- Détails du magazine
- Première publication
- 11 Dec 2014
- Période de publication
- 2 fois par an
- Accès libre
The Role Of Open And Distance Higher Education In Detainees In Greek Detention Facilities
Pages: 1 - 14
The purpose of this article is to present the results of the qualitative research conducted in Detention Facilities in Greece in connection with the preparation of the thesis (Linardatou, 2012). This is a case study of two prisoners attending Open Universities. The study concerned the characteristics and peculiarities of Open and Distance Education to Greek prisoners in detention facilities and the role of the Hellenic Open University (HOU) in higher education. The use of research tools such as telephone interviews and interviews with the use of a written questionnaire revealed the following information: In detention centres in Greece in 2012 there are two detainees-students studying together. HOU provides educational opportunities to prisoners but in its educational policy there is no strategy for the prisoners’ distance education. The article concludes with suggestions for improving the HOU policy towards socially excluded people such as prisoners.
- Correctional Prisoners
- Correctional Education
- Lifelong Learning
- Second Chance Schools
- Higher Open and Distance Education
- Hellenic Open University
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Aesthetic Literacy: Observable Phenomena And Pedagogical Applications For Mobile Lifelong Learning (MLLL)
Pages: 15 - 33
This paper proposed a method for developing capacity for lifelong learning in open spaces, defined here as places without predefined learning structures or objectives, through the cultivation of aesthetic literacy. This discussion will be situated within fieldwork performed by the authors in Helsinki, Finland, and Tallinn, Estonia, in 2013. Based on the researchers’ experience in the field of teacher education and workshops they have conducted on mobile learning, the empirical context for this discussion focuses on data generated from the research methods of participatory observation (ethnography), autoethnography, reflective concept analysis and artistic subjectivity. These methods and the data generated as a result collect to produce insight into how aesthetic literacy sits within the cross-section of open space, mobile learning, and lifelong learning,
Aesthetic literacy, appropriated and broadened from its original focus as capacity for “reading” or making meaning from artistic material (discussed in Gale, 2005 as the “living of lyrical moments”), is positioned in this paper as a means of making meaning in open spaces through alignment and attunement. This paper presents pragmatic methods for pedagogically cultivating learning in open spaces through a focus on aesthetic literacy. The pedagogical advantages of such an approach and its applicability to lifelong learning, particularly lifelong learning activated through mobile technology (or mobile lifelong learning-mLLL), follows along with recommendations for further research. The applicability of such research is for teachers, learners, or researchers who are looking for methods for making use of open spaces for learning, or to cultivate learners who actively seek learning in the “rhythms of the everyday” (Lankshear & Knobel, 2011).
The aim of the article is to produce fresh insights into the academic discussion about the nature of open space, mobile learning and lifelong learning as seem from the point of view of aesthetic literacy, insights we believe have distinct pedagogical advantages for mLLL.
- lifelong learning
- mobile learning
- open learning
- field activity
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Peer Observation For Online Distance Learning Tutors: Creating The Conditions For Effective Peer Exchange
Pages: 34 - 51
This article explores how online distance learning tutors working within a higher education context may be supported in their professional development through participation on an institutional peer observation programme. Drawing on the reflections of participants from two cohorts (2011 and 2012) at the University of York, the article reviews the learning outcomes arising from the peer observation process and investigates the necessary conditions for fostering critical reflection on practice between tutors. Feedback from participants highlighted the importance of investing time in relationship-building at the outset of the process - a necessary first step before free-ranging and critical exchanges can flourish between partners. Pairings which invested time at this stage appeared to develop greater levels of trust, enabling them to probe their tutoring practices in a more critical way and explore areas of perceived weakness as well as tackling emergent themes in their dialogue. These observations have informed the development of a guidance framework for peer exchange at the University of York, which is summarised in the concluding part of this paper.
- peer observation
- online tutoring
- peer review
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A Systematic Review Of The Socio-Ethical Aspects Of Massive Online Open Courses
Pages: 52 - 71
Les MOOC (cours en ligne ouverts à tous) offrent aux étudiants á travers le monde un accès sans précédent á l’enseignement. Grâce à des technologies d’apprentissage en ligne et des approches Web sophistiquées, les MOOC suscitent une participation à très grande échelle et un intérêt mondial. Quelques entreprises commerciales placent l’égalité sociale au cœur de leurs objectifs, affirmant émanciper les communautés en rendant l’enseignement accessible et abordable. En réalité, aucune recherche n’a été menée en profondeur pour mesurer l’impact socio-éthique des MOOCs; en conséquence, il n’est pas sûr qu’ils remplissent les objectifs visés.
Le but de cette étude était de réaliser un état de l’art de l’analyse des dimensions socio-éthiques des MOOC. Les résultats montrent un manque de publications traitant spécifiquement de ce sujet, bien que beaucoup d’approches innovantes aient été développées pour explorer de nouveaux paradigmes dans le cadre de l’analyse des processus d’apprentissage et du comportement en ligne des apprenants. Nous n’avons trouvé qu’un petit nombre d’articles explorant de nouvelles approches pédagogiques telles que l’évaluation par les pairs à grande échelle, ou étudiant comment les groupes d’apprenants entrent en contact et se forment via le web.
En conclusion, cet article commence à établir un cadre pour l’étude des dimensions socio-éthiques des MOOCs. Il est nécessaire de mener des recherches de qualité pour établir la preuve que les MOOCs apportent une expérience d’apprentissage socialement équitable.
- massive online open course
- social responsibility
- inclusivity and diversity
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Distance Education For People With Visual Impairments
Pages: 72 - 84
This paper studies the standards of higher Distance Education, focusing on the Hellenic Open University, for people who have visual impairments, so that it becomes fully accessible and thus helps reduce social exclusion. Specifically, it aims to study the operational context of Distance Education, the possibilities that modern technology provides the educational needs of the visually impaired and the factors that prevent their full social integration.
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“I Am Different From Other Women In The World” The Experiences Of Saudi Arabian Women Studying Online In International Master Programmes
Pages: 85 - 98
This paper presents findings from a qualitative study that investigated seven female Saudi Arabian students of the University of Liverpool’s online Masters programmes. Qualitative, first-person research methods and hermeneutic phenomenology were chosen for the analysis and interpretation of transcripts (Langeveld, 1983; van Manen, 1997; Creswell, 2007, Roth, 2012). The principles of cultural anthropology (Hall & du Gay, 1996; Hannerz, 1992; Lull, 2001; Coleman, 2010) were used to take a snapshot of the interviewees’ particular world to provide an overview of the Saudi Arabian culture where the role of women is at the centre of academic, political, religious and social debate These findings reflect the participants’ everyday lives, identities, values and beliefs, presented in a self-reflective, personal ‘life-world’ story of one single Saudi Arabian woman. The findings demonstrate that the primary motivators in choosing online international education to further study are existing limitations of travelling to a university campus and customary gender-segregated education in Saudi Arabia. As a contrast, international online education offers the opportunity to gain up-to-date research-based knowledge in their chosen profession, learn critical thinking and problem solving skills and communicate with male and female students from different cultures.
- gender-based segregation
- international online education
- adult learning phenomenology
- cultural anthropology
- Saudi Arabia
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Who Graduates From Irish Distance University Education?
Pages: 99 - 113
This paper outlines results from an online survey of recent distance graduates. The study, based in Dublin City University (DCU) addresses a gap in the research on this cohort of graduates. Findings indicate that distance graduates are primarily from lower socio economic backgrounds, a group largely under-represented in full-time university education. Significantly, 30% of survey respondents came from a skilled manual background. A large percentage (39% N = 61) of graduates had never accessed any form of higher education before. An equally large percentage (N = 62) had accessed full-time higher education previously, but at a lower level than the honours primary degree they obtained through distance learning. Implications regarding the role of distance education in improving access to university education and social mobility are discussed. Finally, this paper seeks to establish relevance between knowledge of distance graduates and doing things better for first time distance learners.
- distance education
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Transactional Distance And Autonomy In A Distance Learning Environment
Pages: 114 - 122
This paper studies the transactional distance between the students and the tutor as well as the autonomy of students in a postgraduate course of the Hellenic Open University (HOU). The aim of the paper is to examine how the relation between autonomy and transactional distance evolves during an academic year and how this relation is affected by demographic parameters, such as gender, age group and student experience (year of studies). For this purpose an empirical research was conducted and a sample of postgraduate students responded to a questionnaire (which included a scale for transactional distance, a scale for autonomy and demographic questions) during two different time periods within an academic (2012-2013). The results of the statistical analysis showed that during the evolution of the learning process there was a small change in transactional distance, especially for the dimension of co-understanding, while there was also a change in one of the dimensions of autonomy, namely sensitivity to others. However, no relation was observed between transactional distance and autonomy, ether in the first or the second measurement during the academic year. This finding is also regarded in the overall framework of the different critiques and interpretations of Moore’s theory.
- transactional distance
- distance education
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MOOCS As A Method Of Distance Education In The Arab World – A Review Paper
Pages: 123 - 138
Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) in the Arab World are still in their infancy. Many Arab countries are now starting to launch their MOOC platforms; however, there are only a few who have actually implemented such systems. This paper will explore online learning, in particular the rise of MOOCs around the world and their impact on the Arab World.
The purpose of this paper is to give a true picture of the development of the first MOOC platforms in the Arab World. It will analyse in detail the concept, definitions, background, and types of MOOCs (xMOOCs and cMOOCs), as well as the main MOOCs platform in the Western and Arab worlds, and a timeline of the development of MOOCs. It will then observe the status of MOOCs in the developed world, opportunities in the Middle East, and the influence of Western MOOCs on the Arab world, from many perspectives, e.g. educational, religious, cultural and social.
- Online learning
- Massive Open Online Course
- the Arab world
- aspects of MOOCs