbs following acute hydration change

Published Online: 25 Jun 2022
Page range: 25 - 30

Abstract

Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the changes in impedance and estimates of body composition variables obtained from segmental multi-frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis (SMFBIA) following acute hydration change. All participants (N = 11 active adults) had SMFBIA measurements at baseline (euhydration), post-dehydration, and post-hyperhydration in an experimental repeated-measures design. Dehydration and hyperhydration trials were randomized with the opposite treatment given 24 h later. Dehydration was achieved via a heat chamber of 40 °C and 60% relative humidity. Hyperhydration was achieved by drinking lightly-salted water (30 mmol·L-1 NaCl; 1.76 g NaCl·L-1) within 30 min. Post-measurements were taken 30 min after each treatment. Despite changes in mass post-dehydration (Δ = -2.0%, p < 0.001) and post-hyperhydration (Δ = 1.2%, p < 0.001), SMFBIA estimates of total body water (TBW) did not change significantly across trials (p = 0.507), leading to significant differences (p < 0.001) in SMFBIA-estimates of body fat percentage across trials. Dehydration resulted in a significant (p < 0.001) 8% decrease in limb impedances at both 20 kHz and 100 kHz. Hyperhydration increased limb impedances only slightly (1.5%, p > 0.05). Impedance changes in the trunk followed an opposite pattern of the limbs. SMFBIA failed to track acute changes in TBW. Divergent impedance changes suggest the trunk is influenced by fluid volume, but the limbs are influenced by ion concentration.

Keywords

  • bioimpedance
  • body composition
  • body water
  • dehydration
  • hyperhydration
Open Access

Validation of non-empirical fat-free mass estimation model for a wrist-worn device

Published Online: 25 Jun 2022
Page range: 31 - 38

Abstract

Abstract

Fat-free mass (FFM) estimation has dramatic importance for body composition evaluation, often providing a basis for treatment of obesity and muscular dystrophy. However, current methods of FFM estimation have several drawbacks, usually related to either cost-effectiveness and equipment size (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) scan) or model limitations. In this study, we present and validate a new FFM estimation model based on hand-to-hand bioimpedance analysis (BIA) and arm volume. Forty-two participants underwent a full-body DEXA scan, a series of anthropometric measurements, and upper-body BIA measurements with the custom-designed wearable wrist-worn impedance meter. A new two truncated cones (TTC) model was trained on DEXA data and achieved the best performance metrics of 0.886 ± 0.051 r2, 0.052 ± 0.009 % mean average error, and 6.884 ± 1.283 kg maximal residual error in FFM estimation. The model further demonstrated its effectiveness in Bland-Altman comparisons with the skinfold thickness-based FFM estimation method, achieving the least mean bias (0.007 kg). The novel TTC model can provide an alternative to full-body BIA measurements, demonstrating an accurate FFM estimation independently of population variables.

Keywords

  • Bioelectrical impedance analysis
  • fat free mass
  • upper-body measurement
  • multiple linear regression
  • predictive modeling
Open Access

Body composition changes in the immediate peri-operative period following total joint arthroplasty

Published Online: 09 Sep 2022
Page range: 39 - 44

Abstract

Abstract Background

Bioimpedance analysis (BIA) is a readily available tool to assess body composition in a clinical setting. BIA has received little attention in orthopaedics and namely joint arthroplasty. This study aims to quantify changes in body composition in the immediate peri-operative period following total joint arthroplasty.

Methods

Adults scheduled for elective total joint arthroplasty were recruited to participate. Patients underwent BIA scans in the immediate peri-operative period: pre-operative on their day of surgery, post-operative day 0, and post-operative day 1.

Results

67 patients were enrolled to undergo BIA scans. Mean age was 62.64 ± 10.28 years old, and 49.2% were females. The all-supine cohort exhibited a 0.36 ± 0.61 kg increase in dry lean mass (p < 0.001) and 1.30 ± 2.14 kg increase in lean body mass on postoperative day 0 (p < 0.001). Patients received to 1.16 ± 0.58 kg of fluid mass, on average.

Conclusion

BIA is a rapid, portable tool that allows for body composition analysis of an inpatient surgical population. This study demonstrated that BIA can detect net fluid changes and may approximate implant mass following total joint arthroplasty. This may aid surgeons in interpreting post-operative body composition changes.

Keywords

  • Bioimpedance
  • arthroplasty
  • body composition
  • post-surgical changes
Open Access

Comprehensive biotechnical system for screening risk-based diagnosis of COVID-19 and post-COVID syndrome

Published Online: 09 Sep 2022
Page range: 45 - 53

Abstract

Abstract

At present, there are no hardware or biochemical systems that allow to assess the severity of post-COVID syndrome in vivo. The hardware of the proposed biotechnical system is based on routine transthoracic electrical impedance rheography, which makes it possible to register the frequency characteristics of the patient's bioimpedance response to controlled stress stimulation, thereby simultaneously fixing the characteristics of his productive heart, the state of the hemomicrocirculatory bed, the efficiency of the gas transport function of his blood, and also reliably assess personal reactivity and adaptive potential. Subsequent mathematical approximation of the obtained biometric data by an original neural network makes it possible to rank the results obtained and automatically generate a program of medical rehabilitation for a particular patient, depending on the severity of his post-COVID syndrome. The study results proved two reliable physiological signs confirming the presence of latent post-COVID complications: a decrease in the base impedance value for light exercise and an increase in the length of the systolic arc of the rheocardiogram.

Keywords

  • Bioimpedance
  • COVID-19
  • E-health
  • health care personnel
  • pathophysiology
  • post-COVID syndrome
  • rheography

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