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2300-8733
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25 Nov 2011
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Differences and changes: an evaluation of the genetic diversity of Arabian mares from Polish state studs born between 1996 and 2013

Publié en ligne: 16 May 2022
Volume & Edition: AHEAD OF PRINT
Pages: -
Reçu: 14 Jun 2021
Accepté: 24 Mar 2022
Détails du magazine
License
Format
Magazine
eISSN
2300-8733
Première parution
25 Nov 2011
Périodicité
4 fois par an
Langues
Anglais
Abstract

The goal of our study was to estimate genetic diversity of Arabian horses from Polish state studs which could have changed due to the extensive use of foreign sires in Polish breeding after 1989. The analysis focused on 1,388 Arabian mares born from 1996 to 2013 in the Białka, Janów Podlaski and Michałów studs. Basic parameters of pedigree, mitochondrial DNA and microsatellite analyses were considered in the study. In the pedigree analysis, changes in the gene pool over the years were noted through the considerable increase of contribution of new founders’ genes and the considerable decrease of inbreeding level. The microsatellite analysis confirmed progressive changes in the gene pool but, contrary to expectations, only three new microsatellite alleles were detected, and a decreased level of heterozygosity was observed. In turn, mtDNA analysis showed a stable genetic situation in the studs throughout the period analysed. The results of the analyses present a diverse picture of the population, which is clearly divided into the three subpopulations of Białka, Janów Podlaski and Michałów, although the pictures presented differed depending on the analytical methods used. Genetic differences among the studs should be considered a positive feature of the Polish population. In order to preserve the present level of population genetic diversity, changes in breeding policy are needed that aim to stop the loss of genes of the historical ancestors of Polish Arabian horses.

Keywords

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