1. bookVolume 70 (2022): Edition 2 (June 2022)
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28 Mar 2009
4 fois par an
access type Accès libre

The spatial and temporal variability of hydrological drought in the Polish Carpathians

Publié en ligne: 19 May 2022
Volume & Edition: Volume 70 (2022) - Edition 2 (June 2022)
Pages: 156 - 169
Reçu: 15 Sep 2021
Accepté: 24 Jan 2022
Détails du magazine
Première parution
28 Mar 2009
4 fois par an

The aim of the study was to evaluate the climate and geographic factors controlling the hydrological drought of the rivers located in the Upper Vistula catchment in the Polish Carpathians. Drought was identified based on the daily flow (based on water stage measered once a day at 6 UTC) series dating from between 1975 and 2019 at 49 gauging cross-sections. Four physico-geographical regions were identified in the Polish Carpathians and spatial variabilities of the basic drought characteristics were developed within these regions. Such spatial distributions were treated as maps indicating drought hazard areas in the region. In addition, an analysis was undertaken to study the seasonality of the start and end times of the drought (all in the multi-annual period), the longest duration of droughts, the droughts of the highest volume in multi-annual period, as well as the number of drought days. Multi-annual variability of the number of drought days was also analysed.

The results suggest that droughts in the Polish Carpathians are events characteristic of summer and autumn, whereas in the Tatra Mountains and the Podhale region - of autumn and winter. The greatest hazard of a prolonged and high-volume drought occurs in the Podhale region and the Tatra Mountains, while the lowest hazard is observed in the Bieszczady Mountains and the eastern part of the studied area.


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