1. bookVolume 70 (2022): Issue 2 (June 2022)
Journal Details
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Format
Journal
eISSN
1338-4333
First Published
28 Mar 2009
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4 times per year
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English
access type Open Access

The spatial and temporal variability of hydrological drought in the Polish Carpathians

Published Online: 19 May 2022
Volume & Issue: Volume 70 (2022) - Issue 2 (June 2022)
Page range: 156 - 169
Received: 15 Sep 2021
Accepted: 24 Jan 2022
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
1338-4333
First Published
28 Mar 2009
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

The aim of the study was to evaluate the climate and geographic factors controlling the hydrological drought of the rivers located in the Upper Vistula catchment in the Polish Carpathians. Drought was identified based on the daily flow (based on water stage measered once a day at 6 UTC) series dating from between 1975 and 2019 at 49 gauging cross-sections. Four physico-geographical regions were identified in the Polish Carpathians and spatial variabilities of the basic drought characteristics were developed within these regions. Such spatial distributions were treated as maps indicating drought hazard areas in the region. In addition, an analysis was undertaken to study the seasonality of the start and end times of the drought (all in the multi-annual period), the longest duration of droughts, the droughts of the highest volume in multi-annual period, as well as the number of drought days. Multi-annual variability of the number of drought days was also analysed.

The results suggest that droughts in the Polish Carpathians are events characteristic of summer and autumn, whereas in the Tatra Mountains and the Podhale region - of autumn and winter. The greatest hazard of a prolonged and high-volume drought occurs in the Podhale region and the Tatra Mountains, while the lowest hazard is observed in the Bieszczady Mountains and the eastern part of the studied area.

Keywords

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