1. bookVolume 70 (2022): Edition 3 (August 2022)
Détails du magazine
License
Format
Magazine
eISSN
2449-9471
Première parution
15 Apr 2015
Périodicité
4 fois par an
Langues
Anglais
Accès libre

How ‘cocooning’ as a public health measure was reported during the Covid-19 crisis

Publié en ligne: 05 Aug 2022
Volume & Edition: Volume 70 (2022) - Edition 3 (August 2022)
Pages: 33 - 57
Détails du magazine
License
Format
Magazine
eISSN
2449-9471
Première parution
15 Apr 2015
Périodicité
4 fois par an
Langues
Anglais
Abstract

This paper explores the nature of newspaper coverage of ‘cocooning’ as a public health measure at the height of the Covid-19 pandemic in Ireland in 2020. The study, which focuses on coverage in The Irish Times, shows that the number of human-interest-framed articles on cocooning was approximately four times greater than the number of informative ones. This suggests that the proportion of human-interest and emotive stories diluted the volume of informative articles. The findings also point to an absence of significant official voices in the coverage of cocooning, such as key ministerial figures, which may have contributed to knowledge gaps. There was also a discernible gender bias, not just in experts quoted but also in the journalists who wrote news and feature articles. The study offers important lessons for government communication strategies in how important public information is provided to target groups.

Keywords

Aalberg, T., Stromback, J., & de Vreese, C. H. (2011). The framing of politics as strategy and game: A review of concepts, operationalizations and key findings. Journalism: Theory, Practice & Criticism, 13 (2), 162–78. doi: 10.1177/1464884911427799 Ouvrir le DOISearch in Google Scholar

Albæk, E. (2011). The interaction between experts and journalists in news journalism. Journalism, 12 (3), 335–48. doi: 10.1177/1464884910392851 Ouvrir le DOISearch in Google Scholar

Barnhurst, K., & Mutz, D. (1997). American journalism and the decline in event-centered reporting. Journal Of Communication, 47 (4), 27–53. doi: /10.1111/j.1460-2466.1997.tb02724.x Ouvrir le DOISearch in Google Scholar

Boukes, M., Boomgaarden, H., Moorman, M., & de Vreese, C. (2014). Political news with a personal touch: How human interest framing indirectly affects policy attitudes. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 92 (1), 121–41. doi: 10.1177/1077699014558554 Ouvrir le DOISearch in Google Scholar

Burns, S. (2020, 20 October). Q&A: What changes under new restrictions? A 5km travel restriction has been imposed but schools will remain open. The Irish Times, p. 2. Search in Google Scholar

Cappella, J. N., & Jamieson, K. H. (1996). News frames, political cynicism, and media cynicism. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 546 (1), 71–84. doi: 10.1177/0002716296546001007 Ouvrir le DOISearch in Google Scholar

Carroll, C. (2020, 21 April). ‘Cocooning’ and older citizens. The Irish Times, p. 15. Search in Google Scholar

Carswell, S. (2020, 24 September). ‘Will we ever be able to hug our families again?’; Inspection reports reveal profound impact outbreaks had on residents of care homes. The Irish Times, p. 2. Search in Google Scholar

Casey, C., Doyle, O., Kenny, K., & Lyons, D. (2021). Ireland’s emergency powers during the Covid-19 pandemic. Retrieved from https://www.ihrec.ie/app/uploads/2021/02/Irelands-Emergency-Powers-During-the-Covid-19-Pandemic-25022021.pdf [2 September 2021]. Search in Google Scholar

Collins Dictionary. (2021). Cocoon. Retrieved from https://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/cocoon [2 July 2021]. Search in Google Scholar

Cullen, P. (2020a, 5 December). Concern over health messaging for over-70s. The Irish Times, p. 3. Search in Google Scholar

Cullen, P. (2020b, 23 May). Surgery patients must cocoon. The Irish Times, p. 2. Search in Google Scholar

Davis, A. (2009). Journalist–source relations, mediated reflexivity and the politics of politics. Journalism Studies, 10 (2), 204–19. doi: 10.1080/14616700802580540 Ouvrir le DOISearch in Google Scholar

Davis, A. (2019). Political communication: A new introduction for crisis times. Cambridge: Polity Press. Search in Google Scholar

Deacon, D. (2007). Researching communications: A practical guide to methods in media and cultural analysis. London: Hodder Education. Search in Google Scholar

Department of Health. (2020a). Letter from CMO to Minister for Health re Covid-19 (coronavirus) – 27 March 2020. Retrieved from https://assets.gov.ie/73601/2cc9d9bd432e4450b6aea409660b0eee.pdf [4 February 2021]. Search in Google Scholar

Department of Health. (2020b). Minutes and agendas from meetings of the NPHET: Covid-19 – Meeting note – 27th January 2020. Retrieved from https://assets.gov.ie/68996/8ff1246d8b8c46208a143a7f75e6fbf4.pdf [4 February 2021]. Search in Google Scholar

Department of Health. (2020c). Minutes and agendas from meetings of the NPHET: Covid-19 – Meeting note – 11th March 2020. Retrieved from https://assets.gov.ie/73568/84a575f46f1c4ac98ff566a6dca5f049.pdf [4 February 2021]. Search in Google Scholar

Department of Health. (2020d). Minutes and agendas from meetings of the NPHET: Covid-19 – Meeting note – 27th March 2020. Retrieved from https://assets.gov.ie/73136/35a945cb188945f1bcbb1b4839c18e67.pdf [4 February 2021]. Search in Google Scholar

Department of Health. (2020e). National public health emergency – Carbapenemase producing enterobacterales (CPE). Retrieved from https://www.gov.ie/en/collection/cf133e-national-public-health-emergency-carbapenemase-producing-enterobacte/ [25 November 2021]. Search in Google Scholar

Department of Health. (2020f). National Public Health Emergency Team (NPHET) for Covid-19: Governance structures. Retrieved from https://www.gov.ie/en/publication/de1c30-national-public-health-emergency-team-nphet-for-covid-19-governance-/ [10 November 2021]. Search in Google Scholar

Fink, K., & Schudson, M. (2014). The rise of contextual journalism, 1950s–2000s. Journalism, 15 (1), 3–20. doi: 10.1177/1464884913479015 Ouvrir le DOISearch in Google Scholar

Fletcher, R., Cornia, A., & Nielsen, R. K. (2019). How polarized are online and offline news audiences? A comparative analysis of twelve countries. The International Journal of Press/Politics, 25 (2), 169–95. doi: 10.1177/1940161219892768 Ouvrir le DOISearch in Google Scholar

Galtung, J., & Ruge, M. (1965). The structure of foreign news. Journal of Peace Research, 2 (1), 64–91. doi: 10.1177/002234336500200104 Ouvrir le DOISearch in Google Scholar

Gans, H. J. (1979). Deciding what’s news. New York: Pantheon Books. Search in Google Scholar

Hallin, D., & Mancini, P. (2004). Comparing media systems. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.10.1017/CBO9780511790867 Search in Google Scholar

Harcup, T., & O’Neill, D. (2001). What is news? Galtung and Ruge revisited. Journalism Studies, 2 (2), 261–80. doi: 10.1080/14616700118449 Ouvrir le DOISearch in Google Scholar

Houses of the Oireachtas. (2007). Control of infectious diseases – Dáil Éireann debate, Wednesday – 17 October 2007. Retrieved from https://www.oireachtas.ie/en/debates/question/2007-10-17/60/#spk_701/ [16 November 2021]. Search in Google Scholar

HSE. (2020). Annie Lynch is the first person to receive the Pfizer BioNTech Covid19 vaccine in Ireland. Retrieved from https://www.hse.ie/eng/services/news/media/pressrel/annie-lynch-is-the-first-person-to-receive-the-pfizer-biontech-covid19-vaccine-in-ireland.html [2 August 2021]. Search in Google Scholar

HSE & Health Protection Surveillance Centre. (2020). Covid-19: Guidance on cocooning to protect people over 70 years and those extremely medically vulnerable from Covid-19. Dublin: HSE & Health Protection Surveillance Centre. Search in Google Scholar

Jones, N. (2008). Politics and the press. In B. Franklin (Ed.), Pulling newspapers apart (pp. 172–9). London: Routledge. Search in Google Scholar

McGreevy, R., & Gleeson, C. (2020, 16 April). Cocooning is advisory, not mandatory; Elderly who go out will not be fined or imprisoned for their behaviour, Department of Health has advised. The Irish Times, p. 5. Search in Google Scholar

McMenamin, I., Flynn, R., O’Malley, E., & Rafter, K. (2012). Commercialism and election framing. The International Journal of Press/Politics, 18 (2), 167–87. doi: 10.1177/1940161212468031 Ouvrir le DOISearch in Google Scholar

McNair, B. (2000). Journalism and democracy. London: Routledge. Search in Google Scholar

McNair, B. (2005). What is journalism? In H. de Burgh (Ed.), Making journalists: Diverse models, global issues (pp. 25–43). London: Routledge. Search in Google Scholar

Merriam-Webster. (2021). Cocoon. Retrieved from https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/cocoon [2 July 2020]. Search in Google Scholar

North, L. (2016). The gender of ‘soft’ and ‘hard’ news: Female journalists’ views on gendered story allocations. Journalism Studies, 17 (3), 356–73. doi: 10.1080/1461670X.2014.987551 Ouvrir le DOISearch in Google Scholar

O’Brien, M. (2008) The ‘Irish Times’: A history. Dublin: Four Courts Press. Search in Google Scholar

O’Malley, E., Brandenburg, H., Flynn, R., McMenamin, I., & Rafter, K. (2013). The impact of the economic crisis on media framing: Evidence from three elections in Ireland. European Political Science Review, 6, 407–26. doi: 10.1017/S1755773913000155 Ouvrir le DOISearch in Google Scholar

O’Neill, P. (n.d.). Message from the editor, Paul O’Neill. Retrieved from https://www.irishtimes.com/about-us/the-irish-times-trust [2 January 2022]. Search in Google Scholar

Phillips, B. (2020, 11 May). Older people are individuals. The Irish Times, p. 13. Search in Google Scholar

Popcorn, F. (1991). The Popcorn report: Faith Popcorn on the future of your company, your world, your life. New York: Doubleday. Search in Google Scholar

Rafter, K. (2014). Voices in the crisis: The role of media elites in interpreting Ireland’s banking collapse. European Journal of Communication, 29 (5), 598–607. doi: 10.1177/0267323114537787. Ouvrir le DOISearch in Google Scholar

Rafter, K., Frost, L., & Hanitzsch, T. (2017). Country report: Journalists in Ireland. Worlds of Journalism Survey. Retrieved from https://epub.ub.unimuenchen.de/35065/1/Country_report_Ireland.pdf [1 December 2021]. Search in Google Scholar

Schudson, M. (2011) The sociology of news. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, Inc. Search in Google Scholar

Stromback, J. (2005). In search of a standard: Four models of democracy and their normative implications for journalism. Journalism Studies, 6 (3), 331–45. doi: 10.1080/14616700500131950. Ouvrir le DOISearch in Google Scholar

van Dalen, A., Albæk, E., & de Vreese, C. (2011). Suspicious minds: Explaining political cynicism among political journalists in Europe. European Journal of Communication, 26 (2), 147–62. doi: 10.1177/0267323111404841 Ouvrir le DOISearch in Google Scholar

Wahl-Jorgensen, K. (2002). Understanding the conditions for public discourse: Four rules for selecting letters to the editor. Journalism Studies, 3 (1), 69–81. doi: 10.1080/14616700120107347 Ouvrir le DOISearch in Google Scholar

Wheatley, D. (2020). Victims and voices: Journalistic sourcing practices and the use of private citizens in online healthcare-system news. Journalism Studies, 21 (8), 1017–36. doi: 10.1080/1461670X.2020.1727355 Ouvrir le DOISearch in Google Scholar

Wheatley, D. (2021). Ireland: Solid swansong from caretaker government. In D. Lilleker, I. A. Coman, M. Gregor & E. Novelli (Eds), Political communication and Covid-19: Governance and rhetoric in times of crisis (pp. 248–58). London: Routledge. Search in Google Scholar

Articles recommandés par Trend MD

Planifiez votre conférence à distance avec Sciendo