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Volume 46 (2020): Edition 1 (March 2020)

Volume 45 (2019): Edition 3 (November 2019)

Volume 45 (2019): Edition 2 (July 2019)

Volume 45 (2019): Edition 1 (March 2019)

Volume 44 (2018): Edition 3 (November 2018)

Volume 44 (2018): Edition 2 (July 2018)

Volume 44 (2018): Edition 1 (March 2018)

Volume 43 (2017): Edition 3 (November 2017)

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Détails du magazine
Format
Magazine
eISSN
2297-8348
Première publication
16 Apr 2016
Période de publication
3 fois par an
Langues
Anglais

Chercher

Volume 45 (2019): Edition 1 (March 2019)

Détails du magazine
Format
Magazine
eISSN
2297-8348
Première publication
16 Apr 2016
Période de publication
3 fois par an
Langues
Anglais

Chercher

6 Articles
access type Accès libre

Editorial

Publié en ligne: 07 Apr 2019
Pages: 3 - 6

Résumé

access type Accès libre

Non-Take-Up of Social Assistance: Regional Differences and the Role of Social Norms

Publié en ligne: 07 Apr 2019
Pages: 7 - 33

Résumé

Abstract

This study estimates the prevalence of non-take-up of social assistance using administrative data from the Canton of Bern. Regional variation in non-take-up rates is then used to study the contextual effects of social norms with respect to welfare receipt legitimacy. Social norms are proxied with the degree of urbanity, language regions and communal voter shares of left- and right-wing parties. Multiple regression analysis, extended by several robustness checks, suggests that social norms do indeed have an impact on take-up behavior.

Mots clés

  • non-take-up
  • social assistance
  • Switzerland
  • regional differences
  • welfare attitudes
access type Accès libre

Un/Doing Ethnicity in Intervening Swiss Street-Level Bureaucracy. A Police Service and a Child Welfare Service – an Ethnographic Perspective

Publié en ligne: 07 Apr 2019
Pages: 35 - 55

Résumé

Abstract

The article presents the empirical findings of a multi-site ethnography in two organizations in Swiss street-level bureaucracy. We examined both a municipal child welfare office and the police force of a medium-sized city. The focus was on the question as to whether and how ethnic differentiation takes place in such public agencies and what role it plays at work. The findings suggest that un/doing ethnicity follows an instrumental logic and that it is executed in manifold and ambivalent ways.

Mots clés

  • un/doing ethnicity
  • street-level bureaucracy
  • multi-sited ethnography
  • police force
  • child welfare office
access type Accès libre

Objective Status, Subjective Status and Prosociality of Swiss Apprentices

Publié en ligne: 07 Apr 2019
Pages: 57 - 81

Résumé

Abstract

In previous research, both positive and negative relationships between social status and prosociality have been reported. We argue that the nature of the observed status can explain these divergent findings. In an experimental study with technical and commercial apprentices, we show that objective status can have a positive effect on prosocial behaviour and that subjective status can have a negative effect when controlling for objective status.

Mots clés

  • altruism
  • social preferences
  • empathy
  • dictator game
  • quasi-experiment
access type Accès libre

Islamophobia or Threat to Secularization? Lost Letter Experiments on the Discrimination Against Muslims in an Urban Area of Switzerland

Publié en ligne: 07 Apr 2019
Pages: 83 - 105

Résumé

Abstract

Two explanations for discrimination against Muslims in Switzerland are threat to secularization and xenophobia. We conducted lost letter experiments and find that distinctively religious Muslim groups are indeed discriminated against, although not to a larger degree than Christian sects. Moreover, discrimination against Muslims decreases when there is no reference to religiousness. In sum, the discrimination against Muslims seems mainly to be a result of distinctive religious characteristics attributed to this group.

Mots clés

  • discrimination
  • Islam
  • lost letter experiment
  • religion
  • secularization
access type Accès libre

”Whatever Does Not Kill Me Makes Me Stronger”: A Sociological Analysis of Uses of the Concept of Resilience. The Case of Boris Cyrulnik’s Self-Help Books Readers

Publié en ligne: 07 Apr 2019
Pages: 107 - 126

Résumé

Abstract

This article offers a social science analysis of the resilience concept’s success and common sense uses. Based on a sample of letters from the readers of the French author Boris Cyrulnik’s self-help best-sellers, the article first depicts the characteristics of the attitude of the letters’ authors towards Cyrulnik and what they expect from him. Second, it proposes to understand resilience as a language game used to communicate about suffering and then analyses why certain readers feel resilient while others don’t. It concludes that this way of reacting to adversity (i. e., tapping one’s inner resources, never giving up) is particularly desirable in a context where autonomy has become more prestigious.

Mots clés

  • resilience
  • self-help books
  • autonomy
  • suffering
  • language game
6 Articles
access type Accès libre

Editorial

Publié en ligne: 07 Apr 2019
Pages: 3 - 6

Résumé

access type Accès libre

Non-Take-Up of Social Assistance: Regional Differences and the Role of Social Norms

Publié en ligne: 07 Apr 2019
Pages: 7 - 33

Résumé

Abstract

This study estimates the prevalence of non-take-up of social assistance using administrative data from the Canton of Bern. Regional variation in non-take-up rates is then used to study the contextual effects of social norms with respect to welfare receipt legitimacy. Social norms are proxied with the degree of urbanity, language regions and communal voter shares of left- and right-wing parties. Multiple regression analysis, extended by several robustness checks, suggests that social norms do indeed have an impact on take-up behavior.

Mots clés

  • non-take-up
  • social assistance
  • Switzerland
  • regional differences
  • welfare attitudes
access type Accès libre

Un/Doing Ethnicity in Intervening Swiss Street-Level Bureaucracy. A Police Service and a Child Welfare Service – an Ethnographic Perspective

Publié en ligne: 07 Apr 2019
Pages: 35 - 55

Résumé

Abstract

The article presents the empirical findings of a multi-site ethnography in two organizations in Swiss street-level bureaucracy. We examined both a municipal child welfare office and the police force of a medium-sized city. The focus was on the question as to whether and how ethnic differentiation takes place in such public agencies and what role it plays at work. The findings suggest that un/doing ethnicity follows an instrumental logic and that it is executed in manifold and ambivalent ways.

Mots clés

  • un/doing ethnicity
  • street-level bureaucracy
  • multi-sited ethnography
  • police force
  • child welfare office
access type Accès libre

Objective Status, Subjective Status and Prosociality of Swiss Apprentices

Publié en ligne: 07 Apr 2019
Pages: 57 - 81

Résumé

Abstract

In previous research, both positive and negative relationships between social status and prosociality have been reported. We argue that the nature of the observed status can explain these divergent findings. In an experimental study with technical and commercial apprentices, we show that objective status can have a positive effect on prosocial behaviour and that subjective status can have a negative effect when controlling for objective status.

Mots clés

  • altruism
  • social preferences
  • empathy
  • dictator game
  • quasi-experiment
access type Accès libre

Islamophobia or Threat to Secularization? Lost Letter Experiments on the Discrimination Against Muslims in an Urban Area of Switzerland

Publié en ligne: 07 Apr 2019
Pages: 83 - 105

Résumé

Abstract

Two explanations for discrimination against Muslims in Switzerland are threat to secularization and xenophobia. We conducted lost letter experiments and find that distinctively religious Muslim groups are indeed discriminated against, although not to a larger degree than Christian sects. Moreover, discrimination against Muslims decreases when there is no reference to religiousness. In sum, the discrimination against Muslims seems mainly to be a result of distinctive religious characteristics attributed to this group.

Mots clés

  • discrimination
  • Islam
  • lost letter experiment
  • religion
  • secularization
access type Accès libre

”Whatever Does Not Kill Me Makes Me Stronger”: A Sociological Analysis of Uses of the Concept of Resilience. The Case of Boris Cyrulnik’s Self-Help Books Readers

Publié en ligne: 07 Apr 2019
Pages: 107 - 126

Résumé

Abstract

This article offers a social science analysis of the resilience concept’s success and common sense uses. Based on a sample of letters from the readers of the French author Boris Cyrulnik’s self-help best-sellers, the article first depicts the characteristics of the attitude of the letters’ authors towards Cyrulnik and what they expect from him. Second, it proposes to understand resilience as a language game used to communicate about suffering and then analyses why certain readers feel resilient while others don’t. It concludes that this way of reacting to adversity (i. e., tapping one’s inner resources, never giving up) is particularly desirable in a context where autonomy has become more prestigious.

Mots clés

  • resilience
  • self-help books
  • autonomy
  • suffering
  • language game

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