Magazine et Edition

Volume 48 (2022): Edition 2 (July 2022)

Volume 48 (2022): Edition 1 (March 2022)

Volume 47 (2021): Edition 3 (November 2021)

Volume 47 (2021): Edition 2 (July 2021)

Volume 47 (2021): Edition 1 (March 2021)

Volume 46 (2020): Edition 3 (November 2020)

Volume 46 (2020): Edition 2 (July 2020)

Volume 46 (2020): Edition 1 (March 2020)

Volume 45 (2019): Edition 3 (November 2019)

Volume 45 (2019): Edition 2 (July 2019)

Volume 45 (2019): Edition 1 (March 2019)

Volume 44 (2018): Edition 3 (November 2018)

Volume 44 (2018): Edition 2 (July 2018)

Volume 44 (2018): Edition 1 (March 2018)

Volume 43 (2017): Edition 3 (November 2017)

Volume 43 (2017): Edition 2 (July 2017)

Volume 43 (2017): Edition 1 (March 2017)

Volume 42 (2016): Edition 3 (November 2016)

Volume 42 (2016): Edition 2 (July 2016)

Volume 42 (2016): Edition 1 (March 2016)

Détails du magazine
Format
Magazine
eISSN
2297-8348
Première publication
16 Apr 2016
Période de publication
3 fois par an
Langues
Anglais

Chercher

Volume 48 (2022): Edition 1 (March 2022)

Détails du magazine
Format
Magazine
eISSN
2297-8348
Première publication
16 Apr 2016
Période de publication
3 fois par an
Langues
Anglais

Chercher

14 Articles
Accès libre

Editorial

Publié en ligne: 29 Mar 2022
Pages: 5 - 8

Résumé

Accès libre

Experiments in the Sociology of Education – Promises and Experiences

Publié en ligne: 29 Mar 2022
Pages: 9 - 20

Résumé

Accès libre

Experimental Research in Education: An Appraisal of the Italian Experience

Publié en ligne: 29 Mar 2022
Pages: 21 - 46

Résumé

Abstract

This work provides an assessment of the Italian experimental literature in the field of education. We review 25 RCTs completed between 2009 and 2020, analysing their alignment to the CONSORT guidelines. Our findings show that the scientific reporting is on average of good quality; however, there are areas where a significant improvement is needed. We suggest viable solutions, aimed at improving the robustness of experimental research in sociology, taking advantage from consolidated rigorous praxis developed in other disciplines.

Mots clés

  • Italy
  • education
  • randomized controlled trials
  • CONSORT
  • review
Accès libre

Factorial Survey Experiments in the Sociology of Education. Potentials, Pitfalls, Evaluation

Publié en ligne: 29 Mar 2022
Pages: 47 - 76

Résumé

Abstract

The potentials and pitfalls of factorial survey experiments (FSE) are discussed for empirical tests of theoretical explanations in the sociology of education. The possibilities and limits of FSE are outlined in relation to the internal validity, construct validity, and external validity of the obtained results and illustrated using an example experiment on the decision of university students to study abroad. It is demonstrated that FSE are an enriching complement to laboratory and field experiments, and observational studies.

Mots clés

  • Factorial survey experiment
  • validity
  • educational decisions
  • study abroad
Accès libre

Discrimination at the Crossroads? Evidence from a Factorial Survey Experiment on Teacher‘s Tracking Decisions

Publié en ligne: 29 Mar 2022
Pages: 77 - 105

Résumé

Abstract

Using a factorial survey experiment, we investigate whether teachers discriminate against lower class and minority children. The vignettes include information on the pupil’s gender, social and ethnic origin, academic potential, motivation, behaviour in class as well as parental educational aspirations. While the discrimination hypotheses are not supported, we find gender-specific effects of challenging behaviour, to the disadvantage of girls. Both the usefulness as well as potential pitfalls of the factorial survey approach are discussed.

Mots clés

  • Discrimination
  • educational inequalities
  • factorial survey experiment
  • tracking decisions
  • gender bias
Accès libre

Legitimacy of Group-Specific Support for College Access – Results of an Experimental Vignette Study

Publié en ligne: 29 Mar 2022
Pages: 107 - 136

Résumé

Abstract

In an experimental vignette study, the respondents were asked to decide whether college applicants should be credited with a bonus or malus on the admission grade, for example due to their migration background, social origin, or effort. The results show that dimensions of social educational inequality tend to be considered in the direction of compensation. Hence, there is evidence of a certain legitimacy of measures in the sense of positive discrimination in university access.

Mots clés

  • Justice
  • social inequality
  • college admission
  • students
  • vignette study
Accès libre

Do Intensive Guidance Programs Reduce Social Inequality in the Transition to Higher Education? Results of a Field Experiment

Publié en ligne: 29 Mar 2022
Pages: 137 - 164

Résumé

Abstract

This paper examines the effect of an intensive counseling program to promote college access of students who are eligible for college. Using data from an experimental panel study, we examine the average effect on university enrollment directly after high school graduation and the effect heterogeneity by educational background. No positive effect of participation is found. We discuss these results in relation to the potential of reducing inequalities by individual counseling in Germany.

Mots clés

  • College access
  • educational intervention
  • experiment
  • social origin
Accès libre

Home Street Home. Experiences of Homelessness in a City in French-Speaking Switzerland

Publié en ligne: 29 Mar 2022
Pages: 165 - 184

Résumé

Abstract

In a city in western Switzerland (as in other cities), homeless people are targeted by three policies: a compassionate policy, specific to social emergency measures; a policy of repression; and, as far as residents are concerned, a traditional welfare policy. Based on accounts by homeless people, the article highlights their logics for using the night emergency system. It also shows how their vulnerabilities are produced by the simultaneous deployment of local, national, and European policies.

Mots clés

  • Homelessness
  • social emergency
  • power relations
  • vulnerabilities
Accès libre

Spatial Planning as Public Space: Some Issues of Local Democracy raised by the Extension of the École hôtelière in the Lausanne peri-urban area

Publié en ligne: 29 Mar 2022
Pages: 185 - 214

Résumé

Abstract

Based on a field survey on the conflicts regarding the extension of the Ecole Hôtelière de Lausanne, this text discusses the production of public space. These controversies make possible an understanding of the production process of peri-urban space in terms of residential aspirations and negotiation mechanisms. This investigation allows us to understand the articulation of the two forms of public space – as publicity and as a set of freely accessible places – and the questions of local democracies related to them.

Mots clés

  • Urban sociology
  • Public Space / Public Sphere
  • neighborhood
  • conflict
  • urbanisation
Accès libre

Constructing Vocations. The Promotion of Vocations by Professional Associations

Publié en ligne: 29 Mar 2022
Pages: 215 - 240

Résumé

Abstract

Current research on the promotion of vocations focuses mainly on best practices of institutionalized vocational guidance as well as on individually constructed images of vocations. In contrast, this article deals with the question, how occupational associations – as collective actors – diffuse vocations and, thus, inscribe them into cultural memory. Based on the analysis of recruiting videos, the article identifies different promotion strategies, and sheds light on different thought patterns and exclusive mechanisms.

Mots clés

  • Career guidance
  • professional associations
  • exclusion
  • occupational identity
  • occupations and gender
Accès libre

Buchbesprechungen / Recensions critiques / Book Reviews

Publié en ligne: 29 Mar 2022
Pages: 241 - 243

Résumé

Accès libre

Book Reviews: Un/doing Ethnicity im öffentlichen Dienst. Ethnografien zum ethnischen Differenzieren am Beispiel von Jugendamt und Polizei

Publié en ligne: 29 Mar 2022
Pages: 244 - 246

Résumé

Accès libre

Book Reviews: Mittendrin ist vielerorts, 22 Porträts

Publié en ligne: 29 Mar 2022
Pages: 246 - 248

Résumé

Accès libre

Book Reviews: Panorama Gesellschaft Schweiz 2020. Migration – Integration – Partizipation

Publié en ligne: 29 Mar 2022
Pages: 248 - 251

Résumé

14 Articles
Accès libre

Editorial

Publié en ligne: 29 Mar 2022
Pages: 5 - 8

Résumé

Accès libre

Experiments in the Sociology of Education – Promises and Experiences

Publié en ligne: 29 Mar 2022
Pages: 9 - 20

Résumé

Accès libre

Experimental Research in Education: An Appraisal of the Italian Experience

Publié en ligne: 29 Mar 2022
Pages: 21 - 46

Résumé

Abstract

This work provides an assessment of the Italian experimental literature in the field of education. We review 25 RCTs completed between 2009 and 2020, analysing their alignment to the CONSORT guidelines. Our findings show that the scientific reporting is on average of good quality; however, there are areas where a significant improvement is needed. We suggest viable solutions, aimed at improving the robustness of experimental research in sociology, taking advantage from consolidated rigorous praxis developed in other disciplines.

Mots clés

  • Italy
  • education
  • randomized controlled trials
  • CONSORT
  • review
Accès libre

Factorial Survey Experiments in the Sociology of Education. Potentials, Pitfalls, Evaluation

Publié en ligne: 29 Mar 2022
Pages: 47 - 76

Résumé

Abstract

The potentials and pitfalls of factorial survey experiments (FSE) are discussed for empirical tests of theoretical explanations in the sociology of education. The possibilities and limits of FSE are outlined in relation to the internal validity, construct validity, and external validity of the obtained results and illustrated using an example experiment on the decision of university students to study abroad. It is demonstrated that FSE are an enriching complement to laboratory and field experiments, and observational studies.

Mots clés

  • Factorial survey experiment
  • validity
  • educational decisions
  • study abroad
Accès libre

Discrimination at the Crossroads? Evidence from a Factorial Survey Experiment on Teacher‘s Tracking Decisions

Publié en ligne: 29 Mar 2022
Pages: 77 - 105

Résumé

Abstract

Using a factorial survey experiment, we investigate whether teachers discriminate against lower class and minority children. The vignettes include information on the pupil’s gender, social and ethnic origin, academic potential, motivation, behaviour in class as well as parental educational aspirations. While the discrimination hypotheses are not supported, we find gender-specific effects of challenging behaviour, to the disadvantage of girls. Both the usefulness as well as potential pitfalls of the factorial survey approach are discussed.

Mots clés

  • Discrimination
  • educational inequalities
  • factorial survey experiment
  • tracking decisions
  • gender bias
Accès libre

Legitimacy of Group-Specific Support for College Access – Results of an Experimental Vignette Study

Publié en ligne: 29 Mar 2022
Pages: 107 - 136

Résumé

Abstract

In an experimental vignette study, the respondents were asked to decide whether college applicants should be credited with a bonus or malus on the admission grade, for example due to their migration background, social origin, or effort. The results show that dimensions of social educational inequality tend to be considered in the direction of compensation. Hence, there is evidence of a certain legitimacy of measures in the sense of positive discrimination in university access.

Mots clés

  • Justice
  • social inequality
  • college admission
  • students
  • vignette study
Accès libre

Do Intensive Guidance Programs Reduce Social Inequality in the Transition to Higher Education? Results of a Field Experiment

Publié en ligne: 29 Mar 2022
Pages: 137 - 164

Résumé

Abstract

This paper examines the effect of an intensive counseling program to promote college access of students who are eligible for college. Using data from an experimental panel study, we examine the average effect on university enrollment directly after high school graduation and the effect heterogeneity by educational background. No positive effect of participation is found. We discuss these results in relation to the potential of reducing inequalities by individual counseling in Germany.

Mots clés

  • College access
  • educational intervention
  • experiment
  • social origin
Accès libre

Home Street Home. Experiences of Homelessness in a City in French-Speaking Switzerland

Publié en ligne: 29 Mar 2022
Pages: 165 - 184

Résumé

Abstract

In a city in western Switzerland (as in other cities), homeless people are targeted by three policies: a compassionate policy, specific to social emergency measures; a policy of repression; and, as far as residents are concerned, a traditional welfare policy. Based on accounts by homeless people, the article highlights their logics for using the night emergency system. It also shows how their vulnerabilities are produced by the simultaneous deployment of local, national, and European policies.

Mots clés

  • Homelessness
  • social emergency
  • power relations
  • vulnerabilities
Accès libre

Spatial Planning as Public Space: Some Issues of Local Democracy raised by the Extension of the École hôtelière in the Lausanne peri-urban area

Publié en ligne: 29 Mar 2022
Pages: 185 - 214

Résumé

Abstract

Based on a field survey on the conflicts regarding the extension of the Ecole Hôtelière de Lausanne, this text discusses the production of public space. These controversies make possible an understanding of the production process of peri-urban space in terms of residential aspirations and negotiation mechanisms. This investigation allows us to understand the articulation of the two forms of public space – as publicity and as a set of freely accessible places – and the questions of local democracies related to them.

Mots clés

  • Urban sociology
  • Public Space / Public Sphere
  • neighborhood
  • conflict
  • urbanisation
Accès libre

Constructing Vocations. The Promotion of Vocations by Professional Associations

Publié en ligne: 29 Mar 2022
Pages: 215 - 240

Résumé

Abstract

Current research on the promotion of vocations focuses mainly on best practices of institutionalized vocational guidance as well as on individually constructed images of vocations. In contrast, this article deals with the question, how occupational associations – as collective actors – diffuse vocations and, thus, inscribe them into cultural memory. Based on the analysis of recruiting videos, the article identifies different promotion strategies, and sheds light on different thought patterns and exclusive mechanisms.

Mots clés

  • Career guidance
  • professional associations
  • exclusion
  • occupational identity
  • occupations and gender
Accès libre

Buchbesprechungen / Recensions critiques / Book Reviews

Publié en ligne: 29 Mar 2022
Pages: 241 - 243

Résumé

Accès libre

Book Reviews: Un/doing Ethnicity im öffentlichen Dienst. Ethnografien zum ethnischen Differenzieren am Beispiel von Jugendamt und Polizei

Publié en ligne: 29 Mar 2022
Pages: 244 - 246

Résumé

Accès libre

Book Reviews: Mittendrin ist vielerorts, 22 Porträts

Publié en ligne: 29 Mar 2022
Pages: 246 - 248

Résumé

Accès libre

Book Reviews: Panorama Gesellschaft Schweiz 2020. Migration – Integration – Partizipation

Publié en ligne: 29 Mar 2022
Pages: 248 - 251

Résumé

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