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Volumen 6 (2021): Edición 1 (December 2021)

Volumen 5 (2020): Edición 1 (December 2020)

Volumen 4 (2019): Edición 1 (December 2019)

Volumen 3 (2018): Edición 1 (January 2018)

Volumen 2 (2017): Edición 1 (January 2017)

Volumen 1 (2016): Edición 1 (July 2016)

Detalles de la revista
Formato
Revista
eISSN
2657-3008
Publicado por primera vez
15 Dec 2016
Periodo de publicación
1 tiempo por año
Idiomas
Inglés

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Volumen 4 (2019): Edición 1 (December 2019)

Detalles de la revista
Formato
Revista
eISSN
2657-3008
Publicado por primera vez
15 Dec 2016
Periodo de publicación
1 tiempo por año
Idiomas
Inglés

Buscar

6 Artículos
Acceso abierto

The Nativeness of Breton Speakers and Their Erasure

Publicado en línea: 13 Dec 2019
Páginas: 1 - 26

Resumen

Abstract

I discuss the nativeness of heritage speakers of Breton in the twentieth century. I present a syntactic test designed for Breton that sets apart its native speakers from its late learners, for whom Breton is a second language. Nativeness is revealed by a better tolerance to syntactic overload when sufficient linguistic stress is applied. Both heritage speakers of inherited Breton and early bilinguals whose linguistic input comes exclusively from school answer this test alike, which I take as a sign they are cognitively natives. The syntactic nativeness of children deprived of familial Breton input suggests there is many more young Breton natives among contemporary speakers than previously assumed. Taking stock of these results, I discuss the cultural erasure of Breton native speakers. I compare their cultural treatment with the figure of the ghost. I end by a discussion of the term new speaker.

Palabras clave

  • nativeness
  • new speaker
  • Breton
  • heritage language
Acceso abierto

The Transmission of Irish Law in the Fourteenth and Sixteenth Centuries: Exploring the Social and Historical Contexts

Publicado en línea: 13 Dec 2019
Páginas: 27 - 43

Resumen

Abstract

This paper seeks to examine the contexts in which the Old Irish law tracts were transmitted in the period following the church reforms and Anglo-Norman invasion of the twelfth century, focusing primarily on the fourteenth and sixteenth centuries. Within these time frames two major themes will be appraised: 1) the English attitudes towards the practice of Irish law, and 2) the roles of the medieval lawyers and/or their patrons in political life. The central aim of this paper is twofold; firstly to shed light on the historical and social contexts in which the legal materials were later transmitted, and secondly, based on this, to posit some theories as to the possible incentives behind the transmission of the law tracts in these periods.

Palabras clave

  • Medieval Irish Law
  • Fourteenth Century Ireland
  • Sixteenth Century Ireland
  • Medieval Irish Lawyers
  • Manuscript Contexts
Acceso abierto

Haunting Vocabulary and Celtic Lexicography: Towards a Taxonomy of Ghost Words

Publicado en línea: 31 Dec 2019
Páginas: 44 - 58

Resumen

Abstract

Most Humanities scholars probably have an intuitive sense of what is meant by a “ghost word” – it is a word that, in one way or another, exists as the result of someone’s unrecognized mistake. However, upon closer examination it becomes clear that the term is liable to be employed so broadly that important distinctions can be lost. For one thing, ghost words are often regarded simply as nuisances that should be deleted whenever they are detected. But in practice they often prove to be too useful simply to discard: this article presents some examples that have made their way into active usage among the Celts. In other cases the etymology may indeed be unnatural, but turns out to be the result of more than a hint of deliberate word-crafting right from the start. A taxonomy is here proposed that distinguishes true ghost words and dead words, on the one hand, from active items that may be described as poltergeist words and even Frankenstein words on the other.

Palabras clave

  • lexicography
  • ghost words
  • poltergeist words
  • Frankenstein words
  • Celtic languages
  • Celtic latinity
  • the concept of “disunderstanding”
Acceso abierto

Gender-Fair Language in a Minority Setting: The Case of Breton

Publicado en línea: 09 Apr 2020
Páginas: 59 - 74

Resumen

Abstract

This paper explores the use of the Breton language (Brittany, North-West France) in contexts where speakers wish to signal their commitment to social equality through their linguistic practices. This is done with reference to examples of job advertisements which have pioneered the use of gender-fair language in Breton. Linguistic minorities are often portrayed as clinging to the past. This paper, however, sheds a different light on current minority language practices and demonstrates a progressive and egalitarian response to modernity among some current speakers of Breton, in their attempts to assume gender-fair stances.

Palabras clave

  • Breton
  • minority language
  • gender-fair language
  • new speakers
Acceso abierto

“Dúthaigh Na Súpanna”: An Insight Into “Souper Territory” from the Folkloric Repertoire of Seán Mac Criomhthain

Publicado en línea: 04 May 2020
Páginas: 75 - 89

Resumen

Abstract

West Kerry storyteller Seán Mac Criomhthain (1873-1955) was born almost a quarter-century after the Great Irish Famine. Nevertheless, his upbringing occurred in a context which included both overt and covert references to the kinds of sectarian divisions which initially had contributed to the famine, and which later were entrenched by it. Sectarian division in the Irish context expressed itself primarily via denominational attachment, and to a lesser extent, along linguistic lines. Such divisions were explored across the country through traditional lore and through song; and in the specific repertoire of Seán Mac Criomhthain, through the medium of a mellifluous ‘brand’ of Munster Irish for which the Corca Dhuibhne peninsula has since become renowned. This article attempts to describe attitudes to sectarian division in the evidence of Mac Criomhthain’s repertoire. With extensive reference to a composition translated for the first time to English, it will be argued that concerns of immediate social pragmatism are afforded much greater importance than those of denominational or linguistic attachments.

Palabras clave

  • Irish folklore
  • Irish language studies
  • code-switching
  • diglossia
  • bilingualism
  • sectarianism
  • ethnology
  • ethnography
  • oral history
  • West Kerry
  • the Great Irish Famine
  • souperism
Acceso abierto

Review

Publicado en línea: 04 May 2020
Páginas: 90 - 95

Resumen

6 Artículos
Acceso abierto

The Nativeness of Breton Speakers and Their Erasure

Publicado en línea: 13 Dec 2019
Páginas: 1 - 26

Resumen

Abstract

I discuss the nativeness of heritage speakers of Breton in the twentieth century. I present a syntactic test designed for Breton that sets apart its native speakers from its late learners, for whom Breton is a second language. Nativeness is revealed by a better tolerance to syntactic overload when sufficient linguistic stress is applied. Both heritage speakers of inherited Breton and early bilinguals whose linguistic input comes exclusively from school answer this test alike, which I take as a sign they are cognitively natives. The syntactic nativeness of children deprived of familial Breton input suggests there is many more young Breton natives among contemporary speakers than previously assumed. Taking stock of these results, I discuss the cultural erasure of Breton native speakers. I compare their cultural treatment with the figure of the ghost. I end by a discussion of the term new speaker.

Palabras clave

  • nativeness
  • new speaker
  • Breton
  • heritage language
Acceso abierto

The Transmission of Irish Law in the Fourteenth and Sixteenth Centuries: Exploring the Social and Historical Contexts

Publicado en línea: 13 Dec 2019
Páginas: 27 - 43

Resumen

Abstract

This paper seeks to examine the contexts in which the Old Irish law tracts were transmitted in the period following the church reforms and Anglo-Norman invasion of the twelfth century, focusing primarily on the fourteenth and sixteenth centuries. Within these time frames two major themes will be appraised: 1) the English attitudes towards the practice of Irish law, and 2) the roles of the medieval lawyers and/or their patrons in political life. The central aim of this paper is twofold; firstly to shed light on the historical and social contexts in which the legal materials were later transmitted, and secondly, based on this, to posit some theories as to the possible incentives behind the transmission of the law tracts in these periods.

Palabras clave

  • Medieval Irish Law
  • Fourteenth Century Ireland
  • Sixteenth Century Ireland
  • Medieval Irish Lawyers
  • Manuscript Contexts
Acceso abierto

Haunting Vocabulary and Celtic Lexicography: Towards a Taxonomy of Ghost Words

Publicado en línea: 31 Dec 2019
Páginas: 44 - 58

Resumen

Abstract

Most Humanities scholars probably have an intuitive sense of what is meant by a “ghost word” – it is a word that, in one way or another, exists as the result of someone’s unrecognized mistake. However, upon closer examination it becomes clear that the term is liable to be employed so broadly that important distinctions can be lost. For one thing, ghost words are often regarded simply as nuisances that should be deleted whenever they are detected. But in practice they often prove to be too useful simply to discard: this article presents some examples that have made their way into active usage among the Celts. In other cases the etymology may indeed be unnatural, but turns out to be the result of more than a hint of deliberate word-crafting right from the start. A taxonomy is here proposed that distinguishes true ghost words and dead words, on the one hand, from active items that may be described as poltergeist words and even Frankenstein words on the other.

Palabras clave

  • lexicography
  • ghost words
  • poltergeist words
  • Frankenstein words
  • Celtic languages
  • Celtic latinity
  • the concept of “disunderstanding”
Acceso abierto

Gender-Fair Language in a Minority Setting: The Case of Breton

Publicado en línea: 09 Apr 2020
Páginas: 59 - 74

Resumen

Abstract

This paper explores the use of the Breton language (Brittany, North-West France) in contexts where speakers wish to signal their commitment to social equality through their linguistic practices. This is done with reference to examples of job advertisements which have pioneered the use of gender-fair language in Breton. Linguistic minorities are often portrayed as clinging to the past. This paper, however, sheds a different light on current minority language practices and demonstrates a progressive and egalitarian response to modernity among some current speakers of Breton, in their attempts to assume gender-fair stances.

Palabras clave

  • Breton
  • minority language
  • gender-fair language
  • new speakers
Acceso abierto

“Dúthaigh Na Súpanna”: An Insight Into “Souper Territory” from the Folkloric Repertoire of Seán Mac Criomhthain

Publicado en línea: 04 May 2020
Páginas: 75 - 89

Resumen

Abstract

West Kerry storyteller Seán Mac Criomhthain (1873-1955) was born almost a quarter-century after the Great Irish Famine. Nevertheless, his upbringing occurred in a context which included both overt and covert references to the kinds of sectarian divisions which initially had contributed to the famine, and which later were entrenched by it. Sectarian division in the Irish context expressed itself primarily via denominational attachment, and to a lesser extent, along linguistic lines. Such divisions were explored across the country through traditional lore and through song; and in the specific repertoire of Seán Mac Criomhthain, through the medium of a mellifluous ‘brand’ of Munster Irish for which the Corca Dhuibhne peninsula has since become renowned. This article attempts to describe attitudes to sectarian division in the evidence of Mac Criomhthain’s repertoire. With extensive reference to a composition translated for the first time to English, it will be argued that concerns of immediate social pragmatism are afforded much greater importance than those of denominational or linguistic attachments.

Palabras clave

  • Irish folklore
  • Irish language studies
  • code-switching
  • diglossia
  • bilingualism
  • sectarianism
  • ethnology
  • ethnography
  • oral history
  • West Kerry
  • the Great Irish Famine
  • souperism
Acceso abierto

Review

Publicado en línea: 04 May 2020
Páginas: 90 - 95

Resumen

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