- Détails du magazine
- Première publication
- 01 Jul 2005
- Période de publication
- 2 fois par an
- Accès libre
Open Candidate Lists as an Opportunity to Personalize the Will of the Voters in the Republic of Macedonia
Pages: 8 - 25
This article introduces and presents a concrete and comparative analysis of electoral system of the Republic of Macedonia and the need of incorporation of the open candidate lists in parliamentary and local elections. In this direction, the article notes that the atmosphere in our country is positive, regardless of the fact that open lists would be a challenge for the domination of the leaders of political parties in the nomination process so far, and the evident political party rule of the state in our society as a pathological phenomenon of our political system, because this type of voting lists implies respected professionals, or in other words, individuals who will develop professional team, intellectual and logistic infrastructure for efficient and democratic functioning of the Parliament of the Republic of Macedonia and municipal councils. In this article, the author points out that open candidate lists would contribute to a greater satisfaction of voters, because they offer greater choice and create a closer relationship between citizens and their representatives. In real life, open candidate lists will contribute to greater accountability of MP’s to voters, as well as better understanding of the needs of voters and their interests and will improve the adequate representation of municipalities and City of Skopje on the legislative power, strengthening the geographical link between voters and MP’s.
- personalization of the vote
- preferential voting
- open and closed candidate lists
- proportional and majority electoral models
- personalizimi i votës
- votimi preferencial
- listat kandiduese të hapura dhe të mbyllura
- modelet zgjedhore proporcionale dhe të shumicës
- персонализација на гласот
- преференцијално гласање
- отворените и затворените кандидатски листи
- пропорционални и мнозински изборни модели
- Accès libre
Pages: 26 - 41
This article aims to contribute in increased interest and consideration for the effects of parental imprisonment on children by addressing new issues for social work practice with this social group. The purpose of the research was to address the lack of information that exists about the parents in prison in Albania and to provide an initial profile of their needs. The article presents a study that the author has conducted with 10 parents in prison, 5 men and 5 women parents in the Institution of the Execution of Criminal Decisions 325 in Tirana, Albania. The method has been that of qualitative research, based on semi-structured interviews. The article has reached in some findings and conclusions. The responses of participants indicate that having children may impact on the ways that many prisoners view their sentence. Many of the participants expressed concern about the effect that being in prison had on their relationship with their children. The lack of child-friendly visiting facilities in the men’s prison was repeatedly highlighted as an obstacle to maintaining contact with children. Other concerns included the changes that had taken place in children’s behaviour since the start of the sentence. These issues suggests positive sentence management programmes for parents in prison that aims to focus on issues relating to their children
- parents in prison
- children with parents in prison
- social work
- social policy
- prindër në burgje
- fëmijë me prindër në burgje
- punë sociale
- politika sociale
- родители во затвор
- деца со родители во затвор
- социјална работа
- социјална политика
- Accès libre
Pages: 42 - 62
This study examines the role of peer feedback in improving writing skills. It observes students’ reactions and attitudes towards giving and receiving peer and teacher feedback. The data were gathered via qualitative and quantitative approaches. The instruments used for the research purpose were: teacher questionnaire, student questionnaire, written samples of teacher feedback and written samples of peer feedback. The participants involved in this study were 45 Albanian and Macedonian students studying at the South East European University in Tetovo. There were also ten teacher participants, employees at the South East European University. The findings indicate that even though students rank teacher feedback as the most important kind of feedback they find peer feedback very beneficial. The results of the study imply that peer feedback is more helpful for higher proficiency students. Students with better writing skills gave more effective feedback and, in turn, applied the feedback received more successfully. From the results of the research, it is recommended that teachers should first teach students how to give peer feedback and then allow them to practice it more frequently. It is concluded that students respond to both teacher and peer feedback equally. The results prove that giving and receiving peer feedback enhances the students’ writing quality, especially as regards content and organization and it also improves critical thinking and establishes a better rapport between the students.
- Keywordspeer feedback
- Fjalët kyçeInformacioni kthyes nga kolegët (peer feedback)
- повратна информација
- Accès libre
Pages: 63 - 75
Mary Edith Durham was a British traveler, writer and artist who became known for her historical, anthropological and ethnographical writings dedicated to Albania. Her dedication to Albanian question on the eve and during the First World War influenced British diplomatic officials, international humanitarian organizations, prestigious press and influential personalities of the British public opinion. A great contribution was also her membership in the Anglo-Albanian Society, which appointed her an honorary secretary.
She reflected the suffer of Albanian population, which she personally witnessed, in her correspondences and articles published in magazines and newspapers such as: “The Manchester Guardian”, “Near East”, “The Nations”, “Times”, “New Times and Ethiopia News”, “The Adriatic Review”, etc.
During the First World War the support from Western Europe was more than neccesary for Albania therefore the contribution of Mary Edith Durham for Albanians was viewed with admiration by her collaborators, historians, anthropologists and ethnographs. Although she went in Albania for the last time in 1921, she worked for Albanian question for the rest of her life. In Albania she was called “ Mbretëresha e Malësorëve” and was awarded the prize during the period of King Zog I and during the period of democracy of nowadays Albania.
- Edith Durham
- Great Britain
- Albania during the First World War
- Edith Durham
- Britania e Madhe
- Shqipëria gjatë Luftës së parë botërore
- Едит Дурхам
- Велика Британија
- Албанија во текот на Првата светска војна
- Accès libre
Pages: 76 - 84
Consider an affinely connected space without a torsion A2n.  introduces pairs of mutual compositions Xn x X n and Yn x Y n , defined by the afinors aa and ba . This paper considers two new compositions given by the affinors a = V2 (aa + ba ) and Ca = V2 (aa - ba ). We show that these compositions define integrable structures in A2n .
- affinely connected spaces
- special compositions
- affinors of compositions
- Accès libre
Pages: 85 - 105
A lot of work has gone to standardize the financial accounts of insurance and requirements of reimbursement ability. These projects are made by various international organizations. This will alter the way the insurance companies keep their accounts and how they design strategies. All this work in accounting is being done to increase transparency and provide the most realistic accounts of insurance. This is an indirect form to protect the policyholders.
Even the regulation on repayment ability is a method of protecting policyholders. Accounting is the process of collecting and reporting financial information about entity or about a group of units. Accounting practices are developed over time and they reflect the traditional national accounts. With the development of EU and increased activity of insurance companies or other companies outside the national borders, finding of a common way to present financial data of companies is becoming more critical. In connection with commercial enterprises, accounting information users include managers, investors, potential investors, lenders, investment analysts, regulators and consumers.
The accounting changes outlined here, will be mandatory for insurance companies listed on stock exchange. However it is expected that other companies will adopt these rules as they aim to clearly present the true situation of the company, critical for managing a company.
- standard ,insurance industry
- risk. insurance products
- financial reporting
- industri sigurimesh
- produktet e sigurimit
- индустрија наосигурување
- осигурителни производи,директива
- финансиско известување
- Accès libre
Pages: 106 - 120
The paper intends to analyze the impact of global economic crisis on the economies of Western Balkan (Macedonian economy). The purpose of the paper is not to analyze the global crisis impact on specific sectors of the economies of the Western Balkan Countries, indeed, it focuses mainly on the macroeconomic level, identifying and analyzing fluctuations of major macroeconomic indicators of the economies of this Region. In this regard the paper analyzes the trends of macroeconomics indicators that reflect the development and macroeconomic balances of those economies, such as GDP, the level of employment, inflation, budget deficit, trade relation, etc, in two periods of time: before the crisis, and during the years of crisis. Highlighting the deterioration of these indicators, the paper tries to identify factors that have contributed to these results, for example the level of opening of the economies of these countries, foreign direct investment, remittances, etc.
This paper basically discuss the financial crisis and impact of financial crisis in Balkan. There is a fear that his economic crisis will take hold of Europe if it is not controlled. Europe is one of the biggest economies of the world so almost all the countries over the globe are also having a threat of facing the financial crisis. The world financial crisis emerged from a property bubble and a credit boom. Bad debts soared and banking sector in the developed economies became insolvent. The implication of the crisis to the western Balkans has been not of a sort of financial crisis, but an economic turbulence which has occurred as a result of lack of demand in the world markets to the Western Balkan products and falling sources of finance.
Investments, remittances, industrial production, foreign exchange reserves and employment rates have fallen
- Accès libre
Pages: 121 - 131
When shall we see the beginning of the end of the twenty years ‘name dispute’ between Macedonia and Greece, which left Macedonia in front of the NATO and EU doors, and which threatens to disintegrate the state along ethnic lines? When does the moment come when a chance may at least appear that “the nationalism of the powerless” will be considered reasonable when their goals are within reach? If international politics still functions on the principle expounded by the realists - that the strong do what they want while the weak do what they must, and having in mind the name dispute between Macedonia and Greece, the question arises: how much time it takes for the nationalism of those who believe that they are powerful enough to get what they want (saying: “these are our rights and they are nonnegotiable”) to break down the nationalism of the “powerless”?
The main thesis in this article is that whatever was achieved so far as a result of the pressure on Macedonia to change its constitutional name in these twenty years comes down to the following: the Macedonian nationalism increased and strengthened, the antagonism between the Macedonian and the Albanian political parties deepened, and the democratic process in the country was undermined. However, the results of the early elections in 2010, indicate that the Macedonian society slowly consolidates, under the so called ‘fatigue’ of protracted conflict’ and prepares for a compromise.
- national identity
- ethnic sensitivity
- ‘name issue’
- international relations
- Accès libre
Pages: 132 - 150
The article summarizes the situation of the Roma in the Republic of Croatia, before and after the adoption of the Decade for inclusion of the Roma 2005-2015. As well are listed the taken activities and measures for improvement of the situation of the Roma in the areas of education, health, housing and employment. The article contains a comparative analysis of the realized activities in Republic of Croatia and Republic of Macedonia.
- Accès libre
Pages: 151 - 163
After the fall of communist system in Eastern Europe, international relations have undergone a process of major changes as a result of two main processes: a) the disintegration of former Soviet Union and Former Yugoslavia, and b) the process of integration of former communist countries to EU and NATO. In view of the new situation, countries of former communist bloc are defining the tendencies of future development in order to outline recommendation on the policies of adjustment to the new models of regional and global security. Early challenges of global security, during four decades of the Cold War, were the defense of the sovereignty and territorial integrity in the face of threat of the Soviet army. Geopolitical and geostrategic changes that swept Eastern Europe after the fall of communism were accompanied by interethnic tensions and conflict. By now, the concept of security is broader and includes the defense of fundamental values and principles of democratic systems.
The end of the 20th century brought about sweeping geopolitical and geostrategic changes. Firstly, the start of the integrative process of the countries of Central and Eastern Europe within the structures of NATO and EU demanded that these countries met the economic and political standards required to join these organizations. Secondly, the disintegration of Soviet Union and Former Yugoslavia brought about new problems with regards to borders, minorities and ultranationalist ideologies, problems that went hand in hand with interethnic conflict, threatening the regional stability. These processes of wide-ranging changes brought to attention the concept of “social security” that focused not only on the countries affected by the process of disintegration of nation-state, but also on the embryonic creation of a global society.
- Accès libre
Pages: 164 - 181
The ultimate goal of the Health sector is to maximize the population’s health, reforming health services must be part of broader package that recognize the impact of the wider social, physical and economic environment on Health status and vice versa. Public Policy in health is successful if it is leads from one side to the main health challenges facing today including income distribution, employment education, transportation and agriculture and from the other side the ability to asses health care needs and to identify, develop and implement appropriate services in response to them.
As we mention above the characteristics of health system are the results of a mix of economical, social, political and historical factors outside and the system itself .One important factor that have a great impact on health care reform is the involvement of the state in overall policy that includes levels of decentralization of a public health infrastructure as well as the presence of a public health input at decision making level. Sanitation presents even more problems than drinking water. Sanitation coverage in urban areas is almost the same as drinking water coverage. Urban areas have mostly combined sewage and storm water collection networks that discharge into near bay surface water-bodies.
About 40% of the urban population has a sewer connection. In rural areas, only a small portion of the areas with piped water supply is equipped with sever networks. Most rural areas have individual household wastewater collection systems, principally simple pit-latrines with no drainage pipes. Upgrading of sewer networks hasn’t kept pace with the general development of infrastructure, and the materials and technology used haven’t been improved. Presently, there’s no treatment of wastewater in Albania; its discharge in water bodies, especially in coastal tourist areas and delicate ecosystems, is a major environmental concern for the government/business/community/wide public.
- Accès libre
Pages: 182 - 214
Kolkata, one of the fastest growing metropolises in India has been suffering from air pollution for many decades. The rapid urbanization coupled with ineffective government control has been fuelling this problem. The study aims to portray the current air pollution situation in this megacity as it analyses the present level of different air pollutants like Suspended Particulate Matter (SPM), NO2 and SO2. The result of the analysis shows the critical level of air pollutants specially the SPM and NO2 in different parts of city. By zoning the city into residential, commercial and industrial areas, the result shows the difference between the levels of pollution in each area. The second part of the study explored the seasonal variation of air pollution and it has been found all of the pollutants reach its highest concentration during winter. Extending the study, the paper also tries to establish the relationship between the air pollutants and metrological factors by using the Spearman’s Rank Correlation. The results show an inverse relation between the concentration of pollutants and the metrological factors such as precipitation, wind, temperature and relative humidity. Finally, a calculation of the change in pollution level during the two festive seasons is carried out and an increase in SPM concentration has been found during the celebrations of Kali Puja and Diwali.
- Air Pollution
- Seasonal variation
- Metrological factors