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Detalles de la revista
Formato
Revista
eISSN
2543-5361
Publicado por primera vez
17 Oct 2014
Periodo de publicación
4 veces al año
Idiomas
Inglés

Buscar

Volumen 53 (2017): Edición 2 (June 2017)

Detalles de la revista
Formato
Revista
eISSN
2543-5361
Publicado por primera vez
17 Oct 2014
Periodo de publicación
4 veces al año
Idiomas
Inglés

Buscar

7 Artículos
access type Acceso abierto

Editorial

Publicado en línea: 11 Jul 2017
Páginas: 5 - 6

Resumen

access type Acceso abierto

Sources of Value Creation in Born Global Companies

Publicado en línea: 11 Jul 2017
Páginas: 7 - 22

Resumen

Abstract

Research about the phenomenon of rapid internationalization of small and medium size companies has evolved over the last two decades. Nevertheless, questions about business models or value creation in born global enterprises are rarely addressed in the literature. The objective of this article is to develop a theoretical framework for analyzing the sources of value creation in the business models of international new ventures (INV) global companies, starting with adapting the model by Amit and Zott [2001, 2010] to early internationalizing venture. Current literature on international entrepreneurship, business models and value creation is also used as a basis for suggesting future empirical research recommendations.

Palabras clave

  • born global
  • business models
  • sources of value creation

JEL Classification

  • F23
access type Acceso abierto

International Scope of Operations and the Nature of Supply Chain Members’ CSR Policy

Publicado en línea: 11 Jul 2017
Páginas: 23 - 38

Resumen

Abstract

Dynamic relations among supply chain members have forced some changes in those members’ business philosophy. One such change involves Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), which posits an alternative attitude for companies towards business, the natural environment and society. The supply chain structure provides an excellent framework to disseminate the CSR idea among other members. That process is affected by different factors, including the level of internationalization of a given business. The purpose of this paper is to specify relations between the international nature of operations and CSR approach in 150 Polish companies. To better understand these relations a literature review and statistical analysis are conducted. Methods used in the quantitative analysis are a frequency analysis (with usage of One-Sample Kolmogorov-Smirnov and One-Sample Chi-Square tests) and a correlation analysis (Spearman ratio). This research addresses a gap concerning international aspects of supply chain operations and its CSR sensitivity. The results can be used to support supply chain decision makers when applying CSR in their companies as well as can be an outgoing source of data for further, more detailed research.

Palabras clave

  • supply chain management
  • international supply chain
  • corporate social responsibility
  • sustainability

JEL Classification

  • M19
access type Acceso abierto

External Knowledge Sourcing and Innovation Processes in Modern Economic Environment

Publicado en línea: 11 Jul 2017
Páginas: 39 - 56

Resumen

Abstract

In an open and digital economy where ICTs, global networks and innovation systems play a key economic role, knowledge used by companies is increasingly gathered using different external sources. Rapidly changing technology enables companies to use new ways to innovate. New innovation processes permit companies to reduce risk and the costs of innovation. New paradigms, called open innovation and co-innovation, allow organizations to remain innovative in a rapidly changing environment. The objectives of this paper are: to provide a better understanding of open innovation and co-innovation paradigms and to suggest instruments for organizations to benefit from co-innovation ecosystem.

Internet empowered ICT tools can be the first step for an organization to initiate implementation of a digital strategy. To gain incremental, tacit, organizational knowledge or marketing skills, a new innovation strategy should involve networking through social networks and virtual communities. Digitalization of innovation activities constitutes a new important role for innovation networks and ecosystems, including global innovation networks, as knowledge and technology are no longer owned by a single firm or country. This paper attempts to prepare the theoretical background, for empirical studies on the impact of new innovation processes on company innovation and their competitive advantages. The study is descriptive and analytical, building on the theory and empirical results of previous studies on new, digital innovation models.

Palabras clave

  • external knowledge
  • innovation management
  • innovation process
  • co-innovation
  • open innovation

JEL Classification

  • L17
  • M11
  • M21
access type Acceso abierto

Deficiency Judgments as a Mortgage Pricing Factor

Publicado en línea: 11 Jul 2017
Páginas: 57 - 68

Resumen

Abstract

The subject of the deficiency judgments has been poorly examined due to a lack of relevant data and the complexity of the issue. Some comprehensive studies have explored whether allowing deficiency judgments decreases the likelihood of strategic defaults in the U. S. mortgage market. Little, however, has been done to determine whether there is any direct correlation between legal standing allowing recourse and loan pricing. Hence, additional work regarding this subject is needed.

This study seeks to fill this gap by exploring the impact of allowing deficiency judgments on mortgage pricing policy in various U. S. states. Seven distinctive mortgage types in two groups of states were compared. We conclude that there is no statistically significant difference between recourse and non-recourse states in terms of mortgage pricing, regardless of mortgage type.

Palabras clave

  • deficiency judgment
  • recourse and non-recourse mortgages
  • mortgage pricing policies

JEL Classification

  • G21
  • G28
  • K25
  • K35
access type Acceso abierto

Methods of Raising Funds for Purchasing of New Cruise Ships by International Corporations

Publicado en línea: 11 Jul 2017
Páginas: 69 - 83

Resumen

Abstract

The world’s cruise corporations regularly purchase large, luxurious cruise ships. In accordance with the Cruise Line International Association, 33 new ocean cruise ships will be available on the market by 2020. These types of capital expenditures are associated with large financial outlays of up to $ 1 billion. The leading cruise corporations are not able to finance purchases of new units with their own resources and therefore look for different solutions. Available publications focus mainly on issues related to purchasing cargo ships, not cruise ships. The objective of the article is to identify sources of funding of new cruise ships. Our analysis identifies the average capital expenditure associated with purchasing new cruise ships and factors that influence it. The most popular methods for raising such capital are also provided. Our research methodology relies on data exploration method, a desk research method and comparative analysis.

Palabras clave

  • business investment
  • capital expenditure
  • corporate investment

JEL Classification

  • G3
  • G310
access type Acceso abierto

The Perception of Job-related Motivators When Choosing a Career in the Tourism and Hospitality Industry – A Comparative Study Between Polish and Spanish Students

Publicado en línea: 11 Jul 2017
Páginas: 84 - 106

Resumen

Abstract

The recent rapid growth of the tourism and hospitality industries raises a question about the quantity and quality of the workforce needed in these sectors. In the tourism/hospitality industry, where most services are delivered directly by employees, competitive advantage is primarily attained through people (employees), who are perceived as an integral component of tourism experience. This creates challenges for an industry suffering from high rates of staff turnover, especially of young employees who leave their jobs after graduation, choosing other career paths.

This study presents the job related motivators that students found important when considering their future careers, and investigates the extent to which those motivators can be found in the tourism and hospitality industry. Is the industry able to offer the motivators that will keep the employees willing to choose this particular path? We focus on two groups of potential employees – Polish and Spanish students. The study reveals that both groups generally do not believe that a career in the TH industry offered these motivating factors. We also contrast and compare both groups’ perceptions in this area.

Palabras clave

  • tourism and hospitality
  • job-related motivators
  • students
  • career

JEL Classification

  • I23
  • J20
  • J24
  • Z39
7 Artículos
access type Acceso abierto

Editorial

Publicado en línea: 11 Jul 2017
Páginas: 5 - 6

Resumen

access type Acceso abierto

Sources of Value Creation in Born Global Companies

Publicado en línea: 11 Jul 2017
Páginas: 7 - 22

Resumen

Abstract

Research about the phenomenon of rapid internationalization of small and medium size companies has evolved over the last two decades. Nevertheless, questions about business models or value creation in born global enterprises are rarely addressed in the literature. The objective of this article is to develop a theoretical framework for analyzing the sources of value creation in the business models of international new ventures (INV) global companies, starting with adapting the model by Amit and Zott [2001, 2010] to early internationalizing venture. Current literature on international entrepreneurship, business models and value creation is also used as a basis for suggesting future empirical research recommendations.

Palabras clave

  • born global
  • business models
  • sources of value creation

JEL Classification

  • F23
access type Acceso abierto

International Scope of Operations and the Nature of Supply Chain Members’ CSR Policy

Publicado en línea: 11 Jul 2017
Páginas: 23 - 38

Resumen

Abstract

Dynamic relations among supply chain members have forced some changes in those members’ business philosophy. One such change involves Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), which posits an alternative attitude for companies towards business, the natural environment and society. The supply chain structure provides an excellent framework to disseminate the CSR idea among other members. That process is affected by different factors, including the level of internationalization of a given business. The purpose of this paper is to specify relations between the international nature of operations and CSR approach in 150 Polish companies. To better understand these relations a literature review and statistical analysis are conducted. Methods used in the quantitative analysis are a frequency analysis (with usage of One-Sample Kolmogorov-Smirnov and One-Sample Chi-Square tests) and a correlation analysis (Spearman ratio). This research addresses a gap concerning international aspects of supply chain operations and its CSR sensitivity. The results can be used to support supply chain decision makers when applying CSR in their companies as well as can be an outgoing source of data for further, more detailed research.

Palabras clave

  • supply chain management
  • international supply chain
  • corporate social responsibility
  • sustainability

JEL Classification

  • M19
access type Acceso abierto

External Knowledge Sourcing and Innovation Processes in Modern Economic Environment

Publicado en línea: 11 Jul 2017
Páginas: 39 - 56

Resumen

Abstract

In an open and digital economy where ICTs, global networks and innovation systems play a key economic role, knowledge used by companies is increasingly gathered using different external sources. Rapidly changing technology enables companies to use new ways to innovate. New innovation processes permit companies to reduce risk and the costs of innovation. New paradigms, called open innovation and co-innovation, allow organizations to remain innovative in a rapidly changing environment. The objectives of this paper are: to provide a better understanding of open innovation and co-innovation paradigms and to suggest instruments for organizations to benefit from co-innovation ecosystem.

Internet empowered ICT tools can be the first step for an organization to initiate implementation of a digital strategy. To gain incremental, tacit, organizational knowledge or marketing skills, a new innovation strategy should involve networking through social networks and virtual communities. Digitalization of innovation activities constitutes a new important role for innovation networks and ecosystems, including global innovation networks, as knowledge and technology are no longer owned by a single firm or country. This paper attempts to prepare the theoretical background, for empirical studies on the impact of new innovation processes on company innovation and their competitive advantages. The study is descriptive and analytical, building on the theory and empirical results of previous studies on new, digital innovation models.

Palabras clave

  • external knowledge
  • innovation management
  • innovation process
  • co-innovation
  • open innovation

JEL Classification

  • L17
  • M11
  • M21
access type Acceso abierto

Deficiency Judgments as a Mortgage Pricing Factor

Publicado en línea: 11 Jul 2017
Páginas: 57 - 68

Resumen

Abstract

The subject of the deficiency judgments has been poorly examined due to a lack of relevant data and the complexity of the issue. Some comprehensive studies have explored whether allowing deficiency judgments decreases the likelihood of strategic defaults in the U. S. mortgage market. Little, however, has been done to determine whether there is any direct correlation between legal standing allowing recourse and loan pricing. Hence, additional work regarding this subject is needed.

This study seeks to fill this gap by exploring the impact of allowing deficiency judgments on mortgage pricing policy in various U. S. states. Seven distinctive mortgage types in two groups of states were compared. We conclude that there is no statistically significant difference between recourse and non-recourse states in terms of mortgage pricing, regardless of mortgage type.

Palabras clave

  • deficiency judgment
  • recourse and non-recourse mortgages
  • mortgage pricing policies

JEL Classification

  • G21
  • G28
  • K25
  • K35
access type Acceso abierto

Methods of Raising Funds for Purchasing of New Cruise Ships by International Corporations

Publicado en línea: 11 Jul 2017
Páginas: 69 - 83

Resumen

Abstract

The world’s cruise corporations regularly purchase large, luxurious cruise ships. In accordance with the Cruise Line International Association, 33 new ocean cruise ships will be available on the market by 2020. These types of capital expenditures are associated with large financial outlays of up to $ 1 billion. The leading cruise corporations are not able to finance purchases of new units with their own resources and therefore look for different solutions. Available publications focus mainly on issues related to purchasing cargo ships, not cruise ships. The objective of the article is to identify sources of funding of new cruise ships. Our analysis identifies the average capital expenditure associated with purchasing new cruise ships and factors that influence it. The most popular methods for raising such capital are also provided. Our research methodology relies on data exploration method, a desk research method and comparative analysis.

Palabras clave

  • business investment
  • capital expenditure
  • corporate investment

JEL Classification

  • G3
  • G310
access type Acceso abierto

The Perception of Job-related Motivators When Choosing a Career in the Tourism and Hospitality Industry – A Comparative Study Between Polish and Spanish Students

Publicado en línea: 11 Jul 2017
Páginas: 84 - 106

Resumen

Abstract

The recent rapid growth of the tourism and hospitality industries raises a question about the quantity and quality of the workforce needed in these sectors. In the tourism/hospitality industry, where most services are delivered directly by employees, competitive advantage is primarily attained through people (employees), who are perceived as an integral component of tourism experience. This creates challenges for an industry suffering from high rates of staff turnover, especially of young employees who leave their jobs after graduation, choosing other career paths.

This study presents the job related motivators that students found important when considering their future careers, and investigates the extent to which those motivators can be found in the tourism and hospitality industry. Is the industry able to offer the motivators that will keep the employees willing to choose this particular path? We focus on two groups of potential employees – Polish and Spanish students. The study reveals that both groups generally do not believe that a career in the TH industry offered these motivating factors. We also contrast and compare both groups’ perceptions in this area.

Palabras clave

  • tourism and hospitality
  • job-related motivators
  • students
  • career

JEL Classification

  • I23
  • J20
  • J24
  • Z39

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