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Zeitschriftendaten
Format
Zeitschrift
eISSN
2001-5119
Erstveröffentlichung
01 Mar 2013
Erscheinungsweise
2 Hefte pro Jahr
Sprachen
Englisch

Suche

Volumen 35 (2014): Heft 1 (June 2014)

Zeitschriftendaten
Format
Zeitschrift
eISSN
2001-5119
Erstveröffentlichung
01 Mar 2013
Erscheinungsweise
2 Hefte pro Jahr
Sprachen
Englisch

Suche

10 Artikel
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Forensic Fiction and the Normalization of Surveillance

Online veröffentlicht: 06 Jun 2014
Seitenbereich: 3 - 16

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

This essay investigates forensic fiction as a trend in televised crime fiction and argues that this trend or subgenre is particularly interesting if we are to understand how surveillance is portrayed in contemporary society. The essay looks particularly into an extremely popular example of forensic fiction, namely CSI and its two spin-offs CSI: NY and CSI: Miami. Through a discussion of the conceptions of knowledge, crime and power, which seem to come forth in the three CSI series, the present article argues that the particular blend of technological optimism, positivism and moralism that can be witnessed in forensic fiction in general, and in CSI in particular, is important to understanding how popular culture lends a certain normalization of surveillance to everyday life

Keywords

  • forensic fiction
  • crime fiction
  • surveillance
  • surveillant assemblage
  • moralism
  • CSI
  • popular culture
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

The Americanization of Danish Journalism

Online veröffentlicht: 06 Jun 2014
Seitenbereich: 17 - 31

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

This article provides two examples of the Americanization of Danish journalism through an examination of Danish journalists’ adaptation of New Journalism and investigative journalism as seen through the pages of the Danish Union of Journalists’ periodical Journalisten. The article answers Daniel Hallin and Paolo Mancini’s call for more “concrete” studies of the Americanization process. The study demonstrates how news media in the United States, in the two examples provided, have served as an important source of methodological inspiration for Danish journalists from the late 1960s forward

Schlüsselwörter

  • Americanization
  • transnationalization
  • journalism practice
  • New Journalism
  • investigative journalism
  • journalism education
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Criticism of the Police in the News

Online veröffentlicht: 06 Jun 2014
Seitenbereich: 33 - 50

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Mediated descriptions of reality are tremendously important to the way the public - and policymakers - perceive the police. The present article analyses how leading news outlets reported and commented on complaints against the Norwegian police during the period 2005-2008. The study is based on content analyses of press and television coverage, with special emphasis on a publicly debated police action in which a student of African origins lost his life. In most cases, news coverage of the police and the investigators of the police is event-driven, and the picture of the police seldom points to institutional or organizational problems. The story is too often one about individual wrongdoings alone. Unfortunately, such media pictures matter and influence policy decisions, especially when they become the point of departure for political debate

Keywords

  • policing
  • crime news
  • framing
  • complaints
  • racism
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Consuming Familiarity and Alterity in Domestic Space

Online veröffentlicht: 06 Jun 2014
Seitenbereich: 51 - 64

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The present article addresses how stereotyped constructions of migrants’ television behaviour should be contrasted with empirical investigations into the perceptions and articulated practices of migrants themselves. In order to do this, the article explores how 20 migrant households in Norway make sense of television and TV-related activities in their everyday lives. The analysis, employing the domestication theoretical framework, reveals that TV consumption is a multi-faceted and situationally contingent phenomenon. The “practicing of television” goes beyond the mere viewing of programmes based on ethnic origin. Although transnational broadcasts are important, they are neither uncritically domesticated nor sufficient in creating a sense of stability and belonging for migrant families. Rather, it is television as a total experience that proves to be a crucial element in home construction. The domestication theory offers an analytical framework that allows for the dynamics of household relations to be properly articulated, including the embedding of television within household moral economies

Keywords

  • domestication
  • television
  • satellite-TV
  • migration
  • household
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Textual Poaching, Gamekeeping and the Counter-stereotype

Online veröffentlicht: 06 Jun 2014
Seitenbereich: 65 - 79

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

In the analogue era, fan studies explored localized resistance within fan communities’ cultural practices, examining how this might lead to new understandings of gender, sexuality, and race. However, there has been less work that examines the consequences fans’ cultural practices using digital media have for the cultural politics of ‘poaching’. The current article presents a study of online fans’ perceptions of positively depicted Muslim characters from the Middle East in the television serial, 24. Like the rest of the show’s regular cast, these characters should be in focus for fans in their competing interpretations and evaluations of each episode in online discussion forums. The study comprises a comparison of how two online fan communities, one in the US and one in Norway, perceive counter-stereotypical Muslim characters. An analysis of fans’ readings is carried out, and one central finding is that fans appropriated 24’s counter-stereotype in ways that can be described as reactionary.`

Schlüsselwörter

  • online television fans
  • Muslim characters
  • 24
  • textual poaching
  • counter-stereotypes
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Nation-building, not “Resistance Radio”

Online veröffentlicht: 06 Jun 2014
Seitenbereich: 81 - 97

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Saami media are an important, if not invaluable, part of Saami society recognized as both a right and a service to the Saami people. In fact, the role of media and media outlets has often been referenced as a manifestation of self determination. However, whereas other Indigenous and ethnic minority media often seek clear financial independence from the state, my research shows that the Saami have a more nuanced and complicated approach. Based primarily on 25 in-depth interviews with Saami journalists, journalism educators and others who have been involved with communication I shed light on the evolving, robust and at times contested understandings of self determination as articulated, justified and practiced by Saami media makers. I argue that by not conflating self-determination with financial independence, Saami media practitioners are engaged in an evolving understanding and practice of media and self determination

Schlüsselwörter

  • Saami media
  • self determination
  • media as a right
  • Indigenous journalism
  • journalism education
  • transnational media
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

The Soundslide Report

Online veröffentlicht: 06 Jun 2014
Seitenbereich: 99 - 113

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The audio slideshow - or soundslide report - represents a new format for journalistic reporting on online news sites. It is not very widely used, but it has certain discursive and aesthetic potentials indicating that it could contribute substantially to the ecology of journalistic genres. The article offers an illustration and discussion of these potentials, asking how the format communicates and how it affects journalism in general. Starting out with a close reading of a sample text and a discussion of the format’s position in a network of genres, the article concludes that the soundslide report belongs to a new wave of ”aesthetic journalism”, where journalism and art intersect

Schlüsselwörter

  • aesthetic journalism
  • genre studies
  • multimodality
  • visual culture
  • digital communication
  • social semiotics
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

The Growth of Leading Regional Newspapers

Online veröffentlicht: 06 Jun 2014
Seitenbereich: 115 - 133

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Theoretical research has modelled the existence of so-called advertising-circulation spirals of newspapers. The present article examines the existence and shape of the growth functions of circulation for leading regional newspapers in Finland, and assesses their effects on their competitors. The article also provides results on the household coverage of the regionally leading newspapers. Our results enable us to draw conclusions concerning the level of convergence of the market shares of the larger newspapers, and the possibilities of the minority newspapers to survive. The findings relate directly to the assessment of competition in the market of newspaper publishing, as economic analysis has already shown that difference in size between the two largest firms may define the scope for dominance. Consequently, the results may have implications for assessments of the relevant market and the state of the competition, and claims concerning dominance in newspaper markets

Schlüsselwörter

  • newspapers
  • circulation
  • competition
  • market concentration
  • household coverage
  • regional markets
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

A Golden Decade

Online veröffentlicht: 06 Jun 2014
Seitenbereich: 135 - 152

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The five countries of the Nordic region have a common cultural and historical background. In the field of communication, they share institutions, conferences, publications and networks. In order to reveal how this shared tradition is manifested in scientific communication, the present text analyses the evolution of publication patterns of Nordic communication scholars by applying bibliometric techniques to over five hundred articles published in international scientific journals from 2001 to 2010. Different parameters were analysed: institution and country of origin, number of authors, typology of collaborations, topics studied and the level of specialization.

During the decade under study, the presence of Nordic scholars in international journals doubled, manifesting the growing internationalization of Nordic communication research. Co-authorship patterns predominantly involve collaboration with Anglo-Saxon scholars, particularly North American. A high level of specialization was found in areas such as technologies and new media, which was reflected in the journals chosen as vehicles for publication

Keywords

  • authorship
  • bibliometrics
  • communication research
  • Nordic countries
  • scientific journals
  • scientific production
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

New Literature (A selection from Nordicom’s database NCOM)

Online veröffentlicht: 06 Jun 2014
Seitenbereich: 153 - 163

Zusammenfassung

10 Artikel
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Forensic Fiction and the Normalization of Surveillance

Online veröffentlicht: 06 Jun 2014
Seitenbereich: 3 - 16

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

This essay investigates forensic fiction as a trend in televised crime fiction and argues that this trend or subgenre is particularly interesting if we are to understand how surveillance is portrayed in contemporary society. The essay looks particularly into an extremely popular example of forensic fiction, namely CSI and its two spin-offs CSI: NY and CSI: Miami. Through a discussion of the conceptions of knowledge, crime and power, which seem to come forth in the three CSI series, the present article argues that the particular blend of technological optimism, positivism and moralism that can be witnessed in forensic fiction in general, and in CSI in particular, is important to understanding how popular culture lends a certain normalization of surveillance to everyday life

Keywords

  • forensic fiction
  • crime fiction
  • surveillance
  • surveillant assemblage
  • moralism
  • CSI
  • popular culture
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

The Americanization of Danish Journalism

Online veröffentlicht: 06 Jun 2014
Seitenbereich: 17 - 31

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

This article provides two examples of the Americanization of Danish journalism through an examination of Danish journalists’ adaptation of New Journalism and investigative journalism as seen through the pages of the Danish Union of Journalists’ periodical Journalisten. The article answers Daniel Hallin and Paolo Mancini’s call for more “concrete” studies of the Americanization process. The study demonstrates how news media in the United States, in the two examples provided, have served as an important source of methodological inspiration for Danish journalists from the late 1960s forward

Schlüsselwörter

  • Americanization
  • transnationalization
  • journalism practice
  • New Journalism
  • investigative journalism
  • journalism education
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Criticism of the Police in the News

Online veröffentlicht: 06 Jun 2014
Seitenbereich: 33 - 50

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Mediated descriptions of reality are tremendously important to the way the public - and policymakers - perceive the police. The present article analyses how leading news outlets reported and commented on complaints against the Norwegian police during the period 2005-2008. The study is based on content analyses of press and television coverage, with special emphasis on a publicly debated police action in which a student of African origins lost his life. In most cases, news coverage of the police and the investigators of the police is event-driven, and the picture of the police seldom points to institutional or organizational problems. The story is too often one about individual wrongdoings alone. Unfortunately, such media pictures matter and influence policy decisions, especially when they become the point of departure for political debate

Keywords

  • policing
  • crime news
  • framing
  • complaints
  • racism
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Consuming Familiarity and Alterity in Domestic Space

Online veröffentlicht: 06 Jun 2014
Seitenbereich: 51 - 64

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The present article addresses how stereotyped constructions of migrants’ television behaviour should be contrasted with empirical investigations into the perceptions and articulated practices of migrants themselves. In order to do this, the article explores how 20 migrant households in Norway make sense of television and TV-related activities in their everyday lives. The analysis, employing the domestication theoretical framework, reveals that TV consumption is a multi-faceted and situationally contingent phenomenon. The “practicing of television” goes beyond the mere viewing of programmes based on ethnic origin. Although transnational broadcasts are important, they are neither uncritically domesticated nor sufficient in creating a sense of stability and belonging for migrant families. Rather, it is television as a total experience that proves to be a crucial element in home construction. The domestication theory offers an analytical framework that allows for the dynamics of household relations to be properly articulated, including the embedding of television within household moral economies

Keywords

  • domestication
  • television
  • satellite-TV
  • migration
  • household
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Textual Poaching, Gamekeeping and the Counter-stereotype

Online veröffentlicht: 06 Jun 2014
Seitenbereich: 65 - 79

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

In the analogue era, fan studies explored localized resistance within fan communities’ cultural practices, examining how this might lead to new understandings of gender, sexuality, and race. However, there has been less work that examines the consequences fans’ cultural practices using digital media have for the cultural politics of ‘poaching’. The current article presents a study of online fans’ perceptions of positively depicted Muslim characters from the Middle East in the television serial, 24. Like the rest of the show’s regular cast, these characters should be in focus for fans in their competing interpretations and evaluations of each episode in online discussion forums. The study comprises a comparison of how two online fan communities, one in the US and one in Norway, perceive counter-stereotypical Muslim characters. An analysis of fans’ readings is carried out, and one central finding is that fans appropriated 24’s counter-stereotype in ways that can be described as reactionary.`

Schlüsselwörter

  • online television fans
  • Muslim characters
  • 24
  • textual poaching
  • counter-stereotypes
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Nation-building, not “Resistance Radio”

Online veröffentlicht: 06 Jun 2014
Seitenbereich: 81 - 97

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Saami media are an important, if not invaluable, part of Saami society recognized as both a right and a service to the Saami people. In fact, the role of media and media outlets has often been referenced as a manifestation of self determination. However, whereas other Indigenous and ethnic minority media often seek clear financial independence from the state, my research shows that the Saami have a more nuanced and complicated approach. Based primarily on 25 in-depth interviews with Saami journalists, journalism educators and others who have been involved with communication I shed light on the evolving, robust and at times contested understandings of self determination as articulated, justified and practiced by Saami media makers. I argue that by not conflating self-determination with financial independence, Saami media practitioners are engaged in an evolving understanding and practice of media and self determination

Schlüsselwörter

  • Saami media
  • self determination
  • media as a right
  • Indigenous journalism
  • journalism education
  • transnational media
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

The Soundslide Report

Online veröffentlicht: 06 Jun 2014
Seitenbereich: 99 - 113

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The audio slideshow - or soundslide report - represents a new format for journalistic reporting on online news sites. It is not very widely used, but it has certain discursive and aesthetic potentials indicating that it could contribute substantially to the ecology of journalistic genres. The article offers an illustration and discussion of these potentials, asking how the format communicates and how it affects journalism in general. Starting out with a close reading of a sample text and a discussion of the format’s position in a network of genres, the article concludes that the soundslide report belongs to a new wave of ”aesthetic journalism”, where journalism and art intersect

Schlüsselwörter

  • aesthetic journalism
  • genre studies
  • multimodality
  • visual culture
  • digital communication
  • social semiotics
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

The Growth of Leading Regional Newspapers

Online veröffentlicht: 06 Jun 2014
Seitenbereich: 115 - 133

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Theoretical research has modelled the existence of so-called advertising-circulation spirals of newspapers. The present article examines the existence and shape of the growth functions of circulation for leading regional newspapers in Finland, and assesses their effects on their competitors. The article also provides results on the household coverage of the regionally leading newspapers. Our results enable us to draw conclusions concerning the level of convergence of the market shares of the larger newspapers, and the possibilities of the minority newspapers to survive. The findings relate directly to the assessment of competition in the market of newspaper publishing, as economic analysis has already shown that difference in size between the two largest firms may define the scope for dominance. Consequently, the results may have implications for assessments of the relevant market and the state of the competition, and claims concerning dominance in newspaper markets

Schlüsselwörter

  • newspapers
  • circulation
  • competition
  • market concentration
  • household coverage
  • regional markets
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

A Golden Decade

Online veröffentlicht: 06 Jun 2014
Seitenbereich: 135 - 152

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The five countries of the Nordic region have a common cultural and historical background. In the field of communication, they share institutions, conferences, publications and networks. In order to reveal how this shared tradition is manifested in scientific communication, the present text analyses the evolution of publication patterns of Nordic communication scholars by applying bibliometric techniques to over five hundred articles published in international scientific journals from 2001 to 2010. Different parameters were analysed: institution and country of origin, number of authors, typology of collaborations, topics studied and the level of specialization.

During the decade under study, the presence of Nordic scholars in international journals doubled, manifesting the growing internationalization of Nordic communication research. Co-authorship patterns predominantly involve collaboration with Anglo-Saxon scholars, particularly North American. A high level of specialization was found in areas such as technologies and new media, which was reflected in the journals chosen as vehicles for publication

Keywords

  • authorship
  • bibliometrics
  • communication research
  • Nordic countries
  • scientific journals
  • scientific production
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

New Literature (A selection from Nordicom’s database NCOM)

Online veröffentlicht: 06 Jun 2014
Seitenbereich: 153 - 163

Zusammenfassung

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